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ENGLAND.

PART THE FIFTH.

From the Signature of Magna Charta to the Death of Edward

the Second

CONTENTS. Henry III.- Edward I. Llewellyn, Prince of Wales David

of Scotland - Baliol - Bruce Wallace - Edward II. his Deposition and Death,

SUMMARY

SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF HENRY III. SURNAMED OF WINCHESTER.

Born at Winchester, A. D. 1806-7. 'Crowned at Gloucester, October, 1216. Married Eleanor, daughter of Raymond of Provence. Had issue, Edward, who succeeded him; Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, and nominal King of Sicily; Margaret, married to Alexander III. of Scotland; Beatrice, espoused to John de Dreux, Duke of Bretagne; and five others who died in their infancy. Henry reigned fifty-six years. Died, and was buried at Westminster, 1272.

PRINCIPAL EVENTS. The Dauphin expelled by Pembroke, the Lord Protector. Barons conspire against the King. The first (so named) Parliament called, to which Knights and Burgesses were summoned. The King and Family made prisoners at the battle of Lewes. Prince Edward escapes. Battle of Evesham.

EMINENT PERSONS. Richard Magnus, Edmund of Abingdon, Boniface, and Robert Kilwarby, Archbishops of Canterbury. Des Moches, Bishop of Winchester, and Lord Chancellor. Bishop of Valence, brother to the Queen. Earl of Pembroke, Protector. Montfort, Earl of Leicester, General of the Barons. Richard Clare, and Gilbert, his sons, Earls of Gloçester.

COTEMPORARY SOVEREIGNS.

Popes. Honorius III. A. D. 1216. Gregory IX. 1227. Cælestine

IV. 1241. Innocent IV. 1243. Alexander IV. 1254. Urban IV. 1261. Clement IV. 1265. Gregory X. 1271.

Emperors.

Emperors. Of the East.Theodore I. 1294. John 111. 1222. Theo- .

dore II. 1225. John IV. 1259. Michael VIIJ. 1259. Of the West.–Frederick II. 1211.

Kinese

Of France. Philip II. 1180. Louis VIH. 1223. St. Louis

IX. 1226. Philip HII. 1270. Of Portugal.-Alphonsus II. 1212. Sancho II. 1233.

Alphonsus III. 1247. Of Denmark.-Waldemar II. 1202. Eric VI. ,1249. Abel

1. 1250. Christopher I. 1262. Eric VIII. 1259. Of Sweden. Waldemar, 1250. Of Scotland.--Alexander I. 1214. Alexander III. 1249.

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HENRY THE THIRD.

“ The sequent reign beheld the beggar'd shore
Grim with Italian usurers, prepared
“ To lend, for griping unexampled hire
“ To lend, what Rome might pillage uncontrolld

SHENSTONE. Jes hommes plus estimables sont encore hommes, et “ montrent encore quelques restes des foiblesses de l'huma“nité parmi les pieges innombrables & les embarras insé« perables de la Royauté.—Tel Critique aujourd'hui im“pitoyablement les Rois, qui gouvernoroit demain moins “ bien qu'eus, & qui feroit les memes fautés avec d'autres “infiniment plus grandes, si on lui confisit la meme puissance."

FENELON.

« Mercy,
“ Is mightiest in the mightiest! it becomes
“ The throned monarch better than his crown;
“ It is an attribute to God himself,
“ And earthly power doth then shew likest God's,
“ When mercy, seasons justice !"

SHAKESPEARE.

Howe'er historians may our Henry blame,
Mercy was ever blended with his name,
Nor should his foibles in our memory live,
Who knew his worst opposers to forgive;
Humane, indulgent, (haply to a fault,)
Tho' wanting energy when cares assault,

HENRY

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