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SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF
HENRY I. SURNAMED BEAUC
Born at Winchester, 1068. Began to reign, 1100. Twice married, first to Maud, daughter of Malcolm, King of Scot. land; afterwards to Adeliza, daughter of Geoffry, Earl of Louvaine. He had issue only by his first Queen, viz. Wil. liam, Duke of Normandy, who by the carelessness of drunken pilots was drowned near Barfleur, which tragic event so affected the King he was never seen to smile afterwards. Maud, married to the Emperor Henry V. and a second time to Geoffry Plantagenet, Count of Anjou. Henry is also said to have had twelve natural children, of whom Robert, Earl of Glocester, was the chief. The King died at St. Denis, in France, of a surfeit, from eating Lampreys, 1135. Buried at Reading.
PRINCIPAL Events. Henry seizes the crown while his elder brother Robert is absent in the Holy land. Grants a charter to the Barons to purchase their support. Conquers Normandy, defeats and imprisons Robert for life. The quarrel with Archbishop Anselm renewed; the King resigns the right of investiture, but preserves his claim to homage from the Bishops. The great standard of France taken. The Welch repulsed. Shipwreck and loss of the King's son. The Sees of Carlisle and Ely; the Abbies of Hide, Cirencester, and Priory of Dunstable erected and endowed.
EMINENT PERSONS. Anselm and Radulph, Archbishops of Canterbury. William Crito, son of Duke Robert of Normandy. Robert, Earl of Shrewsbury.
COTEMPORARY COTEMPORARY SOVEREIGNS.
Popes. Pascal II. 1099. Gelastius II. 1118. Calixtus II. 1119 Honorius II. 1124. Innocent IL 1130.
Emperors. Of the East.-Alexis Comnenus, 1081. John Comnenus,
1118. Of the West. —Henry IV. 1056. Henry V. 1106. Lotha
rius II. 1125.
“ But who shall teach my harp to gain
“ For learning is better than house or land.”
ScHool Boy's POETRY.
“ Henry was called · Beauclerc,' from his attention to “ learning, he had heard his father say, that · Illiterate Kings “ were little better than crowned asses,” and determined not " to come under that description.”
OF HENRY's learning, and the wise reform,
Condemn’d to rhyme for ways and means to eat;
* Queen Maud, or Matilda, was the delight of the English, both on account of her descent and goodness of heart. To her we owe the first stone arched bridges England ever possessed :she built two at Stratford, in Essex, (thence called De Arcubus, or Le Bow,) where she had nearly been drowned for want of such a convenience. What follows is part of an eulogy on her, preserved by Camden ;
Prospera non lætam facere, nec aspera tristem,
Prospera terror ei, aspera risus erant,
Nor by success beguiled,
At fortune's frowns she smiled :
J. P. ANDREWS.
King HENRY'S BROTHER ROBERT claim'd the
crown, And from the Holy Land return'd with troops His fancied right to aid-subdued, forgiven, And set at liberty, again he fights Against his brother ; captive ta’en, and sent To Cardiff, whence, in vain, he tries escape, And, first deprived of sight, soon finds a grave; Glo'ster Cathedral holds the Duke's remains, Encag'd in trellis’d iron. Heart of Oak Supplies a figure, armed cup-a-pie, But such as modern warriors would disdain, And ladies' ridicule on gay parade. LEWIS, of France, invades the Norman lands, Him HENRY meets, and quells th' invading King. But when returning, mournful is the tale, Prince WILLIAM, BEAUCLERC's son, a splendid
train Of Knights and Nobles, with the Princess MAUD, And many worthies perish'd in the waves ! And when to Normandy the King return’d, By (not habitual) intemp'rance, he Met also with his death. He was interred At Reading Abbey, which his zeal endow'd.