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SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF HENRY III. SURNAMED OF WINCHESTER.
Born at Winchester, A. D. 1806-7. 'Crowned at Gloucester, October, 1216. Married Eleanor, daughter of Raymond of Provence. Had issue, Edward, who succeeded him; Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, and nominal King of Sicily; Margaret, married to Alexander III. of Scotland; Beatrice, espoused to John de Dreux, Duke of Bretagne; and five others who died in their infancy. Henry reigned fifty-six years. Died, and was buried at Westminster, 1272.
PRINCIPAL EVENTS. The Dauphin expelled by Pembroke, the Lord Protector. Barons conspire against the King. The first (so named) Parliament called, to which Knights and Burgesses were summoned. The King and Family made prisoners at the battle of Lewes. Prince Edward escapes. Battle of Evesham.
EMINENT PERSONS. Richard Magnus, Edmund of Abingdon, Boniface, and Robert Kilwarby, Archbishops of Canterbury. Des Moches, Bishop of Winchester, and Lord Chancellor. Bishop of Valence, brother to the Queen. Earl of Pembroke, Protector. Montfort, Earl of Leicester, General of the Barons. Richard Clare, and Gilbert, his sons, Earls of Gloçester.
Popes. Honorius III. A. D. 1216. Gregory IX. 1227. Cælestine
IV. 1241. Innocent IV. 1243. Alexander IV. 1254. Urban IV. 1261. Clement IV. 1265. Gregory X. 1271.
Emperors. Of the East.Theodore I. 1294. John 111. 1222. Theo- .
dore II. 1225. John IV. 1259. Michael VIIJ. 1259. Of the West.–Frederick II. 1211.
Of France. Philip II. 1180. Louis VIH. 1223. St. Louis
IX. 1226. Philip HII. 1270. Of Portugal.-Alphonsus II. 1212. Sancho II. 1233.
Alphonsus III. 1247. Of Denmark.-Waldemar II. 1202. Eric VI. ,1249. Abel
1. 1250. Christopher I. 1262. Eric VIII. 1259. Of Sweden. Waldemar, 1250. Of Scotland.--Alexander I. 1214. Alexander III. 1249.
HENRY THE THIRD.
“ The sequent reign beheld the beggar'd shore
SHENSTONE. “Jes hommes plus estimables sont encore hommes, et “ montrent encore quelques restes des foiblesses de l'huma“nité parmi les pieges innombrables & les embarras insé« perables de la Royauté.—Tel Critique aujourd'hui im“pitoyablement les Rois, qui gouvernoroit demain moins “ bien qu'eus, & qui feroit les memes fautés avec d'autres “infiniment plus grandes, si on lui confisit la meme puis“ sance."
Howe'er historians may our Henry blame,
Henry of WINCHESTER, an instance brings,
Eleven years, no more, the Prince had known, When PEMBROKE's aid secured him England's
throne: The gallant Regent, Lord of Lincoln fight, Asserted Henry's, and the kingdom's right; Compell’d French Louis to depart the land, And held 'till death, the reins with equal hand.
HUBERT de Burgh and WINCHESTER combined,
* Son of the late Regent; he afterwards died miserably through the artifices of the Bishop of Winchester, who was himself quickly disgraced by the new Archbishop of Canterbury.
And And, WINCHESTER a second time expelld, The people's discontents are somewhat quell’d.
Not long in quiet did the realm remain,