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was expected. The facility of the ascent form in which the whole is so wonderfor this distance excited surprise, and is fully disposed, induced the Governor to certainly not well calculated to give the give the name of Pitt's Amphitheatraveller a just idea of the difficuities be tre' (in honour of the late Right Hon. bas afterwards to encounter. At a fur. W. Pitt) to this first branch from the ther distance of four miles, a sudden Prince Regent's Glen. The road conchange is perceived in the appearance of tinues from hence, for the space of 17 the timber and the quality of the soil miles, on the ridge of the mountain the former becoming stuured, and the which forms one side of the Prince Relatter barren and rucky. At this place gent's Glen, and there it suddenly terthe fatigues of the journey may be said minates in neariy a perpendicular precito commence. Here the country be pice of 676 feet high, as ascertained by came altogether mountainous, and ex measurement. The road constructed by tremely rugged. Near to the 18th mile Mr. Cox down this rugged and tremenmark (it is to be observed, that the dous descent, through all its windings, measure commences from Emu Ford), a is no less ihan three-fourths of a mile in pile of stones attracted attention : it is length, and has been executed with such close to the line of road, ou the top of a skill and stability as reflects much credit rugged and abrupt ascent, and is supp on bim. The labour here undergone, posed to have been placed there by Mr. and the difficulties surmounted, can Caley, as the extreme limit of his four; only be appreciated by those who view hence the Governor gave that part of this scene. In order to perpetuate the the Mountain the name of “Caley's Re- memory of Mr. Cox's services, the Gupolse.' To have penetrated even su far, vernur deemed it a tribute justly due to was at that time an effort of no small him, to give his name to this grand and difficulty. From bence, forward to the extraordinary Pass; and he accordingly 26th mile, is a succession of steep and called it. Cox's Pass. Having descendrugged hills, some of which are almost ed into the valley at the bottom of this so abrupt as to deny a passage altoge- Pass, the retrospective view of the overiber; but at this place a considerably hanging mountainis magnificently grand. extensive plain is arrived at, which con. Although the present Pass is the only stitutes the summit of the Western practicable point yet discovered for deMountains, and from thence a most ex scending by, yet the mountain is mucha tensive and beautiful prospect presents higher than ibose on either side of it, itself on all sides to the eye. The town from whence it is distinguished at a conof Windsor, the River Hawkesbury, siderable distance, when approaching it Prospect Hill, and other objects within from the interior; and in this point of that part of the Colony now inbabited, view it bay the appearance of a very of equal interest, are distinctly seen bigb distinct bill, although it is in fact from hence. The majestic grandeur of only the abrupt termination of a ridge. the situation, coinbined with the various The Governor gave the name of Mount objects to be seen from this place, in York' to this termination of the ridge, duced the Governor to give it the ap- in honour of his Royal Highness the pellation of The King's Table Land.' Duke of York, On the South-west side of the King's “ On descending Cox's Pass, the Go'Table Land, the mountain terminates vernor was much gratified hy the appearin abrupt precipices of immense depth, ance of good pasture-land, and soil fit at the bottom of which is seen a gleu, for cultivation, which was the first he *s romantically beautiful as can be had met with since the commencement imagined, bounded ou tbe further side of his tour. The valley at the base of by mountains of great magnitude, termi- Mount York he called the Vale of nating equally abruptly as the utbers; Clwyd, in consequence of the strong and the whole thickly covered with tim. resemblance it hore to the vale of that ber. The length of this picturesque nanje in North Wales. The grass in this and remarkable tract of country is about vale is of a good quality, and very abun24 miles, to which the Governor gave dant; and a rivulet of line water runa the name of The Prince Regent's Glen.' along it from the Eastward, which unites Proceeding hence to the 33.i nile on the itself, at the Western extremity of the top of a bill, an opening presents itself vale, with another rivulet containing on the S. W. side vi the Prince Regent's still more water. The junction of these Glen, from whence a view is obiained

forms a very handsome particularly beautiful and grand. Moun river, 110w called by the Governor Cox's cains rising beyond mountains, with stu- River;' which takes its course, as bas yendous masses of rock in the fore. been since ascertained, through the ground, here strike the eye witb admira Prince Regent's Glen, and emplies it tion and astonishment. The circular self into the River Nepean ; and it is

two streads

COM

conjectured, from the nature of the valley runs North-west and South-east, country through whicb it passes, that it between hills of easy ascent, thinly comust be one of the principal causes of vered with timber. Leaving Sidmouth the foods which have been occasionally Valley, the country becomes again billy, felt on the low banks of the river Hawkes- and in other respects resembles very bury, into which the Nepean discharges much the country to the Eastward of the itself. The Vale of Clwyd, from the Valley for some miles. Having reached base of Mount York, extends six miles Campbell River, distant 13 miles from in a Westerly direction, and has its ter. Sidmouth Valley, the Governor was mination at Cox's River. West of this highly gratified by the appearance of the River the country again becomes billy, country, which there began to exhibit but is generally open forest land, and an open and extensive view of gently very good pasturage.

rising grounds and fertile plains. JudgTbree miles to the Westward of the ing from the height of the banks, and Vale of Clwyd, Messrs. Blaxland, Went- its general width, the Campbell River worth, and Lawson, had formerly ter- must be on some occasions of very conminated their excursion; and when the siderable magnitude; but the extraorvarious difficulties are considered which divary drought which has apparently they had to contend with, especial prevailed on the Western side of the ly until they had effected the descent mountains, equally as throughout this from Mount York, to which place they Colony, for the last three years, has rewere obliged to pass through a thick duced this River so much, that it may brush wood, where they were under the be more properly called a Chain of Pools, necessity of cutting a passage for the than a running stream, at present. baggage borses, the severity of which In the reaches or pools of the Campbell Jabour had seriously affected their River, the very curious animal called healths, their patient endurance of such the Paradox, or Water-mole, is seen in fatigue cannoi fail to excite much sur- great numbers. The soil on both banks prise and admiration. In commemo is uncommonly rieh, and the grass is ration of their merits, three beautiful consequently luxuriant. Two miles to bigh hills joining each other at the end the Southward of the line of road which of their tour at this place bave received crosses the Campbell River, there is a their names in the following order ; viz. very fine ricb tract of low lands, which “ Mount Blaxland,”—“ Wentworth's has been named Mitchell Plains. Flax Sugar Loaf,” and Lawson's Sugar was found growing in considerable quan. Loaf,” A range of very losty bills and tities. The Fish River, which forms a narrow valleys alternately form the tract junction with the Campbell River a few of country from Cox's River, for a dis- miles to the Northward of the road and tance of 16 miles, until the Fish River is bridge over the latter, has also two arrived at; and the stage between these very fertile plains on its banks, the one Rivers is consequently very severe and called “ O'Connell Plains," and the oppressive on the cattle. To this range other “Macquarie Plains,” both of very the Governor gave the name of “ Cia. considerable extent, and capable of rence Hilly Range.”

yielding all the necessaries of life. Proceeding from the Fish River, and At the distance of seven miles from at a short distance from it, a very sin- the bridge over the Campbell River, gular and beautiful mountain attracts Bathurst Plains open tu the view, prethe attention, its summit being crowned senting a rich tract of champaign counwith a large and very extraordinary- try of 11 miles in length, bounded on looking rock, nearly circular in form, both sides by gently rising and very which gives to the whole very much the beautiful hills, thinly wooded. Tbe appearance of a hill, or fort, such as Macquarie River, which is constituted are frequent in India. To this lofty by the junction of the Fish and Campbill Mr. Evans, who was the first Eu- bell River, takes a winding course ropean discoverer, gave the name of through the Plains, which can be easily “ Mount Evans.” Passing on from traced from the high lands adjoining, by hence the country continues billy, but the particular verdure of the trees ont affords good pasturage, gradually im- its banks, which are likewise the only proving to Sidmouth Valley, wbich is trees throughout the extent of the Plains. distant from tbe Pass of tbe Fish River The level and clean surface of these 12 miles. The land here is level, and Plains gives them at first view very the first met with unencumbered with much the appearance of lands in a state timber; it is not of very considerable of cultivation. extent, but abpunds with a great va. It is impossible to behold this grand riety of berband plants, such as would scene without a feeling of admiration and probably bighly interest and gratify the surprise, wbilst the silence and solitude scientific bufanist. This beautiful little which reign in a space of such extent

which reign in a space of such extent content themselves with visiting this and beauty as seems designed by Nature part of the Colony but rarely, and of for the occupancy and comfort of man, course will have them seldom to encouncreate a degree of melancholy in the ter.--Plenty of water and a sufficiency mind, which may be more easily imagined of grass are to be found in the Mounthan described.

tains for the support of such cattle as The Governor and suite arrived at may be sent over them; and the tracts these Plains on Thursday the 4th of of fertile soil and rich pasturage which May, and encamped on the Southern the new country affords, are fully exlelt bank of the Macquarie River-the tensive enough for any increase of posituation being selected in consequence pulation and stock which can possibly of its commanding a beautiful and ex take place for many years. tensive prospect for many miles in every Within a distance of 10 miles from the direction around it. At this place the site of Bathurst, there is not less than Governor remained for a week, which 50,000 acres of land clear of timbery time be occupied in making excursions and fully one half of that may be conin different directions, through the ad- sidered excellent soil, well calculated for joining country, on both sides of the cultivation. It is a matter of regret, river.

that in proportion as the soil improves On Sunday, the 7th of May, the Go- the timber degenerates ; and it is to be vernor fixed on a site suitable for the remarked, that every where to the Westerection of a town at some future pe- ward of the Mountains it is much inriod, to which be gave the name offerior both in size and quality to that “ Bathurst," in honour of the present within the present Colony: there is Secretary of State for the Colonies. The however, a sufficiency of timber of to situation of Bathurst is elevated suffi- lerable quality within ihe district around ciently beyond the reach of any floods Bathurst, for the purposes of housewhich may occur, and is at the same building and busbandry; tine so near to the River on its South The Governor has here to lament, bank as to derive all the advantages of that neither coals nor lime-stone have yet its clear and beautiful stream. The me been discovered in the Western Country: cbanics and settlers, of whatever de articles in tbemselves of so much im. scription, who may be bereafter permit. portance, that the want of them must ted to form permanent residences to be severely felt whenever that country themselves at this place, will bave the shall be settled. bigbly important advantages of a rich Having enumerated the principal and, and fertile soil, with a beautiful river most important features of this new Aowing through it, for all the uses of country, the Governor has now to notice man. The Governor must, however, add, some of its live productions. All around that the hopes, which were once so san Bathurst abounds in a variety of game ; guinely entertained, of this River be and the two principal rivers contain a coming navigable to the Western Sea, great quantity of fish, but all of one have ended in disappointment.

denomination, resembling the perch in During the week that the Governor appearance, and of a delicate and fine remained at Bathurst, he made daily favour, not unlike that of a rock-cod: excursions in various directions; one of this fish grows to a large size, and is these extended 22 miles in a South-west very voracious. Several of them were direction ; and on that occasion, as well caught during the Governor's stay at as on all the otbers, he found the country Bathurst, and at the Halting-place on chiefly cumposed of valleys aud plains, the Fish River. One of those caught separated occasionally by ranges of low weigbed 17lbs.; and the people stationed biils:-the soil throughout being gene at Bathurst stated, that they had caught rally fertile, and well circumstanced for some weigbing 25lbs. the purpose of agriculture or grazing. The field game are the kangaroos,

The Governor bere feels much plea- emus, black swans, wild geese, wild tursure in being enabled to communicate kies, bustards, ducks of various kinds, to the Publick, that the favourable re quail, bronze, and other pigeous, &c. &c. ports wbi h be bad received of the coun The water-mole, or paradox, also abounds try to the West of the Blue Mountains in all the rivers and ponds, have not been by any means exaggerat The site designed for the town of ed. The difficulties which present them- Bathurst, by observation taken at the selves in the journey from hence are flag-staff, which was erected on the day certainly great and inevitable; but those of Bathurst receiving that name, is sia persons who may be inclined to become tuated in lat. 33 dec. 24 min. 30 sec. permanent Settlers there, will probably South, and in long. 149.deg. 37 min. 45 CZNT. MAG, February, 1817.

sec.

sec. East of Greenwich, being also 271 depot on the mountains will receive full miles North of Government House, in instructions to prevent the progress of Sydney, and 941 West of it, bearing any persons who shall not have obtained West 20 deg. 30 min. North, 83 geogra- regular passes. The necessity for the phic miles, or 95} statute miles; the establishing, and strictly enforcing this measured road distance from Sydney to regulation, is too obvious to every one Bathurst being 140 English miles. who will reflect on it, to require any

The road constructed by Mr. Cox and explanation here. the party under him commences at Emu The Governor cannot conclude this Ford, on the left barik of the river Ne- Account of his Tour, without offering pean, and is thence carried 104 miles his best acknowledgements to W. Cox, to tbe Flag Staff at Batburst: this road esq. for the important service he has has been carefully measured, and each rendered to the Colony in so short a mile regularly marked on the trees grow. period of time, by opening a passage to ing on the left side of the road proceed the new-discovered country, and at the ing towards Bathurst.

same time assuring him, that he shall The Governor in bis tour made the fol- huve great pleasure in recommending lowing stages, in which be was princi- bis meritorious services on this occasion paHy regulated by the consideration of to the favourable consideration of his having good pasturage for the cattle, and Majesty's Ministers. --By Command of plenty of water:

bis Excellency the Governor. Ist stage--Spring Wood, distant from

J.T. CAMPBELL, Secretary. Emu Ford 12 miles.

2d ditto-Jamieson's Valley, or second depot, distant from ditte 28 miles.

Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 20. 3d ditto -- Blackheath, distant from

N the interesting and miscellaneous ditto 41 miles. 4th ditto-Cox's River, distant from zine, the “Compendium of Couoly

articles of the Gentleman's Magaditto 56 miles.

5th ditto-The Fish River, distant History" is invaluable in a figura from ditto i 2 miles.

live sense of eulogy and relation. 6th dittom-Sidmouth Valley, distant You may consider it as the vehicle of from ditto 80 miles.

commendation of County History, or, 7th ditto -- Campbell River, distant if you please, on founded pretensions from ditto 91 miles.

and merit introductory to more con 8th ditto-Bathurst, distant from dit- pious editions. It may be fairly adto 1014 miles.

duced, there is a repo ilory, referAt all of wbich places the traveller may ence, and extract of localities, poassure bimself of good grass, and water pulation, eminent persons, or extrain abundance.

ordinary character, to altract the On Thursday, the lith of May, the light Reader for amtisement, or conGovernor and suite set out from Bize

duct the tburst on their return; aud arrived at

more inquisitive to the

source of information and copious. Sydney on Friday, the 19th uli. The Governor deems it expedient here

ness, 80 gratifying, particularly, to to notify to the Publick, that he dors

national predilection (not easily disnot mean to make any grane of land sembled or disguised) for the native to the Westward of the Blue Mountains realm. The Compendium alluded to, until he shall receive the commands of with a view and encouragement to his Majesty's Ministers on that subject, the periodical continuance of it, is and in reply to the report he is now an instance of a single article, amongst about to make them upon it.

many the most interesting, of intrioIn the mean time, such Gentlemen, sic value in itself, of a Monthly and or other respectable free persons, as Miscellaneous Collection. There is may wish to visit this new country, will

more than what meels the eye directbe permitted to do so, on making a

ly; as we have occasion frequently to written application to the Governor to

say, “there is more than what meets that effect, who will order them to be furnished with written passes.

It is it

the ear." It is no ordinary proof of

lilerary skill, if not of erudition, to colthe same time strictly ordered and directed, that no person, whether civil

leci materials of a Work by koowing or military, shall attempt to travel over

where to procure them. It is an acthe Blue Mountains without baving pre- quaintance with Strabo, Ælian, Auviously applied for and obtained per. lus Gellius, Fabricius, through whom mission, in the above prescribed form. different countries and districts have The military guard stationed at the first led to a geograpbical, peculiar, va.

tional description of varieties handed is a singular one, in originality, hodowo through successive ages to pos. nour, and ingenuity, to the century terity as nos! interesting histories. and country in which it was invented. The groves of Acad mus, and cop. If I have been too lavish in the course of the first Philosophers of praise of a Corupendious Summary Athens, have been locally described of County - History," I bow to the in the pages of History, to the immor. remark of a deep-read man; but, in tal honour of Greece, and the admin the delect or omissions, where all ration of ihe world. There is, there cannot be compressed, I would range fore, a failering and pleasing hope, them under a chained defioition of that, as every distinguished State has abridgement, or concise analysis. to boast an Historian, every County “ Verùm ubi plura nitent insignia, non in ihis kingdom may have its Histori

ego paucis ographer,

Omendur mculis."

Horar. Every man in his humour: the light Yours, &c,

C.T. Reader may be entertaines probably in meeting original Allen of prover. Mr. URBAN, Stockport, Jan, 23. bial versatility, en gerouelle, of the IN your last volume, p.505, CounVicar of Bray; or the ame person 1y History, Cheshire,” in the list may have been composed to sleep, of the Sears of ilie County, is omitted in his elbow-shair, bs John Bunyan, thal of Poynton Park, 'four miles of Bedford, as the Author his self of from Stockport, on the Macclesfield Pilgrim's Progress con posed the road, formerly the residence of the Work in his sleep. The more st Warren family. The mansion is elerious Reader may be reminded of gantly built in the lonic order of the study, possibly, from which the Architecture, and is now one of the Origines Sacræ of Stillingsleet were Seats of the Lord Viscount Warren dated in the sameCouniy. He may find, buiheley, and Lady Viscountess Warw alphabetical turn, the favourite ren Bulkeley, daughter and heiress of theme and spot where Milton luned the late Sir Geo. Warren, bart. K.B. his strains to Lycidas on the margin Amongst the Manufactures of the of Cam, as at ihe font of Arethusa; County should have been inserted that Poetic geniis may be animated in of Huis, which in this town and finding the retired abode, as Pope neighbourhood is considerable. sings, where " St. John pobly pen Yours, &c. sive sal aid thonght;" or still more pleased in iracing, at a Northern dis.

Mr. URBIN,

Jan. 16. tance, the simooth stream of Mani

T

your Magazine for Dec. last, fold, wbcre, on its bank, and sparry p. 499, nder the head of Fragtable of Congreve, his scenes were ments of Literalure, it is stated that drawn, and such were not unfavoured “ Bradshaw, the most impudent by the vicinal scenery of Dose-Dale. Lawyer, that judged the King to dye, We mast pursue the « Compendium," was the son of a Cullar-maker in in detail to be expected, of the Coun- Chester.” ty and native place of Benton, born This statement not being founded to be arrayed in the bright light of in truth, I am induced to correct the his celestial gravitating orbe.

error into which the Writer has fallen; The founded residence of a Bacon, and which I am cnabled to do from or Coke, consecrale the spot to fame, indubitable authority. and in treading their proprietary Julen Bradshaw, the Judge, was the soil, as it were on classic ground, it thiri son of Mr. llenry Bradshaw, is with impatient ardour to read the who resided at a place called Wib. labours of the learned, the works of becsley, in the township of Marple, genius, and to see recorded also in and parish of Stock port in Cheshire, their places the tinislied weatness of and was christened on the 10th Dec. Useful artisaos. Jo commendation, 1602, at the parish church of Stocknot as a flatterer, or ineptus fauior porl, as will appear by an inspection of the aptients, and of those “joven of the Register. Opposite to his tas qui vitan excoluere per artes," it name is written the word “ Truilor". is with reservatio!, and right of in a different hand. avowal in favour of modern inren. The Bradshaws of Marple certainly tions. Printing, if a solitary proof, desceodod from a second son of the

Bradshaws

J. W.

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