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A NEW METHOD

OF

LEARNING THE GENDERS

OF ALL

FRENCH SUBSTANTIVES

IN A SHORT TIME.

BY

PROFESSOR DUFLOS,

OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS.

BIBLIOTHEC

Addressed to those who Study the French Fangnge

BODLEIANA

DUBLIN:

CARSON BROTHERS, 7, GRAFTON STREET.

LONDON: SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO.

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DUBLIN: CARSON BROTHERS, PRINTERS, 7, GRAFTON-STREET.

INTRODUCTION.

Addressed to those who study the French Language.

THE FRENCH LANGUAGE having only two Genders-the Masculine and the Feminine-inanimate objects are therefore personified.

As of the variable parts of speech the substantive is the word with which the other variable parts must agree, it is evident that, if students neglect to learn the GENDERS of Nouns, they cannot but fall into continual errors. For instance, if a masculine substantive is taken for a feminine, a feminine article is then placed before it instead of a masculine article; a qualifying or a determinative adjective is used in the feminine instead of in the masculine. It is the same for the pronoun and verb. All these mistakes continue through the whole course of a dictation, translation, or composition, &c.; and it is precisely from the want of knowing the GENDERS OF NOUNS that candidates so often fail in their examinations.

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Seeing more and more the absolute necessity for those who study the French Language to know perfectly the GENDERS OF NOUNS, I have written, with the greatest care, this little

work, in the hope of smoothing the difficulties of this grammatical part; and though it be but a pamphlet, it is nevertheless sufficient to enable the pupils to write correctly, in a short time, a dictation, translation, or composition, &c.

Some time ago I published a book on the "Genders of the French Nouns," which Genders were explained in three masculine and three feminine fables. To commit these Genders to memory, it was necessary to learn the fables by heart; but having always remarked that pupils were unwilling to do so, I have therefore written this NEW METHOD, which will fulfil exactly the same object with much less trouble and time.

The plan of this NEW METHOD is very simple and easy. For instance, the final vowel which sounds in a word gives its gender; thus, in the word "naufrage," the final sound is "age," the last sound in "vertèbre " is "èbre," that in." cosmopolite" is "ite;" the final sound in "anecdote" is "ote," and that in "parachute" is "ute;" and so on for all substantives.

As the terminations have been classed in alphabetical order, it is easy to find immediately those which are wanted. This work may, therefore, be considered as the key of all that has been written up to the present time on the GENDERS OF NOUNS; and this key I have arranged so as to be easily understood; and those who shall study it will, I am certain, derive great benefit from it. I am also convinced that in Schools, Colleges, &c., professors, governesses, and teachers in

general, will find it useful to teach their pupils the GENDERS OF NOUNS, by giving them, once or twice a week, a series of terminations to learn by heart, making them at the same time find words having those terminations, in order to impress them better in their memory.

This method being properly used, and this instruction attended to, I am sure it will remove the great difficulty of the French Language, and ensure a perfect knowledge of it.

77, RANELAGH-ROAD, DUBLIN.

LOUIS DUFLOS.

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