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1817.) Keeping of Bees recommended. - Charity for Seamen. 129 Mr. URBAN,

Feb, 9..

Lord.” “ You speak in riddles; how Y , of d Midlotere,

OUR Correspondents Economi do you then to " and Ilumanitas, p. 312, in their sug- who do not let me want for any thing." gestions for the relief and employ- “ How! you have a convent! I did ment of the poor, allude lu the keep. potkoow there was one in this neighiug of Bees as being very protina. bourhood: this is all very strange, ble to the proprietors. (Economicus very unaccountable, Mr. Curate." says, “ Few are the places in this “ You are jocular, my Lord.” country where Bees could not be culti- come, Sir," said the Bishop, “ I invated to great advantage;" and I treat that you would solve the coig. headily coocur with bim in that opi. ma: I would fain see the con veul.” bion, and therefore most earnesily “So you shall, my Lord, after diouer; recoinnend every person who has avd I promise you that your Lordany kind of convenience for the pur- ship will be satisfied with my conpose (and it requires little wore iban duct.”. Accordingly, when dinoer was a Souiherly situation, well shellered over, the Curate conducted the Prefrom the wind) to try the experiment, late to a large inclosure, entirely oce nothing doubting but they will be cupied by Bee-hives, and, pointing to most amply rewarded for the little the latter, observed, “ This, my lord, trouble and expence they may be put is the convent which gave us our dioiv is the first instance. And this is ner; it brings me in about 1800 livres Dolooly recommended to the poorer per annum, upon which I live very ciasses, but also to farmers and arti- comfortably, and with which I couzans of every description who have triveloentertainmyguests genteelly." that great source of domestic comfort The surprize and satisfaction of the " a garden” attached to their habita- Bishop at this discovery may readily tions. (Let it be observed, however, be conceived. - The sequel of the that gardeos in or very near lo large slory in forms us, that afterwards, towns are by no means congenial to whenever a Curate made application the babits and health of those indus. to his Lordship for an improved living, trions insects.)

he would only reply, “ Keep Bees, By way of illustraling what has been keep Bees.”

BENEVOLUS. said of the profits to be derived from

This Correspondent refers R. E. R. Bees, I shall, by your leave, Mr. Urbang (LXXXVI. ii. 306) to Sir W. Temple's subjoin a pleasing lale on the subjeci, Works, vol. I. folio, p. 128, for that Lately coinniunicated lo nie as a fact. great Statusman's Letter to Lady.Essex

“ A French Bishop being aboul lo on the Death of her Daughter, dated make his annual visitation, sent word Jan. 29, 1674; and very justly observes, to a certain Curate(whose ecclesiastical that "many olber extremely interesting benefice was extremely smail), that particulars are to be found in the Works he intended to dine with him; at the

of Sir Williain Temple.” Edit. same time requesting that he would pot put himself to any extraordinary.


Jan. 1. espence. The Curaie promised to

TITH reference to the present aliend to the Bishop's suggestion; but general distress, pray permit he did not keep his word, for he pro. mie to inquire,- do any of your vavided a most sumptuous entertain- luable Correspondeats know the parinent. His Lordship was much sur ticulars of a Charity which is said to prised; but could ootavoid censuring exist for the relief of poor Seamen, The conduct of the Curale, observing, Soldiers, and their families. I have that it was highly ridiculous in a mau met with the following account of it whose circunstances were so narrow, amongst some old papers; and should to lauoch out in such expence ; bay, feel gratified at this juncture to as. almost to dissipate bis entire inconie certain whether it is correct. in a siogle day. Do not be uocasy on "On application to the Aldermen ibat scare, my Lord,” replied the Cu or the Lord Mayor, and soliciting a rale, “Tor) assure you that what you ticket, you may receive of the Chainnow see is nol the produce of my cu berlain the sum of 41. arising from the racy, which I beslow exclusively on the legacy left by Sir J. Langham to the poor."

“Then you have a patrimo. Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen by, Sir?” said the Bishop. “No, ny of the City of London, in trust, toGENT. Mag. February, 1917.


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wards raising a sund for the relief of profit by the handliog and manage poor seamen, soldiers, and their fa- ment of the money. In either case milies. As the sum cannot be suffi- the arrangement is partial or inconcient to supply every one who needs, venient; and where a dispule and can. it is thus distribnted: The Lord vassariscs for the nomination, between Mayor has four tickets, and each Al the friends of the bankrupt and the . derman iwo, to disposc of gearly; more rigorvus creditors, the vanand whoever they favour with a quished parts are sure to be injured ticket, receives 41. upon giving a re- by the result, because their property ceipt for the same at the Chamber- is delivered over into the care and lain's Office, wilhout any dedaction. possession of those in whom they do Such as cannot find a friend may ubo aut place confidence. The Assignce tain a ticket, by petitioning to the too is generally himself a tradesman, Lord Mayor, or Aldermen, or by go or else a banker, whose special trade ing personally to the Mansion-house; it is to become the debtor of his where the ticket is sometimes graol. customers to as great an amount, and ed to them.

for as long a period, as he can obtain ; “ Turee years servitude in the and who hereby becoming invested Navy or Army is quile sufficient to with sums of money, .for ihc use of entiile a person to the benefit of it, which he gives oo account, and for but it is very little known amongst the principal no security, exposes it a those objects whom it is principally second time to risk by the continintended to relieve*.” HUMANITAS. gency of his own failure.

If, as Commissioners are appointed Mr. URBAN, June 19, 1816. for the regulation of some of the pro. THE Toe allention which has been ceedings in bankruptcy, they should

paid to the humble claims of the also discharge the more iniportant Deblor does honour to the Philan. function of receiving and dividing thropy of the Counlry ; and if what I the money, such hazard and incoa. have to offer upon a subject relating venience as I have alluded to would to the protection of the Creditor should be obviated, and all suspicion of inappear reasonable, I have a bope terested delay in the payment of divithat among your widely circulating deods would be removed ; a satisfac. Essays it may catch the eye of some tory publicity would be insured for upright and powerful Lawyer, and be the creditor 'in the management of carried into effect by the Legislature. the affairs; he would receive the ut.

On looking into a List of Bank- most proportion of bis debt that jusrupts, we may conceive what an enor. tice could recover, without the chance mous property is annually sunk in of being ioveigled into compromises these commercial whirlpools, and so- oblained upon deceptive representaciety treinbles at the extended ruin tions. The money that is accumuwhich the explosion of a considerable lated previously to each dividend Firm carries along with it. The should be vested in the public funds, means now in force for the recovery and the interest carried to the geueral of such properly being to me practi- account. Costs of such an establishcally unsatisfactory, I wish to recos. ment would be inferior to the promend that the adininistration of a digious accounts for litigation ibat Bankrupt's affairs should be discharg. are now created at the will of a died by public officers, giving security recting attorney ; and the delays and for their conduct, instead of being expences of the office would be altocommilted to the trust of individual geiher less than those for which needy creditors selected for Assignees. or capricious men may find eodless An Assignee either underlakes a preteaces.

W. M. H. troublesome and gratuitous task, in the execution of which he may ex Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 25. pect that courley should exempt T frequently happens that I have him from much inquiry and in vesti. to search the Registers of varigation; or he accepts it for the sake ous Churches in London, for mar. of a salary, or with an intention to riages, burials, &c.; and it as frequent

ly occurs, that when I go to any such * Proper applicants,our Correspondent Church, I am ivformed that no search may be assured, are not wanting. ED, can be inade that day, on account of

the lateness of the hour, or that vide sufficient regulations, so as to there is no one in the way to attend me. prevent various COMPLICATED MISE

An unpleasantness of this sort, Sir, Ries, to which Boys employed in presented itself in the present week, climbing and cleansing chimaeys, are when, on application to a Parish liable, beyond any other employmeot Clerk for inspection of the Register, whatsoever in which boys of iender whu lived oot more than a hundred years are engaged: and whereas the yards from the Church, I was lold. I MISERY of the said boys inight be ought to have come earlier (not. much alleviated," &c. In the schedule withstanding it was then not more to the Act, to which clause I refers, than two v'clock); that the proper the Master (or Mistress) of the Boys hours for searching Registers were is directed to treat bis (or her) Ap. between len and twelve; and, inde- prentices with “ as much humanily pendent of this, that there was no and care as the nature of the employperson to alteod me. It was in vain, ment of u Chimney sweeper will allow Sir, I urged the real necessity of pro- of.” If I mistake Dot, the basis on euring the information I was in which the Act of Parliament for the quest of; ! was again peremptorily abolition of the African Slave Trade informed it could not be done, and was founded was a resolution of the I was consequeotly obliged to come House of Commons, that the trade away without it. Now I should be was contrary to justice, humanily, glad tu know, !hrough the channel and sound policy, Tue declaration, of your widely circulated publication, or rather acknowledgmeni of the lebot more for my own satisfaction, gislature, respecting the vurijus comIhan for the inforination of the pub. plicated miseries atieudaat ou The lick at large:

present mode of sweeping chimneys 1. Whether the Register of every surely may be takeu as a good fuunParish Church is, or is vot, bound, daliva for a Bill to abolish ia future upon application, to be produced, for the practice of employing helpless the purpose of making any extracts infants to sweep chimneys; a praclice Therefrom, or taking copies of any which has most justly been said to be marriage, birth, or burial :

disgraceful to tolerate in a Chris. 2. Whether, on any such applica- lian and a civilized Country.tion, the party can legally insist on

A CONSTANT READER. its production? Aud 3dly, whether aoy Clerk, or


Jan. 30. other person duly authorised, refusing I Believe few who are practically pany any such applicant for that pur. culture, can refrain from joiving in pose, is not liable to some, and the smile wbich the companication what punishmeat?

of“ A Lay Titheholder” in your Num. A CONSTANT READER. ber for October last, p. 310, (purport

ing to be an extract from the Times. Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 23. Newspaper) on the recent Report of AS S the unfortunate children em the Board of Agriculture, must ex

ployed to sweep chinneys are cite. But, on so serious a subject as likely to have their cause taken up the present depressed state of the by Parliament in the course of the agricultural interest of this kingdom, prescat Session, I wish to point out to one cannot long indulge any notion those persons who are interested in of merriment towards mistakes which, their behalf, the terms by which the wheu gravely advauced by su respectLegislature has already sparked the able a Society, as facts resulting from trade of a Chimney-sweeper, which inquiries directed by that united sagaappears to me such, that it is rather city which is supposed to reside in extraordinary more notice has not such establishments, become sanctified been taken of them, thao bas been. to the uninformed, aud inatter of con

The preamble to the Act Geo. III. viction to those alone who need in. 28. cap. 48. for the better regula formation of the real state of the tion of Chimney-sweepers and iheir subject, and who are iofioiicly the. apprentices, begins thus: “ Whereas greater part of society. the Laws now in beiog, respecting I am led to offer these remarks Masters aod Apprentices, do not pro- from reading iu your “ Review of

New Publications,” in the Number be

Mr. URBAN, Chelsea, Feb.3. fore referred to, p. 347, the extract you IT

REQUEST your indulgence to a make from “ the Report on the sub few lines from a very old Cor. ject of Titbe," where the “ weight respondent, who never yet bas venof tithe," prefacing the subject in a tured to draw his grey.goose-quill way which would lead all but those against Essex-street or its Pope. who know that it is in fact no weight Permit me géntly to bint to Mr. at all (being always ininutely calcu- T. Belsham, that I deem him uoforlaled and provided for in all sales or tunate in his reply to Lord Thurleasings of land by the buyer, or low's manly letter. (See Gent. Mag. taker) to guppose it a matter too Jan. 1917, p. 10.) oppressive to investigate without Three times Mr. B.“has no doubt," shuddering; a disease too hopeless once Mr. B. “ dares say," and once to propose a remedy for: it proceeds Mr. B. assures you he has received to stale, as a fact established by the “ on undoubted authority." I will correspondence, “ that 10s. in the not trample upon a fallen Hero, whom pound rent is taken as a computa. Bp. Burgess has laid low. But tion in Dorselshire; and 9s. an acre may be permitted to observe that, for grass land is paid in Berkshire.” with

respect to his statement, From a pretly extensive knowledge “ Non tali auxilio, nec defensoribus istis, of the former County, I can assert, Tempus eget." VIRG. that if it be meant that 10s. in the

Can it be admitted, seriously, even pound rent is the general rate of com- by Mr. B. himself, whom I sincerely position for Tithe in Dorsetshire, pily, that Lord Thurlow's “ late. which is the obvious inference, a learned and noble Relative," and that inore minute inquiry, or a better in- Bp. Horsley, “ of wbose learning and formed Correspondent, would have talents that Relative had a very just assured the Board, that 58. in the opinion," " had a great respect and pound rent is, on an average, the rate friendship for each other,"-perfectly of commutalion of tithe throughout understood one another,--and yet, the County, taking the vale or graz “ in their social hours, (let is not ing part called Blackmore, with the mince the matter here, in their libehill country on which the sheep and ral compotationes,) often amused corn systein is followed. There can

themselves like knaves with laughing be no doubt but that many instances at fools ?" exist where, on corn farms of good If I nisunderstand Mr. B. he has quality, at low rents, it amounts to

the pen of a ready writer : but he 10s. in the pound on such low rent; will allow me lo add, that Mr. B. but putting those farms on an equal may dure say what a common man average price with others according like your Correspondent shudders to to quality, their composition will be believe. reduced to the average i havestalcd.

A Bishop is " as a city set upon an With regard to Berkshire, a County hill.” Let oot men in high stations of which I have also some knowledge, be shot al by air-guns, or by anonythe statement of 98. ap acre being mious assassins *. JOIN TROT. paid for grass land is by no means an alarming account of tithe composi


Feb. 4. tion, when it is recollected that the

N your valuable Publication, rarely grass laud in the rich vale of White Horse, and of other parts of that County, are let at from three guineas dangerous a tendency as a Paper in to five pounds per acre, and that a

your Number for July last, p. 20, seventh, or at least an eighth, part of signed " A Cambrian Vicar." "It is the rent value of grass land is usually

equally adverse lo our Establishment set out on commissions of inclosure and to the Dissenters: it bears indisas the fair value of the lithe, where criminate hostility to every benevolands are allotted in lieu thereof.

Jent Institution, whether calculated I heartily hope the Board may

to repel bodily or mental evil. How have been inore fortunate in their

a Vicar can reconcile the concluding Correspondents from other Counties; sentences to ibe sentiments which or the facts" collected with so mncb

every Churchman should entertain la udanie zeal

, will yet require much respecting Episcopacy, and more parfresh sorting and ticketing. J. B.K.

* Even though known to Mr. B.

our censure.

ticularly to bis oath of obedience to positively affirm, that a man earning his own Diocesan, I know not. The his daily bread by labour, no sooner tendency of what he has written most uoites himself to those associated in certainly is, to bring the present race any scheme of Benevolence, than his of Right Reverend Fathers in God true character meliorates, and his into supreme coolempt.

morals progressively improve. And In the other part of his Lelter, why the result of good morals to a workthe lower classes of the compunitying inao is well known. Sobriety, should not be allowed to contribute industry, and economy, invariably to Charities, or even to the support tend to enrich their possessor. When of their own Teachers, the fiery sound principles get hold of the heart, Writer is in too great haste to assign although Charity, being an effect any good reason. Liberty to do what thereof, causes something to be partwe will with our own is, I should ed with, yet the consequences upon conceive, essential to the very right the whole, are, even in a pecuniary of possession. We may spend-we point of view, highly advaolageous, bare a right to give-we may chuse in the present world, speaking of it to board. No one can deprive a man as it affects the lower orders, Godliof this power:

His choice of the ness is great gain. various methods of getting rid of his Let not then the Cambrian Vicar money may be erroneous. It may apprehend that the characters whom deserve our reprobation. The labo- he describes, will generally be the rious mechanick, who wasles in tip- Candidates for admission into the pling on the Saturday night the Work house. Let him ask any boearnings of the week, is highly cul nest Overseer, whose names are most pable. The deplorable condition of frequent in his accouuls; and he will his starving family proves it. The tell him the names of the vicious of frequenter of the brothel too merits the township-The tippler's family

He wastes his money the wanton baggage, and brats. to procure disease and rotteoness of These are the creatures who cause bones. But when one of the lower our Poor-rates to be so enormously class subscribes his penny per week high. These constilute that dead to a Bible or Prayer-book Society, or weight under which the community to any other useful ļostitution, what groans. evil, let me ask, can possibly result? What may be that portion of the Why, Mr. Urban, none at all. Every labourer's gains which is given to his dispassionate mind perceives that no- Dissenting Teacher, it is not my bu. thing but good ensues:-good unal- siness to investigate. In any conloyed with the smallest mixture of munity the labourer must be worthy evil. I grant that, with respect to the of his hire: and if he be not so richly lostitution, it is not much: but with recompensed as to lift him into dig respect to the Donor, it is almost in- nified indolence, who can have any calculable. His attention has been right to censure? happily arrested, and is fixed upon a The hulks and the gallows, I fear, certain excellent Charity. Benevo- obtain more than a fair proportion lence is awakened within him ; and of the orthodox part of our popula-, the very act of subscribing solicits and tion, who never contributed to any gradually draws forth a wish to do one in pretended Holy Orders. Should good, and a conscious delight there there be any spot in the Principality in. It is morever a pledge for the where “ the hungry sheep look up mao's good conduct. No sooner has and are not fed," uninvited assistance one in the lower walks of life en

may perhaps mortify the self-comtered into such an engagement, than placence of the Pastor; and the rebe feels bimself bound to maintain a suit will be needless trepidation about roosistency of character. He has

“ Hydras, Gorgons, and Chimæras dire." become connected with others, who pot only confess Charity to be laud

But to be serious: Every effort to able, but practise it; and he is anx.

inake good Churchınen, without mak: ious that he may do credit to his ing, men good Cbristians, will be new connexion. He finds that he is fruitless. A good foundation being nol utterly unpoliced by those around laid, the workman, who needeth pot hím ; and he oturally wishes to be

to be ashamed, will speedily erect a esteemed.

uservation I can superstructure useful and even ele

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