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mediately to his master; and the latter causing it to be

ANECDOTE OF A CHARITABLE ISRAELITE. proclaimed throughout the city, that the author of this There was among the Children of Israel' a devout proceeding had his free pardon, further announced, that, man, having a family who spun cotton; and he used etery on repairing to the palace, he would be distinguished by day to sell the thread that they spun, and to buy fresh the most encouraging marks of favour. Yaakoob availed cotton; and with the profit that arose, he bought food fc: himself of the invitation, relying upon the promise, which his family, which they ate that day. And he went forth was fulfilled to him; and from this period he gradually one day, and sold the thread which they had spun, ald rose in power until he became the founder of a dynasty. there met him one of his brethren, who complained to

him of his need; whereupon he gave him the price of his THE POET'S REWARD.

thread, and returned to his family without either cotton A whimsical story is told of a king, who denied to poets or food. So they said to him, “Where is the cotton and those rewards to which usage had almost given them a the food p' And he answered them, “Such-a-one met claim. This king, whose name is not recorded, had the me, and complained to me of his need: whereupon I gare faculty of retaining in his memory an ode after having him the price of the thread.' They said, 'And what shall only once heard it; and he had a memlook (male white we do; for we have nothing to sell ?' But they had a slave) who could repeat an ode which he had twice heard, broken wooden bowl, and a jar; and he took them to the and a female slave who could repeat one that she had market. No one, however, would buy them of him; Lui heard thrice. Whenever a poet came to compliment him while he was in the market, there met him a man with with a panegyrical ode, the king used to promise him that a stinking, swollen fish, which no one would buy of him; if he found his verses to be his original composition, he and the owner of the fish said to him, ' Wilt thou sell to would give him a sum of money equal in weight to what me thy unmarketable property for mine?' He answered, they were written upon. The poet, consenting, would'Yes' and gave the man the wooden bowl and the jar. recite his ode; and the king would say, “ It is not new; receiving from him the fish, which he brought to his for I have known it some years ;' and he would repeat it family. They said, 'What shall we do with this fish as he had heard it; after which he would add, ' And this He answered, We will broil it, and feed upon it until God memlook also retains it in his memory ;' and would order (whose name be exalted !) please to supply us with susthe memlook to repeat it; which, having heard it twice, tenance. They therefore took it, and ripped open its from the poet and king, he would do. The king would belly, and they found in it a pearl.' So they informed the then say to the poet, • I have also a female slave who can sheykh (the devotee); and he said, 'See if it be pierced; repeat it;' and ordering her to do so, stationed behind for if so, it belongeth to some one of the people; but if it the curtains, she would repeat what she had thus thrice be not pierced, it is a gift which God (whose name be er. heard : so the poet would go away empty-handed. The alted !) hath bestowed upon you. And they looked, ani famous poet El-Asma'ee, having heard of this proceeding, lo, it was not pierced. And when the morning came, be and guessing the trick, determined upon outwitting the went with it to one of his brethren, of those who were acking; and accordingly composed an ode made up of very quainted with pearls; and this person said, “O such-a-one, difficult words. But this was not his only preparative mea- whence gottest thou this pearl?' He answered, ' It is a sure-another will be presently explained ; and a third gift which God (whose name be exalted !) hath bestowed was, to assume the dress of a Bedawee, that he might not upon us. And the man said, “Verily it is worth a be known, covering his face, the eyes only excepted, with thousand pieces of silver, and I will give that sum; tat a litham (a piece of drapery), in accordance with a custom take it to such-a-one, for he is of more wealth and knowof Arabs of the desert. Thus disguised, he went to the ledge than myself.' So he took it to him, and he palace, and, having asked permission, entered and saluted said, “Verily it is worth seventy thousand pieces of the king, who said to him, ' Whence art thou, O brother silver; not more than that. Then he paid bim serents of the Arabs, and what dost thou desire?' The poet an- thousand pieces of silver; and the sheykh called the swered, “May God increase the power of the king! I am a porters, who carried for him the money until he arrived poet of such a tribe, and have composed an ode in praise of at the door of his dwelling; when a beggar came to our lord the Sultan.'— Obrother of the Arabs,' said the him, and said to him, Give me of that which God king, hast thou heard of our condition ?' “No,'|(whose name be exalted !) hath given unto thee.' And answered the poet; “and what is it, o king of the age he said to the beggar, We were yesterday like thee. It is,' replied the king, that if the ode be not thine, Take half of this money.' And when he had divided the we give thee no reward; and if it be thine, we give thee money into two equal portions, and each of them had the weight in money of what it is written upon. -How,' taken his half, the beggar said to him, “ Keep thy money, said El-Asma'ee, should I assume to myself that which and take it: may God bless thee in it: for verily I am belongs to another, and knowing, too, that lying before a messenger of thy Lord, who hath sent me to try thee.' kings is one of the basest of actions? But I agree to this And the sheykh said, “To God be praise and thanks! condition, 0 our lord the Sultan.' So he repeated his ode. And he ceased not to pass a most comfortable life, he and The king, perplexed, and unable to remember any of it, his family, until death. made a sign to the memlook-but he had retained nothing; and called to the female slave, but she also was

THE OTHER FIG. unable to repeat a word. “O brother of the Arabs,' said

AN APOLOGUE. he, 'thou hast spoken truth, and the ode is thine with-Some years since, when I knew too little of the world, and out doubt: I have never heard it before: produce, there thought too sensitively of its slightest opinion, I supped fore, what it is written upon, and we will give thee its with an author of eminence as a wit and a poet, in the weight in money, as we have promised. Wilt thou,' said company of men of wit and genius; and much mad the poet, send one of the attendants to carry it ?'- mirth and high-exciting talk we had,—too mad and to * To carry what?' asked the king; 'is it not upon a paper high for me, who could only laugh, or wonder in silence, here in thy possession ?'—No, o our lord the Sultan, at so many brilliant imaginations, and watch the striking replied the poet : • at the time I composed it I could not out of their fiery sparks of wit, procure a piece of paper upon which to write it, and could

• So nimble and so full of subtlo flame, find nothing but a fragment of a marble column left me

As if that every one from whom they came by my father : so I engraved it upon this; and it lies in

Hal meant to put his whole wit in a jest, the court of the palace. He had brought it, wrapped up,

And had resolved to live a fool the rest on the back of a camel. The king, to fulfil his promise, « I was all ear to hear,' and took in jests 'whiếh might was obliged to exhaust his treasury; and to prevent a repetition of this trick (of which he afterwards discovered El-Asma'ee to have been the author), in future rewarded Muslims call the Children of Israel; but the desers of the

Such of the descendants of Jacob as hold the tre faith, the the poets according to the usual custom of kings.

Messiah they call ' Yahood,' i. e. Jews,

Of his dull life.'

create a laugh under the ribs of death,' and thoughts and / riousness of his living, now wants a plain dinner, I say, high imaginations which might lift a man to the third It is a pity; but he always would have the other fig on heaven of invention;' and thither, indeed, I was for once | table.' lifted. But there are souls of that weak wing, that so When I see a sensible man staggering through the much the higher they soar above the proper level of their streets in a drunken forgetfulness of himself and of the fight, so much the lower they fall below the level of their divine property of his being, or behold him wallowing in proper resting-ground; and as, under the excitement of a sensual sty,' and degrading the godlike uprightness of wine, some men betray all their hidden foibles, and the man to the grovelling attitude of the brute, I sigh, and filaws and weak parts in their characters, so, under the say, ' This fellow, too, cannot refrain from the other fig.' excitement of too much wit, I betrayed one frailty in When I look on the miser, who, though possessed of mine.

gold and land, lives without money or house, using not the It was after supper that a small basket of most mouth- one as it should be used, and enjoying not the other as it melting figs was put on the friendly board, out of which, should be enjoyed; and when I see that, though having among other fingers, I was then moderate enough to de- more than he uses, he covets more, that he may have still duct only one of its compressed lumps of deliciousness; more than he can use, I scorn him as a robber of the poor, but in a short time after this, music and Mozart (which not to make himself richer than they, but poorer, more are synonymous) were proposed, and all the company left thankless and comfortless; and I pity the rich poor the supper-room for the music-parlour, with the excep- wretch, still grasping at the other fig. tion, for two loitering moments, of the hospitable host When I hear of some wealthy trader with the four and myself: it was in that short time that I fell from the quarters of the world venturing forth again from the ark hearen of my high exaltation, and proved myself of the of safety and the home of his old age, on his promised last earth earthy'

voyage, and perishing through the peril of the way, I canThe basket of figs still stood before me: they were not but pity the man who could not lie quietly in the safe sweet as the lips of beauty, and tempting as the apples harbour of home, because he still craved after the other fig. of Eden; and I was born of Eve, and inherited her pug- When I behold some heavy-pursed gamester enter one ging tooth. It is no matter where temptation comes of those temples where fortune snatches the golden offerfrom, whether from Turkey or Paradise; if the man ings from the altars of her blind fools, to fling them at Adam to be tempted is ripe for ruin, any wind may shake the feet of her knaves who have eyes; and behold him him off the tree of stedfastness. Every man has his issuing thence without a ' beggarly denier,' to bless him moment of weakness: I had two, and in those I fell. with a dinner or a rope, I cannot help pitying him, that

'I really must take the other fig,' said I, taking it be- he should risk the fortune he had for the other fig which fore the words were out. I had no sooner possessed my he has lost. self of it than I blushed with the consciousness that I had When I see a mighty conqueror, having many thrones committed something like a sin against self-restraint; and under his dominion, and many sceptres in his hand, this confusion was increased by observing that the eyes of struggling for new thrones and sceptres, and one after the mine host bad followed the act, as if they would inquire other losing those he held, in his rapacious eagerness to into it, and ascertain its true meaning, and perhaps set it snatch at those he would have, I cannot pity him if he down over-against the credit side of my character. I was loses so many fine figs in the hand to possess the other fig ever afraid that I had the weakness of too much covetous- on the tree. ness of the creature comforts in my disposition, and that When I behold a rich merchant made poor by the exI bad now betrayed it to a man who, though lenient and travagance and boldness of his trading speculations, when, charitable, and inclined to think well of slight faults, if he could have been content with the wealth he had, he would nevertheless weigh it in the balance of estimation, might have lived sumptuously and died rich, I cannot help and think of it and me accordingly. I deserved to blush thinking it a pity that he could not be content without for it, and I did, to the bottom of the stairs, as I descended the other fig. with him chewing the sweet fruit of my offence, and the When I hear that a rich man has done a paltry action bitter consequence of it-an uneasy sense of shame. for the sake of some petty, penny-getting gain, I scorn

But out of the greatest evil we may deduce good; and him that should so much covet the other fig. from the knowledge of our weakness derive strength. One When I see a man already high in rank, and ennobled thing comforted me in my disgrace : I had the courage to by descent more than desert, cringing and stooping to resist making an equivocatory apology for the act, which I a title-dispenser's heels for some new honour (which is was, for a moment, tempted to make; for the devil, who but a new disgrace where it is undeserved), it is difficult has his good things at his tongue's end, as well as much not to despise him, though ever so honoured, who will so better beings, suggested, in a whisper, and with a nudge degrade himself for the sake of the other fig. at my elbow, that I took it merely to have occasion for re- And, to conclude, when I see the detected

thief dragged warding one of the wits with a “fig for his joke,' mentioning in fetters to a dungeon, I think to myself, ' Ay, this is him by name as patly as if he had it in his books. I one of the probable consequences of a wilful indulgence in thanked the Evil Ône for the suggestion. “But no,' I whis- the other fig!' pered, there is more comeliness in a naked fault than in the best attired lie in the world; so I'll even let it stand naked as its mother Eve, who was the first weak creature It is in the heart that the fool says what he fears to that took the other fig.' And here the devil chuckled, utter with his tongue, 'No God.' There it is that scepfor he recollected the good fortune that fell into the first ticism harbours its hard thoughts of God, and that our trap he baited with sin, and was not disappointed that he natural enmity against him finds a home. It is the had set one in vain for me.

treasury of sin, where all its resources are kept against I have never forgotten this little incident of my inci- the hour of opportunity; it is the hiding-place of sin, dental life; it has served as a moral check when I have where it often lurks unknown to us, and whence it frecoveted things which I did not want. And now, when I quently steals forth, and takes us by surprise; it is the learn that some one, always famous for his covetousness, first place which sin enters, and the last which it leaves ; has at last been detected in a flagrant dereliction from for sin not only takes up its abode in the heart before it honesty, I do not wonder at it, for I attribute it to an un- appears in the conduct, but how often does it occur that, restrained habit of taking the other fig.

after sin has been banished from the outer life, it only When I am told that a great gourmand of my acquaint- retires back again, and hides itself in the heart! Having nce has died over his dessert-table, I am not surprised, taken up a commanding position in the heart, and fortiI have myself noticed that he always would eat the fied and intrenched itself there, it mocks every effort

made to dislodge it, which does not reach and shake the When I hear that a man, once celebrated for the luxu-l very centre of our being.–Dr Harris.

THE HEART THE SEAT OF EVIL.

ther fig.

BY THOMAS SMIBERT.

CHRISTIAN WEAPONS SPIRITUAL.

PREPARATION FOR DEATH, Within the limits of his empire, Christ will have no To neglect at any time preparation for death is to blood to be shed but that of his own atoning sacrifice-no sleep on our post at a siege ; but to omit it in old age is sword to be wielded but that weapon of ethereal temper, to sleep at an attack. the sword of the Spirit,' whose strokes alight only on

THE FATE OF THE EMINENT. the conscience, and whose edge is anointed with a balm to heal every wound it may inflict. - Dr Harris.

To be at once in any great degree loved and praised is

truly rare. DEW. The dew, celebrated through all times and in every

THE COMING SWALLOW. tongue for its sweet influences, presents the most beautiful and striking illustration of the agency of water in the

The merry month thou lovest comes once more, economy of nature, and exhibits one of those wise and

O gentle darkener of our window-panes! bountiful adaptations by which the whole system of things, And the same earnest longing as before animate and inanimate, is fitted and bound together. To see and hear thee, in my bosom reigns. All bodies on the surface of the earth radiate, or throw

Come, then, as May her summer throne regains !

Pass thou before us like a lightning flash, out rays of heat in straight lines-every warmer body to

Though not of flaming hue, every colder; and the entire surface is itself continually

But soft in course to view

As oriental maiden's long and dark eye-lash. sending rays upwards through the clear air into free space. Thus on the earth's surface all bodies strive, as it were,

Thrice, dearest swallow, hath my feeble tongue,

Moved by deep musings on thy mystic ways, after an equal temperature (an equilibrium of heat), Of these and thee in measured numbers sung, while the surface as a whole tends gradually towards a For that I loved thee in the bygone days; cooler state. But, while the sun shines, this cooling will But better hymn'd by far wert thou in lays

Chanted of yore by the Athenian youth, not take place, for the earth then receives in general

When they, from door to door, more heat than it gives off; and if the clear sky be shut

Wander'd their cities o'er, out by a canopy of clouds, these will arrest and again And in thy name awaken'd charity's sweet ruth. throw back a portion of the heat, and prevent it from Lauded wert thou in anthologic verse, being so speedily dissipated. At night, then, when the

And many a tender elegiac line,

Such as our poets fondly would rehearse, sun is absent, the earth will cool the most; on clear

Could they attain the reach of art divine. nights also more than when it is cloudy; and when clouds But vainly would they on those strains refine, only partially obscure the sky, those parts will become

Which have come down to us through age on age,

Mellow'd thereby, like airs coolest which look towards the clearest portions of the

Which the mild night-breeze bears heavens. Now, when the surface cools, the air in con- Over some far-spread lake where tempests never rage. tact with it must cool also; and, like the warm currents But loved more fondly wert thou not of old on the mountain side, must forsake a portion of the Than now by me, O! builder in the eaves, watery vapour it has hitherto retained. This water, like

Who clingest unto man with constant hold,

Unlike the common perchers in the leaves ; the floating mist on the hills, descends in particles almost And for my love that ever to thee cleares, infinitely minute. These particles collect on every leaflet, Appear, sweet wanderer, in my sight again; and suspend themselves from every blade of grass, in

Once more beside me dwell,

And all the cares dispel drops of pearly dew. And mark here a beautiful ad

That on my brow of late have camp'd like armed men! aptation. Different substances are endowed with the

When winter with her snows our vision blinds, property of radiating their heat, and of thus becoming And tempests lay the general landscape bare cool with different degrees of rapidity; and those sub- When pine-trees answer lonely to the winds, stances which in the air become cool first, also attract

And shake the fringes of their aye green hair

I pardon thee thy long delaying where first and most abundantly the particles of falling dew. No bitter colds can vex thy tender frame, Thus, in the cool of a summer's evening, the grass plot

Nor fiercely driving hail, is wet while the gravel walk is dry; and the thirsty pas

Nor swift o'ertaking gale

May ruffle thy fine plumes, and thy soft members maim. ture and every green leaf are drinking in the descending moisture, while the naked land and the barren highway

But now the slumbers of the May are done,

And forth, like some great painter in his pride, are still unconscious of its fall.-Professor Johnstone.

With pencil dipp'd in radiance of the sun,

She comes, to spread her colours far and wide,
FORMS OF INTEMPERANCE.

Warm, rich, and varied. Now may'st thou abide
There is the intemperance of mirth, and then its vic-

And summer safely in our northern clime,

Finding abundant food tim is a silly buffoon; the intemperance of seriousness,

For thee and for the brood and then he is a gloomy ascetic; the intemperance of Which may delight thy heart amid the vemal prime. ambition, and then he is the laurelled hero of a hundred Come, thou fine plasterer with the tiny bill, fights, a madcap poet, or mountebank statesman; the Apt at thy work as man with hands and tools; intemperance of love, and then he is a good-for-nothing

And who cementest, too, with equal skill,

Gath'ring thy compost or from streams or pools driveller ; the intemperance of anger, and then he is a Or stores within thyself, as instinct schools; frothing madman; the intemperance of dress and man- For, placed by nature in thy form, we find ners, and then he is a glittering fop; the intemperance

A fountain'd liquid, fit

Thy dwelling-walls to knit, of the purse, and then he is a sordid miser; the intem

And give thee tranquil ease despite the beating wind. perance of the plate, and then he is a filthy glutton; the

Ere to my theme once more I bid farewell, intemperance of the bowl, and then he is a reeling Let me anew entreat of thee to come, drunkard.

And in my sight at morn and eve to dwell

My window-nook again thy favour'd home.
MAN.

Re-open to me thy instructive tome:
Man is but a reed, and the weakest in nature; but

Industry, patience, and domestic love,

Order and care, may be then he is a reed that thinks. It does need the universe

The lessons learn' from thee; to crush him: a breath of air, a drop of water, will kill And, more than all, a trust in Him who rules above. him. But even if the material universe should overwhelm

May 1, 1845. him, man would be more noble than that which destroys him; because he knows that he dies, while the universe Printed and published by JAMES HOGG, 12 Nicolson Street,

Edinburgh; to whom all communications are to be addressed. knows nothing of the advantage which it has over him.

Sold also by J.JOHNSTONE, Edinburgh; J. MʻLEOD, Glasgor: V. Our true dignity, then, consists in our capabilities of M' MB, Belfast; J. NCY, Dublin ; G. &R. KING, Aberdeed; thought and affection. From thence we must derive our R. WALKER, Dundee; G. PHILIP, Liverpool; FINLAY & CIA&L elevation—not from space or duration. Let us endeavour

TON, Newcastle; WRIGHTSON & WEB, Birmingham; GALT & to think well : this is the principle of morals.-Pascal.

Co., Manchester; R. GROOMBRIDGE & Sons, London; and uj
Booksellers.

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No. 19.

EDINBURGH, SATURDAY, JULY 5, 1845.

PRICE 14d.

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CHAPTERS ON THE VICES. proper, and so becoming, that, were we all father-con

fessors, we should find, like St Francis de Sales, that none AVARICE

would come to us to confess the sin of covetousness. There is little use in trying to settle the question what

The battle for wealth is, we believe, one of the sorest tice is most extensively practised and most productive of and most fatiguing which mortals fight. The toils of the evil. Alas! there are many thriving so alarmingly that roughest campaign, the hardships of flood and field, are it is hard to say to which we should assign in point of light in comparison with those of the man who has set strength and mischievous influence the unenviable supe- his heart not on empires but on gold—whose thoughts riority. There can be no question, however, that the and projects by night and by day have all one aim, the love of money,' which is declared by the highest authority acquisition of money. An indomitable perseverance must to be the root of all evil,' is sadly prevalent and awfully have fallen to his lot, or his spirit would sink in the injurious. Into whatever department of the great social struggle. What a round of schemings! what hosts of economy we look, we see this mean and hateful passion speculations! what distracting risks! what tear and wear working banefully. All men, as the author of Mammon of brain in calculating the chances in his favour ! what has well remarked, are bewailing its power and preva- feverish disquietude! what racking cares! what twinges lence: “The legislator complains that governments are of conscience, too! There are, it is to be hoped, comparagetting to be little better than political establishments to tively few professional misers—few whose every thought furnish facilities for the accumulation of wealth. The aed energy are given to money-making—who deny themphilanthropist complains that generous motives are lost selves every enjoyment and hoot at every scheme of benesight of in the prevailing desire for gain, so that he who volence—who realize the picture of the poet: evinces a disposition to disinterested benevolence is either

Ill-guided wretch! distrusted as a hypocrite or derided as a fool. The

Thou might'st have seen him at the midnight hour,
When good men slept, and in light-winged

dreams
moralist complains that commerce has kindled in the Ascended up to God, in wasteful hall.
nation a universal thirst for wealth, and that money re-

With vigilance and fasting worn to skin

And bone, and wrapp'd in most de basing ragg, ceives all the honours which are the proper right of

Thou might'st have seen him bending o'er his heaps,

And holding strange communion with his gold; knowledge and virtue.' The candidate for worldly ad- And as his thievish fancy seem'd to hear rancement and honour protests against the arrangement

The nightman's foot approach, starting alarm d,

And in his old, decrepit, wither'd hand, which makes promotion a matter of purchase, thus dis- That palsy shook, grasping the vellow earth paraging and discouraging all worth save that of wealth.

Illustrious fool! nay, most inhuman wretch: The poet laments that the world is too much for us ;' He sat among his bags, and, with a look

Which hell might be ashamed of, drove the poor that all things are sold;' that every thing is made a Away unalm'd, and midst abundance diedmarketable commodity and 'labelled with its price.'

Sorest of evils -died of utter want.' The student of mental and moral philosophy complains These libels on humanity are, we would hope, few inthat his favourite sciences are falling into decay, while deed. But we have plenty of such characters in miniathe physical are engrossing every day more respect and ture. We have men in abundance, who, were they unattention ; that the worship of the beautiful and good fortunate enough to live twice or thrice longer than is giving place to a calculation of the profitable; that others, would be exhibitions of the miserly passion, quite erery work which can be made of use to immediate as pitiable as the Dancers, the Elweses, and such like. profit-every work which falls in with the desire of The demon has been generated into a multitude of little acquiring wealth suddenly is sure of an appropriate cir- demons; the burrowing worm has been cut in pieces, but culation ;' that we have been led to estimate the worth each piece has become a burrower in turn. It has been of all pursuits and attainments by their marketable as with the giant in the fable, whose head was chopped value. Yes, Mammon has other assailants besides the off, but a host grew in its room; or as the dragon-tooth divine. Still, however, his votaries, or as we should that was buried in the earth, but an army arose as its rather call them his slaves, are countless; and among harvest ! these there are not a few who do not so much as suspect Now these persons do not need to be told to what prithat they are held in bondage. He has so many, and vations and sickening cares they are subjected. They these so shrewd and sensible pleas to urge: a decent in- i confound two things, which every well-regulated mind dependence, amplified means of doing good, provision keeps quite distinct—wealth and its uses. They forget against future contingencies, giving one's children a fair that money is an instrument, not an object-a means, not start in life—these and the like are so necessary, so an end—a scaffolding, not a building. They fall in love

To make it sure.

with the key which opens the palace-door ; they sit down Whether we advert to the losses and sufferings of Lot, on the threshold, turn it in their hands, and call it a the stoning of Achan, the leprosy of Gehazi, or the fate god : poor dupes, they never cross the threshold to gaze of Judas, the secret of their punishment is explained on the beauty and magnificence of the interior! They when the Almighty declares— For the iniquity of his please themselves with the covers on the table without covetousness was I wroth, and smote him.' And what do taking their dinner. And even when the disease does not we behold in every such infliction but an earnest of its exactly go this length, we know that the solicitude which coming doom-the scintillations of that wrath, the flashes attends the getting and the keeping of wealth is haras- of that distant fire, which is kindled already to consing in the extreme. Multiplying, as riches invariably sume it?'. do, a man's relations and movements, they make him in There is a meanness, moreover, about this vice which the same ratio a broader mark for the arrows of misfor- must strike every thoughtful mind. The Scriptures call tune. They may remove all anxiety as to temporal evil the covetous man an idolater. And assuredly there is no -hunger, cold, the world's scorn. Yet how many meaner idolatry. One can pardon, in certain moods of imaginary evils, artificial wants, and false appetites do mind, the man who worships the sun in the heavens with they create! And how do these increase in strength and his burning glories; or those incarnations of mental power number as they are fed! How dependent the nost inde- and energy, Shakspeare, Milton, or Napoleon ; but the pendent people of the world! The cares which attend the man who bends his soul at Mammon's shrine looks a acquisition of wealth, the ten thousand means by which being of a quite other order—he lacks the poetry of other he may be deprived of it, keep the money-hunter the idolaters. And then, what a train of evils flow from this victim of incessant disquiet, place his happiness at the vice. It poisons the peace of families; it works the rain mercy of so many contingencies that we need not startle of empires. In almost every land it frames and defends when told that the abundance of the rich will not suffer laws which equally outrage mercy and justice. It opposes them to sleep.' He is like a man living in a castle be- itself to every benevolent enterprise. It impedes the sieged on every side; not a wind can blow, not a change progress of truth, and liberty, and love. It dries up the can be mooted or made without causing him fresh most delicious sympathies that play in the breast of man, alarm.

and makes him, in a thousand ways, the wronger and Avarice, besides being a troublesome vice, is a very oppressor of his fellow. Against the inroads of a rice dangerous one. Suppose its victim successful in his pur- thus dangerous, thus annoying, thus prolific of evil, erery suit of riches, to what serious perils is he exposed ? man who would consult his own happiness and the selAmong these the fostering of pride is perhaps the most fare of society should beware. Speaking of ararice, the prominent. We are all mutually dependent. But the venerable Howe says:-'It is a soul-wasting monster, that very rich man, at least if avaricious, is exceedingly apt is fed and sustained at a dearer rate, and with more costly to forget this. He finds that he has got something into sacrifices and repasts, than can be paralleled by either his possession that has a power resembling that of the sacred or other history; that hath made more desolation fabled philosopher's stone. It can turn all it touches in the souls of men than ever was made in those tova into gold. He finds that money answereth all things;' and cities where idols were served with only human that it can procure him admission into almost every circle, sacrifices, or monstrous creatures satiated only with such and make him favourably regarded when in it; that it can food; or where the lives and safety of the majority were convert the rake into a paragon of worth ; with marvel- to be purchased by the constant tribute of the blood of it lous ease blot twenty or thirty years from the calendar of not a few; that hath devoured more, and preyed more time; smooth the furrowed brow of age, and plant roses cruelly upon human lives, than Molochor Minotaur !' on the faded cheek. He finds his wants not merely supplied but anticipated. He finds that every man is ready

FOREIGN AUTHOR S. to serve him; that many (most disinterested persons !) are even willing to let their own business alone to attend to FREDERICK SCHILLER. his. Now, it is not in poor human nature to resist this intoxicating influence. A man, or a few men, in an age, of November, 1759. His father was in the service of the

FREDERICK SCHILLER was born at Marbach, on the 10th may rise superior to it; but to expect this of mankind Duke of Wirtemberg, and from him he seems to have generally, or even very extensively, is quite idle. The derived that unwearying activity of mind which distinman will grow proud, and who knows not that pride is guished him even amidst sickness aud pain. To bis fatal to our peace ? And worse than all—for there is a mother he probably owed his earnest, enthusiastic temclose alliance betwixt the two-contempt for his fellow-perament, his mild and loving disposition, and his early

taste for poetry. In face and form, too, he closely remen may eventually grow into a jealousy of the Divine sembled her. When only seven years old, he determined superiority—all those humbling truths, on the reception to be a preacher. Often he would mount a chair, and of which his eternal welfare depends, he will be prone to deliver extemporaneous harangues on religious subjects; spurn. The great Teacher of mankind made few state- and any inattention on the part of his audience nerer ments stronger or more emphatic than this: 'It is easier failed to be visited with the severest censures, er cathaira.

Once, while residing at Ludwigsburg, our young pret. for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for along with a friend, proposed to lay out the sum of tour a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.' There is kreutzers, their whole pocket-money, in the purchase of a indeed no vice against which the inspired writers caution us dish of curds and cream, at the neighbouring village of in more solemn and startling terms than that which we Harteneck ; but, after a tiresome walk, they were disapare denouncing. “Take heed and beware of coretousness, pointed in the object of their search. What they missed is a warning which the messengers of heaven again and with a bunch of grapes into the bargain; and Schiller,

at Harteneck, however, they found at Neckarweihingen, again reiterate. And the sacred volume teems with ex- exhilarated by this purple cheer,' climbing a hill from amples of the dangers and sad consequences of this vice. I which both villages were visible, pronounced a poetical

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