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at Eatingert, by the hand of William de Longchamp, our chancellor.”

Also the said bishop gave to the before-named king marks of silver for receiving the earldom of Northumberland for life, together with its castles and other appurtenances.

After this, the king proceeded to an abbey called Pipewell, 24 where he was met by the following persons: Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury, Walter, archbishop of Rouen, John, archbishop of Dublin, Formalis, archbishop of Treves, Hugh, bishop of Durham, Hugh, bishop of Lincoln, Hugh, bishop of Chester, John, bishop of Norwich, John, bishop of Evreux, John, bishop of Exeter, William, bishop of Hereford, William, bishop of Worcester, Reginald, bishop of Bath, Gilbert, bishop of Rochester, Sefrid, bishop of Chichester, Henry, bishop of Bayeux, Peter, bishop of Saint David's, in Wales, Albinus, bishop of Ferns, Concord, bishop of Aghadoe, together with nearly all the abbats and priors of England. Here the king gave to Godfrey de Lucy the bishopric of Winchester; to Richard, archdeacon of Ely, his treasurer, the bishopric of Lincoln; and to Hubert Fitz-Walter, dean of York, the bishopric of Salisbury; the abbey of Selesby 26 to Roger, prior of that abbey ; the abbey of Glastonbury to Henry de Soilly, prior of Bermondsey; and to Geoffrey, his brother, the former bishop-elect of Lincoln, the archbishopric of York. To Henry, the brother of William Marshal, he gave the deanery of York, and to Bucard de Pudsey, nephew of Hugh, bishop of Durham, the treasurership of the church of York. To William de Chuneli he gave the archdeaconry of Richmond, and to William de Saint Mary L'Eglise, the prebendal stall which had belonged to Herbert Fitz-Walter in the church of York, with the deanery of Saint Martin, at London.

When Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury, saw that the archbishopric of York had been given to the said Geoffrey, he claimed the consecrating of him, and forbade that he should receive consecration, or priest's orders, at the hands of any one but himself, and appealed in the matter to our lord the pope, producing before the king and all the bishops and clergy, and people, the charter of king William the Bastard, in which was stated the dispute which formerly took place between the churches of Canterbury and York, with respect to the primacy of England and certain other dignities. 24 In Northamptonshire.

26 Selby, in Yorkshire.

In this charter also it was stated that Thomas, at that time archbishop of York, had received priest's orders and episcopal consecration at the hands of Lanfranc, at that time archbishop of Canterbury and primate of all England, and paid to him canonical obedience, and came to his synods with the bishop of the church of Lindisfarne and his other suffragan bishops, and showed him all respect as being his primate. This charter also attested that all the above things had taken place before king William, at the general council held at London, in accordance with the final sentence pronounced thereon by pope Alexander the Second.

On the following day, John, bishop elect of Whitherne, was consecrated bishop by John, archbishop of Dublin, at Pipewell, it being the Lord's Day, and the fifteenth day before the calends of October. At the same council also, our lord the king appointed Hugh, bishop of Durham, and William, earl of Aumarle, chief justiciaries of England, and associated with them in the government of the kingdom William Marshal, Geoffrey Fitz-Peter, William Bruyere, Robert de Whitfield, and Roger Fitz-Rainfray.

Geoffrey, the archbishop elect of York, immediately made complaint against Henry, the brother of William Marshal, Bucard, the nephew of Hugh, bishop of Durham, William de Saint Mary L'Eglise, and Roger, abbat elect of the abbey of Saint German, at Selby, on whom the king had conferred the honors above-mentioned, and swore that these presentations of the king should not hold good, unless with his consent and will. In consequence of this, the king deprived him of the see of York, and a great dissension arose between them, so much so, that the king went so far even as to deprive him of all his possessions on either side of the sea. However, shortly after, the said archbishop elect of York received priest's orders from John, bishop of Whitherne, his suffragan, on the fourth day before the calends of September, at Swale. 27

In the meantime, Richard, king of England, sending his envoys to pope Clement, obtained from him letters patent, that such persons as he should think fit to excuse and leave in charge of his dominions, should be exempt from assuming the cross, and proceeding to Jerusalem; by which means he obtained an immense sum of money.

27 In the text “Suuelle."

Henry, the brother of William Marshal, to whom the king had given the deanery of York, came to Burton, in Lindsey, and there received orders as subdeacon and deacon on the same day, from Concord, bishop of Aghadoe. But when the said Henry came to York with the king's letters, in order to receive his deanery, he found no one to instal him as dean: as the clergy of the see of York asserted that no person but the archbishop ought to instal him as dean. However, Hamo, the præcentor of York, installed him in the prebendal stall which the king had conferred on him: but when Bucard de Pudsey, the archdeacon of Durham, to whom the king had given the treasurership of the church of York, came with the king's letters directed to Hamo the præcentor, requesting him to instal the said Bucard, he was unwilling to obey the king's commands. For he asserted that Roger, the archbishop of York, had given to him the said treasurership, and that king Henry had confirmed it to him; and he appealed thereon to the Apostolic See; and thus, both missing the objects of their desire, took their departure.

In the same year, Formator, archbishop of Treves, departed this life at Northampton, in England. In this year, also, in the month of September, the men of London, and many

others who had taken ship on their way to Jerusalem, laid siege, in Spain, to a certain city of the Saracens, which is called Silvia, and took it; and, after clearing it of the abominations of the Saracens, they ordained that the Christian law should be there observed for ever, and built a church in honor of God and Saint Mary, the Mother of God, and caused it to be dedicated by the neighbouring bishops, and had a certain clerk of Flanders, who had come with them, consecrated bishop of the said city, and then delivered it up to Sancho, king of Portugal.

In the same year, Godfrey de Lucy, bishop of Winchester, purchased of Richard, king of England, two excellent manors, namely, Wargrave and Menes, which formerly belonged to the bishop of Winchester, as was generally said; and Samson, abbat of Saint Edmund's, bought of him the manor which is called Mildenhall, for a thousand marks, and which, of ancient right, was said to belong to the abbey of Saint Edmund's. All the rest as well, whoever chose, bought of the king their own rights and those of others; by which the king acquired a very large sum of money.

23 Properly “ Formalis." 39 More commonly “Silves."

Geoffrey, the archbishop elect, coming to York, was received with a solemn procession by the clergy and people. There came also to York, Henry, the brother of William Marshal, to whom the king had given the deanery of York, and Bucard, the nephew of Hugh, bishop of Durham, to whom the king had given the treasurership of York; but the archbishop of York refused to receive or instal them, declaring that he would not do so until such time as his election had been confirmed by the Supreme Pontiff.

In the same year, in the month of October, Henry, duke of Saxony, the son-in-law of Henry, king of England, returned to Saxony, his own country, and, having levied

a large army, attacked those to whom the emperor had given his territories, and defeated them, taking more than thirty castles. In the same year, in the month of November, William de Mandeville, earl of Aumarle, died at Rouen, in Normandy, and Hugh de Pudsey, count de Bar sur Seine, nephew of Hugh, bishop of Durham, died at Aclea, and was buried in the place at Durham which is called the Galilee.29

In the same month, Rotrod, count de Perche, and other en. voys of Philip, king of France, came into England, to Richard, king of England, to say that, at a general council held at Paris, the king of France, touching the Holy Evangelists, had made oath, as had all the chief men of his kingdom who had assumed the cross, that, God willing, they would, without fail, be at Vezelay, at the close of Easter, for the purpose of setting out for Jerusalem; and, in testimony of the said oath, the king of France sent to the king of England his letters, requesting of him that he and his earls and barons would in like manner give him assurance that, at the same period, they would be at Vezelay.

Accordingly, Richard, king of England, and his earls and barons who had assumed the cross, met at a general council at London; and, touching the Holy Evangelists, made oath that, with the help of God, they would, without fail, be at Vezelay at the close of Easter, prepared to set out thence for Jerusalem; upon which the before-named count de Perche, and the other envoys of the king of France, made oath, at the council,

pon the soul of the king of France, in presence of the king of England, to the same effect, and William Marshal and some others

29 A portion of the cathedral, at the east end of it, overlooking the banks of the Wear.

made oath at the same council to the like effect, upon the soul of the king of England, in presence of the envoys of the king of France; and the king of England sent to the king of France his agreement binding himself so to do.

In the same year, Sibylla, queen of Jerusalem, gave Ascalon to Saladin, as the ransom of her husband, Guido de Lusignan; on which Saladin set him at liberty, and gave him leave to depart, with a safe conduct as far as the city of Tyre; on his arrival at which place, the marquis Conrad would not allow him to enter. Consequently, the king, having no place where to lay his head, remained outside of the city of Tyre in his tents; on which, there flocked to him the Templars and Hospitallers, and all the Christians, who, through fear of the pagans, had been dispersed in that neighbourhood, and gave in their adhesion to him as their lord and king.

Upon this, king Guido, by the advice of Heraclius, the Patriarch of Jerusalem, and of those who were with him, set out on his way to the city of Acre, to which he laid siege, at a spot which is called Mount] Turon, in the month of August

, on the octave of the Assumption of Saint Mary, that is to say, on the eleventh day before the calends of September; but, as the king had but a small army, the


who the city of Acre, did not shut the gates of the city either by day or night, but went to and fro, with their camels, carrying provisions and other things that were necessary to them.

On the third day after, there landed at Acre, Robert, count de Drues, and his brother Philip, bishop of Beauvais, count Erard de Breines, and Jacques d'Avennes, with the landgrave of Germany, and many other Christian pilgrims, at whose arrival the king, and all who were with him, greatly rejoiced with exceeding gladness. Accordingly, Saladin, after levying a large army, approached the army of the Christians, and fought a battle with them, on the fourth day of the week, being the day after the feast of Saint Michael, on the plain between Acre and Casale l’Eveque, in which battle Saladin was defeated and put to flight, so that he left all his tents in the hands of the Christians, and lost one half of his best troops; the Christians also lost a great part of theirs.

After a time, in consequence of their sinfulness, Saladin again got the better of the Christians, who were repulsed and driven to their camp, and Gerard de Bedford, the Grảnd Master

were in

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