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502 Sir R. Phillips's Society for Preventing War. [July 1, fertile mind not only studied how to ren- accepted the appointment of bookseller der our weapons of war inore destruc to the society; and that subscriptions tive, but he obtained the honourable will be received by this bookseller, and addition of SINESTONE to his name by by the chairman at his residence, Holthe memorable plan of sending ship- loway.* loads of stones to he sunk at the mouths Aš I shrewdly suspect that this process of all the French barbours, for the pur- for preventing 'war will be found rather pose of preventing so much as a cock- tedious, I trust to your known imparboat from entering or leaving thein.- tiality, Mr. Editor, for the recommendaI am not very sure that a reference to tion of a method which, if it were unithese schemes, though blazoned on the versally adopted, might greatly abridge pages of the Old Monthly Magazine, the labours of the illustrious knight and will be perfectly agreeable to the poikan. his worthy coadiutors. The coincidence thropic knight. They were devised when of a wonderful discovery for pretenting their author was aspiring to municipal war made on one side of the Channel, honours and courtly distinctions, and just at the moment of the establishment before disappointment and bankruptcy of a society for the same purpose on the had made his heart overflow with the other, inust fill every reflecting mind milk of human kindness for every pro- with the most profound admiration. For fessed enemy of besotted Britain and her the knowledge of this discovery I am intyrannical governinent. His best en- debted to a small 12mo, volume just deavours have consequently been since published in Paris, by Bertrand, Rue exerted to counteract her unjustifiable Hautefeuille, No. 23; and I am no: etforts to humble the amiable Buona- without serious apprehension that the parte, and to maintain her usurped ma- ingenuity of the anonymous French wrie ritime superiority. Undaunted by the ter will ihrow that of the English profailure of these patriotic efforts, Sir jector completely into the shade. Richard now comes forward as the foun According to the former, then, the der of a Society for preventing War, and termination of all wars, the prevention propagating correct Opinions on the Mo- of all farther revolutions, wilt be accomrality of Nations. A meeting of the plished by abstinence from fermented friends to this principle, as we are told, substunces. Methinks, Mr. Editor, I see has been held at the London
you shake your head; but have the house; Sir RICHARD Phillips invited goodness to recollect that there is no 'limself to take the chair; and it was discovery of genius but has had to strug. resolved :-" That a society be formed, gle with incredulity-And thou, great whose object it shall be to circulate man! at whose feet I throw myself, and knowledge among all nations on subjects who comest with a modesty truly rare to of public morality; on the folly, inuti- combat against fermented substances, lity, and wickedness of war; and on the without certificates, without puffs, eren obligations of governinents not to appeal without patent; thou shalt at least find to the sword on light occasions, on ques- in me a zealous disciple, who will endeations of equivocal policy, or for the gra vour to make thee understood by the tification of pride, revenge, or ambition profane: for I must confess that thy -That to guard the proposed society profound work addressed to the profesagainst misrepresentation, it is deemed sion is not adapted to every vulgar caproper to declare that its purpose is of a pacity! nature PURELY MORAL and that some By a fermented substance our author approved tract, tending to promote the means one in which, sometimes nature, objects of the society, be published every but more frequently art, has by some tbree months.” An American pamphlet * An acquaintance of mine on reading has the honour of being the first publi- this resolution remarked, that it showed evication chosen for dissection, and Grotius dently enough for whose benefit this plan on Peace and War for the second. The was promulgated: nay, he had even the last resolution acquaints the friends of malice to observe, that though the chairman this benevolent scheme, that a relative had not long resided at Holloway, he had of the chairman has most disinterestedly all his life delighted in hollow-aye, and is Whoever is acquainted with the PURE
crooked ways too, which the gulls would MORAL character of the chairman (for evi- before they had done with him. This sally,
find to swallow up a good deal of money dence of which see Mrs. CLARKE's Rival however, 1 attribute, Mr. Editor, to sheer Princes) will not be disposed to question the envy; as the person in question is himself PURELY MORAL purpose of the society formed upder his auspices.
a great projector, and you know " (wo of a trade never agree."
1816.) Sir R. Phillips's Society for Preventing War.
503 means, but particularly by the interven- He even goes so far as to assert that the tion of heat, produced å more or less salubrity of these aliments is in a direct advanced degree of decomposition. Thus ratio to their hardness; and I am perwheat is a pure substance; bread a fer- suaded that if one of his disciples were srented substance. The same difference to nibble only at green wood, or soft exists between grapes and wine, milk sand-stone, he would say, as the mason and cheese, &c. Now, reasoning not did to a comrade who dipped a piece of only from analogy, but also from expe- bread a fortnight old in a pail ot' water: rience, this author lays it down as a rule, “ By my troth, the fellow's growing that whatever is decomposed tends to de- dainty!" compose such as eat it. If then you would You must perceive, Sir, by this time, be healthy, eat wheat, but not bread; the sublime consequences of the discoregale yourself with milk, but never very of the great man whom, from ignotouch cheese; finally, believe in my au rance of his name, I am obliged to call thor, and drink as much water as you Anti-Ferment, Whence proceed all those please.
quarrels between nations that lead to The lovers of what is termed good- wars and conquests, and almost all those living will no doubt shrug their shoul- disputes between individuals which terders at this system. Reduced to the ne- minate in suits, actions, and mutual ruin? cessity of dining on a cucumber or a If we go back to the real source of these bunch of radishes, the situation of such contentions, shall we not find it in the would be truly pitiable. Let them not, notion with which each is impressed, however, take my author for one of those that they have not sufficient of the metal Pythagoreans who, imbued with the which procures whatever is requisite for doctrine of the metempsychosis, abstain our existence? If then every man can from all animal food. Though somewhat find ready to his hand, without giving of an innovator, he respects the authority himself any trouble, or even so much as of the bible, and has not renounced his striking a light, the prime necessary of part of the inheritance of our first parent, life--food, what should people continue to whom the Almightygave the right of life to fight about, or what should they go to and death over the whole brute creation. law for? Bad indeed must be the dispoThough a sheep, like himself, eats no- sition of the nations and individuals who thing fermented, he is far from consider- could then give way to this mania. ing the beast as his brother; and if he But my author and myself are well rejects a ragooed hare with indignation, aware of a little objection that may
be he has not the least objection to one urged against us. It is not merely to that is not decomposed.
live that the perverse inhabitants of this “What!” exclaims many a person of petty globe are accustomed to tear in delicate stomach; “ does this man eat pieces and slaughter one another. Are raw fiesh?"-" I cry you mercy,” says not ambition, hatred, jealousy, and other Mr. Anti-Ferment, you do what is a passions, also the seeds of war and quargreat deal worse. You devour--not merely rels? Most certainly they are; but why? raw, but almost alide-whole shoals of Assuredly because those fermented suboysters and other shell-fish, besides many stances) upon which you chiefly subsist, things whose names I have forgotten introduce into your blood a léaven, an since I ceased to frequent the convivial acidity, wbich in their turn stir up in you board." There, gentlemen, is an argu- every baleful passion. Feed a conqueror mentum ad hominem for you!
upon raw cucumbers and milk, and you Lastly, Mr. Editor and this is the will see if he manifests any inclination most important part of the discovery~ to appropriate to himself the smallest my author has found out so cheap a kingdom on the face of the earth: conmethod of feeding his fellow-creatures, fine an Overreach to the apples that that I defy the most economical caterer grow in his orchard, taking good care in London, or Paris either, to match that he eats them wichout any cooking, bim. Would you like to know what are and the coolness and serenity, which the new dishes which be proposes to set their juices will diffuse through his veins, upon our tables ? Why-stones and wood. will make him renounce his chicebery
Rather hard of digestion," you may for ever. perhaps think; but Mr. Anti-Ferment Who can forbear admiring with me assures us, that he disdains to answer the simplicity of ibis system, its imthe sarcasms which may be thrown out mense utility, and the boundless reon the subject of the dimensions of these sources with which it furnishes us against ucw catables, or on their trituration, all the calanities sens opon us from
(July 1, time to time by that Nature whose to the litcrary world as the author of bounty has been so highly celebrated by Letters from Albion and Travels in Italy, our poets and philosophers? If frosts Poland, Austria, &c; and his works, destroy the produce of the vineyard, what replete with vivacity and descriptive need we care? -- the river runs for all, sketches,”# have been received withiconand especially for those who detest wine, siderable applause by the British public. one of the most highly fermented of On the Anniversary of my Coming to substances. If tempests bave blasted the
England in 1812. hopes of the husbandman, the earth contains within its bosom an abundant Thus the first year harmless ceases
Since I came to England good : supply. If winds have swept away the fiuit, the tree is leli, and will furnish On the wings of gentle breezes
Crossing swift the briny flood. you with more than one repast. If, in sbors, every resource should fail, you are Wonderful predestination ! still sure of finding plenty of stones under That, with all-commanding hand, your feet; and how happy, how inde- Torn from last's oppress's nation,
Hurried mic into this land; pendent must be be, who finds at all seasons a table spread for him upon Where I met with kind reception,
Feeling, generosityShould you, Sir, or your readers be not Tender, undisguis’d affection, yet entirely converted, I would earnestly
Pity drawn froin sympathy; advise you to peruse Mr. Anti-Ferinent's Where, without proud ostentation, book with all the attention that it de- Clad in Modesty's array,
You will thence learn what I found inerit grace its station, robust health die bas enjoyed, except
Far from courts and showy fray; that he is become rather thinner in the Where, in beauty's glowing fushes, six years during which he has confined Heighten'd by enchanting eyes, hiniself to this diet: he admits indeed Virgin innocence still blushes that his nights are rather disturbed, and Modest virtue, heavenly smiles; that he occasionally has unpleasant Where, with bolder front elated, dreams. Some sneerers may pretend In the portly shape of man, that his book afiords sufficient evidence Crushing shackles, animated, of this: but these are trilling inconve- Daring Liberty strides on. niences compared with the grand effects Glut—with crimes, usurper, t tainted, that must result from his system, as I
All my wealth, my ample store; trust, bas been proved to your entire First with floods of tears lamented, sati-faction.
Now- heavy loss! no more. Now, Sir, let me intreat you to give a
Lofty domes, with views enchanting, place to this paper in your very next
Painted rooms-the artist's pride; number, and to recoinmend to the mem-. Neither taste nor splendour wanting ; bers of Sir RICHARD PHILLIPS's new
Swept by sad misfortune's ride! society the printing of a translation of the work of the French philosopher, in
Shining plate, proud equipages, preference to that chosen for their first Fall'ri, where war again now rages ;
Generous steeds my dearest boast, essay, by which means they will stand
Sunk to dust, for ever lost! a chance of accomplishing their object at once, and thus keep in their pockets D'ark, where oft in woodbine bowers
I heard Philomela's tune, all the money that would otherwise be required for an interminable series of When through fragrance-breathing flowers, pamphlets. I have not the least doubt
Silver-beaming, shone the moon: that these benevolent gentlemen will Waving groves, rills gently purling, vote me a handsome picce of plate for
Meads diffusing balmy smell, the information; and you, Mr. Editor, Gloomy walks, ponds softly curling, will as certainly be honoured with their Nature, art, and wealth-farewel! thanks for kindly affording the channel To elucidate the preceding, it is ne through which it is conveyed.
cessary to add, that "the friends of the London, June 1, 1816.
Baroness d'Uklanski (left a widow in this
country at the age of eighteen) propose, MR. EDITOR,
in the hope of enabling her to recover & THE following simple and affecting lines are extracted from the Poems and New MoxtulY MAGAZINE for January,
* Review of New Publications in the Essays of the Baron d'Uklanski. This 1815. gentleman has been already introduced + Buonaparte.
1816.) Mr. Böltiger on the Extermination of the Barbary Corsairs. 505 provision from her late husband's estates boped that it may be translated into in Polish Prussia, from which his de- English, with emendations and additions, cided loyalty to his sovereign forced him when this motto might uptly be prefixed :
to fly during the late tyranny, and usur- Etoriare aliquis er ossibus ultor. =pation of the French, to raise a subscrip The first section treats of the history
tion for her, by publishing two small of Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli; manuscript volumes of travels, lett by the second of their relations with the him ready for the press, with the addi- European states ; the third of their retion of various original compositions and sources; the fourth of their piracies, and specimens of his extraordinary abilities, of the means of preventing them; and which enabled him, after three years the fifth contains a list of 133 works on acquaintance with the English language, thic subject, compiled with great industo write in it with the freedoin, and, try. From the second section, partly except in a very few instances, with the derived from Martens' Recueil des correctness of a native."-Subscriptions Traités and partly from manuscript ma(one guinea) received at No. 17, Not- terials, I extract the following particutingham-street, Nottingham-place, New- lars respecting Germany. road.
During the reign of Rudolph II., AusRelying on those feelings of benevo- tria sent an embassy to Morocco, re lence which so peculiarly characterize ceived one from that country, under the British public, it is presumed that Joseph II. in 1782, and in April 1783 the afilicting circumstances which have concluded a treaty, by which it was stie introduced the work in question to their pulated that the duty upon Austrian notice, will prove a sufficient appeal. goods introduced into the dominions of
With regard to the peculiar merit of Morocco should not exceed 5 per cent. the work itself, it is undoubtedly no In 1781, d’Audibert Kaille, the French small recommendation that the forego- consul, sent a letter of peace for the ing proposition bas proceeded from the Hans Towns; and the intelligent empepen of the accomplished authoress of ror, Sidi Mahommed, announced to all Gertrude, Rosanne, &c.; a lady who the European consuls, under date of bas swept the lyre of feeling with a mas- Feb. 8, 1782, that he was at peace with ter's hand, while its magic tones have Hamburg. No permanent security was, vibrated to the heart of every reader of however, to be reckoned upon : in 1798 taste and sentiment.
two vessels from Hamburg and Bremen, A CONSTANT READER. taken off the coast of Portugal, were
liberated on the application of the court MR. EDITOR,
of Lisbon; but the Hans Towos found AT a time when the abolition of the the charges of a consul and annual preslave-trade is become a general concern sents, and even the purchase of passports of all Europe, it is rather incomprehen- for single ships, too expensive; as notsible that the Barbary corsairs on the withstanding these they still continued coast of the Mediterranean should be exposed to the depredations of the other permitted to continue to carry off Chris- African states. It was not till 1806 that tian slaves into captivity, and torment Harburg concluded a separate peace, them as they please with impunity. No- which cost her upwards of 20,000 piastres, thing but the irresistible trident of Bri- and a yearly present of 5,000 inore. Soon lain can in this case be of any avail; afterwards a negociation was commenced and accordingly the nations of the Cons on the part of Bremen and Lübeek, but tinent have anxiously fixed their eyes on without success, as the French system England. In this state of things, an in- of blockade intervenert; and the Hans structive work, submitted at the com- Towns now hope to receive from the mencement of the year 1815 to the Con- allied powers the same protection from gress of Vienna, deserves to be known the African corsairs as they did from in your country, and to be duly consi that destructive system. dered by all, whether they belong to die In 1727 Austria concluded a treaty African Association or not, at a moment with Algiers under the mediation of the wlien a Wilberforce is bringing forward Porre, and another in the like manner the subject anew for discussion in the in 1748. The Porte also in 1782 effected British senate. Its title is : On the Pi- the liberation of some Austrian ships rates of the Mediterranean and their which had been taken, and paid herselt, Extermination; by FREDERIC Herr. as it is believed, the ralue of the cargoes MANN, Professor at the Gymnasium of that had been sold. In the first Austria Laibeck (8vo. pp. 438). It is to be treaty mention was made of German
506 Mr. Böttiger on the Extermination of the Barbary Corsairs. (July 1, ships in general, but without success; particular attention ought to be paid in the ships of Hamburg and Lübeck indeed treating of North Africa. If this char obtained permission in 1747 to frequent nel of commerce be not gained by the the Turkish ports under the Austrian Europeans in Africa, they have gained flag; but they could not avail themselves nothing, even though they had subdued of it, as they were not included in the the coasts: and to secure any channel treaty of 1748 with Algiers. The treaty of commercial intercourse is not so easy which Hamburg concluded in 1751 with a matter, as the Mohanimedaus adhere Algiers she was obliged to relinquish, as to one another in a very different manthe Spanish court signified its discontent ner from what the Europeans do. Tbe on the subject by a prohibition of com- first consequence that will inevitably mercial intercourse..
result from the attempt to found an EcAustria had since 1725 a treaty of ropean monarchy in Africa, will be to peace with Tunis, which in 1748 was unite the Mohammedans more closels converted into a commercial treaty, and than ever, and to induce them to break renewed in 1784. She concluded a treaty off all intercourse with Europeans: the with Tripoli in 1726, and again in 1749; laiter would then indeed have no inconbut when in 1800 Austria did not ac- venience to apprehend from the trade knowledge the Dey, and sent no ambas- with Africa, for that trade itself would sador, her consul was obliged to strike be annihilated. On the other band, it his flag, and an Austrian ship was taken. may be urged that this trade is more im
From these facts it appears that the portant from the hope of future advanpolicy of Austria in regard to the pirati- tage than from its present profit; and cal states, consists in negociating not that the Europeans, like genuine discidirectly with them, but through the me- ples of Archimedes, would soon fiud the diation of her faithful and upright neigh- way to Tonbuctoo if they had but a bour, Turkey; by which means at least permanent point to set out from. Such the considerable annual tribute that a point would certainly be furnished by other states are obliged to pay is partly the foundation of an European monarchy transferred to the Turkish exchequer. in Africa; but the plan for such a mea This policy is still pursued; and we learu sure requires an army of not fewer than from the public prints that the Porte 150,000 men, or, what amounts to the lately dispatched the Kapidgi Bachi to same thing, an expenditure of five milAlgiers and Tunis, to enforce respect for lions sterling; for which the powers the Austrian flag, and to demand the would not receive such indemnification liberation of all Austrian subjects, with in Africa as they bave found in France, which requisitions he obtained their and to which the tribute paid by then ready compliance.
to the piratical states bears no kind of Prussia has adopted a different course, proportion. It reminds us of the mes. and skreens herself under the Swedish sage sent by the Dey of Algiers to flag from the depredations of these Louis XIV., when the latter threatened pirates. The situation of the Hans to destroy his city with fire and sword: Towns, on the contrary, is truly deplo- " Let the King,” said he, “ only send rable. It appears that they have ceased me the money which the bombardmeat to endeavour to compromise matters will cost him, and I'll take good care to with the predatory states in the Medi- have the city properly set on fire." terranean, or, what is equivalent, to na- The author wben he wrote tbis work vigate that sea. But things have not could not bave been acquainted with t.e stopped even here: in 1793 Portugal steps taken by Sir Sidney Smith with the began to demand a tribute for guarding Congress of Vienna, and with all those the Straits, that their vessels might be who hold in abhorrence the piratical safe from those pirates on the Portuguese. syster of Africa, for its suppressice. coast, when they had previously arranged His proposals were not entertained by with the court of Morocco.
the Congress; but, on the other hand, The population of Morocco, differently an association was formed on the ob estimated at from two to six millions, is December 1814, at Vienna, under the taken at five; though Jackson, in his auspices of Sir Sidney, for the abolition work on that empire, computes the in- of the black and white slave trade in habitants of Morocco at 10,300,000, and North Africa. According to an of Tafilet at 900,000. That writer also nouncement in the Moniteur, this assogives a circumstantial account of the ciation seems to bave transferred its seat progress of the caravans to Tombuctoo, 10 France, where the King, as grandand this seems to be the point to which master of the order of St. Louis, has