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SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF
Born at Bourdeaux, A. D. 1366. Crowned, June 21, 1376. Married twice, first to Anne of Luxemburg, sister of the Emperor Wenceslaus; and afterwards to Isabel, daughter of Charles VI. of France. Died, without issue, supposed to have been murdered in Pontefract Castle, Yorkshire, 1399, in the thirty-third year of his age, and twentythird of his reign. Buried at Langley, afterwards removed to Westminster.
Wat Tyler's insurrections. The dagger first placed in the city arms in compliment to the Mayor's courageous attack on Tyler. The Duke of Gloucester smothered. Death of the Duke of Lancaster. Bolingbroke returns from banishment and seizes the crown. Violent death of the King.
William Courtney, Thomas Arundel, Archbishops of Cane terbury. William Walworth, Lord Mayor of London. Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, Grandson to Clarence, heir apparent. Henry of Bolingbroke. Vere, Duke of Ireland. Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester.
Popes. Gregory XI. 1370. Urban VI. 1378. Boniface IX. 1389.
Kings and Queens.
RICHARD II. SURNAMED OF BOURDEAUX.
“ Thus when you see this land by faction lost,
“ I was not made a horse,
* Spur gall’d and tir’d by jaunting Bolingbroke.”
“ The skipping King he ambled up and down,
SHAKESPEARE's Rich. II.
An infant Monarch to the Throne succeeds,
His Uncles LANCASTER* and GLOUCESTER sway,
If they in honesty had recollected,
In thirteen hundred seventy-seven,
* The celebrated John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster; the Earl of Camb:idge, afterwards Duke of York; and the Duke of Gloucester; all uncles to the King, were appointed his guardians, he being but ten years old.
† Vere, Earl of Oxford, Marquis of Dublin, and Duke of Ireland; Tresilian, a Judge; Michael de la Pole, a merchant's son; and Nevil, Archbishop of York.
And left his grandson, doom'd by birth,
* A reformer of the Romish Church, he was cited by the Ecclesiastical Courts, but protected against them by the Duke of Lancaster.
+ Sir William Walworth, Lord Mayor of London, enraged at Tyler's insolence in an interview with the King, struck him to the ground, and the dagger with which he dispatched him is conmemorated by a place in the city arms.