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this great Structure, and in the exact Observance of all those Rules and Orders that had been settled by David. In all this, he was to Reign for the Lord hit God}io reduce the People that was lo fond of outward State and Solemnity, that they were thereby much disposed to Idolatry, and to make them delight the more in the Worship of God, by luch a compliance with their Inclinations. But the chxf Instances in which he was to Rule for the Lord his God, were the recommending Piety and Holiness by his own Example, and the encouraging it by his Authority. His Prayer in Dedicating the Temple, gives a Noble Instance of the Impressions that Religion had made upon his own Mind,
Certainly those who reckon the Title of Defender of the Faith one of the peculiar Glories of the Crown, will apply their Thoughts with a particular Zeal to every thing that may promote Religion, both in their own Dominions, and out of them. The Decencies as well as the Solemnities of the Worship of
IGod, will net be thought below their Care. But above all things, the Contempt and'Scorn of Sacred matters, is that against which they will turn their ll ndignation with the warmest Zeal, and against those ywho do, as it were, attack Heaven, and make . * f War upon it, who Study to renderReligion as Contemptible ^ro others, as they have made it look to themselves.. What Prince cou'd suffer a subordinate Magistrate under him, who shou Id bear with all the jAfhonts put on Majesty, as long as the lower rejspects due to himself were observed. This may teach It hem with how just a Zeal they should punish those Jbold Attempts against Heaven, tho' made by some Jwho pretend to Zeal and Affection t6 themselves.
Such Such Persons instead ot Supporting the Throne, pull it down, by engaging Heaven against all that they undertake. It is a degree of Compliance with thei wickedness, to be pleased with them, to trust them or to shew them favour. But it is net enough not t seem to be of the fide of those who fight against God or to abett them.
Princes who Rule for God, enter into all the true Concerns of Religion, tho' not indeed into the Passions and Violences of those who espouse it: While they check these, they will promote the other in the most effectual manner. An unblemish't Pattern set by themselves in the Purity and Probity of their own Deportment,will give the fullestAuthority to all their other Designs. Next to their Persons, their chief Care will be the reforming of their Court and Hout hold, and the letting it appear that Vertue and Religion are .reckoned among the first and mostindifc pensible Qualities of those who may pretend to Favour: And that Vice and Impiety are insuperable barrs in the way to it. Princes who Govern so, that they Rule for God, may justly expect that he will Watch over them and Protect them: That he will make their Crown sit sure and easie, and their Thrones safe and fix'd under them.
The Second Design for which such Kings are raised up, is, because God loves their People, that by their means they may be established for ever, that is, in the Jemjb Phrase for a long time. A Happy tempering of Government at Home, a subduing of Enemies abroad, and a balancing of Neighbours fb equally, that none of them may grow beyond their pitch, are the surest Methods for arriving at a fixed Establishment. We were so shaken at Home,
chat that the Foundations ot our Government seem'd to be undermined; not only by open and violent Attacks upon Liberty and Property, but likewise by the more cover'd, tho' no less dangerous Invasions, made under the pretences of Law, but against the plainest Intentions of it. Colours were oft given to excuse that, which in it self carried such a Face of Injustice, that without those Masks, it could not have passed upon a free People. Sueeel's in some of these Attempts encouraged the Contrivers to a further prosecuting of them; Ib that there was searce any part of our Law left,which those J-farpies had not touch'd, and by touching defil'd.
The happiness of this Reign is, that in it all those Attempts made on Law and Liberty, have been stigmatiz'd, as they well deferv'd to be, but with such mildness towards those who had offended, hurried on in the Croud, or betray'd by their Fears, that those who understand not how boundless a thing Royal Clemency ought to be, have, from thence, pretended to infer, That the not punishing Offenders, was a Confession, that their actings were Legal and Innocent: But a Government that was Merciful as well as Just, was as gentle in punishing past Offences, as it intended to be exact to provide against the like for the future. The Laws have been fortified by new Explanations, which assure us of their true meaning. These ha^ve delivered us for the future, from the Practices of those Corrupters of Justice, and Enemies to Liberty ; nor is this all, but where our Ancient Constitution seem'd defective, and had not guarded enough against the Fraud of Sycophants, it has been fortify'd by the addition of further Securities, which as Buttresses were judged necessary to support the Fabrick. The
The bringing matters on the other fide or the Sea, to juster proportions, the raising of some depressed Princes, and the limiting others that were rver-grown, has laid the Fears that the World had falPn under, of being overpower'd by a New Monarchy, and has provided for our own quiet, by stopping the progress that was made upon our Neighbours, by which we have secured to ourselves, all the returns of gratitude, acknowledgment, and dependence, that can be expected in such cases.
Both Ancient and Modern Writers have thought that Theodofius Conquering Mttxirnus, and Restoring VdmtinUn the Second, not only his own share of the Empire,but to Gratianh likewise,was a Subject fit for Rhetorick: Yet that cost him but one Campaign, and in it there were only two days of Action, neither the Charge nor the Danger were extraordinary. Besides, that it was a just gratitude to Gratian's Memory, who liad raised him to a Partnership with him in the Empire, to revenge his Death, and to Restore his Brother. How much juster is the Panegyrick / when we see a Prince in a course of many Years
inestimable Charge, and that only to preserve the States of Neighbouring Princes, without any other Advantage, but the Pleasure of having Protected the Oppressed, and of having secured the Neighbourhood; not reserving any one Place, either as a Pledge upon his Allies, or an encrease of Dominion to himself. In all Ages Princes have been ready to assist their Neighbours with Auxiliary Troops, and sometimes with hired Armies; but it is the peculiar glory of this Age, that we see a King, who has. maintains a long War, led the Armies, and exposed
carry on a War thro' infinite
himself to innumerable hazards, only to maintain others in their Right. If this adds nothing to his Crown, yet as it makes it fit the firmer, so it must: be acknowledged, that it makes it shine the brighter: The Gems of it have a peculiar Lustrej a Glory of which former Ages cannot boast. This is indeed to answer that Character to which all Princes pretend, how few soever of them study to deserve it, of being God's Representatives, and Vicegerents, who takes pleasure in delivering the O/w freffed, setting him at liberty from him that faffeth at him.
Thus we see what are the two great Ends of Government, as they are set forth by this Southern Queen: Next let us view the Measures to be kept in the Administration; to do "Judgment and. Justice. The Generosities as well as the Severities of Government, are believed to be implyed in these two. The rigour of Punishment being the harder part, not so natural to Minds of the best Mold, is to be left to the Persons of that Robe, who ought to be so chosen, that they be Men'searing God, hating Gifts, and eschewing Covetousness. They minister in the less acceptable part; and to them it ought to be left, except when the interposition of a just Mercy softens the rigour of strict Justice. I fay a just Mercy, for there are Mercies that are cruel. When upon false suggestions, Blood is coyerM, or encouragement is given to enormous Criminals* when they have the hopes of Favour, especially when they see that it may be purchased, this will soon dissolve the Strength as well as the Order of Societies. Princes, by so doing, render themselves, in some sort, accessary to all the Crimes that happen to be committed afterwards,