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Chev. Wiebeking on Hydraulic Architecture: [Feb. 1, It is iotituled : Theoretisch practische very complete account of the embankWasserbaukunst ; that is Hydraulic Ar- ments and sea-dykes in Holland, with chitecture, theoretical and practical, by ingenious proposals for their improveChevalier von Wiebeking, Director, ment, as well as descriptions of almost Pridy Counsellor to the King of Bavaria all the great works of engineering in and General of the Department of Germany, France Holland and Italy, Bridges and Roads in Bavaria. In 3 countries which the author bas visited vols. 4to. with 146 folio plates. The several times, for the purpose of giving celebrated author, esteemed the best to the pubác the most complete account practical engineer throughout Germany, of the present state of the art of engitakes a view of the whole of Hydraulic neering, as practised on the continent. Architecture under the following divi. As plans and elevations of every great sions:-1. Art of conducting rivers. 2. work are included in the plates, the Art of securing Sea-coasts. 3. Construc- whole is calculated to be of use and intion and preservation of Sea Dykes. 4. terest even to those who are strangers Construction of Harbours, containing a to the German language. But the most complete description of all the great interesting and novel part of this work barbours in Europe. 5. Art of Drain- in the satisfactory and minute descriping. 6. Machines used in the construc- tion therein given of bridges constructed tion of works of Engineering. 7. Con- with arches of timber of a very consistruction of Locks and Weirs. 8. Ca- derable span, upon a principle invented nals, and art of improving Inland Navi- by the author. Among the plans of gation. 9. Artificial Inundations for the many bridges thus constructed, with the Defence of Fortresses. 10. Construc most complete success, is that of Bamtion of Bridges, containing a detailed de- berg, having an arch of wood of 220 feet scription of Bridges with Arches of span. There is also a plan of a bridge Wood, invented by the Author. 11. of a still greater span, nearly 300 feet, Construction of Artificial Roads and proposed to be erected over the rapid Highways. This work, truly unique in river Isar, at Munich. Upon this prinits kind, treats on all these subjects in ciple the Chevalier has constructed, in the fullest and clearest manner, and Bavaria, many bridges with arches of proves the author to be a man of consi- wood, which are only rivalled by those of derable attainments in science, as well cast iron erected in England. A stateas of great practical experience; and bis ment of this meritorious and important arguments and statements are supported invention has been published in French, and explained by well-chosen examples, in a separate volume, by which it is taken from the great works executed by rendered more accessible to the English himself, or other eminent engineers on reader. the continent. It contains, likewise, a

REVIEW AND REGISTER OF THE FINE ARTS.

« L'onore conferito da Grandi à bravi Artisti dà vita e vigore alle Belle Arti ; come il poco incoragimento, e le critiche severe, e poco discrete, le fanno languire.”

Condivi, Vita di Michel Angiolo Buonarotti.

Miss O'Neil in the Character of Bel- teresting passage of Venice Preserved

videra. Painted by ARTHUR WM. where Belvidera finds herself in the house Devis; engraved by HENRY MEYER; of Aqualina the Greek courtezan, and published Jun. 1, 1816, by Messrs. exclaims at the sight of the well-known Bordell and Co., Cheapside, and de- gemis dicated by permission to H. R. H. the I'm sacrific’d! I'm sold-betray'd to Princess Charlotte of Wales.

shame! Mr. Davis's picture, from whied this of the picture we need add nothing to excellent mezzotinto has been engraved, formed a prominent feature in the last de la Science de construire les Ponts, avec

Traité concernant une partie essentielle exhibition of the Society of Painters in

une Description de la nouvelle Methode Oil and Water Colours at Spring Gardens, economique de construire les Ponts à Arches and was noticed as such in our magazine de Charpente. Par C. F. de Wiebeking, &c. for June last, vol. iv. p. 455. This ad- avec 17 planches, Munich, 1810. 41o. les mirable actress is represented in that in- planches, gr. fol,

ROYAL ACADEMY

1816.) Mr. Carlisle's Lectures at the Royal Academy,

59 our former remarks; nor of the engrav- ture. These were beautifully illustrated ing say more than that Mr. Meyer has as the beneficent evidences of an all-wise done the paioter ample justice, and has and good Creator, who has mingled senproduced a print that will rank among sitive with inorganic parts, to carry on the best productions of its class. the motions and actions of a living ma

We are requested lo state that Mr. chine, without its consciousness of the GEORGE Maile, the mezzotinto engra- means; and has so ordered its construcver, feels it his duty to apologize to the tion that the government of sensitive subscribers to his engraving of Miss organs is not distinguished by the ordiO'Neil in the Character of Juliet, from nary workings of the internal parts. He the picture by George Dawe, Esq. R.A. compared the optical organs to the for not being able to complete it by the watch-towers of intelligence for the day; time promised in his prospectus : but the ears to the informants of the nightly being anxious to finish it to the utmost evidences; the nose to the test-office for of his ability, he begs their indulgence the savours and vapours of wholesome till the end of February, when the im- and unwholesome viands; the palate and pressions will positively be ready for de- tongue to the out-guards of the stomach livery. An unfinished proof may be seen

aod all the rest of the restorative organs, at Mr. Dawe's, 22, Newman-street, and by whose tact the raw materials for

the growth and replenishment of the body We hasten to redeem the promise are to be either admitted or rejected. made in our last, of giving a concise Mr. C. then proceeded to mark out the epitome of the lectures on anatomy given applications of anatomy by observing, in the Ryal Academy by ANTHONY that the anatomical elucidations of the CARLISLE, esq. professor of anatomy, human figure should be confined to the

This course varying, as we have before male sex in its corporeal vigour, and, observed, from all the learned professor's where the historical character demanded, preceding ones, was studiously adapted personal prowess,-Aot to the infant to the refined pursuits of his auditors, state, because at that age the muscles and to the public sentiments of a moral and bones are concealed by a contour people. He took occasion, in his first, of fat; nor to the female, because the to defend the deserving part of his ana beautiful rotundity of her form, and the tonical brethren froin the odium which gentler exertions of her sex, forbid the indecent exhibitions and cruel experi- display of such mechanical emblems. ments ought always to create; he even Even the growing forms of both sexes ventured to reprobate in strong terms are possessed of very little evidence of the horrid tortures which some inodero bones and muscles; whilst in old age physiologists practise, and a distinguished both men and women obtrude the shades society make public, by stating that the of the skeleton, and, losing the plumpmost part of such cruelties were unavail. Dess of Aesh, the two sexes approximate ing repetitions of former printed expe- again, and present the warnings of apriments and indecisive results, because proaching fate," the phantasmagoria of of the confusion which pain induces death." among all the animal functions. His The fourth lecture was introductory to applications of the subject of his lec- the muscles, when it became needful to tures to the fine arts were delicately explain more especially the texture, toached, and the proper details were structure, and physical history of those deferred to the private schools of the instruments of motion. They were diAcademy, where alone the student may vided into those which obey the dictates hope to learn the rudiments of the bue of the will, and are hence called volunman figure from its mechanical analysis, tary, and others which move without and the geometrical laws which govern consciousness, and are hence termed inall its motions, actions, and expressions. voluntary. Their powers or forces were The third lecture commenced with a represented to be beyond those of all view of all the general component parts mechanical contrivances, and to combine of the human fabric, and which the a strength of cohesion in their parts far professor classed under the two leading superior to all inanimate textures. divisions of animated and inanimate sub The fifth lecture was occupied in disa stances. The latter, such as the nails, playing the muscles of the plaster-casts the hair, the scarf skin, the earth of the and their attachments to the skeleton, teeth and bones, and probably to a great together with several new and pointed extent many other parts, are devoid of remarks upon physiognomy. The sixth dervous connexions, and of yascular tex- and last lecture carried on the demon

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Mr. Turner's Lectures at the Royal Academy: [Feb. 1, stration of the muscles, and was followed on the subsequent Mondays. He began by a general representation of the osseous with a suitable introduction on the im. and muscular evidences on the living portance of this elementary branch of figure. The professor then concluded in the fine arts to every description of arnearly the following words :-“ Through- tists, and elucidated his subject with a out the animal creation the same general number of excellent diagrams. But exsystem of anatomical structure and of cellent as are Mr. Turner's lectures, in physical composition prevails. It is true, other respects there is an embarrassment that between the extremes of animal na. in his manner, approaching almost to tare there appears to be very little re- unintelligibility, and a vulgarity of prosemblance. "Betneen the creature who nunciation astonishing in an artist of his builds and equips a ship to float round rank and respectability. Mathematics, the endless ocean with mathematical he perpetually calls“ mithematics," precision, and the poor worm under his “spheroids, “ spearides," and “haiving," feet, there is no apparent analogy-but" towaards," and such like examples of this is an arrogant assumption. The vitiated cacophony are perpetually at same necessity for food, the same mode war with his excellencies. He told the of applying it to the growth and mainte- students that a building not a century nance of the body, the same inexorable old was erected by Inigo Jones; talked dependance on physical causes, the same of “ elliptical circles ;" called the semiorder of succession, the same uncertain elliptical windows of the ecture-room tenure of life, the same certain mortality, semi-circular, and so forth.- Mr. Turlink them together as contemporary ner should not, in lectures so circumbranches of the great family of nature. scribed as perspective, dabble in criti. Still closer resemblances subject the ani- cism; he is too great a master in his own mal world 10 tbe saine gross and visible art to require eminence in polite literarules which are to guide the artist in ture, but would confer a more essential pourtraying their outward character; service on bis pupils and on his country, but in prosecution of ibose needful en- would he begin with the A B C of perquiries into the concealed mysteries of spective; tell them how to find their hoour animal fabric, I hope the young gen- rizontal line, their points of distance, tlemen of the Academy will never forget sight, and incidence; how to place obthe silent de corum which belongs to this jects of various sorts in correct angular humiliating (may I not say sacred ?) sub- and parallel perspective, leading them ject. Let them follow their great clas- gradually on through linear to solid aud sical predecessors, and carefully avoid aerial perspective, and shew them by its useless obtrusion before the vulgar, what means he accomplished those excellest by a disgusting profanation they turn lent architectural drawings that embelone of the sources of the greatest refine- lish bis youthful name, and how he perment into a corrse ant filthy exposure of forms those wonders in art that dignify our weakness and our infi mly. Let bis present; and leaving criticism and anatomy be cultivated as an anxiliary metaphysics to those who understand science, and let it be esteemed and em- them better, TEACA HIS PUPILS PERSPECployed as the key to the concealed recipes of our corporeal frame, it index to Mr. Fuseli's lectures on painting, the mind, for direcuing its efforts to great which commenced on Thursday the 11th but obscure truths.

January, shall be noticed in our next, On Monday the 8th January Mr. Tur- together with several announcements NER, the professor of perspective, com- that reached us too late for our present menced his course of lectures in the number. Royal Academy, and has continued thein

TIVE.

DRAMATIC REGISTER.

Sumite materiain vestris qui scribitis æquam viribus.-Hor.

Male si mandata luqueris,
Aut dormitabo, aut uidebo.- Ibid.

DRURY-LANE THEATRE.-Othello has where there is no prospect of doing good been perforined here to introduce in by it, we shall say nothing for the preDesdemona, a new actress (Mrs. Barnes) sent on the acting of this lady. who had previously played Juliet. As it Mr. Kean has not appeared, since our is not pleasant 10 find fault, especially last, in the parts we intended to have no

1816.)
Observations on Mr. Kean's Othello.

61 ticed this month (Bajazet and the Duke to say that for purity, delicacy, and hig! Aranza); and as we wish to say some- poetical beauty of conception--for trath, thing, as occasion offers, on each of his and depth, and variety of expression, performances, we shall take this oppor- nothing has been exhibited which equals iunity of peaking of his Othello : first, the whole of the third act of Mr. Kean's however, endeav. uring to remove an Othello. Never were the workings of error which appears to exist as to the the human heart more successfully laid personal qualifications required in a re open. During the first scene, in which presentative of the Moor. From the lago excites his jealousy, in every tone days of Garrick to the present time, the of the voice, in every movement of the name of Othello has conjured up a being face and body, may be seen the aecuendowed with every thing that is noble in inulated agonies of unbounded love, feature, every thing that is graceful in struggling with, and at length yielding to demeanour, every thing that is grand and doubt. When the simple exclamation, dignified in person ; in short, bating bis “And so she did," buists from him, in colour," he looks an angel and he moves reply to layo's suggestion that Desdea god.” What triumph would Shak mona had “deceived her father," --in an speare have achieved for bis favourite instant the tumult of thoughts that has passion in making his Desdemona love been passing across his mind during the such a being ?-Shakspeare had a lotéier long pause that preceded it is manifest. object in view. He delighted to honour — The next scene where he enters alter the female character; and was it ever, having been meditating on his supposed before or since, so highly honoured as in wrongs, begins with a burst of inngled his own : 'esdemona ?-Did fiction-even agony and rage: the intenseness of exthe fiction of Shakspeare itselt,--ever pression thrown into the words “ I found embody a more periect being ?--the per not Cassin's kisses on her lips," his neier fection however of nature, not of art. been surpassed. Then comes the utter

Admitting then the face and person of heart-sinking and helplessness which inMr. Kean to be deficient in dignity, he evitably succeeds to the protracted opeis not thereby disqualified, in the slight- ration of powerful passion: the beautiful est degree, as a representative of Shak- speech beginning “Oh! now for ever speare's Othello. The faults in his per farewell, &c.” is given in a tone of the formance of that character--(we like to most melting pathos-il is the quiet deget rid of them first that we may alter spair of a man who has for a moment wards dwell with unmingled delight on cast his miseries behind him, and conits beauties)--the faults are a slight tinc. templates them as having happened in ture of mock-heroic in what is called the

years past—it is the death-dirge of delevel-speaking of the part; (a fault, by parted bliss: mournful music, but yet the bye, which exists inore or less in al is inusic.” To this calm succeeds a storm most all his tragedy ;) and in his re of contending passions—rage, hatied, proaches to Desdemona he sometimes intervening doubts,--until at length the assumes a cutting and sarcastic manner, wbole of his already excited energies are which the words themselves do not war- yielded up to revenge: the look and rant, and which is, besides, totally out of action accompanying the words-- 0 keeping with the rest of his conception blood! Iago-blood !" were most appal

ling. We repeat that the third act of Mr. In the first and second acts there is Kean's Othello is the noblest performnothing particularly striking; for there ance on the English stage. is no necessity to make Othello “ a hero There is a quietness about the last to his valet-de-chambre.” Except from scenes of it which is beautifully conthis, however, the words “if it were now sistent with the manner of giving the ladie, 'twere now to be most happy, &c.:" speech" Oh now for ever, &c." All mingled with the niost soul-felt happi- is the dead calm of a midnight sea;ness, there is a beautiful expression of passion seems to bave“ raved itself to pathos which seems almost to forbode rest ;" even when Othello learns too late the misery that awaits him.-Of the that his wife was goiltless, in carcely third act it will be difficult to speak as moves him: one iniayines that be band hea we feel without incurring the imputation fore determined not to live, und that the of extravagance. After having witnessed only change wrought by this cerini ty of all the principal efforts of the histrionic her innocence is, thal Horeas belore be art that have delighted the town for the would have sought desto as a refuge last seven or eight years, not excepting from utter despair--now “ 'tis happiness those of Mrs. Siddons, we do not hesitate to die,” for amid the surrounding gloom

of the part.

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Mr. Kean's performance of Sir Giles Overreach. [Feb. 1, there is one bright spot to which he can always in a tone of half contempt, turn-she did love him, and the devotion even when speaking to him. Indeed all of his heart was not cast away.

through the play his half-contemptuous Massinger's admirable comedy of A and sarcastic manner of pronouncing New Way to Pay Old Debts has been “ lord," and " lionourable, right honourrevived at this theatre. Mr. Kean played able daughter,” is peculiarly striking: Sir Giles Overreach. This character is The last act' is from beginning to end drawn with great power and originality. a storm of the most intense and various It begins in avarice-reckless, remorse passion, occasionally bushed for a moless avarice; which at length becomes ment into a calm not less dreadful: as merged and extinguished in intense per- when all his energies seem at once to sonal vanity. He first gluts himself with crack, and hardly leave him strength to wealth till his very wishes can compass articulate “My brain turns;" and again no more; and then, by dint of gazing when he is about to rush amung bis at himself-as the creator of his bound- enemies, but stops short as if struck with less stores, his avarice changes into self- death-" Ha! I am feeble," &c. We admiration; and he thenceforth lavishes must not neglect to notice his exquisite as eagerly to gratify the new passion, as manner of calling Marall to him, after he had ama sed to gratity the old one. he discovers the blank parchment instead To the unmingled wickedness of this of the deed which secured Wellborn's character we have a pleasing and a need property to him. He first calls hin in ful contrast, in the simple loves of All- his usual tone, as if speaking to his slave, worth and Margaret; and Wellborn is “Marall !” but he instantly recollects drawn with great freedom and spirit. the stake that depends on Marall's ser

But to speak of Mr. Keau's inimitable vices at the moment, and he again calls performance of Sir Giles Overreach. If him—" Marall !” but with an expression it is not his very best, (for we still think of face and voice that we should scarcely his Othello and his Richard II. exhibit have thought it possible to throw into a powers of a loflier description,) yet we single word. This is wbolly Mr. Kean's cannot call it second to any; because own, the name being only given once in these performances, as well as his Ri- Massinger. To describe the awful and chard III., have faults : but this is ahso. terrific appearance of his countenance lutely perfect. We could scarcely look when borne off the stage is impossible. at it as a stage representation. In the To be appreciated it must be seen--the first part of the play nothing can be more effects of it manifested in hysteric sobs true to nature, and at the same time were not confined to the audience alone; more refined and original, than the mix- Mrs. Glover and Mrs. Horn were ture of gloom and vulgarity which Mr. much affected that the former actually Kean casts over the looks, tone, and sunk into a chair on the stage. So deeply action, of the fearless and successful indeed were the performers in pressed villain. The fine scene with his daugh- with the transcendent merit which Mr. ter in the bird act was most exquisitely Kean badi displayed in this character, that performed; particularly the fiend-like after the first representation, before they expression with which he tells her to separated, they resolved to raise a sub

$0

trample on” the Lady Downfallen; scription for a piece of plate to be presentand the savage energy with which he ed to him, as a token of their admiration. gives the speech,“ How! forsake thee!” Lord Byron, with his usual liberality,

Then comes his feigned humility contributed 25 guineas to the fund deswith “ the Lord," as he calls him,- tined for this purpose.

&c.

AGRICULTURE.

BIOGRAPHY,

NEW PUBLICATIONS IN DECEMBER AND JANUARY,

WITH CRITICAL REMARKS.

including the Modern Practice of the best Directions for preparing Manure from Districts in the Manufacture of Butter and Peat. 28. od.

Chcese. By R. Twamley, sm. 8vo. 75. Essay on the Management of the Dairy, The character of Sir Giles Mompes

The Life of Cardinal Ximenes. By the son, who lived in the time of Massinger, Rev. B. Barrett. 8vo. pp. 396.

The name of Francis Ximenes is celebrated in probably suggested to him the hint of his Sir Giles Overreach ; though it is certainly founder of the University of Alcala, and the mo.

history as a statesman, and in literature as the not drawn from that person. For some nificent patron to whom we are indebted for the Account of him, see Wilson's Life and Reiga Complutensian edition of the Sacred Scriptures. of Jana I, sub, anno 1622:

The life, therefore, of this eminent prelate must

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