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THE SAXON LINE RESTORED.
SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF EDWARD, SURNAMED THE CONFESSOR.
Born, A. D. 1001. Crowned on Easter-day, 1042, at Winchester. Married Editha, daughter of Earl Godwin. Reigned about 13 years. Died, without issue, January 5th, 1065.
PRINCIPAL Events. Earl Godwin's banishment and remarkable death. The King's mother, on a false accusation, submitted to the ordeal trial by fire, by walking over nine red-hot plough-sharés, which she passed unhurt. The Danes repulsed. Malcolm 111. of Scotland, restored by Edward's assistance, to the throne which Macbeth had usurped. The tax called Danegelt abolished. The King supposed to have the power of curing the evil. Westminster Abbey, St. Margaret's, St. Mary Ottery, in Devonshire, and other churches founded.
Eminent Persons. Siward, Earl of Northumberland. Godwin, Earl of Kent, Edsine and Robert, Archbishops of Canterbury.
Popes. Benedict IX. 1033. Gregory VI. 1044. Clement II. 1046.
Damascus II. 1048. Leo IX. 1049. Victor II. 1155. Stephen X. 1057. Nicholas II. 1059. Alexander II. 1064.
Emperors and Empress. Of the East.-Constantine XI. 1042. Theodora. 1054.
Michael VI. 1056, Isaac Connenus, 1057. Constantine
EDWARD THE CONFESSOR.
“How he solicits Heaven “ Himself best knows, but strangely visited people, “ The mere despair of surgery, he cures, “Hanging a golden stamp about their necks, “ Put on with holy pray’rs: With this strange virtue, “ He hath a heavenly gift of prophecy; “ And sundry blessings hang about his throne “That speak him full of grace.”
Whether King EDWARD ownd the powers
What sad procession meets the eye?
Why trickles that reluctant tear From chiefs who pass in order by,
What sounds of woc salute the ear?
The solemn Pibrochs mournful tone
Which marks the step of yonder band Proclaim that Scotia's legal throne
Is stain’d by an usurper's hand.
And EDWARD lends his ready aid,
And SIWARD leads a valiant train ; Who, by the tyrant undismay'd,
Replace the son of Duncan slain.
The swan of Avon knew full well
To touch each chord that thrills the heart; Then let his magic nuinbers tell
Of murd'rous guile and fiend-like art.
The blasted heath, the wizard crew,
The “ unsex'd” wife of Glamis' Thane, Whose traitrous hand his master slew,
And earn’d a transitory reign.
Whate'er his skill, who says or sings,
This moral he can only shew,
Error must surely end in woe.
For proofs that mortal saints are sometimes weak,
Godwin, ambition's child, the scourge we're told
bow'd. 'Tis said denial of Prince Alfred's death By his connivance, stopt the murd'rer's breath.*
'Twas Edward's wish, when dying, to resign
* Legends report that Godwin was supernaturally suffocated, immediately subsequent to a solemn declaration of his innocence respecting the Prince's murder.
SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF
Began to reign, A. D. 1065. Married twice, by his first wife, whose name is not correctly known, be had issue, three sons, Goodwin, Edmund, Magnus: by his second, Algitha, sister of Morcar and Edwin, he had a son, named Wolf, knighted by William Rufus, and two daughters, Gunilda, who was blind and passed her days in a convent; and a second who married Vladimir, Grand Duke of Russia. Harold was killed at the battle of Hastings, 1066, after a reign of one year, nine months, and as many days.
PRINCIPAL Events. Disputes and negociations with William, Duke of Normandy, which terminated in Harold's death, and the conquest of the kingdom.
EMINENT PERSONS. Leofwin and Gurth, brothers to the King. Stigand, Archbishop of Canterbury. Tosti, Earl of Northumberland.