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King of Man. Earl of Salisbury, John, Lord Chandos. Latimer, Lord Chamberlain James, Lord Audley, &c.

COTEMPORARY SOVEREIGNS.

Popes. John XII. 1316. Benedict XI. 1334. Clement VI. 1342.

Innocent VI. 1352. Urban V. 1362. Gregory XI. 1370.

Emperors.
Of the East.-Andronicus III. 1320. John V. 1341. John

VI. 1355.
Of the West.-Charles IV. 1347, Lewis IV. 1314.

Kings. Of France.-Charles IV. 1322. Philip VI, 1328. John I.

1353. Charles V. 1364. Of Portugal.-Alphonsus IV. 1325. Pedro I. 1357. Fer

dinand I. 1367. Of Denmark.-Christopher II, 1319. Waldemar III. 1340.

Olaus III. 1375. Of Sweden.—Magnus III: 1320. Albert, 1363. Of Scotland. — Robert Bruce, 1306. David II. 1330.

Edward Baliol, 1332. David II. restored, 1342. Robert ( S ort) II. 1370.

EDWARD

EDWARD THE THIRD.

“ Honi soit qui mal y pense.”

MOTTO OF THE GARTER,

Edward first enroll'd
“ His Redcross Knights, and Barons bold.
“ Whose vacant seats, by virtue bought,
“ Ambitious Emperors have sought;
“ Where Britain's foremost names are found,
“In peace beloved, in war renowned;
" Who made the hostile nations moan,
“Or brought a blessing on their own.”

TICKELL.

“ Ich Dien."

MOTTO OF THE BLACK PRINCE.

“Whose ripe manhood spread our fame so far,
“ A sage in peace, a demi-god in war;
“ Who stern in fight made echoing Cressey ring,
" And mild in conquest, served his captive King ?”

TICKELL.

With form and aspect to command respect,
With mind, desert and talent to protect,
EDWARD presents a inodel to admire:

His subjects' hearts before their sov’reign bend; The widow's guardian, and the orphan's sire ; Foe to the vicious, to the good a friend.

Domestic

Domestic happiness his rich reward,
Link'd to his Queen by mutual regard ;
Proud of a son, whose better scarce drew breath,
Through life beloved, lamented in his death,

The King, while yet his years were but sixteen,
Saw MORTIMER ascendant o'er the Queen ;
Indignant at their joint and lawless rule,
Scorning to be a mean, convenient, tool,
He boldly took the reins, well knowing, he
Who rules o'er Freemen should himself be free.
“ To Nottingham, the north's imperious eye,

“Which as a pharos doth survey the soile, “ Armed by nature, danger to defie,

“ Marche* to repose him after all his toile. - Where treason (least advantage might espie)

“Closely convey'd his past price valued spoyle; “ That there residing from the publique sight, “ He might with measure relish his delight.”+ There with “ ninescore of special worth and sort 56 Marche and the Queen maintaine one equal

port.”

* Mortimer was created Earl of March, at the close of the last reign, in 1327. † Drayten.

Drayton.

So Drayton sings, and further sings how “he “ And the bright Queen rule all things by

their might, “ The state wherein at Nottingham they be, " The cost wherewith their pompeous court is

dight, "Enyy'd by those their hateful pride that see: “ The King attempts the dreadful cave* by

night; • Entering the castle, taketh him from thence, “And Marche at London dyes for his offence.”

The King's fair fame but owns a single blot,
Ambition taught him to deceive the Scot ;

BALIOL

* A labyrinth constructed under the castle, through which the King's guards made way to the apartmerit, where,

“ Vnarın'd was MARCII (she onely in his arines)
“ Too soft a shield to beare their boys'trous blowes,

“ Who least of all suspected such alarmes."

† Taking an ungenerous advantage of some border excursions, he declared the treaty of Northampton broken, and besieged Berwick; while Baliol (who had been intruded on the Scots as King by Edward, to the prejudice of David Bruce, and chased back to England by the indignant natives,) with an English army entered Scotland, and made Moray, the Regent, prisoner, Archibald Douglas, who succeeded to the Regency, attacking the English, with more courage than conduct, at Hallidown Hill, was slain with the principal nobility, and the army

utterly utterly destroyed, with hardly any loss on the side of Edward. And says an old MS. in the Hai leian Collection,

Baliol against his native plains allied,
With Caledonian blood his broad sword dyed;
At Hallidown too, mournful legends tell,
The Douglas with his thirty thousand fell.

Turn we the page to where the regal lance
With more of honour thins the ranks of France;
To where in naval fight 'tis EDWARD's boast
Their fleet to vanquish on the Flemish coast;
Two hundred ships destroyed, some tell us more, *
With thirty thousand corses, fright the shore;
The King, with half their force, this victry gains,
And England's flag most gallantly maintains ;
With less success the warlike chief, on land,
Headed an Anglo-German-Flemish band,

“ This was do, with mery soune,
“ With pipes, trompes and tabors therto,
“ And loud clarionnes they blew also.”

Vide J. P. ANDREWS.

* The French are said to have had four hundred vessels, out of which number they lost two hundred and thirty: while Edward's fleet only consisted of two hundred and forty. It is presumed these ships were principally transports, and those but of small dimensions; the disparity of numbers, however, serves to prove that the bravery and conduct of the British were always supereminent on the ocean.

A short

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