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decease, or point out the channel occurrence being inserted, rather in. through which access might be ob- correctly, in a small volume printedtained to a collection of letters ad- ia a cheap form at Carlisle in 1755, dressed to him by differeat eminent entitled, “A Compleat History of persoas of his time, which, according the Rebellion, from its first Rise in to Dr. Kippis, was in the possession 1745, lo its total suppression in April of the Miss Arbuthnots?
1746. By James Ray, of Whiteha. Yours, &c. AL. DENDERSON. ven, Voluateer under his Royal High
ness the Duke of Cumberland;" a Mr. URBAN,
I'inchester, publication which, not withstanding
April 14. ils homely garb and style, is not inte. To those of your Readers especially rior, as a record of facts, to some of
much higher pretensions. to many who are not) of the “Me The Writer of the Lelter, which nioirs of the late Wm. Stevens, esq. was probably addressed to his then lale Treasurer of Queen Anne's Bounty," pariner (who was very nearly related dedicated to the Right Rev. Bishop io me), buithe directed cover has not Skinner, Aberdeen, by the Hon. Mr. been preserved, was well known as a Justice Park, it will be satisfactory veryrespectable wholesale linep draper to know, that, in consequence of the in London. He retired from busness decease in the last year of that worthy rather early in life, by reason of deliPrelate, his friends have recently sub. cale healtlı; and, after waiting seves scribed a few hundred pounds for the ral years, bis reward for the hazards purpose of erecting a Slalue to bis his loyalty had exposed hiin to, was memory in St. Andrew's Chapel in a Receivership of the Land Tasthat ciiy, over which congregation I believe in Northumberland. The he presided so many years, as well as I.eiter not being written sonner aller being Primate of the Scotch Episco- thoiransaction, was owing to the time pal Churchi, with so much credit to it took him to recruit sufficiently lo himself and advantage in that com
be able to form a connected Narramunity. Mr. Flaxman, Royal Aca. tive, as well as to receive the alles. demician, and Professor of Sculpture, tations referred to in the concluding has underlaken the Work. AMICUS. part of it. A FRIEND TO ACCURACY.
Sir, Manchester, Dec. 23, 1745. Narralire of a Remarkable Escape On Monday the 2nd day of De.
from the Rebel Army in 1745. cember, 1745, about 6 o'cluck is rue
Joden Papers having recalled the came post for Manchester, having attention of ihe publick to the sub. received a letter that day from my ject of the Rebellion in 1745-6, after father that the Rebels were there the ils being become nearly obsolete Friday before. I came to Derby the otherwise than as a portion of Gene. next day, about i v'clock in the ral History; and it having fallen to evening, where the Duke of Devoumy lot !o be one of the very few now shire thieu was, to whom I insiesemaining who retain a pretty clear diately sent an account by Mr. Wils recollection, not only of ine principal liam Johnson, a Captain in his lev. transactions, but also of many of the raised reginient, that three troops vi mnivor circumstances connected with the Duke of Kingston's light borse that interesting cveni; I have been were that day come into Loughboinduced to look over sonic papers in rough, and three more into Leicester. my possession relating to it that had About :nidnight the Duke of De. Joog lain unaliended to. Among vonshire, with the new-raised forces these a letter, giving an account of a then at Derby, marched for Nuition remarkable escape from the Rebel ham, having received intelligence of arıny while at Derly, appeared to the Rebels being at Ashbourne ; and meio fucrit preservation; and I know the Marquis of Tarlingtou's gentle of no repository so proper for that man was ordered to wait in the road purpose as the Gentleman's Maga- betwix! Ashbourne and Derby till be zine, should the much-respected Edi- actually saw the liebels. for be of the name opinion. I believe About 10 v'clock on Wednesday il may be safely said that the Narra- be returned to Derly with an account tive has never jet appeared in priol, that the Rebels were within a les further than a los particulars of the miles of the town. He did not stay
to light, but set out for Nottingham two o'clock in the morning; rode in company with Mr. Howe, the post- jomediately to the Duke of Cumbermaster of Derby. I promised ihese laud's lodgings, and enquired for his geotlemen that I would stay in town, secretary, to whom I was soon introand take as particular an account of duced. I informed him that the first the Rebels as I was able, and would, division of the Rebels, consisting of if desired, send such account to the 2300 foot, 450 horse, 75 baggage, Duke of Devonshire at Nottingham: and about 40 led horses, with their with which the Marquis's Gentleman preteoded Prince, got into Derby on seemed pleased, thanked me, and said Wednesday afternoon; and that the it would be of service. Mr. Howe rear division, with their artillery and told ine I might deliver such account baggage, got into Ashbourne from to the servant he had left at his Leek about three o'clock the same house, who would take proper care day; and, after balting there about to forward it. Upon which I took half an hour, marciiod forward for leave of these gentlemen, and went to Derby that night. This account the Mrs. Howe, and acquainted her with secretary immediately coinzunicated my design of staying in town, and to his Royal Highness, who was then desired she would give me a bandfullof in bed, and who by bim returned me peasc, by the help of which I thought thanks for my intelligence; and said, I should execute my design with more thal, if he had not been much faligued certainly and less confusion than any the night before, he would bave reother method I could think of; after turned me thanks in person; and au which I took a walk lo the end of the express, in consequence of iny inteilislrcet which leads to Ashbourne, gence, as I apprehend, wasimmediately where I met with one Mr. Orreil, ao dispatched to the commanding oslicer old school-fellow, wbu lives at Fin. at Lichfield, and from thence to Noi. dern, three miles from Derby. After tingham. I was present when the or. a short conversation, he gave me to ders were given to this messenger, and understand that his business there heard the secretary tell him, that he was to get the best intelligence he believed the Rebels would be at Soicould of the Rebels, and oftered to ting ham before he would reach there. introduce me to a friend's house who After I had staid for near the space of lived just at the entrance of the town an hour with the secretary, and given from Ashbourne, which I accepted; him the best information I was able, and su svon as we came into the hous: I went to au inn in town, where, ara We were conducted up stairs into a ler having dismissed my guide and chamber towards the street, where post horses, I accommodated myself as we staid from about one o'clock till well as I could; but, as the lown was five in the afternoon, in which time quite full of the King's troops, I got the first division of the Rebels, with Tittle or no rest or refreshment. I their pretended Prince, came iu; af made it my business so soon as it was ler which I went to Mr. Howe's, light to enquire for a horse, and as wrote, and delivered a letler for the soon as I could hire one set out for Duke of Devonshire, with the ac Ultoxcter, where I ived on Thurscount I had laken, to Mr. Bowe's day the 5th instant, about three servant, as before agreed upon; and o'clock in the afternoon; and being immediately returned to my friend, desircus of relurning to Derby that who carried me the same evening night, in order to get some further upon his horse to Findern; where, intelligence, which I had promised, if wilh great difficully, he procured inaterial, to communicatelo his Royal me a guide and two horses for Ul Highness's secrelary, I applied to the
postmaster at Uttv.xeter for horses, I left Findero about eight o'clock who procured them for me, with the the same evening, and got to Ul. same guide I had the night before to toxeter soon after ten, where I was Stafford: and having heard the sein hopes of finding the Duke of Cum. cretary tell the messenger, whom, as I berland, but was informed there that said before, he dispatched in my prehe was at Stafford; whereupon I im. sence to Litchfield and Notlingham, mediately applied to the postınaster, that be thought the Rebels would be who procured me horses and a guide at Noitinghain before he could arfor Stafford, there I arrived before riye; and from the consideration of
their forced march from Leck to where I was kept, and continued une Derby in one day, I had no suspicion der a strong guard until about seven of their halting there, and concluded o'clock the next morning, at which the town would be rid of them before time there appeared an extraordinary sog arrival. Therefore I set out with hurry and bustle amongst my guard, my old guide from Ulloxeter to who talked much of their Prince Derby, about half an hour past four being got up; and one quitted the o'clock io the afternoon: it was past roon after another, till at last I was reven the same evening besure I came left alone, and then I began to think to Derby. On my entrance into the of making my escape. The first town all seemed still, which confirmed thing I did in order to it was to me in my former belief, that the Re. try whether I could open the sashesbels had left it. But I had not gone one I found was nailed, the other I far before I was stopped and examined opened the shutter of, and raised the by their picquet guard, and, after a lower sash a little, but was interrupted short examination, was, by a number by a persou coming into the room, of them, conveyed to the officer of who, proving none of my guard, The guard, who, after asking me a seemed to take little notice of me, few questions, said I must go to his and went out again ; upon which I caplain, who was likewise short in bolted the door on the inside, and bis examination of me, and said, that made shift to get off my boots, and as I was a gentleman, the Prince (as immediately aller flung myself out of be called him) would like to see me tbe wiodow, under which was a gravel himself; so I and my guide were con walk in Lord Exeter's garde.: : the ducted to his lodgings at Lord Exe height of the window from the walk 1er's house, when, aller about an was (as has been since computed) hour's con fiuement in the guard. above seven yards. I was pretty house, I was called into a large par much slunned with the fall, but soon lour, where there were near 30 of recovered myself, and ran down the their chiefs aod superior officers, be- garden, which at the bottom is fore whom I was examined by one bounded by the River Darwent, and Keys, who was called their deputy inclosed by high brick walls on each secretary. I persisted in the story i side, at the eud of which, to the wahad told the officers by whom I had ter, long iron spihes were driven, to hefore been examined ; and had not prevent, as I apprehend, the com, my guide, who was confined and ex munication betwixt that and the adamined in another room, discovered joining gardens. Notwithstanding the chief thing I wanted to have con which I got into the next garden cealed (I mean my being at Stafford, without receiving any hurl, and afand at his Royal Highness's lodging) terwards rau across two more gardens, I might probably have been dis- aud passed, I know not how, all the charged. And indeed, if he had not tences till I came to Mr. Heathcole's, been a very weak and cowardly fel- which I found to be a light brick wall. Jow, the hints I had given him would Upon laying hold of it at the lower have been a sufficient direction to end, part of the wall sell, and forced him, and our examinations had been me into the river, which in that part consistent, which I conclude they is several yards deep: it was with were not; for, after I had been ex- grcal difficully I got out of the wa. amined in the parlour, I was ordered ter into Mr. Heathcote's garden, where up into Keys's lodging-room, where I concealed myself for a short time in I passed under a furiher and more a garden-house. When I made my strict examination. I was then im- escape out of the guard-room I had mediately threatened with a balter, no lat will me, and my peruke being and used in such a manner as gave lost, and my clothes wet, I found me a lively specimen of whal niight myself very cold ; which if I could he expected from such wretches if in have borne, I thought my situation power'; and awakened in me dismal far froin safe, and therefore delerapprehensions of the danger I was in. mined upoo strippiog off all my After they had tired themselves, I was clothes, leaving them in the gardenordered into their colonel's guard house, and swimming down the river, room, which was a chamber in Lord which I accordingly did for the space Exeler's house looking into the garden, of about 30 yards, till I came to the
wear, and from thence waded down search for and bring me to Derby the river for about 70 yards before I came to Mr. Osborue's house ; upon " could land on the other side ; which which I made my escape, leaping out when I had done, I ran down, keep- of a parlour window. Soon after my ing close to the river side for bear pursuers came into the house ; and three miles, and then discovered Al- with the greatest difficulty and danger vaston, a village not far distant from, I got to Elvaston, another village at but on the other side the river; and about half a mile's distance from Ale being extremely cold and almost vaston, where one Mr. Franceway of spent out, I resolved to make the Nottingham had left me his horse. I best of my way thither, which obliged then borrowed some more clothes of me lo swim again across the river. a poor man, mounted Mr. FranceIt was with great difficulty I got to way's horse, and in dismal plight the town, where I went to the back made the best of my way to Nottingdoor of the first house I came to, ham, where I arrived about four #hich proved to be one Mr. Rigley's, o'clock in the afternoon. wbere 'I was received and behaved What I have hitherto said are facts to with great humaoity. They got of my owe knowledge; but what te into a warm bed, where I had chiefly relates to Mr. Heathcote, and not lain loog before I recollected that the part which he aod his emissaries there were some women in the house have acted, I could only have froin who saw me when I caine in; and not the testimony of others; and there. hearing them talk, I inquired what fure desired a friend to toke the exa. was become of them, and was told minations of those who heard and they were gone to Derby. Upon observed the same, which he accordwhich I immediately got up, thinking ingly has done; and yesterday I reI could not be loog safe there, and ceived from hin six examinations in requested Mr. Rigley's son-in-law, writing, signed by the several parties; one Mr. Stenson, to accominodate by which it appears, that Mr. Heathme with some clothes, and direct me cole's servant was one of the four to some other house where I might persons.who pursued nie to Alvaston, be more concealed. Mr. Stenson and the others were three prisoners lent me some clothes, after which I whom he had engaged and sent to assist wanted a horse, which he could not in taking me ; to whom (as they then supply nue with ; and as I was owned) he had given strict orders, utterly incapable of walking far on which they in part pursued, by going foot, he advised me to go to one Mr. tirst to the house of Mr. Rigles, inOsborne's, who lived in the same sulting his wife, and declaring that town, and not far distant from him, the house, with the family, should which I'accordingly did, and was re or would be burnt or destroyed if I ceived with a deal of civility; but was not immediately delivered up to before I had been there two hours, the them; and particularly Mr. Heathnews was brought me that some men cule's servant said he must bave me, from Derby were come in pursuit of and durst not go without me. When nie; upon which I made my escape they had entered in, and searched out of a back door, and with all my every corner of the house without might ran towards the river ; but finding me, they withdrew to an aleapprehending myself closely pursued, house in the town, where they got and being incapable of undergoing intelligence of my reinoval from Mr. much more fatigue, I got behind a Rigley's to Mr. Osborne's; upon hedge, and lay upon the ground, till which they went immediately thither, the cold had made such an inn- searched Mr. Osborde's house, used pression upon me, as convinced me several oaths and imprecations, and that if I continued there much longer added such like threat as they had made I should be incapable of stirring, and use of at Mr. Rigley's, if I was not int.. accessary to my own death. I then mediately delivered up to them. One attempted to go, or rather crawl gentleman in bisexamination says, that upon my hands and knees, lo Mr. Os. Mr. Heuthcote told him that he (Mr. burne's house, and got in again un- llcathcute) bad sent word to the Reobserved at the back door; but no bels by one Mr. Francis of Derby, sooner was 1 set dow), than the men who from thence went after them to who were sent by Mr. Heathcote to Ashibourne, that the person who hrad
made his escape out of his garden was make it appear that he was not in any at a house two miles from Derby; house, I should immediately undergo and Mr. Heathcote at the same time military discipline. This was the declared to this gentleman, that he reason, on my hearing of his being verily believed that the Rebels who at Alvaslon, of sending over to be came into his house to enquire for satisfied about it; and if the persons me would have shot me'through the whom I sent behaved otherwise than ! hcad if they had found me.
intended they should, I am exceeding In the above narrative and short sorry for it. I intended him oo harm, abstract of the examinations, I have and I hope and believe he has received omilted several circunstances which none on my account. I am now ill concur in further sheving the pains of the gout, and cannot travel far, Mr. Heathcote was al, and the extra. otherwise I would have waited on ordinary zeal he she wed, to have me the gentleman; and when he comes taken; though at the same time he to hear my story, I am sure he would bas confessed he verily believes I must think that I and my family have been immediately have fallen a sacrifice lo io as great hazard as he; therefore I the Rebels. Tam, Sir, your inost obe must desire the favour of you to tell dient servant, ELEAZAR Bircu. him. And as you seem to be concerned
for him, I will agree to ref-r the Nollingham, Dec. 8, 1745. matter to you, or to any others we Mr. San BeatuCOTE,
can agree on; and the Trouble and linjagine you are not apprehensive charge you are at shall be gratefully of the nature or consequence of your acknowledged by, Sir, your most conduct respecting the gentleman humble ser vaut, whose clothes were left in your gar
fan. HeaTICOIL. dcu. Messeligers, I understand, are Derby, 9th December, 1745. dispatched to concert measures to olio I desire you would do for me as I tain satisfaction from you, for the would do for you in the like case, hazards he has run through, and the and let me hear from you lo-morrow. danger his life has been in, by the Had i known him to be any other part you acled. I judge it a friendly than oncor the Rebels, I never should part iv let you know this, that you have sent after him. may speedily use your own prudence, and take the measures you judge pro
Nottinghain, 10th Dec. 1745. per to prevent the worst of corse Mr. HeatiCOTE, quences; without which you'll find Sir, yourself, before you are aware, in a You seem to mistake my letter; Terrible scrape:
If you choose to for I have not seen the gentleman, make any application to the gentle. nor been applied to by him so much man, I can direct you where to fiud as for my advice, nor expect I shall. him, today, or perhaps 10-morrow. What measures are taking I know Let me know something of your pur. pot; but hear, if something be not pose by the bearer. I hope you'll done to prevent it, you may soon receive this as kindly as I intend it. find yourself in the hands of a mes. I am, Sir, yours,
SEAGRAVC. senger. The gentleman, I hear, is
pol removed this morning, but will Mr. SCAGRAVE,
be gone so soon as he is able. As I I am obliged to you for your fa- could not readily get to speak with Your by this bearer. The aftair men- him, I seut your letter, and offered to tioned by you is the most unfortunate wait on him at his own time to kbow that ever belel me. The gentleman his pleasure; but he absolutely recoming into my garden occasioned fuses to have any thing to say to me my being threatened 10 bare my ic answer to your letter. house blown up, and my sersants Io letting you know the gentleman were threatened to sliol if (her did was here, I did, in my own apprehennot immediately produce hia. Thesion for you, wbat I should have Rebels tuid me inat it was one of been glad any one of the profession their own men who had descried, and would have done for me, mutatis mubad endeavoured to steal one of the tandis; and now I can do nothing Prelender's horses; that they should further; but remain, Sir, Yours, &c. soon be here again; and, if I did not