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Save contests sung of—and that Chiefs had leave,
Often in law's despite,
By force and arms, the poor man of his right.
Stephen's remains at Faversham inurn'd,
LINE OF PLANTAGENET;
HOUSE OF ANJOU.
SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF
HENRY II. Surnamed COURT MANTLE.
Eldest son of Geoffry, Earl of Anjou, &e. and the Empress Maud, heiress to Henry I. of England. Born at Mans, A.D. 1131. Knighted by David, King of Scotland, 1149. Made his first campaign, 1152. Stephen of England adopted him, 1153. He was crowned at London, 1154; and at Worcester, 1155. Married Eleanor, of Aquitaine, heiress of Poictou and Guienne, by whom he had issue, Richard and John, who succeeded him; Geoffry, killed in a tournament at Paris; Henry, who married Margaret, daughter of Lewis VII. of France; and Philip died young: Maud, married to Henry, the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria; Eleanor, married to Alphonso, King of Castile; and Joan, espoused first to William the II. King of Sicily, surnamed the Good,* and afterwards to Raymond, of Thoulouse. Henry reigned 35 years. Died at Chinon, in Tourane, 1189; and was buried at Font Evraud.
Foreigners banished the kingdom. Unnecessary fortresses destroyed. Judges first appointed to go the circuits at stated periods. Differences between the King and Becket. Murder of that prelate, and death of Fair Rosamond. Frequent rebellion of the King's son. Conquest of Ireland. Wiiliam, King of Scots taken prisoner. Philip, Earl of Flanders, invades England and is defeated.
* This Monarch had refused the daughters of the Eastern and Western Emperors, and at the instance of Peter of Blois, a northern Ecclessiastic, preferred an English Princess.
L 2 Eminent Eminent Persons.
Theobald, Becket, Richard (a Monk,) and Baldwin, Archbishops of Canterbury. Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, who, with Robert Fitz-stephens, was general in the Irish war. William Longsword, Earl of Salisbury; Geoffry, Archbishop of York;* and Morgan, Bishop of Durham; natural sons of the King, the two first by Fair Rosamond, the latter by a daughter of Sir Ralph Blewitt. Hugh Lacy, and Ralph de Glanville, justiciaries of Ireland and England. Gilbert Foliot, John Hanwell.
Adrian IV. 1154. f Alexander II. 1159. Lucius III. 1181.
• He was made Bishop of Lincoln, when no more than a proud greedy boy; Walter de Mapes, a humourous Chaplain, (called the Anacreon of England) used, when he heard him swear " by his father's royalty," to bid him remember "his mother's honesty;" it was said of him tho' not old enough to feed his sheep, he was able enough to shear them,—his affectionate duty to Henry at his dying hour, and his valour in the field ought, however, to throw a veil over his faults.
J. P. Andrews.
t Pope Adrian was an Englishman, by name Nicholas Breakspear, lie was choked by a fly, in the fifth year of his Popedom; he sent the following version of the Lord's Prayer to England, to be taught his countrymen:
Ure Fadyr in Heaven rich,
Thy name be halyed ever lich,
Thou bring us thy michel bliss,
Als hit in Heaven y doe,
Evear in y the earth been it alsoe,
That holy brede that lasteth ay
Thou send ous, this ilke day.
Forgive ous all that we have don,
As we forgive uch other mon.
Ne let ous fall into no founding,
Ac shield ous fro the foul thing.—Amen.
Medulla Histoiu.e Anglican*.
Urban III. 1185. Gregory VIII. 1187. Clement III. 1188.
Emperors. Of the East.-Emanuel Comnenus, 1143. Alexis Comnenus II. 1180. Andronicus Comnenus I. 1183. Isaac
Angelus I. 1185.
Kings. Of France.—Lewis VII. 1157. Philip II. 1180. Of Portugal.--Alphonsus, 1102. Sancho I. 1185. Of Denmark.-Waldemar I. 1157; the regular succession
and history of Denmark does not commence properly till the accession of Waldemar I. (called the Great,) who con.
siderably enlarged and civilized the country. Of Scotland.—David I. 1134. Malcolm IV. 1153. Wil.
HENRY THE SECOND.
"With thee, Plantagenet, from civil broils
"The land awhile respired, and all was peace.
"Then Becket rose, and impotent of mind,
"Bid murd'rous priests the sov'reign frown contemn,
"And, with unhallow'd crosier, bruised the crown.
"Yet yielded not supinely tame a prince
"Of Henry's virtues, learn'd, courageous, wise,
"Of fair ambition."
"Still must that tongue some wounding message bring, "And still thy priestly pride provoke thy King; "For this are 'foreign oracles' explored, "To teach the land to murmur at its lord."
Vide Pope's Homer.
(FAIR ROSAMOND.) "A maid unmatch'd in manners as in face, "Skill'd in each art, and crown'd with ev'ry grace; "Not half so dear were wedded * Ellen's' charms, "When first her blooming beauties met my arms."
"The tempest in my mind "Doth from my senses take all feeling else, "Save what beats there.—Filial ingratitude!"
Throughout his day much sorrow Henry prov'd,
Cross'd in his pow'r by those whom most he lov'd;