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And shut her, from that, to the day that she died,

Up three pair of stairs in a tow'r.

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Should couples take warning from “Rosamond's

Bow'r,” Not vainly the Muse has harangued; And, ladies, if rivals shou'd fall in your pow'r, The Commons consult, or instead of the tow'r,

If you kill them, ycu're sure to be hang’d.

SUSIVAR

SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF

RICHARD I. SURNAMED CŒUR DE LION.

Born, A. D. 1157. Began to reign, 1189. Was contracted to Alice, daughter of Louis VII. of France. Married Berengeria, daughter of Sancho VI. King of Navarre. Had no legitimate issue. Was killed, 1199, at the siege of a castle at Chalus, belonging to the Viscount of Linnges, by Bertrand Gourdon, a crossbowman, who, though pardoned by the King, was afterwards fleed alive. He reigned ten years, and was buried with his father at Font Evraud.

PRINCIPAL EVENTS. Richard released his mother who had been confined sixteen years. Took an army of thirty-five thousand men to the Holy Land, where he greatly signalized himself against Saladin the Great, was imprisoned on his return, by Leopold, Duke of Austria, and purchased his ransom for one hundred thousand marks. Sterling money first coined, and so called from the Easterlings, a people of Germany, who first gave it currency from its purity. London divided into corporate companies. (Medull. Hist. Ang.)"

EMINENT Persons. Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury. Henry Fitzalwyn, first Lord Mayor of London, the city having been formerly governed by Portreeves. Philip and Isabel, natural children of the King. William Longchamp, Bishop of Ely, Regent in Richard's absence. Robin Hood and Liitle John, celebrated outlaws. Richard de Higel, Bishop of London, was the King's Apothecary, (the first we find mentioned.)

COTEMPORARY

116

176

ENGLAND.

ENGLAND.

COTEMPORARY SOVEREIGNS.

Popës. Clermont III. 1188. Celestine III. 1191, Innocent III.

1198.

Emperors. Of the East.-- Isaac II. 1185. Alexis III. 1195. Of the West.–Frederick I. 1152. Henry VI. 1190. Philip

I. 1197.

Kings.

Of France. Philip II. 1180.
Of Portugal.Sancho I. 1180.
Of Denmark.-Canute V. 1182.
Of Scotland.-William, 1165.

RICHARD

RICHARD CŒUR DE LION.

“ Against whose fury and unmatch'd force
“ The awless lion could not wage the fight,
“ Nor keep his princely heart from Richard's hand.”

SHAKESPEARE.

“ When Richard Cour de Lion reign'd,

" Which means a lion's heart.”

SWIFT,

“ Cour de Lion loves the wars,
“ Richard's joys are blows and scars,
“ Conquer'd Pagans fly before him,
“ Christian warriors all adore him.”

OPERA OF RICHARD.

“ Here the cowl'd zealots, with united cries,
“ Urg'd the Crusade:--
" Of ten fair suns that roll’d their annual race
“ Not one beheld him on his vacant throne:
“ While haughty LONGCHAMP ’mid his livery'd files
“Of wanton vassals spoil'd his faithful realm.
“ Battling in foreign fields; collecting wide
“ A laurel harvest for a pillaged land.”

SHENSTONE.

O, GALLANT Prince ! who loved to roan,
When you had better stay'd at home;
- Whose subjects at thy crowning slew
Many an unoffending Jew.
VOL. I.

Who

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Who conquer'd Cyprus, which denied
A lodging to yourself and bride,
(For on his road to Holy Land,
He stopp'd to win a lady's hand,)
Who 'gainst the Turks flew in a passion,
Because just then it was the fashion.
With SALADIN* the sword wou'd try,
Without once ever asking why;
Who in each battle did the work,
Of cleaving Saracent and Turk,
And kept the Infidels at bay,
While jealous Philip walk'd away!
Who, (for he was impertinent,)
Kick’d Austria from the royal tent,
(For so the tale appears to us, it
Being set downpede percussit,'')

Who

* Once, during this campaign, Richard was dangerously sick, and his disorder required fresh fruit and snow to render it cool: the generous Saladin sent both in profusion, and thus preserved the life of the only foe he dreaded.

Vita SALADINJ. + The Saracens so dreaded his name they would say to their restive horses, “ What do you start at, do you think you see King “ Richard ??

| To encourage the soldiers in repairing the ruined wall of Acre, (a spot which has since acquired such additional celebrity from the distinguished gallantry of Sir Sidney Smith and his

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