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Forced Albion's sceptre to resign,
In thirteen hundred ninety nine.
And soon in the succeeding year,
By means most horrible we fear,
His spirit sought that Judge most just,
Who sees in Kings bụt common dust.

'Tis said Piers Exton and eight more,

Of fiend-like ruffians join’d to slay Their 'prisoned Sovereign, who bore

Himself in knightly sort that fatal day, Of his opponents killing four, As tho' the spirit of his sire in death, Breathed valour from the source which gave the

Monarch breath.

him for his treason and villainy; and then, O God of Paradise, all night did I ride to preserve him from death. Once, also, he drew his sword on me, in the chamber of Queen Ann! Oh, heaven! how truly is it said that the most deadly foe a man can have, is be whom he has saved from destruction.”

END OF PART THE FIFTH,

ENGLAND

ENGLAND.

PART THE SIXTH.

From the Death of Richard II. to the Accession of the

House of York.

CONTENTS.

KINGS OF THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER.

Henry IV.-Henry V.-Battle of Agincourt, and Conquest of

France-Henry VI.-The Maid of Orleans-Red and White Roses-Jack Cade-Accession of the House of York.

SUMMARY SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF

IIENRY THE FOURTH,

SURNAMED

BOLINGBROKE.

Born, A. D. 1367. Crowned at Westminster, September 29th, 1399. Married twice, first to Mary le Bohun, daughter of Humphery Earl of Essex, Hereford, and Northampton, and Constable of England; by whom he had issue Henry of Monmouth, who succeeded him ; Thomas, Duke of Clarence; John, Duke of Bedford; Hümphery, Duke of Gloucester; Blanche, married to Lewis Barbatus, Elector Palatine of the Rhine; and Philippa, wife to Edric, King of Denmark and Norway. Henry afterwards married Joan of Navarre, by whom he had no issue. "Reigned near fourteen years. Died at London; was buried at Canterbury, 1413.

PRINCIPAL Events.

War with France, Scotland, Wales, and with English insurgents. Battles of Holmdon and Shrewsbury. Revolt and death of Henry Percy. Unpromising conduct of the Prince of Wales. A plague in London, which destroyed thirty thousand people. (In the Meudlla Historiæ Anglicanæ, and other Chronicles, less authentic than entertaining, are mentioned “sundry spirits, of divers colours, that appeared (before the rebellion of the Percies) between Bedford and Biggleswade, issuing out of the woods in the morning, which, to such as stood afar off, seemed to encounter one another in most terrible manner, but when they drew near, nothing was to be found. Also the devil appeared in the habit of a minorite, at Danbury church in Essex, to the incredible astonishment of the parishioners.) The first gun used in England was in this reign, at the siege of Berwick. An act passed to burn the Lollards.

EMINENT PERSONS.

Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury. Edmund Mortimer. Henry Percy, surnamed Hotspur Chief Justice Gascoigne. William of Wickham, Bishop of Winchester; founder of that school, and of Merton College, Oxford. Sir Robert Knolles. Sir Richard Whittington, Lord Mayor of London. John Gower; and Geoffrey Chaucer.

COTEMPORARY SOVEREIGNS.

: Popes. Boniface IX. 1389. Innocent VII. 1404. Gregory XII. 1406. Alexander V. 1409. John XXIII. 1410.

Emperors. Of the East.--Emanuel II. 1391. Of the West.-Wenceslaus, 1378. Robert le Pet, 1400.

Sigismund, 1410.

Kings and Queen.
Of France.—Charles VI. 1380.
Of Portugal.John I. 1385.
Of Denmark

and Margaret, 1385. Eric XIIT. 1411.
Sweden. »
Of Scotland.--Robert III. 1309.

VOL. I.

HOUSE

HOUSE OF LANCASTER.

HENRY THE FOURTH.

SURNAMED

OF BOLINGBROKE.

" When rude misgoverned hanıls from window tops “ Threw dust and rubbish on King Richard's head.”

“ The banished Bolingbroke repeald himself; “Mounted upon a hot and fiery steed, “Which his aspiring rider seem’d to know, “With slow but stately pace kept on his course, “While all tongues cried, God save thee, Bolingbroke, “ Jesu preserve thee, welcome Bolingbroke; “Whilst he from the one side to the other turning, “Bareheaded, lower than his proud steed's neck.”

“I dress’d myself in such humility
“ That I did pluck allegiance from men's hearts,
“Loud shouts and salutations from their mouths,
“Even as the presence of the crowned king."

"

Heaven knows “ By what paths and crooked ways “ I met this crown; and I myself know well “How troublesoine it sat upon my head. “And I had many living to upbraid “My gain of it, by their assistance, “And by whose power I well might lodge or fear “ To be again displaced: which to avoid, “I cut them off.

SHAKESPEARE.

Q. UNDER

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