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readily be perceived that the effect of tioy were bound by a second-sight apo the scene is well adapted to carry on prehension to refrain the fearful opethe interest already entertained for the ration, or other cause, or still giving maio construction. Materials, to the way to the bumble solicitations of Cryp!, brick walls and piers, the dress some feeling Antiquary, to preserve ings stvoe: above, the wholcelevation and save so much of delightful Archiis stone work. It might be thought lecture, expressive of the domestic these particulars of the Crypt might skill of our ancestors, there being but have preceded that portion of the cdi few traits of such Works left among fice already submitied to notice; but Surely this cry canoot be creopportunity did not afford the meaus dited ? a mere delusion! until this very hour.,

It must be owned, however, that Vaubrogh, thy honours I now trust by long experience we fiod many poswill benceforth remajo undisturbed, sessors of Antiguities, when rumias well as the walls thou hast raised naling on their overthrow, either to are calculated (with common neces gain a tritting view of further pursary repairs) to last Time's tablets of chased land, a good look out East and possibility, - Farewell good spirit, West, through some low inhabited our theme is done!

thoroughfare, or from a persuasion. Having brought forward such an that new premises, built on the scite ple documents to guide us throu;h of the old, will let better, take time this reign, selected from the most to consider before they strike the aulbentic sources, it becomes neces blow, which never can be recalled." sary to present a general epitone of I becomes a question, who are the collection. when all centered, those that in this day are so intent oro and, io in a manner ceased, in the mock imitations of our old Works, Vanbrughian school. Thus horizontal that neither the persuasion of friends, rustics, without perpendicular ditto, orridicule of the publick, can withhold plain or triple key.stones, ditto wilbibem from plunging into the pursuit, masque heads, strings, kneed archi- expending at the same time princely traves, plain friezes, plain or block, fortunes on the futile undertakings's and scroll cornices, balusters, gene- and those, mavgre the prayers and ral independent scrolls, dillo inverted, intreaties of students versed in hisfestovns of flowers and drapery, gui. toric lore, mark their devastating derons, foliage, compartnients, gol track, by tearing down avd levelling loches, vases, land and sea monsters, with the carth those family maosions, Dying cupids, and all the visionary princely structures, or ecclesiastical catalogue of Gods and Goddesses, piles, owning the taste of departed which have so long ruled the hemi. ininds, and which are now consigned sphere of sculptural labours, to the to their dominion? almost tolal subversion of true cos. Could we enumerate a list of the tuine aud pational instruction. As personages so engaged (as readily as the account has been so recently closed set down an Antiquarian Prospectus with Sir John's Works, little more of names ever zealous to further the need be observed; but every particu. wishes of imploring Artists and dislar constituting their chief features tant friends)," what a memorandum were vast, bew, and surprising, even lo gaze upon, to extol ? surely nofrom the masked temple chimney ex to condemu? yes, beyond all doub:pedients, the castle manifestations, or and cast froh us the roll of perverted the display of attics in porticos, sa taste and heedless dilapidation? hesilooos, forums, and basilicæ, uore tate not, judgment is easily entered strained by any subservient rules or upon.-Here potice on this head terproportions; direct application being minates.

AN ARCHITECT. out of the question, either of the Roman or Greciap masters. (Progress of Architecture in the laborough, or Oldberrow, near Henley

W. M. having been informed ibat Reign of George I. in our next.)

in Arden, was once a Roman Station, Again the warning voice sounds in

and that several ancient pieces of arour ears, " The Abbots Inn at Glas

mnour and weapons have been occasiontonbury is at last to fall.". For some ally ploughed up there ; asks whether years this falal hour has beeu put off the information is correct, and whether (see Vol. LXXXII. Part II. p. 540), any gentleman in the neighbourhood is as fbough the hands holding ils des- possessed of any of those antient articles?

Tu ,



Jan. 1. either of elevation or diminution o illustrate the engraved plate without injury to its purpose or that Magazine, I offer a few remarks upon viewed as a design or in the group. the origin aod use of Towers, from Jo our Ecclesiastical Architecture the period wben their utility was there are no fixed rules for propor. alone considered, to that when they lion, more than for ornament; a foot became ornamental; and when, with added, or a foot taken away (compaout their addition to the fabrick, a ratively speaking), would not destroy desigo was not considered complete, the appearance so much here as in the and certainly till then could not be Grecian Architecture, where a porCoaspicuously grand, graceful, or pro- tico, a pediment, or a column require minent. And in tracing this fealure to be raised to fixed rules. This is of a building from its first invention, fully exemplified by the proportions of it way oot be improper to observe no two buildings being found to corregenerally of all others, whether those spond: some are more spacious, others accessary to the effect of the whole or morelosty, and these plain or enriched, essential to utility, that each adinils as best suited the wealth of lbe town the same scope for scrupulous exami. or neighbourhood; yet each claim our gativo, apd affords equal entertain. admiration, and all receive our approment and gratification to those who balion when viewed, for their justness are curious io the study of Antiquity, of proporlions, their simplicity and whether the object chosen be froin grandeur, their richness and magnifithe narrow to the expanded Window,

But it is not so with a Porch : flat to prominent Buttresses, massy this must be in proportion to the to lighi Walls, Doors to Porches, building ; both height and width are single to cross Ailes, or rude sculp: by this fixed: the extent will also acture to the refined execution of later cord with these proportions. By the ages; and, lastly, of fonts, the re same rule Trapsepis are also regu. mole Antiquity of which, and related; the height, length, and width moval first, from the cerelery to the will be found to agree, except only porch, from thence to various parts where some manifest cause obliges it in the body of the church, till, fivally, to be otherwise, and of this only one they had iheir situation towards the example occurs to my memory, viz. Western extremity of the cave, on the South Transept of Chester Cathethe North side, and were so placed as dral, built as a Parish Church, indeto avoid interference with the proces. pendent of the Cathedral. It so far sious consistent with former modes of exceeds the dimensions which ought worship. But to return to the parti. to be maintained between these great cular object under present considera. portions of a Church, that the Nave tion, aod to enumerale a few ex. andChoir appear, in comparison, mean amples of various buildings raised at and diminutive. different periods, in illustration of Saxon Towers were never lofty; on our remarks, it is necessary to state the contrary usually so low as to add (though a thing well known), that on very little to the effect of the buildthe earliest buildings raised for the ing. They frequemily consisted of service of Religion, in a regular one story, sometimes of two, and there though rude order of Atchilecture, are not wanting examples of three; promulgated by our Saxon ancestors, bul the united elevation of these in tbe no more labour was expended Iban latest and most improved works, bear was consistent with safety, utility, bo proportion to the Towers whichsuc. and coovenience they were neither ceeded with the Pointed style. In sonle extensive nor enriched, because the of the latest Norman structures, about science of building on a regular plan, the period when that venerabie Arand with stone, was then bul in its chilecture was fast declining to the infancy: these increased as such works superior elegance and beauty of ine flourished, and with their advance Pointed, ihere are indeed to be found were Towers added to the structures many puble Towers; but either the to complete their grandeur. A Tower style would not admit the superior is the only porlion of a building (in embellisiment of piopacles and other this particular style) which can admit prominent ornaments, by which alone GENT. Mag. January, 1817.


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beaviness could be reduced, and ad- South front of Magdalen College, in ditional height gained, or (what is the High Streets and is the first graod probable) they were replaced by object seed on entering from the Lonothers of a new invention. Of the dun road. No other building comes several kinds may be named Winches- into view at this point, and the beauter, Ripon, Yeofley near Oxford, tiful bend which gradually opens upon Stewkley, Radford Abbey, Wimborne the right the other noble' features Minster, Old and New Shoreham, composing this uprivalled street, adSussex, St. Jobn's Church at Devizes, mits of uninterrupted contemplation Southwell, Exeter, Norwich. and admiration of every object by it.

This is sufficient for our present self: and the rich tinted foliage of a purpose. With few observations we large group of massy elm trees, formay mention some of the most mag- cibly contrasts with the glowing yelnificent Towers which grace and give low masonry of Magdalea College, grandeur to the works which suc. forming a scene which, for beauty, ceeded those more antiept, and of a variety, and graşdeur, cannot be different character, of which we have exceeded.

I. C. B. been speaking. Among those con. spicuously elegant in the Pointed Mr. URBAN, Essex.streel, Jan. 5. sigle are: Caerdiff

; York, Boston: I REQUEST your indulgence for a North Petberton, Derby, and May. tions of Lord Thurlow in your Magadalen College Tower at Oxford. Of zine for December. I have not ihe this selection it would be difficult to least doubt of bis Lordship's veracity same one as demanding greater ad. and honour, and that he has truly miration than another, or possessing stated his firm persuasion that his late the best proportions, the most chaste learned and poble relative never gave eorichments, or the most scientific an opinion in favour of Dr. Priestley arrangement of these characters ; in his celebrated controversy with Bp. each has its peculiar beautics, and Horsley. I dare say, that for any each is admired either for its simpli- thing his Lordship knows of the mai. city, its richness, or ils loftiness. ter, the late Lord Thurlow never held

The Frontispiece to your Volume thal opinion, and nerer expressed it. represents the last-named of these no. I can, however, assure his Lordship, ble appendages to our anticot and ve thal, whether he believes it or not, i pcrable buildings; and has, for no bave received, upon uodoubted auparticular reason, been selected on thority, the anecdote which he con. this occasion, though perhaps for troverts. And I am the more inclined every character which marks the hand to believe it, as I have no doubt, upon of science and ability, and which can grounds stated in my “ Claims of render such a Work deserving admi. Dr. Priestley," and re-stated in the ration, it is little inferior to apy in Gentleman's Magazine, that Bp. the country. Its four first stories of Horsley himself was of the same opi. unequal dimensioos (they increasing nion ; and that, in the words which in height as they rise from the base); Bp. Burgess has so often done me the have each a small window. Upon honour to quote, “the Learned Prethisis raised the principal story, every late himself would be the first to side baving two elegant windows, laugh to score the solemo ignoramus being surrounded with an enriched who could seriously maintain that the parapet of quatrefojis, between cor.

advantage of the argument rested nices, with various grotesque figures with him.” and ornaments; and over this, perfo I perfectly agree with Lord Thurlow, rated battlements. The angles are that his Noble Relative bad a very high crowned with octagonal turrets rising and a just opinion of the learning and from the ground, and terminating talents of Bp. Horsley, and that they above the battlements in a pionacle. had a great respect and friendship fur A small square turret and pivpacle also each other. I believe that they perrise from the base of the windows in this fectly understood one apother; and I story in the centre of the sides, having have po doubt that in their social bours towards the upper part a niche and fi. they often ainused theinselves with gure in each. This Tower is situated laughing at the folly of mankind. near the Eastern extremity of the Yours, &c. T. BELIHAN.


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Mr. URBAN, Dec. 28, 1816. portion of Cathedral History; and re'N the History of English Architec- signing to more competent judges all periods wbich bave been distinguished ties or deformities, and recording the by a wanton demolition of Reli- superior Clergs so far only as they gious Edifices.

The dawoings of have been benefactors or otherwise Science and Literature were buried in to their respective Cathedrals, I shall the overwhelming ruin which marked confine my observations to those subthe progress of the Pagan ip vaders of jects which are immediately connected the 9th and 10th centuries. The with the celebration of the Choral destructive barbarism was renewed service; and in this brief sketch, the under the auspices of the Tudors; situation of the Childreo belongiog to and a similar spirit of devastation in the several Choirs will be the first Huenced the gloomy fanaticks during object of my inquiry: the Great Rebellion.

In the present liberal and most A very opposite sentiment charac- enlightened age, a rivalry may be terizes the present age; and even said to exist between the friends and those who are most inimical to the Ec- the epeinics of the National Church, clesiastical Hierarchy, and who look which party shall be most active in with a jealous eye upon the wealth the important cause of National Edu2od influence of the Priesthood, re cation. While so much anxiety and gard with some degree of complacency opposition have been displayed to those venerable structures which form obiain the superintendence and goa striking character in every country vernment of new Establishments, it blessed with the light of Science and cannot be uninteresting to inquire of Christianity. Those who would what course has been adopted in those abolish the solemo splendour of our antient Foundations, where the uoantieot mode of worship, would be limited right of the dignified Clergy joclined to spare the sacred edifices to introduce their owo most approved where the chant and the anthem have regulations has never beco called in echoed for a thousand years, and questions and where the doctrines would share in that local pride, which and discipline of our Holy Religion esteems them as the poblest ornaments may be inculcated without the hazard of their respective neighbourhoods of opposition, or the sear of censure. To those persons who have the happi Il may be scarcely pecessary to preness to be inembers of the Established inise that a School is maintained by Cburch, the admiration inspired by every Cathedral in South Brilaio (with these veaerable seats of the Natiopal the exception, I believe, of Llandaff,) Religion should be combined with a for the Boys who form a part of the higher feeling

Establishment. These Schools are The History and Antiquities of our coeval with the several Choirs; and Cathedral Churches are at present though in some few instances it may among the most favourite subjects be found that they have degenerated for the pencil of the Artist, and for in public estimation, they cannot be the pen of the Topographer ; but wbile annihilated so long as the present the migutest regard, and the warmest Establishment shall subsist; Lecause eulogiums are lavished upon tbe fa- the ministration of Children is indis. brick, the Historian frequently seems peosable for the performance of the to forget the sacred purpose for which Choral service. The pupils are adthis böly inagnificence was designed, mitted on these Fouodations at seven as if the praise of the Architect alone or eight years of age; they assist in were intended to resound wilhin the celebration of Divine offices twice the hallowed walls. The numerical every day io surplices, and usually strength of the Choir is usually dis- continue their attendance as Chorismissed in a short scolence, as an ob- ters for eight or ten years. They are jeet of far less importance than the of necessity instructed in the science of culomos or the stalls; and the cele- Harinony, to qualify them for their bration of Divine Service is passed duties io the Chuir ; and most of our over in silence, as a matter of perfect celebrated Musical Professors, indifference.

inany emineul characlers who reflect I have it in contemplation, Mr. honour upon diguitied situations in Erhao, to enter upon this neglected the Courch, have been indebted to


these Foundations for their early from au inquiring parent, and point education.

out the several advantages of any Their beneficial effects might be particular seminary. extended with little expence or diffi Under this impression I have drawn cully, and they are calculated, be- up a series of questions, which I beg yond all others, to inspire in the mid- leave to lay, with every degree of redle ranks of society an affectionate spect, before the publick, througbyour and grateful reverence for the formu- Magazine. lo this solicitation of geneJaries of the Episcopal Church, and neral attention, I wish it clearly to be for the honoured individuals who pre- understood, that I am actuated solely side over it.

by the desire of promoting the public In some instances, however, the Cho- good, and that I shall esteem myself risters do not possessequal advantages; much honoured by the trouble which and I shall perhaps occupy a few any Head Masler, or any other Genllepages in your succeeding Numbers, man, may take in drawing up the hisby pointing out the differeot systems tory of the Schools in their respective pursued' jo These Schools under the counties, or for any information which exclusive patronage and direction of they may please to communicate, to the Capitular Clergy, and by com render tbis endeavour as accurate and paring ihe widely-varying results. useful as the importance of the subject

Ja arranging materials for this pur requires. NICHOLAS CARLISLE, pose, I have invariably made applica i. When, and by whom, was this tion to individuals officially connected School founded ? with the several Cathedrals, in order 2. What was the origioal Endowto authenticate the information de ment, and wbat is the present amount rived from more questionable sources. of it? Tbese inquiries have, with few excep: 3. Have any subsequent Endow. tions, been honoured with a liberal meots been made, and by whom / and and gentlemanly attention, for which, to what amount? on some more proper occasion, I shall 4. Are these Endowmeols in land, be bappy to relurn my explicit ac, or otherwise, and where situate? knowledgments. In those instances 5. A copy of the Statutes and Ordiwhere this indulgence has not yet Dances. been granted, I have been compelled 6. Is the School open to the Boys to avail myself of the most authentic of your Town or Parish indefinitely, joformation within my reach ; and I free of expence? or, is it limited to shall esteem myself obliged by the the relatives of particular persons ! correction of any error, or by the or, for a certaio number of Scholars communication of any further parti.onlyor, by place of nativity, or culars, either transmitted through the otherwise ? pages of the Gentleman's Magazine, 7. What number of Boys are ad. or forwarded to me through the me- mitled upon the Foundations and diuin of your Printer. M. H. how many others are usually educate (To be continued.)

ed at the School ?

8. At what age are the Boys admit. Apartments of the Society of ted, and how long may they remain

Antiquaries, Somerset Place, without superannuation ? Mr. URBAN, London, Dec, 26,1816. 9. What is the form of admission,

THE-numerous endowed Schools and who are the persons that pomihighest hopour on the memory of

10. Which are the Latio and Greek their charitable and pious Founders. Grammars in use ? and what is the But, as we have little intelligeoce re routine of elucation prescribed ? specting their internal establisbment, 11. What are the puniber of Exhiand the proper mode of applying for bitions, Scholarships, or other Uniadmission for a child, and the requi. versily advantages, and the amount sites necessary to success, it bas oc of eacb? curred to me, that a concise descrip 12. To wbal Colleges are such tion of those benevolent Institutions Boys usually senl? might be useful to persons in general; 13. What is the Head - Master's as a clear explanaiion of their Ordi- name, and what is the amount of bis nances may remove many difficulties Salary and Emolupeols?

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