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1816.)
Society of Arts.

53 tube; by which means it is gradually presided over the society with that dig. absorbed, and does not soon re-appear.nified impartiality and affability which

The following is given as a cure for so peculiarly distinguished his public chilblains before they are broken conduct, and which will not readily be Wash the part affected in water as hot erased from the memory or those who as you can well bear, and after drying witnessed bis conduct in ihe chair, either with a clean cloth, rub it with spirits of on the day of the public distribution of hartshorn before the fire, keeping it the premiums of the society, or at the warm afterwards. The best time is just anniversary dinners-on both which ocbefore going to bed.

casions he never failed to evince the A correspondent of the Gentleman's zealous concern he took in promoting Magazine furnishes the following strong the best interests of the society.-- At the fact in support of the generally-received following meeting of the society on Wedidea that the neighbourhood of the bar- nesday, 1016 January, (Mr. W. Tooke berry-tree is injurious to wheat :-“ The being in the chair,) on the motion of the late Duke of Bedford, who never omit- Hon. Washington Shirley, II. R. H. the teil an opportuity of bringing any agricul- Duke of Sussex was nominated for the tural question to the test of experiment, vacant office of President, the election had a hedge planted in equal portions with for which was fixed for Thursday, Feb. 1, white-thorn, black-thorn, holly, barberry, when it is expected bis Royal Highness erab, and possibly some other shrubs will be unanimously elected, no other which I do not now recollect, with a person having as yet been put in nomi. view to ascertain their coinparative ad- nation; nor indeed can it be expected vantages and disadvantages in making a that any competition can take place, as good fence. The hedge had not been H. R. II. the Duke of Kent, who is also planted many years before the field a member of the society, had, in copsewhich it assisted to inclose was sowi quence of the multiplicity of his other with wheat. Some time before the har- public engagements, declined the oftar vest the tenant called upon me, (then of a prior nomination in favour of his residing at Woburn,) desiring I would royal brother. Independent of his illuswitness the extraordinary effect which trious rank, there is no person in the that part of the hedge (about fifteen or kingdom better calculated for the office twenty yards, more or less) that was than H.R. II. the Duke of Sussex; under composed of barberry bushes had upon whose auspices the society may with the wheat. Immediately adjoining to confidence look forward to an extended the hedge, and for en or fifteen sphere of public usefulness, which, as it yards from it, the wheat was completely was the sole foundation of their institublighted, scarcely a single grain' being tion, is the only end and aim of their to be found in any ear growing within exertions. The Duke of Sussex did prethat distance. Beyond it a few solitary side last year (in consequence of the ingrains might be inet with, and their disposition of the Duke of Norfolk, and number increased exactly in the same at his request) at the distribution and at proportion as the distance of the wheat the dinner; it is unnecessary to add that from the hedge. Contiguous to the lat- his Royal Highness on both occasions ter the straw was extremely black; and displayed that graceful benignity which this blackness gradually diminished as is the hereditary and characteristic attrithe wheat was farther removed from the bute of the offspring of our beloved malignant influence of the barberry. The sovereign.--It is a singular coincidence blight extended in a semicircular direc- that on the eve of the unexpected election from the hedge, nearly across the tion of so distinguished on president, the field, till the discolouration insensibly great room and model room of the sodied away."

ciety had undergone a thorough repair; At the ordinary meeting of the SOCIETY the sky-light of the former was altered or Arts on Wednesday, 20th December, in order to throw a inore favourable the Secretary officially announced the light on the inmortal cartoons of Barry, demise of their noble President the which have also been cleaned and varDuke of Norfolk; upon which a motion nished. The society are further indebted was made, and unanimously agreed to, to the munificence of Mr. Blades for that the meeting should be adjourned four magnificent bronze lamps in the immediately after the reading of the great room, and to Mr. Brooks for one minutes, as a token of respect towards exquisitely imitated from an antique found the illustrious deceased, who, for a pe-: in Herculaneum, in the anti-room. Tie riod of upwards of twenty years, had effect of these lights upon the taste fue

FRANCE.

54
French Literary Intelligence.

[Feb. I, and splendid decorations of the rooms, to guard your readers against the incore determined the society to permit a gra- rectness of the original information, to tuitous public evening exhibition of the enlarging upon the subject from a defecpaintings and models for members and tive recollection. This is the less neiheir friends, which will take place on cessary on the present occasion, as the the last Tuesdays in the months of Ja- whole may be seen by the curious upon noary, February, March, and April, in application to the secretary of the insti. the intention of enabling a British pub- tution just mentioned, T. J.PETTIGREW, lic to pay that homage to native genius, Esq. Bult-court, Fleet-street." which has recently been gratefully off:red at the shrines of a Reynolds and a Gainsborough, with whom, but in a The reign of po'itical pamphlets in this uore elevated sphere, we may proudly country is not yet over, but it seems to class our Barry.

be drawing towards a close. It is proWe hare been favoured by a corres- bable at least, that wben this session of prudent, whose letter arrived too late to the two chambers is finished the public Le inserted among our original communi- will return to that fondness for literature cations, with the following correction of from which it has been long estranged. a paragraph in our last number, which Several pamphlets have appeared against we copied from a provincial paper :- the Reports of Fouché, the Statement lu page 553 of your last number, I of the Conduct of Carnot, and the have read a statement respecting the Speech of Lanjuinais; there is even a discovery of an insect of the beetle spe- Memoir, which professes to be by an cies in the heart of a cherry-tree, by a Englisliman, against Fouché, who is no Mr. Jos. Saul, of Carlisle, as he was longer feared. Lastly, the trial of Marsawing it across. I beg to inform you, shal Ney has given birth to a dozen pube from ocular demonstration, that some of lications, most of which were hy his the particulars in your notice of the cir- friends who strove to prove that he had cumstance are incorrectly described; never in all his life betrayed his country. for, in the first place, the insect was not A refutation of these vindications serves found in the heart of the wood," but as a counterpoise to them. The whole very near the surface ; and, in the se- of the proceedings is now published in cond place, it is too much to assert that two 8vo. volumes. Buonaparte still em" there was no communication between ploys the pens of many writers; but so the outside of the wood and the cavity," much has already been written concernas a very slight examination of the speci- ing him that the subject begins to be exmen will serve to shew that there now hausted. A Captain Revel is complainis, and probably always was, a small ing before the tribunals that Buonaparte orifice or perforation more than sufficient and Murat seduced his wife, and that to supply the insect with air. In con- Madame Campan, who was at the head sequence of the circumstance having of the great institution for educating the been detailed in the public prints, daughters of members of the Legion of in precisely the same terms as I find it Honour, lent them all the assistance in noticed in your valuable publication, I her power. The

husband was wrote to Mr. Jos. Saul for the purpose thrown into prison, while his powerful of obtaining more correct information rivals usurped his conjugal rights; and upon the subject, to wbich I received an he has now published a tolerably scananswer : and also a present of the two dalous memorial on this affair. Several sections of the cherry-tree and the insect writers have exercised their ingenuity which is still alive. The whole is now upon the letter of the Duke of Wellingdeposited in the library of the Philoso- ton to Lord Castlereagh, respecting the phical Society of London (Scot's Corpo- restitution of the works of art. The ration Hall, Fetter-lane) together with Parisians persist in considering this act an explanatory correspondence that of authority as a violation of the capituensued respecting this supposed phæno- lation, and they assert with might and menon between Mr. Jos. Saul, Dr. Heys- main that they ought to have been perJianı, a respectable physician and magis- mitted to retain their museum, because frate of Carlisle, the Bishop of Carlisle, they allowed the free access to and enjoyand myself. I am sorry it is not in my ment of it to every body, to foreigners as power to present you with more partis well as natives. Some of thein even culars; but as I have no copies by me now attempt to prove that master-pieces of these letters at present, I have pre- of art ought never to be removed. Thig ferred stating what is merely necessary subject has however called forth one

poor

1816.)
French Literary Intelligence.

55 good work by the learned Quatremère very good one. At any rate it is a usede Quincy on the moral influence of pro- ful manual, especially for youth. ductions of the arts.

A few scholars have not been afraid The stay of the Allies at Paris has to publish the fruit of their researches given rise to two collections executed among su many works of temporary ii with considerable elegance. The one is terest. They are not much read, but at a Collection of the Military Unit rms of least those who do read them are mostly the Allied Powers, in 48 paris; to which is persons capable of appreciating them. annexed a': Historical and Statistical AC M. Mulin has published a new edition count of the Armed Force of each Na- of bis Mineralogie Homerique. The tion: the first part has just appeared. same writer is preparing a description of The other is a Collection of caricatured a tomb discovered at Canosa in the kingDresses, designed by V'ernet, who enjoys dom of Naples, and of the painted vas''s a high reputation in this line. This col which it contained. This work, in large lection, enriched with an explanation in folio, will be accompanied with 18 plates the mamer of Lichtenberg's comments and vignettes. The subjects found in on Hogarth's prints, will be annually any- this tomb relate to the veroic bistory mented with a new part. The text to and to the mysteries. M. Millin consiboth these works is by M. DePPiNli. ders the paintings of the vases as the

To judge from the luxury of the splendid finest of the sind that have yet been inec works with engravings now publishing at with. I have seen some of the plates, Paris, it would never be supposed inat and can affirm that they will be thought France had twice uffered the ravages of extremely curious. M. Millin has also war. The booksellers indeed assert that publislied a Dissertation on the Marmost of the copies of these expen-ive (inales, or the Festival of the Goose. works tre purchased by foreigners: but i de Mourcin las chosen for the subthe French govergent generally sub- ject of a learned memoir the text of the scribes tor from 10 to 25 copies. In this oath taken at Strasburg in 842 by Louis numbe are the Liliacées of M. Redouté, the German, Charles the Bald and their of which 75 numbers have already ap- armies, which have always been regarded peared, and which will be followed by a as a valuable relic of the language of similar work, but not so extensive on the the 9th century. Unfortunately out of Roses; the Musée des Antiques, by M. about forty scholars who have published Bouillon, who has discovered the art of and commented upon the text, there is representing sculpture opon paper with not one that bas transcribed it correctly. extraordinary truth : La Flore Aledicale, This consideration has induced M. Mourfrom the drawings of Turpin, the originals cin to publish it verbally with a fac of which were purchased by the Empe- simile from the manuscript of Nithard ror of Austria during his last residence in the Royal Library, and to annex to it at Paris; the Vues, Usages et Costumes a very detailed grammatical explana, de la Russie, by Damame Desmartrais, tion. which is to form ten folio parts; the [Thus far our Paris correspondent.) Monumens de l'Indostan, with explana At the anniversary meeting of ihe tions by M. Langlès; the Flore Parisi- Class of the Mathematical and Physical enne, likewise from designs by Turpin; Sciences of the Royal Institute of France, the Arbres Fruitiers, by Duhamel, of on the 8th of January, 1816, the followwhich M. de la Chausséé is publishing a ing papers were read new edition with splendid engravings, 1. Account of the Life and Works of M. exhibiting with admirable correctness all Levesque, by the Chevalier DELAMBRE, the fruits of this climate.

secretary. Some novels bave been translated from 2. Considerations on the Volcanoes of the Englis', and German; but upon the Auvergne, by Baron Ramond. whole lewer translations are published 3. Account of the Life and Works of M. in France than in other countries. This OLIVER, by Chevalier Cuviek, secretary. is not a bad sign for French literature.

4. Results of the Treatment of the Insane Mr. CRAUFURD, an Englishman, bas in 1812, 1813, and 1814. By M. Pinel. poblished a Course of French Literature, The class which last year was obliged in s volumes 810. The author is not a to withdraw the prize-question on the Laharpe, wbom he frequently copies and subject of the distribution of electricity sometimes criticizes; yet his work is a over the surface of conducting bodies, good compilation, and if we had not determined to substitute for it another Laharpe's excellent performance, that of which should leave a greater latitude to Mr. Craufurd would be considered a competitors. It accordingly announced

56
Foreign Institute-Steam-Boats.

[Feb 1, that this prize should be given at the tin Louis Carchy, engineer of bridges present meeting to the best work or me- and roads; and M. Lalande's medal for moir in print or manuscript, on the ap- the most interesting observation, or most plication of the mathematical analysis to useful memoir in astronomy, was dea question in natural philosophy, or to creed to M. Mathieu, astronomer at the the best experiments in general physics Royal Observatory at Paris, for a Mecommunicated to it before the 1st of moir containing a long series of obserOctober, 1815, and which should not have vations of great importance for their prebeen known before the 1st of October, cision, for the manner in which they are 1813. After hearing the report of the calculated, and for the consequences decommittee appointed to examine the ducible from them. papers sent for this competition, the A late number of the Journal des DeClass agreed to divide this prize between bats bas warmly claimed for France the Mr. Serbrck and Dr. BREWSTER. honour of the invention of steam-boats,

Mr. SEERECK has discovered that all, in opposition to the Americans, who masses of glass heated and then quickly ascribe it to the late Mr. Fulton, an Engcooled, produce regular figures of dif- lisliman, naturalised in the United States, ferent colours, when placed between piles and whose ingenuity during the last of glass, or between reflecting mirrors years of bis life, was directed to the combined according to the method of discovery of a method of destroying the Malus. He also found that the figures nary of his native country. These preproduced in one and the same piece are

tensions the French editor attacks in the frequently different wben the form of following statement :-" In 1781 the it is changed. Mr. Seebeck published Marquis DE JOUFFROY had applied the his discovery in Schweigger's Journal of steam engine to the construction of Natural Philosophy in 1813 and 1814: vessels for the navigation of the rivers of he has shown that these phænomena de France, and obtained, upon the exposipend on the rapidity of the refrigeration, tion of his plan, the promise of an excluso that by suitable licatings and cool- sive privilege. He repaired in conseings we may give to or take from glass quence to Lyons, where he built a steam the property of producing colours. boat 140 feet long. During the summer

Dr. BREWSTER, as we have seen in a of 1783 he made several experiments by preceding page, obtained the Copley going up the Saone from Lyons to the gold medal of the Royal Society of Lon- Isle of St. Barbe. Their success was don, for his valuable communications to certified by a report signed by a great the Philosophical Transactions. This pa. number of witnesses, and the year followpers in that collection were comprised ing by that of two distinguished members within the limits of the present compe- of the Academy of Sciences. The events tition, for which he sent several others of the Revolution which broke out a few in manuscript. Among the important years afterwards prevented M. de Jouffacts contained in those memoirs, there froy from prosecuting this undertaking are several wbich had been previously and reaping any advantage from it. On discovered and published in France; but his return to France after a long exile in among the results which belong to Dr. i 90, he learned from the newspapers Brewster, the committee particularly dis- that M. Deblanc, an artist of Trevous, tinguished the transferral of the colours had obtained a patent for the construcof inother-of-pearl, the formatiou of the tion of a steam-boat, built probably from complementary colours by successive re- such information is he could pick up reflections between metallic surfaces, and lative to the experiments of the Marquis. the development of the phenomena Tlie latter appealed to the government, which Mr. Seebeck had discovered. which was then 100 much occupied with These results seemed of sufficient im- public business to attend to that of indiportance to authorise the division of the viduals. Meanwhile Fulion, who had prize between these two writers.

gained tlie same information, and was The prize offered for the best Statee making similar experiments near the Isle ment of the Mathematical Theory of the des Cygues, alarined M. Deblanc, who Vibrations of Elastic Surfruces, and a knew tbat !e had much more to fear from Comparison of it with Erperience, was the influence of an Anglo-American than adjudged to Mademoiselle SOPHIE Ger- from that of an emigrant. He alleged NÄIN of Paris, who had no competitor. his patent right, at which Fulton only -That for the Theory of the Waves on scoffed, saying that priority was a ridithe Surface of a hearty Fluid of an inde culous question between them, as it finite Depth, was gained by Al. AUGUs belonged to the author of the experiments.

ITALY.

1816.) Discovery of curious Fragments of Homer.

57 at Lyons. He added, however, that his F. A. Scott, a distinguished artist, who essays would not affect France, as he had has been already engaged eighteen no intention to set up a practical compe- months upon the work for the purpose tition upon the rivers of that country, of accompanying the fragments of the but should soon return to America, which poem preserved with them. M. Majo,.. he actually did. So much is very certain who bas no hesitation in referring the that the Marquis de Jouffroy is entitled to origin of this work to the 4th or 5th centhe honour of this discovery; that Mr. tury of the Christian æra, describes the Fulton copied it as exactly as he could; writing as being in capital letters of that the former has been improving it by great beauty; the words follow each the continual application of 35 years; other without intervals, in the ancient that he has now brought it to such an manner; originally also they were withextreme degree of simplicity and eco out accents and points : such of these nomy as is most desirable in the mecha- marks as are to be found, being by a late nical arts, and that if it were possible to hand, which is proved by the colour of dispute his claim to the invention, he the ink and the coarseness of the stroke. would still possess the immense advan- No piece of penmanship of equal beauty tage over all his competitors of doing has yet been discovered either in the inore than they can and with less ex MSS. of Herculaneum, or in those repense.” Notwithstanding these positive cords of the 4th and 5th centuries which assertions of the Paris editor, it will be contain fragments of Greek, or in any of seen in the forthcoming work of Mr. Ro- the most ancient MSS. in the Ambrosian BERTSON BUCHANAN, announced in a library. The text has been found upon preceding page, that the honour of the collation to agree in general with that of invention in question belongs to Eng. Aristarchus; but sometimes it gives the land, where the first steam-boat was reading of Zenodotus, Besides these actually built in the early part of the last valuable fragments the Ambrosian licentury.

brary possesses a large collection of

MSS. of Homer, on parchment, silk, or M. ANCELO Maso, one of the keepers linen, apparently belonging to the 12th of the Ambrosian library at Milan, pro or 13th century, and containing, many ceeds with exploring the treasures of that inedited notes and readings which M. valuable collection. He has recently Majo intends also to publish. The work issued a prospectus, announcing the pub- announced will therefore consist of Prelication of some fragments of a very an- liminary Remarks on the antiquity and cient and beautiful Greek MS. of the beauty of the pictures and MS., on the Iliad discovered there. This MS. re inerits of the fragments of the text, and markable for its large size and elegance, on other MSS. of Homer in the Ambroand adorned with paintings of subjects sian library. The 58 pictures and exin the poem, having probably fallen into planations will follow, together with the the hands of a person incapable of ap- fragments of the poem, one of which will preciating its value, has been cut in be engraved to present a fac-simile of the pieces so as to preserve several pictures. MS.: the others will be printed in capiThus the only part of the manuscript tals resembling the original as nearly as preserved is that which happened to be possible. Each fragment will be acat the back of these pictures, to the num companied with critical annotations : ber of 58, containing altogether about and at the end will be given select read800 verses. As the subjects of the paint- ings, unpublished scholia, paraphrases ings were left obscure by the destruction and explanations furnished by the other of the intervening matter, Greek notes MSS. of Homer mentioned above. jatended to explain them bave bcen written on the silk paper with which the The communication between England backs were covered, and also inscrip- and the continent having till lately been, tions under the pictures themselves. The for a long series of years, interrupted, latter, though not free from the defects it has happened that inany eminent and with which other ancient performances highly interesting works of science and of this kiud are reproached, are in gene- literature, published in Germany, have ral creditable to the artist by whom they been hitherto unseen and unknown even were executed. Their chief merit, how by name in this country. Among these ever, consists in the fidelity with which there is one of peculiar interest to Engthey represent the manners and usayes land, which well deserves to be in every of antiquity. These pictures will be co- public library and in the bands of every pied with the greatest accuracy by Mr. civil and military engineer in the country. New MONTHLY MAG-No. 25.

Vol. V. 1

GERMANY.

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