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to excite contempt for every thing really the very focus and centre of meditated venerable; together with the faculty of insurrection; and, unprotected but hy stripping an idea, or an image, of all the laws of the land, we publicly deadjuncts and circumstances, and after clare, that wherever any breach of the wards cloathing it in a pbrase, strong, peace shall be actually committed, we, coarse, clear, and pointed. Noman of edu are already armed with sufficient authocation or taste would thus write down to rity to suppress it, and will suppress it; their understandings; neither, if he were trusting, however, that the time is willing, would he be able. This, there- sbortiy to arrive, when the wisdom and fore, is a species of influence which we promptitude of the Legislature will must fairly give up to their seducers. strike at ibe root of Sedition by farther Still the cause is neither to be given up, nor to be left to mere coercion; for I To that Legislature we also owe an am far from believing that, excepting united declaration of our purpose to in a few places, the great body of the support the existing Laws and Constipeople are yet tainted; while among tution of our Country with our lives and tbose who are, different degrees of con fortunes; and such an assurance will tagion undoubtedly prevail. There are not, we trust, be considered as unimportmany prejudices yet vincible, many la ant, when it is understood that the potent sparks of better and more generous pulation of this District amounts to no feeling which may yet be resuscitated. less than an hundredth part of the PopuWith these, gentleness and compassion, lation of England. By such a conduct mild expostulation and familiar in we shall also discharge the solemn obstruction, may yet prevail. It will be ligation which we owe to our hearths felt, perhaps, that this is the peculiar and altars, to the laws of civil society, province of my own Order.

and to that posterity for whose benefit With respect to tbe stubborn and the as well as our own, we hold the sacred turbulent, ihe obscure but known agi- pledge of Constitutional Liberty. tators of the party, parochial relief to

T. D. W. their distressed families (distressed not unfrequently by the idleness of their incorrigible parent) may, perbaps, be a

Mr. URBAN,

Teb. 20. duty ; but, in the voluntary distribution HOPE some of your Corresponde of bounty, it is but ficting that they be ents will send you ao accurate left to eat the bitter fruit of the tree account of the appearance of the sky which themselves have planted, and on Saturday night, the 8th of this charity is never grafted upon a Jacobin month. From seven o'clock till ten stock. Far be it from me to reproach that evening, how much longer is not the patient and the industrious with known, there was as much light as if past misconduct. Yet it can scarcely be there had heen a Full Moon, distant now taxed for the relief of the poor al objects being seen distinctly, though

the Moon was then 22 days old, and most to the extent of the actual rental, that the time has been, wben a fund consequently not risen. I observed might have been laid up by thousands, this phænomenon about eight o'clock, which would have supported them in but, being indisposed, for a shorter comfort and independence under a

time and with less altention thap I change of circumstances. But where ought to bave done. I perceived no are now these intoxicating superfluities, streamers or coruscations, such as the and whither have they fled ? One soli Aurora Borealis generally exhibits ; tary instance alone has reached me, in but there was a sieady and uniformi which they have not been wbully dissi diffusion of light in the North-west, pated in waste and riot.

like a strong twilight. There were After all; to this deluded people, in some clouds, and some stars appeared. their various degrees of criminality, we Venus at that moment was about due owe one important duty; which is, to

West, and among hazy clouds, not open their eyes this day to a very whole

very brilliant. An article in the Pa. some truth, namely, that all the authority, the property, and the patriotisto of pers relating to the same occurrence, this district will benceforward be em

dated Paris, Feb. 9, says, “ Saturday bodied and in array against their machi. evening a beautiful Aurora Borealis nations. Hitherto perhaps we have

was seen at Paris." The sky was seþeen too slow in undeceiving them, and repe, and the air mild.” may thus bave permitted them to be My Barberry tree (vol. LXXXV.ü. lieve that we were indifferent, or per p. 294) was much blighted last year; haps intimidated. Now, however, in but neither the Spring-wheat, about

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30 yards distant, nor Lammas about who declares that it is invariably pro. 50, was at all injured by this (suppos nounced Tipbuctoo. Vide Adams's ed) uoxious neighb«ur. R. C. Narrative, p. 94, note D.

To prevent any obstacles to the Mr. URBAN, Chellle, feb. 5. discovery of the interior of Africa

that might occur to travellers emcomidon appearance (as I believe ployed by the British Goveroment, it, it to be) which has lately been ob may be expedient here to observe served bere; and which may probably that the place 400 miles North of Sebe interesting to Oroithologists. Degal, on the Western Coast of Africa,

A pair of Swallows, the Árundo where this poor illilerale sailor rustica, Lin. Sysl. having bred up a was wrecked, is called by the Arabs rest of young ones the last Summer,

El Gazie, that is to say, in a hovel adj. viping a dwelling-house in this Viliace, without being dis the g guiteral. Any African traveller turbed, came on the elevevth day of de-irous of ascertaining the situation January last and visi'ed their vest,

of El Gazie, would be on able to make and one of them was seen in it busily himself intelligible, unless he proemployed either in pulling it down or repairing it, the other sitting on a

nounced properly the į or % gutrafler near. They both fow in and tural; see Jackson's Account of Ma. out many times in the course of the

rocio, &c. ed or 3d edil. p. 236, pole. day, and appe-red sirong on the Adams's account of ilings worn wing. It was a warn day for the through the cartilage of the nose season, and some goals were peso (ee his Narraiive, p. 18) is a coo. ceived in the air; they dep?rted about firmation of Jackson's account of one o'clock. Io about ten days after, Nose-rings; see his Account of Ma. they revisited their nest, but made a

rocco, p. 290, note. It appears that much shorler stas, the weather not it is be lasbion to wear these Nosebeing so favourable; and have not rings through the middle cartilage of been seen siuce*.

W.C. the nose, ai Wangara, as well as at

Soodeny. Cursory Observations on the Narra. Adams, page 21, confirms Jackson's

live of Robert Adams, a Sailor, account of the name of the King of who was wrecked in the year 1810, Tipbuctoo ; see Jackson's Account,

the North-western Coast of 2d edition, p. 299; where the King. AFRICA, toas detained three Year's is called Roolo. in Slavery by the Arabs of the Il is remarkable also that Jackson's Great Deseri, and resideil several account of Wovlo, King of Timbuc. Months during that Period at Time too, is coofirmed on the authority of

Lhage Mohammed Sherifti, in The

second volume of the Proceedings of TIMBUCTOO ; I call it so because

the African Association, who says that tbis orthograplıy, first established by Jackson in his Account of Ma Woolo, King of Bambarra, tvok posricco, &c. is contirmed by Depuis, session of the City of Timbuctos

from the Moors in the year of Christ . The mildness of the evening of Fri 1900. Notwithstanding this extraorday Jan. 31, was su unprecedented at dinary corroboration, ihe Annotator tbis time of the year, that several bats of Adams's Narrative, speaking of were observed flying about in the sub- Jackson's authority, says, Mr. Jackurbs of Ipswich, and one actually few sun further slates that the same King into a shop upon the Corn-hill, where it

of Timbuctoo was also Sovereign of was secured. The account given by Bambarra; in which respect, howPennant of this extraordinary creature is, that “ towards the latter end of sum

ever, as in many other iostances where the bat retires into caves, ruined

he relies vo African authorily, it is buildings, the roofs of houses, or bollow apparent that he was misinformed, trees, where it remains the whole Win- for the name of the King of Bambarra ter, in a state of inaction ; suspended from the year 1795 to 1905 inclusive, by the bind feet ; closely wrapped up

was certainly Mansong. Now, I would in the membranes of ihe fore feet, ask ihe annotalor, how is ihis fact and makes its first appearance early in ascertained; and he must necessarily the Summer."-Edit.

answer that it is established on Mr.

Park's

ON

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per,

for Dog.

pence.

Park's authority, who obtained the the Military Government being de-
information froin an illiterate Moor, puted to Negrues, and the Civil Go-
or in other words, from African au vernment being deputed to · Moors;
thority; so that the appotalor asserts see Jackson's Marocco, p. 300, 301.
as a fact, that Mausong was King,
which assertion is supported on Afri- tracied from Adams's Account, p.

Specimens of Timbuctoo words, cx. can authority; and he further main

43 and 44 ; witb Remarks : tains, that Woolo was not King of Timbuctoo in 1800, although that Dog, Killeb. This is the Arabic word fact is ascertained by Jackson on Afri. can authority, which confirmed by Sleep, Naidsh. This I suspect to be the proceediogs of the African Asso the word Kaibsh, which is the Ara. ciation, as well as by Adams's Nar bic for Sheep, and bas been transrative. Now as “ La Vérité se fait formed to Naidsh by Adams's oral coupoitre par le concours de temoigo

inaccuracy. ages *;" so the truth of Jackson's ac- Elephaot, Eifeel. This is the Arabic count of Woolo.being Sovereign of

word for Elephaol. Timbuctoo, is confirmed by the con House, Dah. A corruption of Dar, curring testimony of the proceedings

which is the Arabic name for a of the African Association added to House. the report of Adams.

Mountain, Kuddear. This word is a That such an animal as the Heirie, corruption of Kuddea, which word described by Jackson, p. 90, exists, is

signifies in Arabic a hill or emiconfirmed by Adams, p. 28. On this subject it may be observed that Jack- Date tree, Carna Tomar. The first son's Erragual is the same with Lea's name is Soudanic, the last is a corRagoabil, this latter word being as ruption of the Arabic word Timur, suredly an error of the Prioter's;

which signifies a date. Jackson's Erragual is also the same Fig tree, Carna Carmoes. Kermuse with Pennant's Raguabl, the er pre

is the Arabic for tigs. ceding the Ragual of Jackson, being Thus, there appears in a list of 16 the Arabic article Jl which preced names of things in the Timbuctoo

language, thai 7 are Arabic, 9 ing the solar letter r or


takes that Soudanic; so that the language of

Timbuctoo is evidently a mixture of letter, and drops the l or J for it.

Soudanic and Arabic. It is to be lamenled that Mr. Cock,

Woled Abbusebah, a tribe of Arabs in his examination and interrogation in the Desert first poticed by Jackof Adams, the sailor, did not question

son (see his Map, p. 282), is confirmed him respecting the mode of building by Depuis's vote in Adanis's Narrahouses at Timbuctoo, as described tive, p. 235, 236, 237. This gentle. by Jackson, p. 299 ; for, although I am

man's' account of the emigration of not disposed to doubt'any thing that the Arabs of Woled Abbusebbah is a Jackson records, his account being of a similar emigration, p. 175.

corroboration of Jackson's account collected with that discriminating cautioo which so evidently marks the

La Mar Zarah of Adams, p. 24, inquirer after truth; yet any con. may probably be El Babar Zarak (i.e. firmation of what he asserts, even by the Blue River) or El Bahar Sahara an illiterale sailor, would have been (i.e. the River of the Desert) either satisfactory on the subject in question, of which may proceed from the Dewhich is one upop wbich we may pre self in the Nile, El Abeede, near Tim

sert, and run Westerly, emptying it. suine Adams was competent to give bucloo; or it may possibly be a more the necessary information.

It appears by Adams's specimen of latitudinal corruption of the stream Timbuctoo words, that the inhabi.

or river named by the Arabs Sakia tants of Timbuciou speak a mixture El Humra (i.e. the Red Stream) which of Arabic and Soudavic, which is a

passes tbrough the Desert of Sahara, natural consequence resulting from

and probably empties itself in the

Nile, El Abeede, South of Timbuctoo ; * See Lettres de M. de Bailly à M.

this stream is well known by the de Voltaire, sur L'Altantide, 'Lettre Arabs, who are accustomed to traUme.

verse the Desert, and they report the

walcrs

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waters (bereof to be brackish, and of nicus is consulted, where is an ample a red colour.

display of the most imposing houses Mr. Jachson, page 297, asserts enriching this æra; in fact, it is from that The City of Timbuctoo is with his grand national work in three vols. ont walls; Adams confirms this, p. folio, our materials must be selected 25.-The Nile, El Abeede, is described, in great measure as in former inp. 99, as passing to the Eastward, slances (see some of the preceding ihrough fertile countries East and reigas), as bo other publication of South-east of the Desert ; this is a the same oature was then in exist. confirmation of what Jackson says, ence; with his labours the task dropt p. 312, for although nothing is said in a certain degree: however, in our in Adams's account of the popula- time, some professional men, Wolfe, tion of the countries through which Gandon, Richardson, &c. strove to the Nile passes; yet fertility implies wield the lever of continuation by population, and it is reasonable to bringing out four volumes among suppose that the inhabitants of the them, of later-erected edifices (from Deserl contigavus to the River would

which we also intend making the neleave their barren habilations, and 48- cessary observations). This undertakchange them for the fertile country ing likewise declined, not for want along the banks of the River.- I'be of materials, or inclination in the large Lake or joland Sca, nientioned artists to bring out new performances, in Adams's Narrative, p. 120, is pro. but for want of the all-powerful inbably the Bahar Soudan, or Sea of cilement, the “needful." In vain do Soudan, described by Jackson as being some friendly minds (as of late in fifteen days journey East of Tubuc these pages) cry out to excile in too: another corroboration of this amateurs “ a spirit of patronage,” in interior sea, so minutely described by vaiu strive to do awaj the stupor of Jacks'ın, is to be found in the Travels “ cold neglect :” the world lias its vi Ali Bey, 4tu, vol. I. p. 220 and 221. Pods aod its starts, its smiles and it's Elon, Oct. 25. V Asco de GAMA. frowns. England's soil is not always

favourableto architectural bopes; the ARCHITECTURAL INNOVATION. science seeins to fade, and flourishes No. ÇCXII.

pot!-Here let the business rest! (Progress of Architeclure in England It is judged proper to make ad.

in the reign of GEORGE I. vance is progressive decorative order Continued fron p. 8.

from Vitruvius, before we enter on our A

NEW Series is opening before own personal surveys of such works as

us, where is found but a small bear the visible features of the first portion of foregoiog appearances that George's reign; traditional informasland in strong character or tion hoarded by us from our earliest predominantly conspicuous; and studies must likewise give its store of as political circuinstances and fresh information in aid to the general springs of Architecture became at this

inass of instruction here proposed to period actuated by similar impulses, be imparted. the field for each was large, and left Memoranda from Vitruvius Bri. open to equal enterprize aud equal tannicus. success. Quitting the double theme Mr. Johnstone's house, Twickenof bold advance, let us proceed on ham, Middlesex, 1710, or 12; James, our own scientific course, uprestrain Arc.- Plan; three parts in width, two ed, and free from aoy adverse uppo- ditto in depth, and hall centre ; left, sition. Welcome in general has his back stairs, and two parlours ; right, therto enabled us to adventure thus best stairs, bed-room and two clo. far; and why out in future? Away sels. Depth ; three rooms. Chamwith duubt, let us go ou !

ber foor; bed-room arrangement. la the course of this reign (14 or Elevation ; two stories; Doric plas15 years) many examples suiting the ter door-way, circular head winpurpose of our progress rose both in dow over it, with architrave, sided town aod country, their designs grand with festoons of lowers and a dado and extensive: indeed a princely cre tablet ; side windows plain, nylched ation of objects marked their walls, dado tablets, block cornice, a statue unlimited patronage seemed to pre op each end of dilte. vail, if Cainpbell's Vitruvius Brilan Cavpbell-House, Glasgow, 1712.

Col.

are

rate.

Co!. Campheil; Arc.Plan; three cornice with pediment centrical. Cen: parls in widih, two in depth; hall tre mans for house; ibiee stories and centre, grand stairs and saloon; leit, in three divisions ; Tonic coluan petwo closels and dwo parlours; right, diment door.war; the windows iwo parlours; depth, (no roons, plaid, generai blok corice, on centre One-pair, or chamber-story; simuar division, a puestai Gallery decoraarrangement for bed-rooms, Eleva- tioo; que unity throughout, ibongh tion; three divisious; centre ditto of tile plainest (asi. breaks forward, scroll and circular Mr. Cary's house, Rochamplon, pediment door-way; all the windows Surrey, 1710, 0: 12, Archer, Arih.have kneed architraves with dulo General arrangement still more ex. tabtels ; centre division a pediment, tensive than he preceding design ; balustrade gallery on roof support. great court, left and right, offices for iny vases; rustic quoios, grand pro- kitchen and stables (Burlington-house jeciwng flight of steps inclusing a ter. mode, of which, the illustration will

suon be entered upon,) with swe pHall Barns, near Beaconsfield, ing arcades to the house.

In the Bucks, 1724, Ed. Waller, esq. Col. front of couri sweeping walls, as the Campbell, Arc.—Plan; centre, vne out covtive of the buildings; an oval Jarge room, wided by two small dirlo bason in centre of the court. The aud closeis. Elevation ; Tonic colun: house"; three parts in width, Three circular headed door-way, columns, ditto in depth: in the widih, hall and and archiirave rusticated; windows rooms on each side; in the depib, with pediments, treble key-stones, ge staircases, saloon, and rooms left and peral block pediment; in lyaupannin, rigit : extreille curious double rise guidcron shield and ribbands; three of steps to entrance. Elevation; three statues on pedimient; side windows divisions; side divisions, pliin pilaskneed architrave and plain corvices. ters and rustic quoins ; Doric pilasler The great Waller wrote bis poems door-way with broken pedunent; on this spot, (understood in soroe plain windows: (in centre of third prior building.)

story, oral windows) key-siunes and House, Twickenham, Middlesex, notched dado tablets, with the ex1721. In the Palladium manner. ception of one in centre having Co. Plan; three paris in widih, two in rioihian pilasters, its entablature supdepth ; best and back stairs in centre, ports two balusters, (not a happy parlours on tach side; back range, idea,) general block cornice, balus. saloon centre, room on each side. ter parapet wilh vases over centre diAttic story ; oa right two bed-rooms vision; general pediment rises from wbole depin ; right abole depth in a said corvice, and broken to accomgallery. Elevation; grand double modate dilto centrical balustrade. Hight of steps with balusters, (form Newby-bouse, Yorkshire, 1721 ; ing the basement story:) in centre Sir W. Robioson, bart. C. Campblock pedimental door-way, plain bell, Ar-Plan; three parts in widih architrave wiudows with cornice ; in and depth; in width, hall, and rooms the allics, square diito plain eniab. left and right; in centre part of house lalure.

siaircases and small rooms; depth, Mr. Hudson's house, Suobury, Mid saloon, and rooms leít aou right. dlesex, 1712. Furt. Arc.- Plan; ex Second story as altics, much the same tensive arrangement, a centrical mass kind of arrangement, except on right, for house, and wing in advance; va one continued gallery whole depth. Jefi ditto, stables aud other consonant Elevation; centre division lonic cooffices; uncommonly pleasing; rigiit luang, circular-headed doorway; first wing, kitchen and its congaut of story windows pedimented ; second fices, equally well laid down. Cen ditto, or attics, square windows with tre mass; three paris width, depith kneed architraves, general block corthree ditto; in front, nall and best nice, wiib pediment to centre divistairs, with rooms left and right; in sion; in tympan guideron shield and the depth), salvou centrical, back ribbands, general balustrade, in its stairs, rooms left and right; most centre, three statues, and at extre. happy and complete disposure of a mities, vases. A most elegant de plan. Elevation; to the wings plain sigo altogether. door-ways and windows, general block Atherton. house, Larcaster, 1723 ;

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