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1816.) Present State of the Mission at Bethelsdorp.

497 warms our hearts. There is only one barracks at Paris in a few days, and then remark made by Sir Francis Burdett we I hope to be able to open a place for divine avowedly disapprove, which was, at that worship; and in my next to give you a momentous height of joy to introduce more full account of the blessed cause in the subject of fogging. Had the hon. which my soul delights; but I confess I baronet moved, that the House should never feli the separation from God's peutake into considcratiwn the valuable ser- ple in England as I have on this service. vices of the troops, and the addition of Though I am blessed with great strength a small pension when they pass the board of body and mind, and union and comat Chelsea, Sir Francis would have been munion with God, yet my heart is at a friend; but as for the other, as pro- home. Oh! happy, happy England! if posed, we disapprove. For instance, if thou didst but know thy exaltation and any part of the line had not stood firin, privileges, both great and small would determined to conquer or die, but had love and adore the author of all thy leii the field and gone to Brussels ; Sir mercies! I am, sir, your most dutiful Francis I suppose would not have these and obliged servant, men flogged? Well, I will agree then

C. W. with bim, that they should be hanged,

Colour-Seijeant, 34 batt. 1st Ft. Gds. and also every coward who quits his post To J. B., Esq. M.P. and fies from the face of his enemy,

London. exposing his comrades to their mercy, or leaving them in the field; but the MR. EDITOR, good soldier consents to the law, that it IF you will be so good as to insert is wholesome and good. I approve of in your miscellany the following remarks the last amendment respecting cowards, on trades, &c. ai Bethelsdorp, by Mr. and I think it cannot be amended. George Bakker, missionary, on his way

We had a grand review of all the Bri- to Lattakoo, in a letter to a friend; and tish, Hanoverian, and Belgian troops, on the account of the proinpt assistance and Monday last. It was a beautiful sight. support which the government of the The Emperor of Russja was there, and colony of the Cape received from the many others of distinction; and his Grace establishment at Bethelsdorp during an the Duke of Wellington on his right. insurrection in that country, you will The day the emperor arrived, and saw oblige

PHILANTHROPIST. the duke, he fell upon his neck and kissed him, and svept, in the presence of

“ Government and others employ their the guard.

waggons and oxen, for which they are I iniust conclude with noticing the great well paid. They fell and prepare timber kindness of our society in Westminster for a person a few miles off, which is on my departure, and their unceasing sent to Cape Town by water; I heard prayers and inquiries: I am much in- liim say that he paid for this to one Hotdebied to them; my heart is with them. tentot, in three months, 800 rix-dollars. It comforts me to find I have such friends; There is also a tauner in the neighbourit proves that God is my friend, and will hood for whom they obtain bark. I have not leare my family comfortless. I hope been surprised to see what they do :soon to see all my friends on that peace- they purchase houses and gardens; Mr.C. ful shore, where the widow and the has lately sold a house for 190 rix-dollars, fatherless are visited, the distressed re- and a garden for 40 ditto. Four of the ieved, the poor comforted, and where Hottentots went to a sale, and purchased his gospel shines in its meridian light 400 sheep and lambs, since we came bere. among that people in whom God delighits They have many cattle and waggons : to dwell; I shall then be able to give there is a waggon-maker who is now you a better account than at present. making a waygon for the society; he I anı well in health, and feel my soul does the smith's work also. There are alive to God.

three or four Hottentoi carpenters, wborn I have a hut built, and an altar erected Mr. Corner las instructed, who make unto the Lord. My tew brethren are very good tables, chairs, bedsteuds, doors, well: their experiences all agree in the &c.; a shoemaker, who has put new hlessed help they received in the late soles on my shoes; a tanner, from whom actions; peace with God, and a full

per- I have got a sheep's-skiu dressed, and it suasion that he had a right to dispose of is a very good one. Mr.M—us comthem as seemed good unto him. Now menced baking, and bakes inuch bread, they are preserved, they agree to live to for which he receives ready money. They and for God. We expect to go into have some very fine gardens up the

498

Historical Query.

(July 1 IN

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Kloof, not far from the town, which, sewing-school, who make shirts for sale though in their infancy (this being thé About forty-seven children read in the first year of most of them), shew both Bible, write, and make some progress a industry and taste, and do them much arithmetic. credit. Bethelsdorp is much better than Will any now say, that the missions: I expected to find it. Yours, &c. ries neglect civilization? Let the friend

« G. BAKKER.” of the Society tell all the world what the By letters from South Africa we learn, gospel has done for Hottentots; and that that an insurrection against the British a handful of missionaries bare done government of the Cape had been made more in a few years to promote civilizaby a party of boors, near Witenhagen, tion in Africa, than a host of philosowho had invited the aid of the Caffres, phers could have effected in a century! with promises of plunder. It should seem that the execution of British jus- MR. EDITOR, tice in favour of the oppressed Hotten- LOOKING over Whitelocke's Mere tots had given them umbrage, and they rials, I was struck with the following resolved if possible to overthrow the paragraph, which certainly requires exBritish government; but by the speedy planation: and vigorous exertions of the latter, a Page 45. A. D. 1640. number of the ringleaders had been mother went out of England into the seized, and a special commission ap. Low Countries, and shortly after died." pointed for their trial. The people of On reference to Hume, I find that Bethelsdorp were called upon to assist Anne of Denmark, the mother of governnent in the suppression of this Charles I., died March 3, 1619. Dabrebellion; and thirty armed men were rymple coincides with Hume in assigning immediately sent off to Theopolis for the same period. Queen Henrietta

, that purpose; but it was hoped that their mother of Charles II., survived her bos help would not be necessary. Mr. Jen- band for many years. Who, then, is nings, on behalf of the Commission of the queen-mother of wliom Whitelocke Circuit then at Witenhagen, thus writes speaks?

J. W. to Mr. Read :-"I shall at all times feel Arundel-street, Strand, happy in bearing testimony to the promptitude and zeal with which the establish- MR. EDITOR, ment at Bethelsdorp has stepped forward HAVING from my infancy Loen in the support of Government, at such taught to consider freedom as the greatan eventful period; and shall not fail to est of blessings; and baving sery often represent it to his excellency the gover- observed in the Game Laws a spirit of a nor."

tendency directly opposite, I have been P.S. I should be obliged if you would induced to offer my humble sentiments add the following particulars respecting on those laws to the public eye, through Bethelsdorp, which have just come to the medium of your valuable miscellany. hand. It appears that the number of They appear to me teeming with all the inbabitants when the account came away evidences of the most despotic tyranty: was 1,170; cattle and sheep 2,672; and creating in every village a tyrant with waggons 24. More than thirty men are the most absolute sway; and at a time constantly employed in hewing and saw- when the agriculturist is bard pressed ing timber, which is sold to a Mr. K-, with the indispensable burden of seowho transports it by sea to Cape Town, porting, to the very utmost of his efforts, and for which return is made in various the expenditure of the nation, rendered articles of utility. Much timber is also enormous by the expense of crushing : carried to Witenbagen and Graaf Rei- foreign tyrant, he is gallerl still more net. From twelve to twenty men are feelingly by one at bis very door, a igrani employed in getting bark; others in supported hyflaw, and, to add mockeri burning lime; and others in cara ying salt to his affliction, that law is termed into the interior. There are also two justice! wheelwrights, six carpenters, two shoe- The landlord whose estate is oppresser makers, two bricklayers, several brick- with game, makes no allowance when he makers, one butcher, one tanner, three lets å farın, for the injury which the thatchers. Many of the women assist

tenant will sustain from its devastations ; their husbands in gardening, making although where it abounds it is undoubtmats, baskets, blankets of sleep-skins, edly far more prejudicial to the farme &c. Thirty girls are daily taught to than the whole tribe of vermin, which kuit; and there are eighteen girls in tlie the rich have not yet thought proper te

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316.)
Remarks on the Hardship of the Game Laws.

499 eserve by severe laws for their own apıl the farmer of his industry which has <clusive amusement. How great must supported it, and who must not bimself e the vexation of that man who, having touch it. When a man has once found xpended his money and industriously the pleasure of living without labour, he xerted himself in every measure to the never wishes to return to it; the poacher [post of his ability to render his land therefore becomts uowilling to work, roductive, belolds covies of pheasants and whenever his usual method of obad partridges picking up his grain as taining a subsistence fails, he commences oon as he has deposited it in the earth; a career of plunder, and in the end arlocks of hares eating off every blade of rives either at the gallows, or is trans, is wheat and grass, destroying whole ported, by which the country loses a ields of turnips, and rendering his well inan able to labour, and the parish to cultivated and fruitful land a barren which le belongs has the additional exwaste! Yet that man must not fire a pense of supporting his fainily. gun during the whole shooting season,

Gentlemen who have estates aboundat which period be sustains the greatest ing with game, very frequently when in injury; he must not on any account London purchase that article of the keep : dog, bowever small, lest by his poulterers. A moment's reflection might barking he should frighten the hares when convince them that such game is stolen, active in destroying the fruits of bis and that consequently they are encoumaster's industry. Many farmers are raging the very evil they wish to annihi. not even allowed to employ a boy to late. If any one could inform me of a drive away the rooks from their corn; single benefit which is derived from the fearful of likewise driving away the pre- Game Laws, I should esteem myself

cious game, which may inadvertently much obliged; for the revenue gains no3 settle on the estate of some other per- thing, as the game duty would be much

son, who, enjoying independence, is able more than compensated by the tax on and willing to protect his own property, the number of dogs which would be kept and therefore shoots them.

more than at present, if there were no From the Game Laws very frequently such laws in existence. The game may, arise differences, which for years disturb indeed, sometimes induce the man who the quiet of a number of people; occa possesses an estate, to leave the smoky sion the ruin of tenants and dependents; atmosphere of London for a short time, and generally terminate in the most de to breathe the fine air of the country; termined animosity between the parties. but he comes not from motives of benea.

A man possessing forty shillings a year volence, to dispense consolation to the may vote for a representative who is to afflicted, or to succour the distressed; sit in the most illustrious assembly in the on the contrary, he spreads desolation world, to legislate, and to dispose of and distrust, the former by the rigour the property, nay even of the persons of with which he enforces the Game Laws, bis constituents; yet, for a man to be and the latter arpong all his tenants and qualified to shoot the bird called the the whole vicinity, each fearing a malipartridge, the beauty, size, or even flavor cious information; and perhaps for ofof which have never yet been the sub- sences committed without the intention ject of ealogium, he must be possessed of of injury; and shewing not the least apone hundred pounds per annun. Surely pearance of a crime. the liberty held forth by the British con Paley, in bis Philosophy, when treating stitution, our glory and our protection, of civil liberty, says

"that a law being never authorised such slavery!

found to produce no sensible good ef The morality of the country is likewise fects, is a sufficient reason for repealing exceedingly shaken by the laws for the it, as adverse and injurious to the rights preservation of game; for as no one can of a free citizen; without demanding honestly sell it but such as are possessed specific evidence of its bad effects;" and of large estates, and as they on the con he particularly mentions the game laws trary monopolize and preserve it by as objects for advantageous revision. every means in their power, son other But if these laws are not allogether reexpedient must be found for supplying pealed, I conceive many of the ill effects the tables of the rich and voluptuous of this badge of vassalage might be ame. who have no estates on which they can liiated, by making game the 'privato raise it. This can only be done by hav- property of the person who cultivates ing recourse to poachers, who, at the ha- the land, and whose industry supports it ; zard of their lives and liberty, fearlessly I cannot conceive the difference in that venture to rob the owner of his game, respect between it and his sheep and

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500
Farther Remarks on the Game Laws.

(Joly 1, poultry. He ought likewise to have an imagine this latter consideration would equally free market for the sale of it; by be a source of greater alarm to a thinking these means poaching would be annihi- mind, than the probable loss of garde lated; for the farmer could honestly sup- but what must that man's ieelings be, ply those who wanted it, and for his own who finds in bis victim--a stranger-ore interest he would not suffer it to be alto. of whom he knows no harm, perhaps a gether destroyed, but would allow as man ou whose future exertions a wife much as possible, consistently with the and family depend for support, and who preservation of the more valuable pro- wandering a benighted traveller, as thus ductions of his land. A FARMER. torn from all be held dear in this world April 5, 1816.

- bis only crime, entering a wood, either

from having lost his way, or to take MR. EDITOR,

shelter from the inclemency of a winter's I AM a constant reader and great ad- storm! mirer of your valuable magazine, and In reply to that part of PCBLICOLA'S have generally felt satisfaction from letter, wherein be complains of propriereading all the letters of your able corre- tors of manors preserving and monopo spondents, whether agreeing in opinion lizing, &c., and ihat the farmer is comwith them or not; but I could not read pelled to warn off his friends, VERITAS the reply of VERIT.13 to PUBLICOLA, OD asseris it is ridiculous to say compelled, the Hardship of the Game Laws, in your because the tenant promises and agrees number for April last, without some to warn off all persons on his taking the ideas suggesting themselves to my mind, farm. But, Sir, it is an undeniable fact far from agreeing with the opinions and that if the tenant who has so promised reasonings of Veritas, particularly in and agreed on taking his farm should his reply to PUBLICOLA's observation on not renew that promise aud agreetdent the cruel practice of setting man traps at the expiration of his lease, he would and spring guns--the authority for which be obliged to leave his farm, and that, Veritas in the first place hints is not to perhaps, at a time when lie had brought be found in any statute of the Game it by his own industry to a much higher Laws but will any person be hardy state of cultivation than when he entered enough to infer from hence that it does it. Here, again, VERITAS observes that not forin a part of those laws when it is “it is not the Game Laws on these universally acknowledged that they are points that are to be complained of as a set for the express purpose of securing hardship, it is the law of the tenant's game from poachers? VERITAS finishes own signing with bis landlord.” Surely his reply to this part of Publicola's let. if one obnoxious law originates in another ter by asking this question: “ What can the original is the one to be most combe more alarmning than the nightly visits plained of. of such vagabonds, who prove despe- I cannot at all agree with VERITAS rately bent on defending their unlawful when he terids Publicola's complaints depredations with bludgeons and fire- relative to cottagers' children not being arms, and in strong and formidable par- permitted to gather berries “ too friyaties?” Surely, Mr. Editor, the mind of lous to reply to." Deprive the rich and any man who has common humanity luxurious man of bis pines and grapes, will find a ready answer to such a ques- and he will feel how frivolous is the tion-Must not that man feel greater complaint of the child of poverty when alarm who lays himself down to rest deprived of his haws and sloes. knowing there is a probability that the Veritas wishes to punish persons buyorders he has given to his servants that ing as well as selling game; I imagine if night may, ere morning dawns upon him stat. 28 G. II. c. 12, were attended to, and his happy family, have been the it would be found quite sufficient. cause of the death of a fellow-creature, Should the above observations be inerely to preserve to himself the great thought worthy a place in the New privileve he enjoys over those not born Monthly Magazine, you will oblige by to afvence-that of shooting game? their insertion a constant reader, and a To bring a hardened offender against the friend to justice tempered with laws of his country to justice, I conceive N. Walsham,

HUMAXITY. to be the duty of every member of so- May 15, 1816. ciey; but to deprive an offender (however hardened) of his life, without trial, UR. EDITOR, in any way whatever, except in self-de- A FEW weeks since, (being on a visit fence, is certainly MURDER. I should to some friends in the portb,) I passed

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1816.]
Epitaphs in Waddington Church-yard.

501

When I was like you, through the village of Waddington, in Yorkshire, and stopped at the only inn For years not a few, in the place. While dinner was prepare

On the ocean I toil'd,

On the line I have broil'd, ing, I sauntered, according to custom, to

In Greenland I've shiver'd. the church-yard; which I found well

Now from hardship deliver'd, stocked with tomb-stones, nearly all of

Capsiz'd by old death, which were decorated with poetry.

I surrender'd my breath. Aiter perusing almost every epitaph And now I lie snug in the place, and being heartily disgusted As a bug in a rug. with the farrago of nousense wbich pre

A CONSTANT READZR. sented itself in every direction, I was on Arundel-street, May 16, 1816. the point of quitting it, when I observed the following lines on the tomb of a

MR. EDITOR, young lady of sixteen, who perished in I OBSERVE in the last number of a consequence of her clothes taking Gre. work to which you manifest a violent I learned on enquiry that they were antipathy, for no other reason that I can composed by the mother of a young gen- perceive than because its conductor tleman who was paying his addresses to

strives to persuade his countrymen 10 ber, and who has since fallen in the pe- live at peace with all the worid ercept ninsular war.

themselves, a plan strongly illustrative of With person lovely as her heavenly face, the cosmopolitan benevolence of his Each sweet accomplishment, each charming nature. The person to whom I allude grace,

is Sir RICHARD PHILLIPS, editor of the Endowed by nature with superior mind, Monthly Magazine ; to whose projects, To equals friendly, to inferiors kind, slighted as they have been by his unTo parents dutiful, to friends sincere,

grateful contemporaries, posterity will By all admired, to all who knew her dear

not fail to do ainple justice. His proShe's gone! for ever gone! one transient found study of natural philosophy enahour

[tower! bled him many years since to suggest a Blighted in all its bloom, the beauteous method of preventing injuries from lightAh? what avails to mourn! the tear may ning; and had it been adopted, we should

flow, The sigh may heave, the heart may bursi have had all our townsmaye, and all She feels it not! in everlasting gloom,

our counties too--covered at the height Wrapt in the cold embraces of the tomb,

of some hundred feet with a forest of She sleeps : that form, so lately our delight, conductors, which would have interceptSleeps in the region of eternal night! ed every particle of the electric fluid, and Eternal night! ah, no! though cold as clay, transmitted it harmless to the earth. Not And senseless as the dust, the glorious day, long since he proposed a plan for affordThe day of bright salvation, shall arrive, ing employment to a great number of poor And all her virtues, all her charms revive ! people and beautifying the metropolis, Though fond affection teaches you to mourn by white-washing the exterior of all its To mourn is sinful ; to religion turn :

buildings. On this occasion a wag reCease to bewail the high decrees of God;

marked, that if he could suggest a plan Bow to the earth, and kiss the chastening rod. for white-washing the inmates of many

Close to this monument stood a tomb- of those buildings with the same comslone with the following epitaph : plete success that some years since atHere lies the body of GEORGE ELKINS, a

tended the experiment wbich he made native of Bodmin; died here March 14, on his own person, they would no doubt 1770, in the 67th year of his age.

be willing enough to attend to his inHe was a good son, a good father, and a structions.*- There was a time during good brother, and all his neighbours fol- the late war with France when the gelowed him to the grave.

nius of this great man was directed to While I was enjoying this exquisite

the means of annoying our enemy. His morsel of native simplicity, my attention

This is perhaps rather too severe an inwas arrested by a stone immediately op- Richar” ootained his certificate hy inno.

sinuation, though it is well known that Sir posite. I leave you to judge of my astoDishment on reading the inscription:

cently asserting that his estate would pay all

his creditors the fullamount of their demands, In memory of WILLIAM RICHARD and leave an equal sum for bimself; and PHELPs, late Boatswain of H. M. S. Invinci- though the said creditors have received since ble. He acconipanied Lord Anson in his 1810 only eight shillings in the pound, and are cruise round the world, and died April 21, given to undersiand that an additional six1789.

pence is all they have to expect. NEW MONTHLY MAG--No. 30,

Voi. V. 3 T

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