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Substance of the Conventions with France. [Feb. 1, Musica, Signora Hamilton, Clementi and such is the fashion. Tempora mutantur, et nos Co. 29.

mutamur cum illis. This most beautiful Italian Arrietta consists of National Airs, selected and arranged by two movements, changing from adagio to alle. Charles Nicholson. No. I. Power, Strand. gro, The Spanish guitar forms an inportant fea. The name of the composer will be quite suficient ture in it; performing all the syniphonies, and a to impress the reader with the merit of a work at figurative accompaniment to the air, whilst the pi. once new and replete with tasteful elegance. His 200 forte is confined to the bass and a few chords.

extraordinary powers on the flute are well knowa Nothing can exceed the brilliancy of the effect to the public, which with pride beholds in him the when executed by a good voice and well luned splendour of nalive genius, and will know how to guitar.

appreciate his condescension in arrangiog the pre The Queen of Prussia's, Neapolitan, Swiss, sent work for the use of dilettanti, with such ease and Vienna Walızes, arranged for the Piano as must rather allure them to, lhan deter them from forte. Bland and Weller. is.

the performance. In the first number, which ve The much-admired Copenhagen Walız, have before us, the eminent author has selected

and embellished twelve airs of various n.tuions, and arranged expressly for the Harp, and dedicated to Mis

from this specimen we are encouraged to antici. Field. By James Platts.

pate a much finer and more select work than any Platts. 2s.

preceding one of the kind. By abstaining from inIn viewing this inundation of waltzes, we cannot troducing any inferior airs, he will certainly reader but look back with regret on the beautiful sonatas it a desideratum to all amateurs of the fiute, of Mozart, Haydo, and Pleyel, with their elegant

which of late is become so fashionable and so geand scientific accompaniments, now thrown aside,

nera! an instrument that we can not wonder at so to make room for those noisy rattling exoties : but

many excelling upon it.

CONVENTIONS WITH FRANCE.

STATE PAPERS. WE are again ander the necessity of on the 31st March, 1816, the second oa deferring our regular historical digest the 21st July, 1816, and so on every for the purpose of introducing into this fourth month. In the month preceding place the substance of the Conventions the commencement of each of these subordinate to the Definitive Treaty with four monthly periods, France redeenis France, and the Cominercial Treaty con successively one of these bonds for cluded by our government with that of 46 millions, by exchanging it against the United States of Anierica, as pub the first-mentioned daily assignations lished by the latter.

payable to bearer, which assignations,

for the purpose of convenience and The convention concluded by the al negociability, are again subdivided into lied powers with France were four in

coupures, of sets

of smaller sums, number.

As a guarantee for the regular payment CONVENTION 1.

of these assignations, and to provide for regulates the mode of liquidating the deficiencies, France assigns, moreover, indemnity of 700 millions of francs to be to the allies, a fuud of interest, to be inpaid by France, in conformity to the scribed in the Grand Livre of her public fourth article of the treaty. Without en debt, of seven millions of francs on a catering into the detail of its financial pro pital of 140 millions. A liquidation sholl visions, it will be sufficient to state that take place every six months, when the the above sum is proposed to be dis- assignations duly discharged by the charged, day by day, in equal portions, French treasury will be received as payin the space of five years, from the 1st ments to their amount, and the defiDecember, 1815. Thus France will ciency arising from assignations not hohave to pay on account of this convention noured shall be made good with interest $83,251 francs every day during five at five per cent. from the fund of interest years; equal to about 16,000l. sterling ! inscribed in the Grand Livre, in a manFor this daily quota she is to give assig. ner particularly specified in this convennations on the French treasury, payable to bearer day by day. In the first in The distribution of the sum agreed to stance, however, the allied commission- be paid by this convention has been reers receive the whole of the 700 mil. gulated by a separate convention among Jions in fifteen bonds of 463 millions the allied powers, of which we subjoin each; the first of which will be payable the following abstract:

Francs Austria receives

100,000,000 Russia

100,000,000 Great Britain

100,000,000 Prussia

100,000,000

tion.

Carried over 400,000,000

1816.)

Substance of the Conventions with France.

69

Brought forward 400,000,000 The German states, together with the Netherlands and Sardinia, a like

sum of 100 millions, to be shared at the rate of 425 francs 29 cen-
times and a fraction for each man furnished by them respectively,
viz,

Men. Francs,
Bavaria

for 60,000

25,517,798 Netherlands

50,000 2!,264,832 Wirtemberg

20,000 8,505,932 Baden

16,000 6,804,746 Saxony

16,000 6,804,746 Sardinia

15,000 6,379,419 Hesse Cassel

12,000 5,103,559 Hanover

10,000 4,252,966 Hesse Darmstadt

8,000 3,402,373 Mecklenburg Schwerin

3,200 1,616,127 Nassau

3,000 1,275,889 Brunswick

3,000 1,275,889 Hanse-Towns

3,000 1,275,889 Saxe-Gotha

2,200 935,652 Saxe-Weimar

1,600 690,474 Anbalt

1,600 680,474 Oldenburg

1,600 680,474 Schwarzburg

1,300 552,885 Lippe

1,300 552,885 Reuss

900

382,766 Mecklenburg Strelitz

800

340,237 Saxe Coburg

800

340,237 Waldeck

800

340,237 Frankfurt

750 318,972 Saxe Meinungen

600

255,177 Saxe Hilburghausen

400

170,119 Hohenzollern Sigmaringen

386

164,164 Hohenzollern Hechingen

194

82,507
Hohenzollern Lichtenstein

100
42,529

100,000,000 234,530 men

Spain
Ponugal
Denmark
Switzerland

5,000,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000

12,500,000

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50,000,000

Gratuity to the British and Prussian armies under Wellington and

Blücher, for their exertions at Waterloo and their conquest of Pa

ris, 25 millions each For the erection of furtresses against France, viz.

To Prussia (besides Saar-louis, valued at so mill.) 20,000,000
To Bavaria

15,000,000 To Spain

7,500,000 To Sardinia

10,000,000 To stiengthen Mentz

5.000,000 To erect a new fortress of the German Confederacy on the Upper Rhine

20,000,000

.

137,500,000

CONVENTION I.

Total 700,000,000

It is moreover agreed, that neither the alregulates all matters concerning the tempo- lied nor the French troops shall occupy, unrary occupation of the frontiers of France by less for particular reasons and by mutual an allied army of 150,000 men,conformably agreement, the following territories and disto article 5, of the definitive treaty. The mili- tricts :-in the department of the Somme all tary line to be thus occupied shall extend the country to the north of that river, from along the frontiers which separate the de- Ham to its efflux at the sea ; in the departpartments of the Pas de Calais, of the North, ment of the Aisne, the districts of St. Quenof the Ardennes, of the Meuse, of the Mo- tin, Vervins, and Laon; in the department selle, of the Lower Rhine, and of the Upper of the Rhine, those of Rheims, St. MeneRhine, from the interior of France.

hould, and Vitry; in the department of the

Substance of the Convention with Frunce.

[Feb 1,

CONVENTION JV.

Upper Marne, those of St. Dizier, and Join. tue of contraces and other arrangements with ville; in the department of La Meurthe, French administrative authorities ; arrears of those of Toul, Dieuze, Sarrebourg, and Bla- pay to military persons or employés no longer mont; in the department of the Vosges, subjects of France ; deliveries to French those of St. Diey, Bruyeres, and Remire- hospitals; loans contracted by French mili. mont; the district of Lure in the deparıment tary or civil authorities ; losses of money of the Upper Saone, and that of St. Hypolite confided to the French post-office, &c. The in the department of the Doubs. Within the third article stipulates the restitution of the line occupied by the allied army, 26 fortres- funds of the Hamburgh bank, seized by ses are allowed to have garrisons, but with Davoust, to be regulated by a separate conout any materiel or equipment of artillery vention between commissioners from that and engineer stores, as follows :-Calais, city and those of Louis XVIII. The pay1000 men ; Gravelines, 500 ; Bergues, 500; ment of a claim of upward of four millions S!. Omer, 1500 ; Bethune, 500 ; Montreuil, of francs to the counts of Bentheim and 300; Hesdin, 250; Ardres, 150 ; iire, 500; Steinfurthi, is likewise agreed upon. All Arras, 1000 ; Boulogne, 300, St. Venant, these claims are to be sent in within a year 300 ; Lisle, 3000 ; Dunkirk and its forts, after the ratification of the treaty, otherwise 1000; Douai and Fort de Scarpe, 1000; to be void ; and committees for their liquiVerdun, 500: Metz, 3000 ; Lauterbourg, dation are to be appointed. Articles 17, 18, 200 ; Weissembourg, 150; Lichtenberg, and 19, relate to the payment of the claims 150; Petite Pierre, 100; Phalsbourg, 600 ; and their inscription in the Grand Livre. Strasburg, 3000 ; Schlestadt, 1000 ; New Although it may easily be conceived, that Brisach and Fort Mortier, 1000 ; Befort, the claims under this convension will be im1000.-France is to supply all the wants of mense, it is totally impossible to form any the 150,000 allies who remain in the coun- idea of the amount. As a guarantee of pay. uy. Lodging, fuel, light, provisions, and ment, the 20th article provides that a capital, forage, are to be furnished in kind, to an ex- bearing 33 millions of francs in interest, be tent not exceeding 200,000 daily rations for inscribed in the Grand Livre, the interest of men, and 50,000 daily rations for horses; which is to be received half-yearly by jointand for pay, equipment, clothing, &c. France commissioners. pays to the allies so millions per annum during the five years occupancy : the allies, relates exclusively to the liquidation of the bowever, being contented with only 30 mil. claims of British subjects on the government lions on account for the first year. The ter- of France, conformably to the treaty of 1814, ritories and fortresses definitively ceded by and the 6th article of the last treaty. All France, as well as the fortresses to be provi- British subjects who, since the 1st January, sionally occupied by the allied troops for 1793, have suffered losses in their property five years, are to be given up to them within in France, by sequestrayons or confiscations een days from the signature of the principal of the government, are to be indemnified. treaty, and all the allied forces, except the The amount of permanent stock thus lost is 150,000 which remain, are to evacuate to be reinscribed in the Grand Livre, and to France within 21 days from that date. bear interest from the 22d March next; ex.

The direct expense entailed upon France cepting, however, such holders as have, since by this convention will greatly exceed the 1797, voluntarily submitted to receive their amount of the indemnity of 700 millions. dividends at a third. The same :o be the Estimating the value of the soldier's portion case in regard to former life annuities from and allowances at 1 francs, and the cavalry the French government. Indemnification ration at 2 francs, the annual cost of the de- is further granted for the loss of immovable liveries in kind for 200,000 portions and property by sequestration, confiscation, or 50,000 rations would be 146 millions of sale ; and particular regulations are laid francs, which, with the addition of 50 mil down for ascertaining its value in the best lions of money per annum, forms a total of possible manner. A separate account is to 190 millions per annum, equal to 22,3701. be kept of arrears that have accrued in the sterling per day.

above species of property, which arrears are CONVENTION 111.

in like

to be inscribed at to assures the payment of money due by an interest of four per cent. Movable proFrance to the subjects of the allied powers, perty, lost through the above causes, is likeconformably to the treaty of 1814, and to wise to be paid for by inscriptions according the sth article of the new treaty. Our limits to its value, to be estimated in the mode preprevent us from entering into any detailed scribed by this convention ; and the arrears specification of the import of the iwenty-six upon it to be a'so inscribed at an interest of articles embraced by his convention. But three per cent. From this indemnity, how.. to give some idea of the nature and extent of ever, are excluded ships, cargoes, and other the claims which fall under its cognizance, movable property seized in conformiiy to the we shall briefly state, that it provides for the laws of war and the prohibitory decrees. All liquidation of all claims arising from articles claims of the above, or any other description, burnished by individuals or cuminuncs,by vis. are to be given in, within three months afice

manner

1816.) Oficial Note on the Powers of the D. of Wellington. 1 the date of this convention from Europe, six forms under which the revolutionary spirit months from the western colonies, and might again manifest itself to France, doubis twelve months from the East Indies, &c. might arise as to the nature of the case They shall be examined and decided on by which might call for the intervention of a a mixed commission of liquidation : and, if foreign torce; and feeling the difficulty of their votes be equal, an arbitrator shall be framing any instructions precisely applicable chosen by lot from a mixed commission of to each particular case, the allied sovereignis arbitration. As a guarantee for the payment have thought it better to leave it to the tried of claims sanctioned under this convention, prudence and discretion of the Duke of Welthere shall be inscribed in the Grand Livre, lington, to decide when and how far it may before the 1st January, 1816, a capital bear: be advisable to employ the troops under his ing 34 millions francs of interest, in the orders, always supposing that he would not name of a further mixed commission of in any case so determine, without having English and French officers, who shall re. concerted his measures with the King of ceive such interest; without, however, dis- France, or without giving information as posing of the same orherwise than by placing soon as possible to the allied sovereigos, of it in the public funds, at accumulating inter- the motives which may have induced him to est for the benefit of the creditors. As soon come to such a determination. And, as in as the inscription shall have been effected, order to guide the Duke of Wellington in England will restore the French colonies the choice of his arrangements, it will be imwhich were to be returned to France pursu- portant that he should be correctly informed ant to the treaty of 1814, including the islands of the events which may occur in France, of Martinique and Guadaloupe, provisionally the ministers of :be four allied courts, acctere-occupied by the British troops.

dited to his Most Christian Majesty, have

received orders to maintain a regular correThe official note transmitted by the spondence with the Duke of Wellington, and ministers of the allied powers to the to provide at the same time for an internieDuke de Richelieu, cominunicating the diate one between the French government appointment of the Duke of Wellington and the commander in chief of the allied as Commander in Chief of the force des- troops, for the purpose of transmitting to the tined to remain in France, and defining which the Duke of Wellington may have

French government tbe communications the powers which, with such command, occasion to address to it, and of communiare confided to him, seems sufficiently cating to the Marshal the suggestions or seimportant to deserve a place here.

quisitions which the court of France may Oficiul Note to his Ercellency the Duke wish in future to make to hin. The underde Richelieu,

signed flatter themselves that the Duke de The allied sovereigns having confided to Richelieu will readily recognise in these are Marshal the Duke of Wellington the com rangements the saine character and the sand mand in chief of those of their troops,which, principles which have been manifested in according to the sth article of the treaty, concerting and adapting the measures of the concluded this day with France, are to re. military occupation of a part of France. main in this country during a certain num. They carry with them also, on quitting this ber of years, the undersigned ministers, &c. country, the consoling persuasion, that not&c. think it their duty to give some explana. withstanding the elements of disorder which tion to his Excellency the Duke de Richelieu France may still contain, the effect of revoas to the nature and extent of the powers at- lutionary events, a wise and paternal governtached to this command.

ment, proceeding in a proper manner 10 Although chiefly guided with respect en tranquillize and conciliate the minds of the this measure, by motives tending to the people, and abstaining from every act consafety and welfare of their subjects, and be- trary to such a system, may not only succeed ing very far from having any intention of in maintaining the public tranquillity, but, employing their troops in aid of the police, also in re-establishing universal' union and or of the internal administration of France, confidence, relieving likewise as much as the ot in any manner that might compromise or proceedings of the government can effect it, interfere with the free exercise of the royal the allied powers from the painful necessity authority in this country, the allied sove of having recourse to those measures which, reigns have however, in consideration of the in case of any new convulsion, would be high interest which they take in supporting imperiously prescribed to them by the duty the power of legitimate sovereigns, promised of providing for the safety of their own subto bis Most Christian Majesty to support him jects, and the general iranquillity of Euwith their arms against every revolutionary mpe. convulsion which might tend to overthrow The undersigned have the honour, &c. by force the order of things at present esta

(Signed)

METTERNICH. blished, and to menace, also, again the ge

CASTLEREA Gut. neral tranquillity of Europe. They do nor,

HARDENBERG. however, disscmble, that in the variety of Paris, Nov. 20, 1815. CAPO D'ISTRIA.

72

Commercial Treaty betrocen Great Britain and America. [Feb. 1,

A CONVENTION

to his Britannic Majesty's territories in EeTo regulate the Commerce between the tope respectively, than such as are payable

Territories of the United Stotes and on the exportation of the like articles to any those of his Britannic Majesty. other foreign country ; nor shall any prohi

The United States of America and his Bri- bition be imposed on the exportation or imtannic Majesty, being desirous by a conven- portation of any articles, the growth, protion to regulate the commerce and navi- duce, or manufacture of the United States, gation between their respective countries, or of his Britannic Majesty's territories in territories, and people, in such a manner as Europe, to or from the said territories of his to render the same reciprocally beneficial Britannic Majesty in Europe, to or from the and satisfactory, have respectively named

said United States, wbich shall not be equal Plenipotentiaries, and given them full powers ly extended to all other nations. to treat of and conclude such convention : No higher or other duties or charges shall that is to say, the President of the United be imposed in any of the ports in the United States, by and with the consent of the senate States on British vessels, than those payable thereof, hath appointed for their Plenipoten- in the same ports by vessels of the United tiaries John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, States, nor in the ports of any of kis Brisanand Albert Gallatin, citizens of the United nic Majesty's territories in Europe, on the States; and his ; Royal Highness the Prince vessels of ihe United States, than shall be Regent, acting in the name and on behalf of payable in the same ports on British vessels. His Majesty, bas named for his Plenipoten. The same duties shall be paid on the impor. tiaries the Rt. Hon. John Robins n, Vice tation into the United States of any articles President of the committee of privy council of the growih, produce, or manufacture of for trade and plantations, Joint Paymaster of his Britannic Majesty's territories in Europe, bis Majesty's forces, and a member of the whether such importation shall be in vessels Imperial Parliament; Henry Goulburn, esq.

of the United States, or in British vessels, a member of the Imperial Parliament, and and the same duties shall be paid on the imunder Secretary of State, and William portation into the ports of any of his BritanAdams, esq. Doctor of Civil Laws; and the nic Majesty's territories in Europe, of any ar said Plenipotentiaries having mutually pro ticle the growth, produce, or manufacture duced and shewn their said full powers, and

of the United States, whether such importaexchanged copies or the same, have agreed

tion shall be in British vessels, or in the on and concl , led the following articles, viz. vessels of the United States.

Art. 1. There shall be between the ter The same duties shall be paid, and the ritories of the United States of America, and same bounvies allowed on the exportation of all the territories of his britannic Majesty in any articles, the growth, produce, or manu. Europe, a reciprocal liberty of commerce. factures of his Britannic Majesty's territories The inhabitants of the two countries respec

in Europe to the United States, whether such tively shall have liberty freely and securely

exportacion shall be in British vessels, or to come with their ships and cargoes to all

in vessels of the United States, and the same such places, ports, and rivers in the territo duties shall be paid, and the same bounties ries aforesaid to which other foreigners are allowed on the exportation of any article the permitteil to come, to enter into the same, growih, produce, or manufacture of the and to remain and reside in any parts of the

Uniied States to his Britannic Majesty's tersaid territories respectively; also to hire and ritories in Europe, whether such exportation occupy houses and warehouses for the pur shall be in British vesscls, or vessels of the po-e of their commerce ; and generally, the

United States. merchants and traders of each nation respec li is further agreed, that in all places tively shall enjoy the most complete protec

where drawbacks are or may be allowed tion and security for their commerce, but upon the re-exportation of any goods the subject always to the laws and statutes of growih, produce, or manufacture of citber the two countries respectively.

country respectively, the amount of the 2. No higher or other duties shall be im said drawbacks shall be the same, whether posed on the importation to the United States the said goods shall have been originally imof any articles, the growth, produce, or ma. ported in a British or American vessel ; but nufacture of his Britannic Majesty's teruio when such re-exportation shall take place ties in Europe, and 110 higher or other duties from the United States in a British vessel, or shall be imposed on the importation into the from territories of lis Britannic Majesty in territories of his Britannic Majesty in Europe an American vessel, tv any other foreign na: of any articles, the growth, produce, or ma tion, the two contracting parties reserve to nufacture of the United States, than are or themselves respectively the right of reguli eins shall be payable on the like articles, being or diminishing in such cases the amount of the growth, produce, or manufacture of any the said drawback. other foreign countries; nor shall any higher The intercourse betwcen the United States or other dutics or charges be imposed in and his Britannic Majesty's possession in the either of the two countries, on the exporta- West Indies, and on the Continent of North tion of any articles to the United States, or America, shall not be affected by any of the

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