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1816.) A Trip to Paris in August and September 1815. 487 these, and least of all with a foreigner.* which was to be presented to a Prussian “ In a dispute between a stranger and general, as a compliment for the good a native of France," observed a French conduct of his men whilst they were man to me," the Frenchman must have quartered in that town; “ but,” added a right and a half on his side in order to the French officer, “ I shall ask the gain his cause;" so much will the pre- Prussian general to give me his address; sumed ignorance of the foreigner be al- for as we shall in two years be at Berlin lowed to tell in his favour.

again, I intend to call on him, and deAt public exhibitions, and other public inand the sword back of him."-Whilst places, where either Frenchmen are ad- I was standing on the Boulevards, lookinitted only on certain days, or where but ing at a print-shop, where there was exa limited number of people can be placed, hibited a print of Buonaparte, with his the foreigner is admitted every day, or face cut up into figures, and near it a has the preference given him before the portrait of Louis XVIII., I was addressed natives.' I feel no inclination fastidious- by a Frenchwoman with a very expresly to inquire into the basis of this kind sive countenance, pointing to these porof politeness, as I have heard others do, traits : “ A present qu'il est bas; on se who suspected vanity to be at the bottoin moque de lui; il vaut bien ce gros roi ; of it, since Frenchmen consider them- on le reverra; il n'est pas mort." I hope selves as a nation far superior to all I am right in thinking that this woman others. Whether it be owing to this na. will not prove a Cassandra.--A Frenchtion having been so much deceived, or man, a fellow-traveller in a diligence, to a consciousness of their own propen- could not bear the idea that he should sity to deceive, they show a most obvi- be thought so destitute of penetration as ous disposition to suspect finesse every

to believe that the King of England is where; and the most palpable reason or still alive, without, however, being able cause they are sure to reject in search to mention a single reason why his death of a more recondite one. Perhaps this should be concealed. may also be a trait of vanity, which as- The political fate of France, which zumes an air of greater penetration than has delivered her into the possession of what belongs to the multitude. Buona- foreign armies, together with her domesparte knew well how to avail himself of tic differences, give a great check to the this feature in the character of French- display of the national character; whilst men, when he wished, in the course of that original character has during the his operations, to make them look to any Revolution exhibited itself under so many cause suitable to his purpose, rather than different aspects, that it must be very to the most obvious and real one. There difficult for an observer to seize upon are men now in France, who pretend to the genuine and radical features of that so much penetration, as not to believe character. that Buonaparte escaped from Elba with- On an occasion where the French chaout the connivance of the English, who racter was the subject of conversation, were desirous of renewing the war with and surprise was expressed that the betFrance because they observed the French ter part of the nation should have so manufactures prosper too rapidly. "L'on tamely subunitted to the sway of so many en veut jusqu'a nos fabriques; voila le factions of the most unprincipled indivisecret ."şaid a French gentleman from duals, a French diplomatic gentleman the south to me, who had been an officer replied: “The French, when collected in Buonaparte's guards, and was suffi- in a numerous body in the face of the ciently imbued with that political insight world, under the eyes of History and for which Buonaparte thought it good. Fame, will attempt the most heroic expolicy to give them credit. A French ploits; but if you take a Frenchman officer related in company, in the pre- separately, under circumstances of great sence of a friend of mine, that he had difficulty, and endeavour to make him been commissioned by the magistrates of take a decisive and active part in the a country town to purchase a sword, cause, which to himself appears to have

* Without intending to question the jus- justice on its side, he will shrug up his tice of this observation of our correspondent, shoulders, wring his hands, and--shed we cannot help adverting to the case of a

tears !" This at least corresponds well respectable English gentleman of the name with the observation of Buonaparte upon of Kean, who, for no other ostensible of the character of Murat, in one of his fence than that mentioned above, was but a intercepted letters written to his sister, few months since assassinated by a French- the wife of Murat. As the French when man in the streets of Paris,-EDITOR. assembled in great numbers may be ca488 A Trip to Paris in August and September 1815. (July 1, pable of the highest enthusiasm of cou- but upon a long habitual feeling. The rage, so they seem also in such situations men between twenty and tbirty years of subject to panic; whilst the last revolu- age, the hearts and arns (though ne tion alone has produced more tha i suffi. exactly the brains) of a nation, knon cient instances to show that individually little of the Bourbons; and these now they can brave death, even certain death come among them with disgrace and by the hand of the executioner.-I have subjection preceding them, though the iend in so:ne bistory of France, that for- Bourbons be not by any means the cause merly, when an engagement of conse- of it. Instead of bulletins of their victoquence was to be entered into by indivi- rious Emperor from the Kremlin, halfduals in that country, the parties were way between Paris and Bagdad, and of made to swear upon the tomb of some splendid triumphal arches, they must eminent saint to the performance of their now hear the decrees of the Bourbon engagement; but that, in process of time, king for raising contributions for foreign it was found necessary to take the par- armies in possession of their country; ties to the tombs of several such saints the triumphal arches in their capital are to try to bind them to the execution of before their faces despoiled of their detheir engagement. A French historian, corations; and their boasted trophies of io noticing an eminent person awong his the master-pieces of art torn away from countrymen, describes bis character as their splendid and costly depository. most excellent, only that he was apt not The enlightened-and God send it to be to keep his word. This trait, as well as the greatest part of the nation !--mast too great a readiness to proffer their ser- view this in its proper light; and see in vices, seems to me to be the effect of the the unbounded ambition of Napoleon, want of a sufficient degree of strength and in the slavish submission of the nain the character. Whatever defects may tion to him, the source and cause of the appear to attach to the character of present unparalleledoverthrow of France. Frenchmen in particular, they are al- Political liberty, for which the revololowed to be exempt from that master- tionists overturned whatever was before vice-drunkenness. What difference the held sacred in France, and sacribced absence of this vice must make in the every principle, every human feelinghappiness of the lower classes of the peo- together with the happiness, property, ple, may not only be conjectured, but and lives of millions--was entirely lost is evident from the appearance and con. sight of, like a small star, in the blaze of duct in public of those people in this the meridian sun of vain-glory; and the country; nay, the superior classes may most hideous despotisip lost all the bor bless their favoured lot, that their nation ror of its infernal features when mounted is not contaminated by that vice, in the in the dazzling car of victory. It is from train of which the poet or painter might weak monarchs, not from energetic tydepict every crime that has a name ravts, that liberty wrings concessions;a horrid procession !

the true and intelligent friends of rational The revolutionary career which France liberty in France musi, therefore, consider has run during so many years, has intro- the present state of the government as duced an unexampled variety of political greatly favourable to their views; whilst opinions, which were all kept compressed Napoleon would have erased from the by the energy and splendour of Napo- alphabet the very letters that compose the leon's government. These are now let word Liberty, and summed up his whole loose--and Henven knows what settle- political creed in the words--GLORY but ment will ultimately take place of this SLAVERY, or death. To obey the Emchaos of opinions of ultra-royalists, limit- peror, and promote the glory of France, ed monarchists, republicans, democrats, was the basis of the new system of eduand those who do not know what they cation introduced by this arch-despot; want, but are dissatisfied with what they who, it is notorious, went so far as to have. An old, intelligent, French gen- have expunged from the edition of the tleman, of great respectability, conten- classics to be used in schools, every pasplated this confusion of opinions with sage having a tendency to feed in the despair; thinking that it would ulti- youthful bosom the sacred flame of limately lead to a division of the territory herty, and of batred of tyranny; wbist of France among the neighbouring pow- every new publication was obliged to ers. The mass of the French nation, I undergo a similar mutilation. # Yet am inclined to think, still cling with their Napoleon knew how to give to Iris desaffections to Buonaparte. Such attach- potism an appearance of liberty," obments are not founded upon reason only, served a French lady; for among the

1816.]
Remarks on the Natural History of the Eagle.

489 ladies also Napoleon has a great number like the tangled weeds in a long-neglected of adherents. This lady was a mother field. Here you may meet with regicides of two, if not more, sons; for to many a and judges of the Septembral tribunals, mother the military system of Napoleon as well as with old royalists, worm-eaten held forth the delightful prospect of see- with devotion to absolute monarchy. ing her sons returning in the splendid When I was the other day introduced uniform of a general of division, covered to the Abbé he said : “ Tous les with decorations, and possessed of an hommes, qui aiment lo religion, la rertu estate, That they might return cripples et la morale, font une seule famille." was a chance which their sanguine tem- Yet this abbé put his signature unsoliper would not allow them to dwell upon. cited to the sentence of death of the Nay, I remember an English mother, King. There was less consistency in the when I congratulated her on the peace, ejaculation of this abbé than in an adsbaking her head, and observing:“ We mired courtezan's exclanning: “Quand have three sons in the army-what is to vous serez la bas sous la terre, dous ne become of them?”—“When my boy,jouirez de rien, jouissez donc !observed a French gentleman to me, I dined a few days ago with the “ sees an officer in a fine uniform, deco- Prince , who inhabits a palace berated with military orders, he cries: longing to the Duke In a converPapa, I shall one day be such a man!"- sation after dinner, I explained to the How is this military spirit, created by prince the subscriptions that were going the Revolution, and nourished during so on among the English in consequence of many years, to be subdued at once into the battle of Waterloo. “Ah!” said the sober disposition of men of business? this amiable prince,“ that is a noble The revolutionary state of France has nation;" and pointing to the silk coverlasted too long to expect a new order of ings of the chairs and sofas in the rooms, things to be introduced with much less “ look, sir," said he; “ here you will agitation than what attended the former find the richest embroideries. It is thus change; and difficult beyond measure that these men here spend their money." must be the task of those men who, by

We regret that we have not been their judicious and prudent measures, able to introduce the whole of this interestare to render harmless the electric mat- ing communication into the present volume. ter with which those clouds are charged the remainder, forming two portions of about that float in the political atmosphere of the same length as those already given, shall convulsed France. When you consider appear in our next numbers. -EDITOR. the situation of the government of the Bourbons on their return-the soldiers, who swore fidelity to them, concealing

MR. EDITOR, the cockade of Buonaparte at the bottom THE history of the eagle, as it regards of their knapsacks-generals, magistrates, some particulars, is I believe rather obpostmasters, collectors of taxes, &c. all scure; at least I do not recollect ever to either palsied, or acting clandestinely or have met with any certain account of its openly in support of the usurper the mo- age, &c. Some suppose that it attains ment he appears—where can you look great longevity-say about 100 years; but to the enlightened, generous, but but I do not believe this to have been energetic, measures of the Allied Sove- very satisfactorily ascertained. Still it reigns, to prevent a catastrophe which is affirmed that it lives to an extraordievery one possessed of human feelings nary age. Now, I should be much musí deprecate, and contemplate with pleased if any of your correspondents horror: I mean a general anarchy in would kindly communicate what they France, under a government which has know on the subject. I believe there is not a firm hold of the nation. It is un an old tradition that this bird, after it doubtedly as just as it is expedient that arrives to a certain great age, becomes the French people should be made to re-invigorated, and actually receives feel some of that distress which they fresh youth and strength; and this idea have so long been in the habit of inflict is in some measure borne out in Scriping on their neighbours; yet retaliation ture; for we find in Psalms, ciii. 5, the is a two-edged sword, which may severely eagle mentioned thus: “ Who satisfieth Jacerate the hand that wields it unskil thy mouth with good things, so that thy folly.

youth is renewed like the eagle's P” These The various species of political charac- words certainly favoor an idea of the ters bred in the hot-house of the Revolution kind; and I should much wish to learn remain yet interwoven with society here, whether there is aby evidence of what is

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490 On the Leviathan-On the Restoration of the Jesuits. [July 1, here hinted, that after the eagle becomes the revived cause of jesuitism; and I old, its youth is actually renewed. earnestly hope that the same motives

The royal bird is, more than any other, will incline you to direct a constant eye celebrated by poets; and it is very often to the future general progress, as well as mentioned in the Scriptures. Poets have every particular proceeding of this obalways been very fond of comparing the noxious institution, in every country Aspiring pride of ambitious man to the where it may unhappily obtain a footing. towering fight of the eagle; and in Scrip. In the facts to which you have alluded ture ideas of swiftness and exaltation in your notice of a foreign pamphlet, are very generally associated with the (page 235) designed to expose some of eagle's fight; as, “ Riches certainly the infamous practices of the Jesuits, as make themselves wings; they fiy away evidenced by existing records of their as an eagle toward heaven:" (Prov. xxiii. past conduct, I only regret that they ap5.) And Pope says :

pear to be of a character to forbid voor “ With eagle-speed she cuts the sky." giving any detail of them with the vie The pen in band, allow ine to trespass of extending the circulation of this wella little longer on your indulgence, to in- timed and salutary caveat. quire of your ingenious readers for some What, however, has been already done information respecting the leviathan, so by the Emperor of Russia in prohibiting terribly described in Job. Opinions dif- the members of this society from teactfer widely as to this animal; some writers ing in his dominions, will, it is to be say it is the whale, and some afnrm that hoped, operate as an example to other the crocodile is meant. As to its being courts* (surely Protestant ones, at all the whale, I think the description of the events) to refuse admission into their leviathan does not warrant a supposition states of the members of an order whose of the kind; indeed I believe (I give my very existence is coupled with the retura opinion humbly, and with deference) of the worst features of popish thraldom. there is no ground for presuming it to be It is a wise adaye which teaches us the case. Judging from the terrific and (and may sovereigns show a just sense of awful picture handed down to us of this their own interest in being in time taught wonderful creature, I should take it to by it) be any thing but the wliale. There cer

“ venienti occurrere morbo." tainly appears to be more reason for sup

As a sincere friend to political order posing it to be the crocodile; some of and substantial peace, I am sorry to its terrible characteristics, so emphati- contemplate any evil resulting from the cally and frightfully set fortlı, approach restoration of legitimate power in Euthe properties of the wily monster of the rope, and should therefore have ardently Nile.--- In a Hebrew prayer, which very rejoiced had this absurd revisal of an finely describes the power of God, as it execrable institution been the only one is manifested throughout the creation, to be dreaded from the arrangements to and the magnificent glory and greatness which the happy overthrow of the Corsiof his works, the huge leviathan, is introduced in these words : 1pW) 77e willing to hope this is one wbich may

can despotism has led; because I am Tings; there is that leviathan, whom possibly produce its own cure, by, the thou hast made to play therein (the sea). renewed intrigues of its members calling This is figuratively attributing inconceiv- for their renovated extermination. Unable strength to the leviathan, and set- happily, however, in the well-intended ting it in power and majesty far above plans of the late European Congress, all the creatures of God's creation.

some of the new territorial arrangeThe sentiments of your intelligent cor

ments, so far from tending to secure perrespondents upon the foregoing will gra

manent repose, seem to have sown the tify many, but none more than yours, &c. seeds of the very evil which its laborious Swansea, May 9, 1816. A TRAVELLER.

* As I feel singular exultation in recorde

ing any successful instance of opposition to “ Decipimur specie recti.”

HOR.

the insidious devices of this artful commu

nity, I am happy to add to the above that of MR. EDITOR,

a Catholic court (the Brazils) being reported IN no instance of the manly and in- to have sent a spirited remonstrance to the dependent spirit with which you devote Pope against the restoration of an order, for your Magazine to the diffusion and sup- the interminable dissolution of which, in port of public and patriotic principles, conjunction with other porvers, that state, have I witnessed its exercise with greater under the reign of Clement XIV., had so satisfaction than in your just hostility to strenuously contended.

1816.) On the Union of the Austrian Netherlands with Holland. 491 deliberations were directed to obviate. reignty on its present construction, that The instance to which I now more parti- whenever such an attempt is made to cularly wish to allude is, the junction of regain this territory, (and which attempt the Belgic provinces with the new king- it is evident will be made with all the dom of the Netherlands--an amalgama- ferocity and desperation which the tion (if I may be allowed the term) which wounded pride of Frenchmen can bring appears to me as promising not the sha- to such a contest,) the power of this state dow of a well-founded prospect of stabi. is far too weak, and much tov deficient lity.

in the essential materials of self-proteç. Although in such an opinion I may tion to have any chance of resisting the widely differ from many of the well- overwhelming torrent. Nor is it to be wishers to the peace of Europe, more otherwise than expected, that in the lapse sanguine than anyself in their expecta- of a few (perhaps very few) years, the tions of its permanency, I shall truly re- present feelings and fervour of the allied joice to find the event justifying their, protectors of this new state will bave in rather than my own, sentiments upon a great degree subsided, and they may chis deeply-important subject. With feel far too indifferent, if even not disa your permission, I will, however, briefly united themselves, to offer any efficient state the grounds on which I found my aid to a helpless sovereign in the tremenapprehension as to the too probable in- dous and unequal conflict; and if ever efficiency of this arrangement as an in- they were so disposed, the return of their tended check to the future inroads of dismantled armies to the peaceful purFrance; and at the same time I shall suits of domestic employ within their beg leave to suggest what I conceive own distant territories, far removed from Hould have been a more likely means the scene of action, would render their of preventing the success of any such aid too tardy in its application to impede design on the part of France for the re- the bursting storm. covery of the Belgic portion of this new Admitting then this reasoning to be sovereignty-an object which, however correct, (which I fear there is too much the presence of the cautionary army now probability to consider it,) the idea I on its frontiers may for a time prevent, hare of what would have been a more I am confident that country will never likely means of averting so deplorable a cease to cherish the hope of sooner or result, will follow as a natural deduction; later effecting.

and this is, that instead of connecting My grounds for conceiving, therefore, this most favourite of all the dissevered ibat the new kingdom of the Nether- portions of the late French empire with lands (as far at least as the late Austrian a powerless state, it should have been provinces are concerned) has no great united to one of adequate political conprospect of permanent stability, are, in sequence, as well as physical strength, the first place, founded on this eager to maintain its own independence, and feeling of the French to regaia a country protect itself from every hostile attack. so intimately connected with what they Had this country, instead of being atconsider their glory, and for so many tached to the house of Orange, been years forming an integral portion of their ceded to Prussia in conjunction with its acknowledged territory. There is no present new acquisitions in the former question that, in the event of any new ecclesiastical electorates, a far happier rupture, (and the very circumstance of prospect of the contimance of European che late treaty of Paris providing for the tranquillity would have been secured by temporary occupation of the northern the deliberations of the Congress than frontiers of France fully confirms the the best-founded hopes on the present existence of such a fear) the French system can possibly warrant. would direct the whole fury of their first The house of Orange might have been onset on this coantry, as the very scene amply reimbursed for the sacrifice of its where all their laurels were blasted, patrimonial states in Germany, and have where their national honour was hum- been still rendered a sufficiently respectbled, and wbere one of the finest armies able power, by the addition to the sovetheir vaunted chief ever carried into the reignty of Holland of the territories infield was so completely routed and over- cluded between the ancient Dutch fronthrown.

tier and the course of the Ems; thus Their first object, therefore, will be to extending its limits in an eastern, instead recover this soil; and it forms another of southern direction. Instead, there chief ground on which I build my fears fore, of bordering, as a contiguous kinga of the instability of the new Belgic sove- dom, on l'iance itself

, and consequently

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