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entious adherence on conviction to established principles, is not more distinct from bigotry, and, in the minds of those, who have imbibed the true spirit of Christ's religion, not more widely separated from every degree of intolerance towards those who profess principles different from their own; than is modern spurious liberality to be clearly distinguished from genuine Christian charity.

I shall trespass no longer, than merely to point out two events, which amid those alarming apprehensions which the circumstances of the present times crowd on the thinking mind, appear to furnish a not less reasonable ground for present hope, than a promising subject for future exultation. I allude to those two very judicious and very welltimed undertakings lately set on foot ; namely, the National Institution ; in the promotion of which a great portion of the good, the wise, and the pious among us, zealously concur; which has for its object the bringing the lower ranks of the community into a more teachable condition, than that in which now, alas! they are too generally found : and, under the sanction of that excellent Society to which we belong, the publication of a Bible for their more immediate advantage; which, by being accompanied with annotations calculated to bring them acquainted with the true spirit and meaning of the revealed word, may, amid the various and contrary winds of doctrine at this time blowing around, be a powerful mean of preserving them sound members of our truly Apostolical Church. And may that all-gracious Being, to whom we look for success in all human endeavours, so prosper with his blessing the undertakings in question, that they may prove effectually instrumental to the promotion of his own glory, the salvation of our fellow Christians, and the welfare of our country

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At present, amongst European Nations, a Naval Strength, which is the portion of Great Britain, is more than ever of the greatest importance to Sove. reignty, as well because most of the Kingdoms of Europe are not Continents, but in a good measure surrounded by the Sea, as because the treasures of both Indies seem but an accessory to the Dominion of the Sea.”

“The Sea, which is our Mother (that embraces
Both the rich Indies in her out-stretched arms),
Yields every day a crop, if we dare reap it.”



As the period approaches, when conferences are to be held to adjust the differences between Great Britain and the United States of America, the attention is naturally called to the objects which will offer themselves for discussion. The principal point is generally supposed to be our maritime rights; but to suffer these even to be discussed would be a dereliction of duty, in any legociator who might attempt, or any minister who might sanction it. No infringement, abatement, or qualification can be admitied. But there are various other objects, concerning which this negociation will give us an opportunity of treating; and which, though latent and little regarded by the public at large, are seriously felt, as of the utmost moment, by, the few who have had opportunities of appreciating their importance. At this juncture, therefore, and previous to the appointed meeting of plenipotentiaries, it is desirable to instil into the public mind, widely to circulate, and warmly to impress, the truths, that it will be the object of the following pages to maintain, and which, it is hoped, will not escape the penetration, or appear insignificant in the eyes, of those who may be entrusted with the interests of the empire on this momentous occasion.

To“ships, colonies, and commerce," no one will deny, that the inhabitants of the British islands owe their wealth and prosperity, the goverument its preponderance and stability, and the imperial erown its lustre. Whatever, therefore, tends to augment the nunbers of our mercantile and warlike fleets, of our seamen, and our traders; whatever can give increased extent, security, and value to our colonies; whatever can promote the commercial interests of the nation at large ; must be an object of the warm solicitude of every patriot statesinan. It will be contended in these pages, that no occurrence has for a series of years afforded so great an opening for enhancing these inestimable privileges, for correcting the errors of former times, and for making ample and stable provision for the future, than the result of the war, we are at present engaged in with the United States of America ; for by that, all former treaties, all impolitic concessions are abrogated; every thing may pass in revision; and we shall, whenever a peace is concluded, be entitled, supposing the events of the war to give us that commanding attitude which we ought to possess, to claim and enforce those advantages, which nature and policy point out as belonging to the possessors of Canada.

The importance of our possessions in North America, has never been duly estimated. Though the abundant supplies of timber, masts, &c. which our navy has, for years, derived from Canada, have, as to that point, now opened the eyes of the country; though the nursery for our seamen,

which the fisheries on those coasts have constituted, has long been acknowledged, as almost a vital part of our naval existence; yet are there other advantages to be derived from the productions of nature and industry, which encouragement and protection from the mother country would incessantly call into action, that have been mostly overlooked, or greatly under-rated.

The bounds within which this discussion is meant to be confined, will not permit of more than an enumeration of the most prominent of these objects.

In the first place, our colonies of Upper and Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland, are amply adequate to supply our West India possessions with all the timber, all the staves, and all the fish they can require : and prior to the present American war with 'nearly all the wheat and flour they could consume. The fur trade is an important branch, and might be made far more productive, if adequate protection and encouragement were given to pursue it to the shores of hen Pacific Ocean.

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