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extremities of judgments, they have been plagued severely by my just hand; and shalt thou think to go unpunished?

XLIX. 13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.

I have firmly and irrevocably decreed, that thy prime city, Bozrah, shall be perpetually desolated; and the daughter cities, that appertain to it, shall be laid waste for ever.

XLIX. 14 I have heard a rumour from the LORD, and an ambassador is sent unto the heathen, saying, Gather ye together, and come against her, and rise up to the battle.

I have certain and infallible revelation from the Lord, and summons is gone out from him unto the Chaldeans and Assyrians to that purpose, that God will send a powerful and irresistible enemy against Edom: he calls together the dreadful forces of these great kings to set upon it.

XLIX. 16 0 thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the cagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the LORD.

O thou, that hast wont to brag of thy strong and impregnable forts and situation, that thy towers are high and invincible, know, that if thou shouldest build as high as the eagle makes his nest, I will bring thee down thence, saith the Lord.

XLIX. 19 Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong but I will suddenly make him run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me? Behold, the proud Edomite comes up against the Chaldean, like some fierce lion, that is driven by the swelling of the streams of Jordan to change his den, and to seek his prey in the mountains; but I will suddenly make him to run away from that mighty enemy: and who is the man, whom I shall chuse out to be the leader of this great design? even Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon: I have thus decreed it, and who shall alter my determinations? Who will take upon him, either to direct or to oppose me? XLIX. 20 Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out. Surely the very meanest and basest of the Chaldean army shall discomfit and overthrow the proud inhabitants of Teman.

XLIX. 21 The earth is moved at the noise of their fall, at the cry the noise thereof was heard in the Red sea.

So great shall be the noise of the fall of those walls, and the shouts and shrieks of the people, as that it shall be heard very far off, even as far as the Red Sea, which is very remote from it.

XLIX. 23 Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted; there is sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet.

Concerning Damascus. Antiochia and Arpad, cities of Syria, are dismayed and confounded; for they have heard the fearful ru

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mours of the Chaldean preparation, and are fainthearted; and the isles, that lie near about, are extremely affrighted.

XLIX. 25 How is the city of praise not left, the city of my joy! How is it, that so goodly and famous a city as Damascus, so praised, so admired, hath not the favour to be spared from sacking and vastation?

XLIX. 27 And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces of Benhadad.

I will cause a fire to be kindled in the wall of Damascus, which shall consume the palace of Benhadad, that ancient and cruel enemy of Israel.

XLIX. 28 Arise ye, go up to Kedar, and spoil the men of the


Arise, O ye Chaldeans, go up against those of Kedar or Arabia; and spoil those, that dwell towards the eastern coast.

XLIX. 31 Arise, get you up unto the wealthy nation, that dwelleth without care, saith the LORD, which have neither gates nor bars, which dwell alone.

Arise, get ye up unto the wealthy nation of the Kedarenes, that dwell without care in their tents; abounding with flocks and herds in the desert, where they dwell apart without cities or towns.

XLIX. 35 I will break the bow of Elam, the chief of their might. I will overthrow the archers of the Parthians, and their confines, on the sea coasts; and break their bows, wherein their chief strength consisteth.

XLIX. 36 And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds. And I will bring upon them enemies from all the coasts of heaven, which shall prevail against them, and scatter them to all the coasts of the world.

XLIX. 37 For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies, and before them that seek their life: and I will bring evil upon them, even my fierce anger, saith the LORD; &c.

And I will be known to triumph over those Parthians, and will erect amongst them a throne for that king whom I have designed to it; having utterly destroyed all their native kings and princes. XLIX. 39 But it shall come to pass in the latter days, that I will bring again the captivity of Elam, saith the LORD.

But, at the last, under the reign of the Messiah, will I call these Elamites into my Church, saith the Lord. See Acts ii. 9.

L. 2 Say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols are consumed, her images are broken in pieces.

That Babylon, which hath been a scourge to my people, and to all the nations round about, is now taken itself, and seized upon in my wrath: their great idol, Bel, in whom they trusted, is confounded; their great monarch is overthrown; and all their petty gods and images are broke in pieces.

L. 3 For out of the north there cometh up a nation against her.

For the mighty nation of the Medes and Persians shall come up against her.

L. 4 In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together, going and weeping: they shall go, and seek the LORD.

In those days, the children of Israel and the children of Judah shall, through the favour of the Persian monarchs, go up together, weeping for joy, to return to their country, and to the place of God's worship and service.

L. 6 My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away on the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their resting place.

Their kings and priests and prophets have misled them into abominable idolatries: they have seduced them to superstitious devotions, on their high places; persuading them to go, one while to one idol, another while to another, till they had forgotten the temple of God, to which God had appointed them to confine their service.

L. 8 Remove out of the midst of Babylon, and go forth out of the land of the Chaldeans, and be as the he goats before the flocks. Get you gone, O ye Jews; go, with joy and gladness, out of Chaldea, the land of your captivity; and go forth with courage and speed, as the he-goats are wont to go before the rest of the flock.

L. 9 From the north country. See verse 3.

L. 12 Your mother shall be sore confounded; she that bare you shall be ashamed: behold, the hindermost of the nations shall be a wilderness, a dry land, and a desert.

Your mother city, Babylon, shall be sore confounded &c. and Chaldea, which was the queen of all nations, shall now be cast behind all the rest, and become a very wilderness, a barren desert.

L. 16 Cut off the sower from Babylon, and him that handleth the sickle in the time of harvest: for fear of the oppressing sword they shall turn every one to his people, and they shall flee every man to his own land.

Spare not so much as the husbandman, that soweth the corn in the fields of Babylon, or the reaper thereof: let no man escape, though never so harmless, or never so useful: as for the hired forces, they shall run away, every one to his own home.

L. 17 Israel is a scattered sheep; the lions have driven him away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones.

Israel is as a sheep scattered from the flock: those heathen kings, which were fierce as lions, have driven them out of their country: first, the kings of Assyria made havoc of them; then, Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, hath perfected their destruction.

L. 19 And I will bring Israel again to his habitation, and he shall feed on Carmel and Bashan, &c.

I will bring Israel back from his captivity to his own land; and he

shall now be as a sheep grazing upon the fruitful hills of Carmel and Bashan, &c.

L. 20 In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I reserve.

There shall not be found in Israel those sins, and that heinous ini quity, which was the cause of their late captivity; and the sins of Judah shall be done away, through my grace and mercy.

L. 21 Go up against the land of Merathaim, even against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod waste and utterly destroy after them.

Go up, ye Medes and Persians, against the territories of Babylon; even against the land of these proud rebels, against the land of those who have visited my people with the sword and merciless destruction, and do ye utterly destroy them.

L. 23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken!

How is it, that Babylon, which was the hammer to beat all other nations in pieces, is now broken in pieces?

L. 36 A sword shall be upon the liars.

A sword shall be upon their lying astrologers and diviners, unto whom they trusted.

L. 41 Behold, a people shall come from the north, &c. So verse 3. L. 44 He shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan, &c.

See chapter xlix. 19. Behold the Babylonians shall come up &c. L. 45 Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out. See chapter xlix. verse 20.

LI. 1 A destroying wind.

A furious adversary, which shall come in, as a strong tempestuous wind.

LI. 2 And will send unto Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land.

I will send unto Babylon the Medes and Persians, which shall put them to the fan of tribulation and dispersion.

LI. 3 Against him that bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against him that lifteth himself up in his brigandine: and spare ye not her young men; &c.

Suffer not, O ye Medes, the Babylonian archers so much as to bend their bows, &c. But cut them off in the first offer of their assault; and make no spare of any of them.

LI. 6 Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and deliver every man his soul: &c.

See chap. I. 8. Continue not in Babylon, while ye may be free; but depart away from the danger, both of her sins and judgment. LI. 7 Babylon hath been a golden cup in the LORD's hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.

Babylon hath been hitherto as a golden cup, out of which God would have all the nations of the earth drink their bitter draught of his wrath and indignation: they have drunk out thence, and have been so grievously afflicted by her cruelty, that they have been ready to run mad with grief.

LI. 8 Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed.

Babylon is suddenly fallen: howl and mourn, O ye her associates, for the downfal of so great a monarchy; and, if it may be, use some helps for her recovery.

LI. 9 We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed: forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country: for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, &c.

Alas, we have not slackened our endeavours, shall they say, to have succoured and relieved her, but all in vain; for her wound, which God's wrath hath inflicted upon her, is utterly incurable: away therefore, let us shift for ourselves; let us run every man to his own country, and leave her to the revenge of the Almighty, which is indeed so great, as that it reacheth to the very heavens, &c. LI. 10 The LORD hath brought forth our righteousness: come, and let us declare in Zion the work of the LORD our God. The Lord hath magnified his great mercy and truth to us, in that he hath taken upon him the patronage and protection of us his people and hath been thus openly revenged of our enemies; oh come, therefore, and let us declare in his holy temple the great works of our God.

LI. 11 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields.

Now, therefore, ye Medes and Persians, address yourselves to the fight: scour up your armours; brighten your arrows.

LI. 13 O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness. O thou great and wealthy Babylon, that wert seated upon the famous river of Euphrates, which divided itself for thy commodity and made many islands for thy profit and defence, thine end is

now come.

LI. 14 Surely I will fill thee with men, as with caterpillars; and they shall lift up a shout against thee.

I will fill thee with enemies so thick, as if they were swarms of caterpillars. See for the rest of the verse, chap. xxv. verse 30. LI. 17 Every man is brutish by his knowledge; &c. See chap.

x. verse 14.

LI. 19 The portion of Jacob is not like them. See chap. x.

verse 16.

LI. 20 Thou art my battle ax and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms.

O Babylon, I have hitherto made use of thee, for the subduing of divers kingdoms, and for breaking of many nations in pieces. LI. 25 Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain, saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out

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