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little money of his own, that he intended to re-commence them tokens that they forgave all. His story was told business with in a quiet way. He intended to be pre- by degrees as he was able. When he left them, he so sent at the markct on the first market-day, but before completely changed his dress that no one, not his most that time he was seized with typhus fever. None of their intimate friend, could know him. He sailed for America, former friends appeared to sympathize with them but Mr where he went from bad to worse, mingling in every and Mrs Jeffrey, and they took Mary home with them, scene of dissipation, and at last became a confirmed saw that Helen was properly assisted in attending upon atheist. The first thing that caused him to reflect on her husband, and were ready to supply all their wants. home and early friends was a scene between a gentlemen Helen was faithful to her charge, and there was always and a little girl, which brought distinctly to his recollezone woman and one or two men present in the house with tion the memory of bygone days, when he used to sport her, for James got so outrageous at times that all of them with Mary. He took severely ill at that time with inwere needed to hold him down. For many days his life was flammation of the lungs, and it was then and there that despaired of, but the fever took a turn on the twenty- be felt he had a soul, and that there was a God. When second day. In the fever he lost the power of his left he recovered, he resolved to return to his native country, side, and eighteen months elapsed ere he felt anything at whatever risk; and when he came to Scotland, and, like life in his arm and leg. Helen now saw that it inquiring about Mr Halden, heard all that had happened would be necessary to exert herself to provide for her to him, he had travelled from the morning, without tasthusband and child; and as she could dress linens well, ing food, to plead for forgiveness at his feet. she resolved to try if she could support herself in this He was left to himself for the night, and next morning manner. Accordingly, she made her intentions known he was found so ill that the doctor was sent for, who proto all her former acquaintances, and she never wanted nounced him to be in a very dangerous state. He said employment. She kept her husband, her child, herself, he felt himself that he could not live long, and cried out, and her house always tidy and clean, and her customers Oh, if I had my days to live over again, how differently were satisfied with what she did for them.
would I act! I have all my life long been a great sinner. When Mary, who had received her education with Mr What shall I do?' Jeffrey's family, had attained the age of twelve years, she • Jesus,' said James, 'is a great Saviour.' was a good sewer; and as her mother had been asked to "I know it. But oh how vile I am! he will never receive make threc dozen of shirts for two brothers, young men who were going abroad, Mary was kept at home to sew James said, “Ilis blood cleanseth from all sin ; and his with her. The shirts were sent home washed and own gracious words are, Him that cometh to me I will dressed, and the money was forthcoming immediately. in no wise cast out.'' By this time James was so far recovered that he could He smiled, but spoke no more. He lingered for thirtywalk out into the garden with the assistance of his staff, eight hours and died. Every attention was paid to him, and on the day the shirts were finished he had been out and Mr Halden gave him a respectable funeral, and shed with Mr Jeffrey, getting a drive in his gig. Mr and Mrs a tear upon his grave. Jeffrey had kept up the same intimacy with them that By the time that Mary attained to twenty years of age, they had done in better days, and had all along been kind many suitors sought her hand; but long before this she friends to them. On the evening of the day before men- had given her heart to Charles Jeffrey, Mary was not tioned, Janies and Helen had been conversing on God's what may be called beautiful, but there was a sweetness goodness to them in all the scenes through which they of expression in her countenance for which all loved her. had passed, and they were on their knees together offer- She visited the sick-chamber and the poor man's dwelling, ing up their united thanks to God for his many mercies, gladdening the hearts and homes of many. The blessing and resolving, by his grace, to trust Him more in time to of those who were ready to perish came upon her. She come, when there was a loud knock heard at the door. was eyes to the blind, and caused the widow's heart to On opening it, a funeral letter was put into Helen's sing for joy. She was twenty-one years of age when she hands, and this was the first intimation they received was united in marriage to Charles Jeffrey, and her marthat James's aunt, Miss Halden, was dead; and it was just ried life was one of happiness. She was altogether freed as Helen had said, there was no will, and James Halden from those cares and anxieties which had been ihe lot of was sole heir to all her property, which would bring him her parents; but they were now settled down with every an income of from five to six hundred pounds annually. comfort and enjoyment, and their last days were those of When these tidings reached them, their first act was to peace. commit themselves to God in prayer.
Prospect Hill House was built on a lovely spot, and it was richly furnished. They took possession of it on that SKETCHES OF PARIS AND THE PARISIANS. day six years from the time that they had entered into their humble yet happy dwelling. Many a poor family was cheered, and many a benevolent and religious institution aided by this worthy family. They had been about
PARIS AND ITS HISTORICAL SCENES. five years residing in Prospect Hill House, when one Paris is situated in a large hollow or basin-anciently, stormy evening the servants were alarmed at hearing there can be little doubt, the bed of an immense lake, of some one moan loudly under the kitchen window, and which the only remnants now are the Seine, and a small when they went out they found a man insensible on the stream called the Bièvre, which flows into it from the cold ground. He was carried into the house and laid south. On the north a nearly unbroken chain of hills upon a bed, and he was soon recovered so far as to be able surrounds the city; and another of less height, and more to look about him and speak. He asked if he was in Mr interrupted by valleys, encompasses the portion of it lying Halden's house, and was answered Yes.'-Can I see to the south of the river. The most remarkable feahim?' said he; and as he asked this, Mr Halden entered ture in the general appearance of Paris is the great road the room and went forvard to his bedside. The appa- or street called the Boulevards. On the north side of the rently dying man groaned at the sight of him, and said, Seine, the Boulevards follow a line nearly midway be'Are you James Halden '
tween the river and the circumference of the city, and He answered, 'I am.'
are about three miles long; those on the south side are Do you know me p' said the patient.
of much greater extent. On each side of the Boulevards No.
are planted double rows of elms, which afford a pleasing 'I am John Simpson-can you forgive me?' and again shade in the heats of summer, and their verdant boughs, he was insensible. Mrs Halden and Mary were sent for rising in the heart of a great city, give to it a peculiarly immediately, and they could scarcely credit what they beautiful and imposing appearance. Shops, cafés, hotels, heard and saw. He again revived, and received from and theatres line both sides of the northern Boulevards;
and the crowds by which they are frequented impart to by the English, and was for some time in their possession. the scene a singular liveliness and brilliancy. The Rue In 1429, while thus in their hands, it was assaulted on St Honoré runs parallel with the river, and, under diffe- the morning of the 8th of September by the fainous Joan rent names, passes right through Paris from east to west-of Arc. The attack, which commenced at eleven o'clock, a distance of not less than five miles. It is intersected was directed against a portion of the wall between the nearly at right angles by the Rue St Denis and the Rue Portes St Denis and St Honoré, and lasted about four St Martin, which in like manner, under varying titles, hours. The assailants were met by discharges of arrows cross the city from north to south. The Rue St Honoré and cannon from the ramparts, which forced them to reand the Rue St Denis divide Paris into four nearly equal tire, but not before their heroic leader had been wounded portions. The north-west quarter is the finest and most by an arrow in the leg, and her standard-bearer killed by interesting part of Paris. Here are the Louvre, the her side. At last, on the 13th April, 1439, the English, Tuileries with its splendid garden, the celebrated Place attacked by the inhabitants within the walls, and by the Louis XV., and the Champs Elysées; and here, too, are royal troops without, evacuated the city with great loss. some of the finest modern streets which Paris can boast, The night of Saturday, the 23d of June, 1572, will be especially the Rue de Rivoli, facing the northern side of ever remembered as the scene of the atrocious massacre the garden of the Tuileries. The south-west quarter, of St Bartholomew. The utmost care had been used to however, is the fashionable part of the city : it contains prevent the Huguenots taking the aların, and the most many superb public buildings, and the palace and exten- solemn assurances of their safety were repeatedly given sive garden of the Luxembourg—the rival of that of the both by the King Charles IX. and his mother Catherine Tuileries. On both sides of the Seine run noble quays, de Medicis. The leaders of the party were next enwhich form a favourite promenade of the citizens, and deavoured to be got rid of: the Queen of Navarre was where, though in the densest part of Paris, the inhabi- poisoned, and the brave Coligny was fired at and wounded tants can at all times enjoy open space and fresh air. by an assassin. At last thic fearful night came. The The streets are for the most part narrow and dirty ; few murderers were at their posts, and only waited the exeven now have any side pavement for foot passengers; pected signal, which was to be given before daybreak. It and the causeway, which is often most uneven, is made to was now midnight. At this juncture the king hesitated; incline from both sides towards the centre, there to form and to prevent his recoiling from the massacre, Catherine a sort of ditch, in which fiows a black and fetid stream. ordered the bell of St Germain l'Auxerrois to be rung imThe lamps are suspended in the middle of the streets mediately. At its sound the people every where started by ropes swung across. These were the ropes which the from sleep: windows were lighted up with all liaste, and mob, in the revolution of 1781, were wont to use as the town was speedily illuminated in every part. A short balters for their victims ;-hence the cry, à la lanterne ! pause followed-spent in preparation on one side, and perOn one occasion they were about to string up Talleyrand, plexity, terror, and confusion on the other. Day broke who was then a priest, when the abbé with the greatest —the next instant death was in half the houses in Paris. naïveté remonstrated— But, good people, I fear I shall Coligny was the first victim. The Duke of Guise's men make but a bad light. The fickle mob were taken with burst into his apartment. • Are not you the Admiral ?' the joke, and bade him go home for a mauvais garçon. cried Bême, a domestic of the duke's, extending his
The gardens of the Tuileries and of Versailles were laid sword towards him. I am,' he repiied, calmly, and out in the reign of Louis XIV., by Lenôtre, who has then fixing his eyes on the naked blade with which he been styled le jardinier des rois. An amusing anecdote was menaced ; 'young man,' he added, "you ought to is told of him. He was blunt and open-hearted, and have respected my age and infirmity ; but you will only sometimes forgot the conventional forms which regulate the shorten my life by a few days or hours. Yet I could have approach to princes. Having gone, on one occasion, to wished,' he is said to have continued, with the feelings visit Rome, he was admitted by the Pope, Innocent XI., natural to a soldier, that I were to perish by the hand of to a private audience. When about to take leave, de- a man, and not of this menial. Bême then, uttering an lighted with the reception he had met with, he exclaimed oath, first thrust his sword into his breast, and afterwards -'I care not now how soon I die; I have beheld the two struck him with it repeatedly on the head; at the same greatest men on earth-your holiness, and the king my time the rest attacked him with like ferocity, till he fell master.'—- Alas!' replied the Pope, there is a great down dead upon the floor. Guise ordered them to throw difference between us : the king is a great prince, renowned the body over the window; and so mangled was it, that for many victories—I am but a poor priest, the servant it was not till after lie had wiped the face with a towel of the servants of God : he is young and I am old. On that the duke could recognise it. Yes,' said he, ' I know these words, the honest Lenôtre, slapping his holiness it now—it is himself. He then gave it a kick with heartily on the shoulder, rejoined— My reverend father, his foot; and, calling to his men, led them out of the you are in excellent health, and will see all the Sacred court. Even in the Louvre butchery. was rife. Henry's College under ground.' The Pope could not contain him- newly married queen, Margaret, was awakened by some self, but laughed aloud; on which Lenôtre, in his joy, one knocking violently at the door, and crying out Naactually threw his arms around the neck of his holiness, varre ! Navarre !' My nurse,' she relates, thinking it and pressed him to his bosom.
was the king, my husband, quickly ran to the door. On In 978, the Emperor Otho II. advanced on Paris, and her opening it, a gentleman rushed into the room, bleedset fire to the suburb on the north side of the river. ing from wounds in different parts of his person, and Notwithstanding the formidable numbers of the assail. pursued by four soldiers. As they did not hesitate to follow ants, King Lothaire sallied out, defeated Otho, and forced him into the chamber, he, seeking a place of refuge, him to retire upon the heights of Montmartre, where he threw himself on the bed where I lay. I, feeling myself endeavoured to blunt the sense of his defcat by making caught hold of by the man, threw myself out of the bed his troops sing a hallelujah in celebration of the honour on the floor, where lie fell with me, continuing to clasp he had that day won by having advanced so near the city me round the body. I knew not whether it was he or I as to have struck one of its gates with his lance. But that the soldiers wished to kill : we both cried out, and Lothaire soon gave him some still more unpleasant re- the one was as much frightened as the other.' This percollections to drown, if he chose, in psalms of triumph. son's life was spared; but as Margaret was entering an The last hallelujah bad not long died away, when Lo- antechamber, a gentleman named Bourse, running from thaire, advancing swiftly up the heights of Montmartre, the soldiers who pursued him, was pierced by a bullet attacked him where he was encamped, and utterly routed three paces from her. Horrified by the sight, she herbis army-he himself only escaping by leaving all his self fell swooning to the ground. On that fearful Sabbath baggage to the conqueror.
neither age nor sex was spared ; the curses of the murderer During the latter half of the fourteenth, and first half and the shriek of his victim entered together into the ears of the fifteenth centuries, Paris was several times besieged l of the Lord of Sabaoth ; and on the morning of his holy
day,' when he looked for judgment, behold oppression, penetrate into Paris, and after making a circuit round the --for righteousness, and behold a cry!'
town, was at last admitted at the Porte St Antoine, by Soon after this tragedy, Catherine, scared by the the daughter of the Duke of Orleans, who was very poputerrors of a name, deserted the Tuileries. And thus it lar with the Parisians; and at her solicitation the cannons happened :- An astrologer had told her that she would die of the Bastile were turned against the royal army to stop near St Germain ; and she forthwith avoided every church their pursuit. Nearly three thousand men, however, had or place that bore that dreaded name. She likewise refrain- already fallen in the action. ed from going any more to the royal palace of St Germain- In 1789 the great Revolution broke out, during which en-Laye; and, finally, bethinking herself that her palace of Louis XVI. expiated with his life the follies and profiigacy the Tuileries was in the parish of St Germain l'Auxerrois, of his predecessors. The sufferings and constancy of the she abandoned it also, and built for herself another, which royal family during those days of terror will ever be reshe called the Hôtel de la Reine. Here she died in 1589. membered with admiration. The king-whose only fault, Did she then, after all, escape the astrologer's prediction? say politicians, was loving his people too well-was reThe ecclesiastic who attended her in her last hours was viled, ill-treated, and even his life frequently endangered the Bishop of Nazareth, whose name was Laurence de St by those whose happiness was his last care. He fell at Germain. This anecdote will remind the English reader length a victim to revolutionary fury. His last testament of a similar one told of the death of our own King Henry is a most beautiful and affecting composition, breathing IV., and which Shakspeare alludes to in giving us the the warmest affection to those he left behind, and death scene of that monarch. “Doth any name particu- thoroughly imbued with that Christian spirit on which lar,' asks Henry, ' belong unto the room where I first he constantly relied, and which bore him triumphantly did swoon?' to which the Earl of Warwick replies—“'Tis through the terrors which darkened his parting hours. called Jerusalem, my noble lord. On this the king ex- The 16th of October, 1793, witnessed the execution of claims
the beautiful and unfortunate Marie Antoinette. At Land be to God !-e'en there my life must end :
eleven o'clock, having dressed herself in white, she took It hath been prophesied to me many years,
her place in an open cart, and her hands were then tied I should not die but in Jerusalem;
behind her back. For more than an hour and a half she Which vainly I supposed the Holy Lanıl ;But bear me to that chamber; there I'll lie;
was paraded through the streets amid the pitiless scoffs In that Jerusalem shall Harry die.'
of the populace; yet was her dignity of carriage unshaken. Early in May, 1590, Henry of Navarre, afterwards An immense multitude thronged the spacious steps in Henry IV. of France, and then bearing that title, be- front of the church of St Roch ; and when the vehicle sieged Paris by blockade; and in order to do so more came up to them, they insisted that it should be stopped effectually he resolved to make himself master of all the that they might have a better view of their poor, bound, faubourgs or suburbs. Accordingly, on the night of the tortured victim. Overcome for a moment, she turned 8th, which was very dark, bis army, divided into ten her back to them, and raising her shoulders, as if in incolumns, commenced, exactly at twelve o'clock, a simul- tense agony, endeavoured to hide her head from the pertaneous attack upon the ten faubourgs by which Paris was secution of their fury and their mockery. Arrived at last then surrounded, and, after a hot fire of two hours, car- in the Place Louis XV. she mounted the scaffold with a ried every point. The inhabitants were soon reduced to quick step, and was immediately led to the block. The next the utmost straits ; rats and mice were greedily devoured ; | instant the executioner held up her streaming head to the and even the bones of the heads of dogs,' says Pierre gaze of the multitude, who re-echoed his cries of · The Corneio, 'were bruised into a sort of meal.' Still the Republic for ever!' But the avenging Nemesis did not besieged were resolute; but Henry declared that he sleep. On the 28th of July following, all Paris seemed in would rather Paris never were his, than come into his the streets, and execrations loud and deep rose every possession a desert, and repeatedly allowed provisions to where from the multitudes, as the dense mass opened i pass in. Meanwhile spectacles of the gayest sort were lane for the passage of the cars of the guillotine. There exhibited for the amusement of the people ; and one day sat Robespierre, Couthon, and St Just, wounded and diseven the priests appeared with muskets on their shoulders figured, and with ferocity and affright painted on their to be reviewed. As they all came in their canonical countenances, like so many wild beasts taken in a snare, attire, and many of them brandishing crucifixes and sing- and whom it had been impossible to lay hold of without ing psalms, the display was odd enough, and the crowd mutilating them. Robespierre's under jaw had been could not contain their laughter. A dash of tragedy, broken by a pistol bullet, and the bloody bandages which however, soon blended with the comic; for the Pope's enveloped it rendered his aspect doubly hideous. The legate having appeared on the ground in an open carriage, guillotine soon did its work. The executioner, however, accompanied by several other distinguished ecclesiastics, after Robespierre, already half dead, was spread out on one of the holy fathers in the ranks, forgetting that his the block, tore the bandage from his neck before letting gun was loaded with ball, fired it off by way of saluting the fatal cleaver descend upon it. A yell of agony burst the party, and killed the almoner of the legate as he sat from the tortured wretch, and the next moment his head by his master's side. Scarcely four months had now rolled on the scaffold. elapsed, and a hundred thousand persons had perished: Napoleon now rose, and, quelling intestine feuds, carried the very graves were ransacked for food, and the bones of his conquering arms like a scourge abroad among the the dead were ground, baked, and eaten. A few even nations, till the forces of banded Europe hurled him from sustained themselves on human flesh—but these persons his throne. To his taste and energy Paris owes many of soon died. At last the Duke of Parma approached the its most magnificent embellishments; and no less than city, and Henry, two hours before daybreak, on the 30th four of the bridges which span the Seine, the Rue de of August, set out with his whole forces to give him Rivoli, and some of the most splendid streets to the battle. Só ended this famous blockade; and it was not north of the Tuileries, date their origin from his reiga: till four years afterwards that Henry became master of A more abundant supply of water was at the same period Paris.
introduced into the city. In 1652 Paris was besieged by the great Condé; and on In the spring of 1814 the Allies approached Paris. the 2d of July the battle of the Faubourg St Antoine was Napoleon, by his cross-march to St Dizier, had left the fought. On that occasion Condé, from a miscalculation road open-nothing intervening to oppose the allied of the movements of his adversary, was stationed with all army but the corps of Marmont and Mortier. The troops his forces in the principal street of the faubourg, having thus left were quite inadequate to defend Paris ; but the the town with its gates shut against him in his rear, and resistance they made was most gallant. At daybreak ou the royal army under Marshal Turenne in front. The the 30th of March, two dark lines, visible from the marshal, having received a reinforcement, at length heights of Montmartre, revealed the converging masses of drove him from his position. He then endeavoured to the Grand Army and the army of Silesia ; and moving
swiftly in dense columns, they rapidly advanced to the shortly ensued. They numbered not less than 30,000 attack. The main body, however, had not yet come up: men, and the annihilation of the liberty of the press had the French fought gallantly; and the Allies were falling thrown the greater part of them out of employment. In fast in the centre, when the Emperor Alexander arrived the garden of the Palais Royal, many of these persons on the field, where the Russian and Prussian guards were collected groups around them, and gave expression to already forming to support their comrades. Instantly their indignation against the authorities in the most fearordering them to advance, these magnificent troops bore less and unmeasured terms. Crowds now gathered in all down all opposition; and the whole allied line moving parts of the city=revolutionary cries were heard in every forward at once, the heights were carried amid tremen- quarter—the faubourgs sent forth their dense and restdous cheering. Immediately the guns were hurried to less masses—and the barricades were once more rising in the front; loud cries of · Fire on Paris ! fire on Paris !' the streets. Conflicts between the military and the poran along the line : and twenty pieces forthwith com- pulace next ensued; Paris was declared in a state of siege; menced, from their elevated position, to send death and de- and Marmont, in writing to the king, now used the mestruction to the most distant parts of the capital. A morable words— Sire, it is no longer a commotion, it is a Russian gunner, with the medal of 1812 on his breast, ex- revolution !' The marshal's measures of defence were claimed, as he levelled his piece, “So, Father Paris ! you very badly conceived-leaving the troops unsupported in must now pay for Mother Moscow. A white flag now different parts of the city, so as easily to be cut up in decame from the city, and a truce, preparatory to a capitu- tail; and of the troops themselves, the greater portion lation, was agreed on. Scarcely was this done when the either openly joined the insurgents, or refused to act sharp rattle of musketry, quickly deepening into a roar, against them. The Guards and the Swiss alone remained was heard on the right, and all eyes were turned to the faithful; and they suffered dreadfully. At length the height of Montmartre, where it was evident a desperate Louvre and the Tuileries were taken by the insurgents, combat was going on. In a few minutes the well-known and Marmont and the ro; al troops were forced to evaRussian hurrah was heard above the roar of the battle, cuate Paris. When the news was brought to the king and the allied colours were seen waving on the summit. that the city was in possession of the populace, and the The intelligence of the truce had not yet reached that part military in full retreat, he exhibited the utmost firmof the field, and the Russian officer had received orders to ness, and set about preparing other measures of defence; make himself master of the last height in possession of and it was not till his heart was appealed to, and the danthe enemy. The position was so formidable, that the ger pointed out to which the Dauphiness was exposed Russian General Rudzewitch, before entering the fire, from the populace, that he at last yielded. A messenger took farewell of his brother officers, as if advancing on was forthwith despatched to announce to the Parisians the certain death; but so vehement was the onset, that the dismissal of the ministers, and the revocation of the ordiPrench were every where forced from their posts, and nance. A few hours ago, these concessions might have driven downhill into the city. The young men of the saved the throne; but now they were too late. * ReconPolytechnic School behaved most gallantly during the en- ciliation,' said Lafayette, “is impossible : the royal family gagement, and for a great part of the day worked a battery has ceased to reign. Charles X. was soon forced to reof cannon planted at the entrance of the wood of Vin- treat from St Cloud ; and not long after, the deposed
Their gallantry seems even to have affected the monarch and his family retired into exile. wild sons of the Steppes; for during a cavalry charge, a Many instances of brilliant daring on the part of indiCossack having raised his lance to strike one of them who viduals occurred during this sanguinary struggle. On one was lying wounded, his comrade put the weapon aside, occasion, the people determined to cross the Seine to exclaiming in his broken French, Ne tuez jeune assist their comrades in the Place de Grêve. The bridge, Fronçais !'-(Don't kill young Frenchman.)
however, was swept by the enemy's shot, and when they The last great historical scene of which Paris was the arrived at the end of it, they stopped, intimidated by the theatre, was the Revolution of 1830, which took place fire of the troops. At this instant, one of their number, during the last week of July of that year. On the 8th of a young man about seventeen-some say only fourteenAugust, 1829, Charles X. nominated a most unpopular carrying a tricolor flag, rushed from the midst of them, ministry, of which Prince Polignac was the head. The and running forward along the bridge, ascended to the Chambers were convoked for the 21 of March, and the top of the elevated pier which forms its central support, very first division left the cabinet in a helpless minority. and there planted the ensign of liberty-when he immeOn this, the king prorogued the Houses to 1st September; diately feli, pierced with balls. According to another and shortly afterwards, the Chamber of Deputies was dis- version of the story, the young man only succeeded in solved; the elections were appointed to take place on 23d fixing his flag, after three times making the attempt; June and 30 July, and the new Chamber to assemble on when, an officer having run to take hold of it, the hero, the 3d of August. The elections in some of the depart- waiting his approach, shot him dead as he came up, and ments were not finished till the 19th of July; but for was on his way back to his friends when he was himself some time before this it had been evident that in the struck down by a ball, which lodged in his thigh. This new Chamber the cabinet would be left in a feebler mino- exploit seems to have recalled to the recollection of the rity than ever. The ministers, therefore, instead of spectators the similar action of Bonaparte at the bridge of yielding to the wishes of the nation thus legally expressed, Arcole in Italy; and the bridge has ever since been called resolved to meet the emergency by a coup d'état; and on Le Pont d'Arcole, in commemoration of the young man's Monday the 25th of July, the famous ordinances were gallantry. A woman named Frottier braved every danpromulgated—the direct tendency of which was to anni- ger to offer assistance to the wounded, that were lying in hilate the liberty of the press, and to extinguish all all directions. At one time she darted forward, and popular influence in the representative system. The seized a piece of cannon that had just been discharged ; morning of that day found royalty with its splendour un- her courage electrified every body, and the air was rent shorn, yet, ere the end of the week, it was trampled by · Bravo! bravo!' and other enthusiastic cries. The under the feet of the multitude. Still, by a singular infa- scholars of the Polytechnic School distinguished themtuation, the ministers, when thus risking a revolution, selves by their gallant bearing; and though for the most did not even count upon a riot. Marshal Marmont, Duke part beardless boys, a group of insurgents quickly formed of Ragusa, then commanded the troops in Paris, yet he round each of them; and they seemed as naturally to asalso seemed unconscious of danger; and although 20,000 sume the command, as it was readily. conceded to them. guards and household troops, who could safely be relied On one occasion, when the military were about to clear a on, and thirty-six pieces of artillery, might have been street with grape-shot, one of these youths, calling on the brought up to Paris within a week, fewer than 10,000 people to follow, rushed forward; the next moment the soldiers were in the city during the convulsion. The cannon was discharged, and the youth blown to atoms. printers were the first movers in the struggle which Encouraged by his gallantry, however, the insurgents folsaid ;
lowed; the gun was quickly captured, and turned against ture Paris in any future invasion of France; and it is well the troops; and forthwith it was sending death through known that Napoleon intended to encompass the city with their retreating ranks. During the assault on the Tuil fortifications, and only delayed doing so from apprebeneries, another of these scholars advanced at the head of sion of alarming the national pride. Had he carried his his company to one of the iron gates; when, having asked design into execution, his overthrow in 1814 might have to see the commander of the guard, a superior officer been long delayed, if not rendered impossible; as Paris presented himself. Open your gates, sir,' said the young would in that case have easily held out against the Allies, man, if you do not wish to be, every one of you, exter- till the return of Napoleon from his fatal cross-march to minated : might, as well as right, is with the people.' St Dizier. The present fortifications, however, although Retiring a step or two, the officer replied by snapping a originating in the bellicose spirit of the Thiers party, are pistol at the youth. Boiling with fury, the people rushed prosecuted, it is alleged, by the reigning monarch and his en masse against the gate, and burst it open; and the present minister, less as a defence against foreign assault, next instant the officer found himself held by the grasp than as a means of more easily quelling any insurrection and completely in the power of his intended victim. in Paris—as the cannon of the forts completely command • Your life is in my hands,' said the youth, “but I shall the city. This apprehension is entertained by many not shed your blood.'. Overcome by this magnanimity, members of the Chambers of Deputies; and though it is the officer tore from his breast an order which he carried, now too late to prevent the project being executed, the and offered it to his gallant antagonist. Take it,' he question has been, and still occasionally is, a subject of
none can be more worthy to wear it.'. He be- stormy debate and altercation in the Legislative Chamsought him at the same time to let him krow his bers. name; but the youth merely replied that he was a pupil of the Polytechnic School, and then retired among the crowd.
CAMELOPARD HUNTING. * The conduct of the French people on this occasion was to the sportsman, the most thrilling passage in my ad. truly above all human praise." Their moderation in vic- ventures is now to be recounted. In my own breast it tory even exceeded the bravery that gained it. No one awakens a renewal of past impressions, more lively than act of cruelty stained the glorious laurels which they had any written description can render intelligible; and far
Even plunder was unknown among the poorest abler pens than mine, dipped in more glowing tints, would classes of the multitude. A most affecting circumstance, still fall short of the reality, and leave much to be supwhich cannot be told without emotion, is related of those plied by the imagination. Three hundred gigantic elewho opened the bankers' and goldsmiths' shops. The phants, browsing in majestic tranquillity amidst the wild lowest of the mob were for hours among untold treasure, magnificence of an African landscape, and a wide stretchand unwitnessed; not a farthing - not a trinket was ing plain, darkened, far as the eye can reach, with : touched. The same persons were seen, after the fatigues moving phalanx of gnoos and quaggas, whose numbers and perils of the day, begging charity, that they might literally baffle computation, are sights but rarely to be have wherewithal to purchase the meal of the evening; witnessed; but who amongst our brother Nimrods shall and when the purses of the admiring bystanders were hear of riding familiarly by the side of a troop of colossal pressed upon them, a few pence was all they would ac- giraffes, and not feel his spirit stirred within him? He cept! No Greek, no Roman virtue ever surpassed, ever that would behold so marvellous a sight must leare the equalled, this.'
haunts of man, and dive, as we did, into pathless wilds, Not the least interesting event of late years in Paris, traversed only by the brute creation; into wide wastes, was the re-interment of Napoleon—the bringing back his where the grim lion prowls, monarch of all he surrejs, remains from their sea-girt grave of St Helena, to repose and where the gaunt hyæna and wild dog fearlessly purat last beneath the stately dome of the Invalides, which sue their prey: already contained the remains of Turenne and Vauban, Many days had now elapsed since we had even seen the and the paladins of France. On disentombing the body, it camelopard-and then only in small numbers, and under was found still with almost the look of life upon it; it the most unfavourable circumstances. The blood coursed was conveyed to Europe by the Belle Poule frigate, by through my veins like quicksilver, therefore, as on the which it was landed safely at Havre de Grace. From morning of the 19th, from the back of Breslar, my most thence the remains of the great warrior chief were con- trusty steed, with a firm wooden plain before me, I veyed to Paris, and the re-interment took place on the counted thirty-two of these animals, industriously stretch6th December, 1840. The day was fine, though piercingly ing their peacock necks to crop the tiny lcares which flut. cold; but such was the interest excited, that six hundred tered above their heads, in a mimosa grove that beautified thousand persons were assembled to witness the spectacle. the scenery. They were within a hundred yards of me, Louis Philippe and all his court officiated at the ceremony; but having previously determined to try the boarding but nothing excited such deep interest as a band of the system, I reserved my fire. mutilated veterans of the Old Guards, who with mournful Although I had taken the field expressly to look for! countenance, but a yet military air, attended the remains giraffes, and had put four of the Hottentots on horseback, of their beloved chief to his last resting-place. An aged all excepting Piet had as usual slipped off unperceived in charger, once rode by the Emperor on his fields of fame, pursuit of a troop of koodoos. Our stealthy approach Fas survived to follow the colossal hearse to the grave. “En- soon opposed by an ill-tempered rhinoceros, which, with chanting music thrilled every heart as the coffin was her ugly calf, stood directly in the path; and the twinslowered into the tomb; the thunders of artillery, so often ling of her bright little cyes, accompanied by a restless vocal to his triumphs, now gave him the last honours of rolling of the body, giving earnest of her intention to mortality : the genius of Marochetti was selected to erect charge, I directed Piet to salute her with a broadside, at a fitting monument to his memory; and the bones of the same moment putting spurs to my horse. At the Napoleon finally repose on the banks of the Seine, amid | report of the gun, and the sudden clattering of bools, the people he had loved so well.' Yet will future ages away bounded the giraffes in grotesque confusion, clearing perhaps regret the ocean-girt isle, the solitary stone, the the ground by a succession of frog-like hops, and soon willow-tree. Napoleon will live when Paris is in ruins : leaving me far in the rear. Twice were their towering his deeds will survive the dome of the Invalides; no man forms concealed from view by a park of trees, which we can show the tomb of Alexander!'
entered almost at the same instant; and twice, on emergDuring the administration of M. Thiers, a chain of for- ing from the labyrinth, did I perceive them tilting over an tifications was begun, which now encircle Paris on the eminence immeasurably in advance. A white turban that north. They crown the summit of Montmartre and ad- I wore round my hunting-cap, being dragged off by a projoining heights, and some of the forts are very formidable. jecting bough, was instantly charged by three rhinoThere is no doubt that it will be no easy exploit to cap- ceroses; and looking over my shoulder, I could see them