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Preaching, which hath Light and Heat together; which clears the Scriptures to the Peoples Capacities, and warms their Affections to Spiritual things. And it is hardly possible to mistake, as to the best Method of Preaching, if Men do but judge aright concerning the End and Design of it. tor there must be Strength and Clearness to convince; and a close Application to Mens Consciences , to Excite and Persuade them to the Practice of those things which Men can hardly be ignorant of, and yet are very backward to doe. And therefore this must be the chief Work and Business of our Preaching.

Which none ought to undervalue or be astiam'd of, who do in earnest believe God and another World; none ought to neglect , whose peculiar Office and Dignity it is to take Care of Mens Souls 5 and none will be careless in it, who have a regard to their own or others Souls. For in doing this, 1 faith St. Paul to Timothy, speaking of his diligence in his Function, Thou shalt both save thy self and them that hear thee $ as though a Man's own Salvation, and that of his Hearers, went together. That is indeed the most desirable thing in the World to be the Instruments of carrying Souls to Heaven ; for they 1 who convert many to righteousness, Jball jhine as

D 2 the tte stars for ever and ever; but yet, the most: carefull Endeavours do not always meet with Success; and even our Blessed Saviour s Preaching , who spake as never man spake, was ineffectual to many; (What then may we expect !) But this is our Duty, and the most likely way of doing good to ^ouls, as appears by our Saviour s own Practice 5 and if we do not meet with success to our delires, let us not give over doing our Duty ; and fay, We have labour d in vain, and spent our strength for nought and in vain; for surely our judgment is with the Lord, and our Work, with our God, as the Prophet speaks; and if we fail of a Recompence in this World, we shall not in another.

II. And so I come from the Nature of the Office, to the Authority of Conferring it; these words implying it to belong to Timothy, as being spoken particularly to him, Lay hands suddenly on no man. For although he often speaks of the Bijhops and Elders, before $ yet he gives no charge about Ordi?iation, but onely to Timothy.

"True, some fay, in this particular Cafe j "but this was by virtue of an Extraordinary "Commission given to him, as an Evangelist "by St. Paul: But what is this to the stands "ing Rule and Practice of the Church in succeeding Ages? which is not to be go"vern'd by such Precedents, unless the Suc"cession in the fame Office be made appear "in the following Bishops of the several "Churches.

To make this Matter as clear as I carr I shall recommend these things to consideration.

(I. Consul.) That from hence appears evidently, That the Apostolical Power of Governing Churches, and Ordaining Elders in them, was not limited to the Persons of the Apostles, but was capable of b:ing communicated to others whom the Apostle entrusted with it. And this is a very material Point, to Prove, that this Power was not so peculiar to the Apostles, but it might be transmitted to others, and therefore might be continued in the Church.

But the great Objection against Timothys being a Pattern for Episcopal Power, is this} "That it appears by Scripture, he was sent up "and down to several Places, as St. Paul c< thought fit. For he took him into his atr "tendance at (a) Lyftra; from whence he ( "accompanied him through (b) Phrygia, Ga

"Jatia y

^'VxZ" lat i*, Macedonia^ (c) (there from Philip"pi to Thejsaiomca and Berea.) And when he

<<0 v.i$. « went to Athens, hs () sent for Timothy to "him , and sent him from thence back to

(e> i Thes." Theffdonica; and he returned from e ) Ma

(/)3Act.2i'8.u cedonia to him Cf) at Corinth. From thence (g) "St. /\hz/ went into ^ 5>7rf, and so to {hi) EU) i9-" phesus; and there again he sent Timothy in

(i) Act.,9." to (/) Macedonia with Eraftu* 5 (£' whither St. "went afterwards himself. And upon *• "his return to Miletut, he speaks to the £/'** r/ers, and not to Timothy , as their Bishop. "From hence, they fay, St. Paul took him "to Jerusalem, and so to Rome, as appears "by the Epistles Written from thence.

'From this Series of the Story they conclude Timothy to have been onely an Evangelist, and not a fixt Bijhop.

To which I Answer; That the frequent removes of Timothy , before this Epistle to him at Ephesw, are not material to this purpose. But it is very material to consider, what Power of Government St. Paul then committed to him. Which is a certain Proof, that such a Power was not so peculiar to the Apo/tles, by vertue of their immediate Commislion from Christ, but it might k • be ther for a longer or shorter time, whether while the Apoltles went up and down, or near their Decease, makes no difference, as to the Point of Delegation. And if it be granted , that such an Apostolical Power of Governing Churches might be committed to others , and was actually so by the Apostles; then there is no more to be done, but to enquire,' whether upon their Remove, or Departure, they did entrust any Persons in such a manner, as it is certain from Scripture Saint Paul did Timothys to thz Churches of Asia, when he went into Macedonia.

Some think, that St. Paul's leaving Timothy at Ephefai was upon his return out of Macedonia? when he was going up to Jerusalem? kjiowing that they should see his face no more; and that while he staid for him at Troa*, he sent this Epistle to him. But St. Paul's words are too plain to be avoided, that he left him at Ephejm , Ho^li/mv^ & Ma^Wxv , which can never be interpreted returning from Macedonia. And there was as much need of one to look after the Churches of Asia ,• when St. Paul was then absent in Macedonia, as when he went to Jerusalem: and so ,/) Theo-ti) The* doiet understands it. But if Timothy then with St. Paul, as appears by his beingK\


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