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her tears, her stitches, her bones, through the transpa- | almost unlimited field for the cultivation of corn, wine, rent skin-finds under all her misery and degradation and silk; separated from each other only by a narrow the soul of a woman and the heart of a sister; and, noble harbours and navigable streams-one might fancy

channel of the highway of nations, and both possessing rising up, he resolves that he will make her wrongs and that every moral and physical cause combined to force ca her wretchedness known to the very limits of literature, both a rivalry of peace, out of which commerce, wealth, of civilization, of the human heart itself. It is a poem and prosperity, would necessarily spring.

And yet, which must have been written, and which ought to be strangely enough, their career, almost from their first read, with burning tears. It is immortal as that word of formation as nations, has been pre-eminently distinguished Lear-Out, villain, nothing could have brought him to annals of no other two countries furnish a parallel. The

by a series of enmities and mutual injuries, to which the this pass save his own daughters;' or these other syllables, handwriting of nature is plain enough; but each nation simplest but strongest ever uttered by man, “Prithee, has read it backwards, and regarded and styled as its undo this button. Thank you, sir.' With the undoing of natural enemy' a neighbour whom it was alike its duty the button, the great, injured soul of the

king, we know, therefore, like the rival generals of antiquity, the one has

and interest to treat with the utmost kindness. While, departs. So with the last stitch of the shirt, we feel that been found inscribing on its banners Hercules the Inthe spirit of the singer has appealed the case to the tri- vincible, and the other “Venus the Victorious,' the combunal of Almighty God.

munity of Europe, who were willing to look to both as What tragedy there is in that swallow's glancing breast, the arbiters of art, liberty, and civilization,

have too i which shines in on the poor prisoner, to twit her with often beheld them tearing each other's vitals in sanguithe spring! And what a relish to the darker staple of that even these calamitous contests have served their pur

nary and disgraceful wars. The Christian may not doubt the poem is given by those light and lively touches, pose in the scheme of the Moral Governor of the universe; which, like the jestings of the poor clown in that sur- and while he cannot but deplore the ever-recurring jeapassing sea of sorrow' just alluded to, strike in to show, lousies and strange perversities out of which they have to gild, and to deepen the gloom.

arisen, he may probably recognise in them, among other

uses, the origin of many noble qualities-bravery, gene* These are deeds which must not pass away ;' these rosity, energy, perseverance-which have placed both are things which the world will not willingly let die,' nations on the pinnacle of modern civilization. In the even in that 'milder day' when the miseries which in- present and succeeding sketch it is proposed to give a brief spired them shall seem almost incredible. We envy not account of a portion of one of the earliest and deadliest of the departed his matchless humour, except as by it he those struggles, that, namely, which, taking its origin in may have soothed real wretchedness and multiplied ima- grandson of Edward I., continued with little interval for

the fourteenth contury, in the ambition of the chivalrous ginary joy ; we care very little for his · Progress of Cant, nearly a hundred years, till a burst of patriotic enthusiand his endless series of Comic Annuals;' we have very asm, awakened and sustained by a female peasant, freed little desire to enter on the question whether a genius France from the presence of a foreign invader, and termireally great could have so expended its powers in trifles nated the continental sovereignty of the English mo

narchs. and toys, or whether the lowest of art' can form a firm

During the stormy times of its infancy, the French foundation for a high immortality; but we do envy his monarchy gave small promise of the compactness and heritage of the two poems referred to; and far more, the stability which it eventually attained. In the year 919, fact (of which he was abundantly apprised before his a prince called Charles the Simple had been compelled death, and which we trust ministered to him some, but to cede that important district, afterwards known as Nornot the sole, consolation in his last sickness), that, in be- in 987, on the accession

of Hugh Capet, the first

of that

mandy, to Rollo, the leader of the Northmen; and eren half of a most interesting and hapless class of the com- line, the royal authority extended little beyond his own munity, his ‘Song of the Shirt' had not been chanted in patrimonial county of Paris. The rest of the country was vain. Let this—after his best puns have perished, and parcelled out among certain great feudatories, owning only his cleverest caricatures have been consigned, with the a precarious nominal homage to the central authority, sis writings of Tom Brown, and Tom D'Urfey, and Foote, of France. These were the Duke of Normandy, who

of whom eventually engrossed the title of temporal peers and Garrick, and hundreds more, to the tomb of the held also the superiority of Brittany; the Count of ChamCapulets'-remain as the true eulogium and the true pagne; the Count of Flanders, whose domain stretched epitaph of Thomas Hood.

from the Scheldt to the Somme; the Duke of Burgundy, on whom apparently the Count of Nivernais depended;

the Duke of Aquitaine, whose territory embraced Poitou, SKETCHES OF MODERN HISTORY. Limousin, and most of Guienne, with a superiority over

Angoumois; and, finally, the Count of Toulouse, who EDWARD THE THIRD AND HIS

held Languedoc, Auvergne, and some smaller depenFRENCH WARS.

dencies. There were, besides, several other powerful

vassals, the most distinguished among whom were the No two nations on the earth have more powerful or ob- Duke of Gascony, the Counts of Anjou, Ponthieu, and vious reasons for cultivating peaceful relations than the Vermandois. Subordinate to this formidable aristocracy English and French. Composing, respectively, two of the of virtually sovereign princes were a multitude of inferior highest families of the Caucasian race, and each offering barons, the humblest of whom was a little king within many of the noblest specimens of cultivated humanity; his own domains, waged war at his pleasure, and regarded rivals in physical, intellectual, and moral qualities, they the royal authority with scarcely more reverence than are nearly connected by the ties of nature as relatives and that of a foreign potentate. Of all these royal vassals, friends. The regions they inhabit, placed within the the Dukes of Normandy were the proudest and most limits of the temperate zone, lavishly endowed with the powerful. They never forgot that they had obtained their ! choicest gifts of nature; fertile in soil, salubrious in cli- territory by conquest, and that in real strength they were mate, where alternate shower and sunshine conspire to fully equal to their sovereign; and when, by the subjugation ripen the great staples of human consumption; the one of England in 1066, William added the weight of an enthe world's storehouse of coal and iron, and the natural tire inonarchy to his patrimonial dukedom, his power home of manufacturing industry, the other offering an completely overshadowed that of his nominal sovereiga.

To maintain themselves against these warlike rivals, as nearest male heir. In these circumstances, the we can well as to consolidate and strengthen the monarchy, be- monarch, while he did not question the validity of elocame, therefore, the manifest policy of the Capetian sove- salic law, as many jurists have since done, set up


erreigns. To this task especially, Philip Augustus, who tinction, that although females were excluded from mounted the throne in 1180, directed the whole force of succession, the rule did not apply to their male issu? his ambitious and enterprising mind; and so well, upon and thus, though his mother Isabella could not become the whole, was his example followed by a series of able queen of France herself, she transmitted a valid title to but unscrupulous successors, that on the death of Philip him. This claim was too transparently unjust, and indeed the Fair, in 1314, the royal authority had gained a absurd, to be defended even on the unscrupulous maxims strength and stability which rendered it virtually para- of that barbarous age; and besides, admitting its principle mount throughout France. The power of the feudal no- had been correct, there was a nearer heir than the English bility, brought within narrower limits, now found some- monarch, in the young prince, son of Jane, daughter of thing like a counterpoise in the numerous and increasing Louis Hutin, afterwards the infamous Charles the Bad, burgher class; and, in short, the kingdom presented such King of Navarre. But Edward brought to his aid the extent and compactness of figure, combined with such resources of his own boundless ambition, the growing population and resources, as seemed to set foreign assault wealth of his insular kingdom, now tranquil within and at defiance. And yet this was the very period when a secure from without, a numerous and bold chivalry, formed concurrence of political causes, and their own ambition, on the model of his own knightly qualities, the indomitinduced the sovereigns of England to attempt the con- able courage and steadiness of the yeomen archery of Engquest of the French monarchy, and led directly to a land, and, above all, the conspicuous valour and high milicontest which, whether we consider its duration, its ob- tary genius of himself and his son. He failed not, howjects, or the magnitude and variety of its events, was the ever, to sustain these advantages by the resources of pomost memorable which had broken out in Europe since licy. He formed treaties with the German Emperor, as the fall of the Roman empire.

well as with several inferior princes, who agreed to aid Edward III. of England, who first essayed this seem- him in consideration of receiving subsidies; while a still ingly hopeless adventure, was born at Windsor in 1312. more singular alliance, for an absolute prince, was entered The party of the queen-mother, Isabella of France, and into with the famous James Von Artaveldt, a brewer of her paramour Mortimer, having first dethroned and then Ghent, and then leader of the Flemings, whose demomurdered his father, the imbecile Edward II., called the cratic spirit had revolted against the oppressions of their young prince to the throne at the early age of sixteen, feudal count. Finally, in 1337, in spite of the efforts hoping to find him a convenient puppet to execute their of Pope Benedict XII., who in vain besought him to designs. But the boy soon showed that he inherited abandon the enterprise, he sent over a commission to the a large share of that towering ambition, as well as Earl of Brabant and others, formally to demand for him the comprehensive military talents, which distinguished the crown of France. His Flemish allies took the earliest his grandfather, the first and greatest of the Edwards. opportunity of proclaiming him king, and he soon after His marriage with Philippa of Hainault, though doubtless quartered the royal arms of that monarchy on his seal at the advice of his mother, seems nevertheless to have and shield—an assumption, by the way, which the Engbeen the result of his own deliberate choice. Engaging, lish monarchs could never be prevailed on to relinquish with the native valour of his race, in the Scottish wars till the time of George III. consequent on the unprincipled attempt to thrust the It must be confessed that Philip of Valois and his son contemptible Edward Baliol on the throne of Scotland, John, Duke of Normandy, though less brilliant in chahe gave early promise of future generalship; while his racter, possessed many qualities fitting them worthily to ability in conducting the intrigue by which the downfall contend with their illustrious antagonists. They were of Mortimer and Isabella was accomplished, proved that brave, liberal, faithful to their word, on the whole not he was not less competent to manage intricacies of state unjust in their administration, and apparently anxious to policy. Indeed, his character, notwithstanding many promote the happiness of their people. But they were dark blots, presented an array of warlike virtues, which, totally deficient in those popular qualities by which the judged by the standard of his own age, render him one of English princes secured the unshaken loyalty of their the most illustrious sovereigns that ever wore the Eng- subjects and allies. The misgovernment of their immelish diadem; and he offered much, therefore, in the diate predecessors, the weight of the taxes,* depreciation splendour of his personal reputation, to redeem his of the currency (ever the forerunner in France of state hopes from the charge of rashness. In judgment and convulsions), together with somewhat of a dawning spirit military skill, as well as courtesy, gallantry, magna- of liberty, combined to produce much discontent throughnimity, and munificence, he yielded in that age of chi- out the nation; while the naturally severe and suspicious Falry to no knight in Europe, excepting perhaps his temper of the sovereign, of which he was too frequently equally celebrated son and companion in arms, the Black affording proofs, rendered the royal authority extremely Prince. But notwithstanding these popular and even unpopular. Still the inherent strength of the monarchy amiable qualities, the claim he now put forth offers no- was great, and the French king prepared to defend his thing in itself to palliate the unbridled ambition dis- inheritance with spirit and resolution. He allied himplayed in it, or the frightful devastation of a whole country self with the Kings of Navarre and Bohemia, the Dukes to which it led. It was as follows. Philip the Fair had of Brittany, Austria, and Lorraine, and with several inleft three sons, who successively reigned in France, Louis ferior German princes, and patiently awaited the storm Hutin, Philip the Long, and Charles the Fair; with a which was about to burst upon his head. daughter, Isabella, married to Edward II. of England, The movements at the outset did not correspond with and consequently mother of Edward III. Each of these the magnitude of these mutual preparations. With a brothers rapidly followed each other to the throne and small force, chiefly of foreign mercenaries, the English the grave; they had been married, and left female issue; king took the field in Flanders in the end of 1339, where but their daughters were excluded from the succession in he wasted his time and money in a series of futile operavirtue of what was called the salic law, whereby females tions. In the June of the following year, however, he were understood to be prohibited from reigning in France. obtained a great naval victory off Sluys, over a superior Accordingly, on the death of the last brother, Charles the Fair, in 1328, his daughter was set aside in favour of belle, and said to have been peculiarly oppressive, is reported to

of , GaPhilip of Valois, cousin-german of the late king, as the have given rise to a bon mot attributed to Edward III.

French word for salt is sal; and when the English monarch heard

that Philip had laid a tax on that article, he jocularly remarked that * So called from the colour of his armour, 'which,' says an he now reigned by salic law. Philip retorted by calling Edward & ancient chronicler, 'gave eclat to the fairness of his complexion, wool-merchant, the export of that article being at that early period and a relief to his fine figure.'

& chief source of the wealth of England.



her teasileet, which had attempted to intercept him in ing long in the heart of a hostile country, where the rent sage from England to the scene of warfare. In enemy's force was rapidly augmenting, while his own the

decisive engagement might be noticed the forecast melted away; and he speedily retired towards Ponthieu, ne maritime superiority of England, nearly the whole with the intention of joining his Flemish allies, having rif the enemy's vessels having been taken, and fifteen first defied Philip to single combat. This invitation the {nousand of their mariners killed or drowned. The ex- latter prudently declined to accept; but deeply incensed penses of this mode of warfare, however, were ruinous to at an audacity which thus braved him in the heart of his the English exchequer, while the parliament, already dominions, he summoned the whole strength of the kingwisely alive to national interests, refused additional sub- dom, and at the head of an immense force followed closely sidies unless on condition of obtaining an equivalent in in pursuit. Arrived near the mouth of the Somme, he popular concessions. But Edward was about to try the learned that the English monarch had already crossed effect of the arms of his native English, and to remove that river, in spite of some attempted opposition, and the seat of war from Flanders to Brittany, Normandy, encamped his little army, in battle array, on the plain and Poitou, the real scenes of his military glory.

of CRESSY. The first of these dutchies had at this time become The town of Abbeville is five miles distant from the the scene of a disputed succession, resembling, on a small scene of the eventful contest now to be related; and here scale, that between the royal combatants, in which, Philip, burning with revenge and resentment, was restrangely enough, Philip stood forth the defender of luctantly persuaded to rest his wearied troops on the night the rights of female succession, wbile Edward found of the 25th August, 1346. His army was so numerous, himself the champion of a kind of salic law. This con- that he could with ease have surrounded the English test, which continued throughout the whole reign of camp and starved it into a surrender; but he rejected all the former monarch, and was illustrated by many con- advices of this kind with disdain, and early next morning spicuous feats of heroism, originated as follows: John set forward to battle, forcing his soldiers over the interIII., Duke of Brittany, died childless in 1341 ; and of vening distance with fierce precipitancy. The English, his two brothers, Guy and John de Montfort, Guy the having performed their devotions with great seriousness, elder had predeceased him, leaving a daughter, married tranquilly awaited his approach. Their numbers, reduced to Charles de Blois, nephew of the French king. As a by various causes, hardly exceeded thirty thousand commatter of course, a dispute arose between the uncle and batants, while their antagonists were fully a hundred and niece, each claiming the dutchy by the laws of inheritance; twenty thousand strong; but they were skilfully posted, the former, who was pre-eminently the popular candi- animated by the exhortations and confident in the skill of date, receiving the promise of aid from England, while their king and general, and even Philip hesitated when Philip naturally sided with the wife of his kinsman. Into he beheld their steady and formidable front. Edward the details of this long and desultory warfare, however, had arranged his men in three lines: the first was comour limits forbid us to enter. John de Montfort fell into manded by the youthful Prince of Wales; the second by the hands of the French king, who confined him in the the Earls of Northampton and Arundel ; while the third, Louvre; but his countess, undismayed, continued to de- which was kept as a body of reserve, was headed by his fend her husband's inheritance with masculine valour. It majesty in person. The French monarch seems to have was while heading a small army, with which he had landed aimed at an order of battle somewhat similar, yet his to the assistance of this heroic lady, that Edward got into army presented an indescribable scene of tumult and disa position from which he was glad to extricate himself by order. There is no man,' says Froissart, "unless he agreeing to a truce of three years with Philip, during the had been present, that can imagine or truly record the continuance of which the latter gave a striking example confusion of that day, especially the bad management of that revengeful disposition which formed the great de- and disorder of the French, whose troops were innumerfect in his character. Having proclaimed a tournament able.' Commanding his horsemen to halt, Philip ordered at Paris, he succeeded in inveigling into his power certain that the archers, a body of Genoese cross-bowmen, fifteen Breton and Norman noblemen, suspected by him of fa- thousand in number, should advance to the front. This vouring the cause of the English, and had them executed order proved instantly fatal to his tumultuous force. The without either trial or sentence. Of this act of perfidi- king's brother, the Duke of Alençon, declared tbat the !, ous cruelty he had soon ample reason to repent. Edward Genoese were unworthy to have the post of honour; the eagerly seized the pretext to declare the truce at an end; horsemen refused to retire; and these two important while numbers of the French nobility, incensed and bodies, before the eyes of the wondering English, began alienated, kept aloof from, or feebly seconded in the day to fight with one another. During this preliminary conof extremity, a prince so ill-qualified to retain their test a violent shower of rain fell. The English, cool and affections.

collected, put their bows into their cases; while the Of the provinces once held in France by the Norman Genoese, too much excited to take that precaution, found, princes, as vassals of the French kings, Edward only when order was restored, that their bowstrings were inherited Guienne, a large district in the south, and spoiled by the wet, and that their arrows did not reach in the north the earldom of Ponthieu, for both of which the mark. The king, perceiving this, and burning with he had at one time done homage to his uncle Charles. passion, conceived it to be premeditated, and shouting, The French king naturally anticipated that Edward's treason! treason !' commanded the men-at-arms to ride attack would be made from his hereditary dutchy; over the poor Genoese, and drive them from the field. and here, accordingly, Prince John, Duke of Normandy, A frightful confusion ensued. The English, meanwhile, was stationed with a powerful force. But having dis- stood firmly together, and poured their "arrow-flight' patched his cousin, the Earl of Derby, to oppose the into the ranks of their antagonists with frightful precision prince on the side of Guienne, the English monarch and effect. At this critical moment, the Black Prince, landed himself on the defenceless coasts of Normandy, in with great presence of mind, led on his division to the July 1346, at the head of a gallant army of English, attack, when he encountered unexpectedly the entire Welsh, and Irish, amounting to forty thousand men. shock of the enemy's chivalry, headed by the Duke of Having taken and plundered Caen, he advanced along Alençon. The Earls of Arundel and Northampton flex the left bank of the Seine without opposition, the villages to his assistance; but the valour of the prince every and towns, even up to Paris, being successively subdued and where decided the fortune of the fight, and even veterans pillaged; while Philip contented himself with watching beheld him with astonishment and admiration. Giving his progress from the right bank of the river, and break- way to their fears for his safety, an officer was dispatched ing down the bridges to prevent his crossing. In fact the to his majesty to implore succours. Edward, who had English monarch had almost reached the walls of Paris all this while viewed the engagement from a windmill

, before his antagonist felt himself in a condition to oppose inquired if his son were killed, wounded, or thrown to him. But his army was too small to allow of his remain- | the ground. "No, sire,' said the messenger, .but he is

hard beset.'— Then,' replied the royal father, return into uneasiness, when there is none with whom we can to those who sent you, and tell them he shall have no share it; nor would the most passionate admirer of elohelp from me. Let the boy win his spurs; for, please quence or poetry consent to witness their most stupenGod, he and they that are with him shall earn the honour dous exertions, upon the simple condition of not being perof this day.' This heroic answer inspired the prince and mitted to reveal his emotions. So essential an ingredient his attendants with new courage; the French cavalry in felicity is friendship, apart from the more solid and were repulsed at all points, with the loss of their brave permanent advantages it procures, and when viewed in leader; nor could all the efforts of Philip, who made no other light than as the organ of communication, the several brilliant charges, turn back the tide of battle. channel of feeling and of thought. But if joy itself is The shades of evening closed over a baffled and broken a burden which the heart can sustain, without inviting host, and enabled their sovereign to seek safety in flight; others to partake of it, how much more the corrosions of next day the slaughter continued, the crowded and be anxiety, the perturbations of fear, and the dejection ariswildered French falling like sheep in the shambles; and ing from sudden and overwhelming calamity! on the third it was ascertained that the killed comprised But it is not merely as a source of pleasure, or as a eleven princes, * eighty bannerets, twelve hundred knights, relief from pain, that virtuous friendship is to be coveted; and above thirty thousand common men.

it is at least as much recommended by its utility. He Such was the extraordinary victory of Cressy: a vic- who has made the acquisition of a judicious and sympatory achieved almost without loss to the English, and one thizing friend, may be said to have doubled his mentalı of the most striking examples of that success which has resources: by associating an equal, perhaps a superior ever attended the deliberate and unflinching valour of the mind, with his own, he has provided the means of strengthnation, when led on by competent commanders. One of ening his reason, of perfecting his counsels, of discerning its immediate results was the withdrawal of the Duke of and correcting his errors. He can have recourse at all Normandy from Guienne, where the Earl of Derby, not- times to the judgment and assistance of one, who with the withstanding considerable success at the outset, had been same power of discernment with himself, comes to the hard pressed by superior numbers. Edward himself, with decision of a question with a mind neither harassed with that prudence which was habitual to him, resolved to em- the perplexities, nor heated with the passions, which so ploy his victory towards securing an easy entrance into frequently obscure the perception of our true interests. France for the future; and he accordingly sat down be- Next to the immediate guidance of God by his Spirit, fore Calais, and began his memorable siege of that strong the counsel and encouragement of virtuous and enlightand important place.

ened friends afford the most powerful aid, in the encounter Here, for the present, we must bring our narrative to of temptation and in the career of duty. a close, reserving for our next number the sequel of those Wisdom, indeed, is not confined to any limited circle, erents which have given such lasting celebrity to this much less to the very narrow one of private friendship, period of history.

and sound advice may often be procured from those with whom we have contracted no ties of intimacy. But the

patient attention required to comprehend and encounter FRIENDSHIP.

all the peculiarities of the case; the persevering ardour, FRIENDSHIP is the cordial of life, the lenitive of our sor- the persuasive sympathy, necessary to invest it with aurows, and the multiplier of our joys; the source equally thority and to render it effectual, will be wanting ; in the of animation and of repose. He who is destitute of this absence of which, the wisest counsel is a wintry and blessing, amidst the greatest crowd and pressure of society, sickly beam, which plays on the surface only: it may enis doomed to solitude; and however surrounded with flat- lighten, but will seldom penetrate or melt. The conterers and admirers, however armed with power, and rich sciousness, too, of possessing a share in the esteem and in the endowments of nature and of fortune, has no rest- affection of persons of distinguished worth is a powerful

ing place. The most elevated station in life affords no support to every virtuous resolution; it sheds a warm and ! exemption from those agitations and disquietudes which cheerful light over the paths of life ; fortifies the breast can only be laid to rest on the bosom of a friend.

against unmanly dejection and pusillanimous fears; while The sympathies even of virtuous minds, when not the apprehension of forfeiting these advantages, presents warmed by the breath of friendship, are too faint and cold to a strong resistance to the encroachments of temptation. satisfy the social cravings of our nature; their compassion There are higher considerations, it is true, which ought is too much dissipated by the multiplicity of its objects, invariably to produce the same effect; but we have no and the varieties of distress, to suffer it to flow long in such superfluity of strength as should induce us to deone channel; while the sentiments of congratulation are cline the aid of inferior motives, when all are but barely still more slight and superficial. A transient tear of pity, adequate to the exigencies of our state. The recollection or a smile of complacency equally transient, is all we can that we are acting under the eye of Omniscience will lose usually bestow on the scenes of happiness or of misery nothing of its force by being joined to the remembrance which we meet with in the paths of life. But man natu- that our conduct is subject to the scrutiny of friends, rally seeks for a closer union, a more permanent conjunc- whose sentiments are in unison, whose influence coincides tion of interests, a more intense reciprocation of feeling; with the voice of conscience and of God. And surely it he finds the want of one or more with whom he can trust must be no contemptible aid in the discharge of his duties, the secrets of his heart, and relieve himself by imparting which he derives who has invited the benevolent inspecthe interior joys and sorrows with which every human tion of his actions, the honest reprehensions of his errors, breast is fraught. He seeks, in short, another self, a and the warm encouragement of his virtues; who, accuslindred spirit, whose interest in his welfare bears some tomed to lay open the interior of his character, and the proportion to his own, with whom he may lessen his cares most retired secrets of his heart, finds, in the approbation by sympathy, and multiply his pleasures by participation. of his friend, the suffrage of his conscience reflected and

The satisfaction derived from surveying the most beauti-confirmed; who, delighted but not elated by the esteem ful scenes of nature, or the most exquisite productions of he has secured and the confidence he has won, advances art, is so far from being complete, that it almost turns with renovated vigour in the paths that lead to glory,

honour, and immortality. The pleasures resulting from • The most remarkable victim was John de Luxembourg, King the mutual attachment of kindred spirits are by no means of Bohemia. He was old and llind ; but on hearing that his son confined to the moments of personal intercourse; they was dangerously wounded and compelled to quit the field, and that diffuse their odours, though more faintly, through the the Black Prince was carrying all before him, he resolved to charge himself; and placing himself between two knights whose bridles seasons of absence; refreshing and exhilarating the were interlaced with his, he charged and fell. His crest, three mind by the remembrance of the past, and the anticipaostrich feathers, with the motto “ Ich dien' (I serve), was adopted tion of the future. It is a treasure possessed, when it is by Prince Edward, and has ever since been borne by the Princes of Wales.

not employed ; a reserve of strength, ready to be called

into action when most needed ; a fountain of sweets, to the change was mournful enough. She was quite aware which we may continually repair, whose waters are in- of the difficulties they would have to encounter; from her exhaustible.

experience of the world she knew that she never could Friendship, founded on the principles of worldly mo- be so happy as she had been. But to her children the rality, recognised by virtuous heathens, such as that which future appeared to be a species of fairyland, where all subsisted between Atticus and Cicero, which the last of their gilded dreams were to be realized. these illustrious men has rendered immortal, is fitted to Their new house was situated in the suburbs of a town survive through all the vicissitudes of life; but it belongs some twenty miles distant from their recent habitation. only to a union founded on religion to continue through it was a pleasant enough dwelling, with a delightful view an endless duration. The former of these stood the from the upper windows, and a garden in front; and shock of conflicting opinions, and of a revolution that although they often looked back to the undisturbed quiet shook the world; the latter is destined to survive when they had enjoyed so much in the country-to the serene the heavens are no more, and to spring fresh from the moonlight nights when they delighted to wander by the ashes of the universe. The former possessed all the sta- river side, where not a sound was to be heard but its own bility which is possible to sublunary things; the latter murmuring, and the bleating of the flocks reverberating partakes of the eternity of God. Friendship founded on among the hills--still they were conscious of many advanworldly principles is natural, and, though composed of tages which they had never enjoyed before ; and in a the best elements of nature, is not exempt from its muta- short time they became accustomed to the new scene, and bility and frailty; the latter is spiritual, and therefore were contented with such things as they had. unchanging and imperishable. The friendship which is They were now all comfortably settled. The same fur. founded on kindred tastes and congenial habits, apart niture, arranged in the same way, made things seem less from piety, is permitted by the benignity of Providence strange. Mrs Melrose felt quite cheerful in the consciousto embellish a world, which, with all its magnificence ness that she had all her children around her; the chiland beauty, will shortly pass away; that which has dren were happy in the happiness of each other. It was religion for its basis, will erelong be transplanted, in a beautiful evening in June when we visited them; they order to adorn the paradise of God.- Rev. R. Hall. were all in the parlour up stairs at tea, the table drawn

in to the double window, which commanded a very fine

view of the Pentland range of bills, with the county of THE MELROSES.

Mid-Lothian stretched at their feet like a ricbly varie

gated carpet. But we will take the opportunity to inSome seven or eight years since, there stood a farmhouse troduce each in order as we found them seated at the teain a pastoral district, in one of the midland counties of table. There was Agnes, the eldest, doing the honours Scotland. It was situated half way up a hill, which of the table, whom some people reckoned pretty, and stretched away to a distance behind it, its heathery sum- some plain, but who was really neither the one nor the mits sinking and swelling till they formed a range, which, other, but simply pleasing, very pleasing; her face exjoining with others, seemed (as if conscious that union is pressive, being the index of her mind, which had been cast strength) to be standing hand in hand, except where the in no vulgar mould. Then there were the twins, Marion rippling burn severed them, in its course to join the river and Ellen ; Marion had a good deal of wisdom, Ellen a in the valley. No trees were to be seen; and here the good deal of wit, and both no small share of self-will. lonely house stood, amid what, on a summer's day, might Then there was Charles, the only son, and the hope of be called wild beauty, by any one whose partialities bound the family; and Alice, the youngest, and the beauty, him to the spot, though it would doubtless have seemed There was also, leaning over Ellen's chair, one who used dreary to those who prefer life as it is seen in the dusty to be a frequent visiter at Hollyhurst; and it was an on streets of the metropolis.

dit among the gossips in that quarter that Agnes was the And now we will enter, but tread softly, and with attraction that drew the Rev. Mr Ballantyne thither. reverence, for a guest is there that stills the merriest • Well, Ellen,' said Mr Ballantyne, have you made bosom and clouds the clearest brow. Death, mysterious any acquaintances yet ?? death, is there—a soul has left its tenement of clay, and *Oh! by the dozen,' exclaimed Ellen ; "there is a exchanged time for eternity; a wife is there, who is un- family on each side of us, and both have such fine children! conscious of every thing but the calamity which has over- They paid us a visit the first day we came here; and taken her; children are there, who listen in vain for a then we had their respective mammas, to apologize for father's voice; and as they realize their situation, they the intrusion; then followed Mrs and Miss Gorman, overfeel as if life itself were not worth the preserving. But fowing with the milk of human kindness; and the Misses hour follows hour, arrangements have to be niade con- Mumper, who look as if Jupiter had been making a nected with the recent event; the mourning garb is thunderbolt, and suddenly changed his mind and made assumed. Dust is committed to dust. How sad the it into these ladies; and then we had Dr Morruat, and party assembled in the little parlour on the evening of Mrs Birrel, the gossip par excellence of the town.' that day! But that evening passed away, and night after Ellen,' said Charles, “I doubt she will have reason to night of a long winter; and time laid his hand upon their fear a rival.' cheeks, and gently wiped their tears. It was a household • You doubt, Charles, do you ? Now, I don't ; but that in which love formed the bond of union, and the removal sweet timidity of opinion is very becoming in you.' of one member only drew the rest more closely to each At this moment a gig drove up to the door, and Ellen other. On the winding up of her late husband's affairs, exclaimed, 'Well, I declare, if there are not the MelMrs Melrose found that a very bare competency was all roses of Hazelbrae come to spy!'. that remained for herself and children; so she imme- * Ellen,' said Mrs Melrose, with a look which silenced diately determined on removing to a town, where the her for the moment. education of her family might be completed under her Meanwhile Agnes and Marion had received their own roof. It was decided that their removal should take cousins; and having disencumbered themselves of their place in the beginning of summer.

travelling dresses, they entered the parlour and were inThe delightful season of spring came and passed in troduced to Mr Ballantyne, whom they had never met more than its ordinary beauty, and the time drew on before. Miss Ellen and Miss Katie Melrose were the when they were to leave the place which, ever since their daughters of a brother of the late Mr Melrose of Hollybirth, had been their home, in the fullest, and happiest, hurst. He was by many years his late brother's senior; and purest sense of that full, and happy, and pure word. he had been worldly wise, had prospered, and was thought The youngest of Mrs Melrose's children was ten years to be worth a good round sum. The Misses Melrose were old ; so that they had all reached an age to feel and regret respectively twenty-five and twenty-nine years of age. parting with the old farmhouse. To Mrs Melrose herself | The eldest had dark eyes, with a slight squint, a snub

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