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specting a Work wbich I have lately To suve the consumption of bread, and read with much pleasure, a very well. satisfy the cravings of the hungry, by written, entertaining, and instruc- feeding them with wholesome, palatative little volume, called the “ Terra ble, and most substantial food at a Incognita of Liocoloshire.” The de- very cheap rate, are surely two scriptions are remarkably striking, of points well deserving the attention of places which apparently though little the publick. This is the scheme I koowo, well deserve, and will ade Dow venture to propose to the Conquately repay the curiosity of the tra. munity; and, to borrow your own veller. There is a sort of general words, “ wants only an active person prejudice agaiost the scenery of Lin or two in every parish to call it into toloshire; and they who are less ac- action;" and, let me add, crown it quainted with its different districts, with success. very naturally elicit ideas of fogs and I have now further to request, that damps, and moors and unculiivated you will not only have the goodness wastes. It contains, nevertheless, to lay before the publick the accomsome detached pictures of singular in- panying experiments, but also that terest, and much beauty; and some of you will here allow me to offer a few these will be found delineated with observations to those who may be degreat force and vivacity in this publi- sirous to carry them into effect. Such cation.

S. M. truly charitable persons must not sup

pose that the mere distribution of (From the Times.)

these receipts among the poor is all TO THE FRIENDS OF THE POOR. That is required of them. No, they "There is no want of charitable feeling must do ibis (I speak it from long

in the breasts of Englishmen, when a tried experience), they must make proper and forcible appeal is made to these experinuents in their own kitthem. There wants only an active cheus, and they must be executed unperson or two in every parish, to call der the eye of a humane housekeeper, it into action. The rich and the or by the hand of a no less humane great seldom see distress with their cook, who, whilst performiog her own eyes, and therefore they are sel- task, will reflect that she is bestowing dom among the first to suggest plans

an act of charity upon countless suffor its relief; but they have univer; fering beiogs; for, with holy resally shewn a readiness to take up and patronize any practical scheme for the grain of mustard-seed in the pa

verence I speak it, these trials, like the relief of the poor. therefore recommend all persons who rable, might, vnder Providence, he. possess practical knowledge on the come such a spreading tree, as would subject of directing human labour to

hereafter afford shelter and relief to beneficial purposes,

to contribute thousands and thousands yet unborn. their share of informatiun to the com- For my owu part I am so fortunate mon stock; and, if not of general as to possess servants of the above deapplicability, it will probably be found scription; nevertheless I ever make use of use, at least, within a limited of my own eyes and palate upoo these sphere."

occasions : consequently know that Mr. EDITOR,

what I offer to the poor is clean, I

borrow from your leading article i myself and my family might most of the 161h jost, the foregoing extract, satisfactorily share. This has been as it enables me to lay before your my practice, and my paips and trouble Readers, a secood time, one of those if such trifling attentions merit those forcible appeals to our heads and terms) have been amply rewarded, hearls, which cannot be repeated too by the heartfelt joy of seeing my exoften in this hour of distress, and pectations completely realized. Let which cannot fail of being highly ac any gentleman or lady make the exceptable to the friend of humanity. periment I bave now described, and

Now, although I cannot boast of let them at the same time call into aby scheme exactly relating to that the kitchen the honest cottager or which you so laudably solicit, yet I poor suffering mechanic's wife, makwill venture to offer a plan, which, ing the cook explain the details of if duly put in practice, could not but the whole process, the donor winding prove higbly beneficial to the poor. up the lecture with --" And now,

my

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my good woman, as you seem to un tion to publish or not the name of the derstand this matter thoroughly, you worthy Vice-admiral to whom I am sball have a pint of this excellent indebted for all the cooking knowmess for each individual of your fa ledge I have had the good fortune to mily: aod you will find upon trial acquire. The only possible inducethat it requires no bread to he eaten ment this Officer could have had to with it. At the same time you will give bis vame to the band-bill before please to remember, that the two us, must have been to authenticate gallons from whence your mess was his experiments. If this conjecture taken cost me but nineteen-pence, and be correct, the same

still this at a time when the quartern loaf exists; therefore I leave it entirely costs you within one single peony as to your option to seltie the matter as much.” Repeat this donation twice, you shall judge best. Permit me to and tben give the printed instructions hope that you will not strike out Dr. to the grateful receiver, and if after Johnston's name, as so powerful a that your expectations should fail, I voucher cannot fail of producing ar am deceived greatly. I have only adequate effect. one thing more to add, and it is

The Poor Man's FRIEND. this, I leave it to your own discre

VAST SAVING OF BREAD;
Or, Every honest and industrious Man his own Cook.
First Trial.
S. d.

Third Trial, 8. d. Beef Stickings, 1 lb.

04 Beef Stickings, 2 lb. Scotch Barley, 1 lb.

0 Barley, 1 lb. Potatoes, 6 lb.

0 Potatoes, 4 lb. Onions, Pepper, and Salt

Onions, Pepper, and Salt

1 Bacon *, 4 oz.

Water, 11 piots-Produce 7 qts. I
Water, 11 pints-Produce 7 qts. I 1

Fourth Trial.
Second Trial.

Ox Cheek
Sheep's Head and Pluck
1 Barley, 2 lb.

6 Barley, 1 lb.

Potatoes, 8 lb. Potatoes, 4 16.

Onions, Pepper, and Salt Onions, Pepper, and Salt

1

Water, 22 pints-Produce 14 qts. 2
Water, 11 pints-Produce 8 qts. I 6

Fifth Trial.
Sbin of Beef, at 2d. per Ilb. 10lb.
Barley, llb.

41

Onions, Salt, and Pepper * The coarsest parts of bacon will be | Potatoes, 8 lb. sufficiently good; therefore an ounce or two may be added if found necessary. Water, 22 pints-Produce 14 qts. 964

Any sweet herbs or cheap vegetables that can be procured may be added. When bread is at so enormous a price as to induce common humanity to seek every honest means to reduce its rate, let us conscientiously attend to the following OLD STALE HINTS, by way of reminder:

Dismiss from your tables pastry and puddings of every kind, in which flour, particularly of the finest quality, is consumed : likewise rolls, muffins, ác. Check to your utmost, the use of new bread. To give bread away at such times, is no cha. rity; but rather a folly bordering upon crime. To sell it at a low rate, whilst meat, potatoes, &c. are so cheap, is equally unpardonable.

N. B. One pound of Scotch Barley, when boiled, or rather suffered to simmer four hours over a very small fire, if poured into an earthen pan, will become a thick jelly, and weigh four pounds. A few spoonfuls of this put into eit ber bin broth or milk, will add much to the nourishment.

The above Trials were made in a very close kettle that emitted scarcely any evaporation.

*** If one or two pounds of onions, and an equal quantity of poluitnes (in proportion to the number of quarts to be produced) be sliced, and then fried in dripping, or other nice fat, and the wh le be put into the kettle a quarter of an hour before it is taken off the fire, it will add greatly to the flavour and richness of the Soup.

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Tour through various Parls of the paying only vaio marks of homage to NETA ERLANDS and GERMANY in the Kings of France and Germany,

1815. (Continued from page 6.). assunued to themselves, and transMY

Y last letter left me at Halle, pitted to their descendants, the so

which, in the route that I look, vereignty of those provinces which is the last town in the province of they had before governed only with Hainault, I was highly delighted a delegated sway. Thus arose the with what I saw of that province; Dukes of Brabant, the Counts of which yields to few parts of the Ne. Flanders and Hainault, and the other therlands in beauty, fertility, and Princes of the Low Countries, alpopulation. I offer your Readers ready in the eleventh century posboilie skelches of its history, which sessed of independent power.”

We beguiled the tediousness of a rainy fiod the province of Hainault under morning at an inn. Hainault derives the government of hereditary Counts its nane from the river Haine, which as early as the beginning of ihe tenth Ares throu. h the province from East century. Count René, the fourth of to West, and alter washing Mons, its that name, who died in 1036, left capilal, falls into the Scheldt at the inheritance of Hainault to his Condé. Its Northern boundaries are daughter Richilda, who married Brabant and Flanders; the Southern Baldwin, Count of Flanders, by whom are the Cambresis, Picardy, and she had two sons, Arnold and Bald. Champagne. It is bounded towards win; the former of whom succeeded the East by a part of Brabant and the to the Earldom of Flanders, the latcounty of Nainur, and on the West ter to that of Hainault. In giving an by the Scheldt, which separates it account of Cassel * in French Plan. fron Artois aod a part of French ders, I had occasion to mention the Flanders. The air is healthy, the unhappy fate of Arnold, who fell a 10:1 productive; and the general face victim to the base usurpation of his of the country is beautifully diversi. uncle Robert de Frison, Count of fied by the band of Nature and the Holland. His brother Baldwin fol. decorations of Art. In tracing the lowed Godfrey of Bouillon, whom history of this as well as of the other Tasso has immortalized, to the Holy provinces of the Netherlands, we are Land, where he was killed in battle involved in great obscurity, from the in 1098. His grandson, Baldwin the downfall of ihe Roman Enpire, until Fourth, married Adelaide Countess the beginning of the ninth century, of Namur, which province wasthereby aben Charlemagne formed that ex annexed to Hainault : he died 1171. tensive Empire, of which the Low Their son, Baldwin the Fifth, voited Countries constituted a part. He divi. to Haioault and Namur the Earldom deri the Netherlands into Dukedoms, of Flanders, by marriage with MarMarquisales, Earldoms, and Lordships's garet of Alsace, heiress of Flanders. and invested with corresponding titles Their son Baldwin, so renowned in those whom he had appointed to go- the History of the Crusades, was Tero them. “ During the reign of raised to the throne of Constantinople Charleinagne (as we are told by a in the beginning of the 13th century; tensible Writer* whom I have often but his reign was of short duration: quoted), and for some time after bis he was defeated and taken prisoner death, while the reverence of his by Calo-John, a Bulgarian Chief, and game lasted, these Governors kept languished in captivity till he was retbemselves within the bouods of duty; leased by death. He was succeeded but in succeeding times, when the in the Earldoms of Hainault and reios of empire were slackened in the Flanders by his daughter Jane, a bands of his feeble descendants, and woman of great spirit, whose uncle when the empire that he had formed Philip had previously obtained the

as weakened by its division into Marquisate of Namur. About 20 distinct monarchies, the Governors years after the accession of Jane, the in the Netherlands, by degrees, with peace of her Government was disdrew themselves from obedience; and turbed for a short time by a singular

occurrence. – A hermit in one of the * Shaw's Sketches of the History of the Austrian Netherlands.

* See Gent. Mag. April, 1816, p. 295.

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forests of Flanders proclaimed him- man. Edward availed bimself of this self to be their old sovereign Baldwin, alliance to strengthen his bands against the Emperor of Constantinople. He France, wbich was peculiarly vul. dressed up a romantic account of his nerable in that quarter; and he bad escape from prison, and subsequent the address to engage in his cause the adventures, till his arrival in his na most powerful Princes of the Low tive land, when, by way of penance, Countries. The intercourse between he retired to a hermitage; from the Courts of England and Hainault whence he now came forth to claim was constant and iotimate during the their allegiance as his lawful subjects. reign of Edward. The Chronicle of His adherents soon became numerous that period, by Froissart, is well and formidable; but before their worth the perusal of such as are deplans were ripe for action, he was sirous to see a lively picture of those detected to be an impostor, and was romantic dayı; and your Fair Readers hanged at Lille in 1225. The Coun- will be amused with a circumstance tess Jane died without issue in 1244. mentioned by that Writer, in giving She was succeeded by her sister Mar- an account of an embassy from Enggaret, whose son, Joho d'Avesnes, land to Hainault; namely, that in the by her first husband, succeeded to the ambassador's train appeared Evglish Earldom of Hainault. Another son, Knights with one eye veiled, according by a second marriage, Guy de Dam- to a vow they had made to their mise pierre, obtained ihe Earldom of tresses, on taking leave, that they never Flanders. John d'Avesnes married would uncover the eye till they bad Adelaide, the daughter of the Count performed some gallant exploit deof Holland, in consequence of which serving of their smiles. that powerful provivce, as well as Edward and Philippa frequently vi.. Zealand and Friesland, devolved to sited the Netherlauds. Two of their the Counts of Hainault, which made sons, Liouel, and John of Gaunt, were up for the loss of Flanders. Jobn born in that country. The Low died jo 1300. During the fourteenth Countries in that age were unrivalled century the House of Hainault was in commerce and manufactures: and in the height of its power and splen- to our intimate connexion with Hai. dour ; and its history is closely con nault in the reign of Edward the Third, pected with English affairs, during we may trace the origin of the spirit the reign of Edward the Second, and of commercial enterprize in England, of his son Edward the Third, who and the iotroduction of the woollen was son-in-law to William Count of manufacture among us. Hainault, a bold and warlike prince, William, Count of Hainault, the whose fame was not surpassed by any father of our Queen Philippa, was chief in that renowned period of mi. succeeded by bis sister, Margaret litary adventure and heroism. Isa- d'Avesnes, who conveyed, by marriage, bella, Queen of Edward the Second, the rich inheritance of her family to having quarrelled with the Spensers, the House of Bavaria. the King's favourites, repaired to the William Duke of Bavaria, married Continent for succours to make head Matilda of Lancaster. He died with. against them, accompanied by her out issue, and was succeeded by his son, afterwards Edward the Third, brother Albert, who died in 1404. then a boy. She met with a kind re His son William married Margaret, ception at the Court of Hainault, daughter of Pbilip the Bold, Duke where a splendid train of gallant of Burgundy, by whom he had an knights, in the true spirit of chivalry, only daughter, ihe heiress of his devoted themselves to her service; States, Jacoba, or, as the French and altending her back to Eogland, writers call her, Jacqueline, a Prinpowerfully contributed to the success CC88 whose bistory exhibits a most of her arms, and to the attainment of interesting and affecting parrative, her grand object, the elevation of which a sudden interruption obliges her son to the Throne.

me to postpone, together with some Young Edward, during his resi- further observations on the Princess deuce at the Court of Hainault, fell of Hainault, till my next letter. in love with the Princess Philippa,

CLERICUS LEICESTRIENSIS. who afterwards became his Queen, an accomplished and high-spirited wo

(To be continued.)

Mr.

Her son,

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