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1816.] Mr. Atkin on the Murderers of Sir Edmondbury Godfrey. 405 greater and more illustrious part of the tremely obliged to any of your readers light proceeding from the gods. In the who will have the goodness either to last place, a union succeeds with the corroborate Dr. Goldsmith's assertions, unity of the gods, restoring and esta or otherwise to prove them false. blishing unity to the soul, and causing Such inquiries as these to some perour energy to become one with divine sons may appear trivial; but every man energy ; so that in this case we are no who possesses a history of his own dear longer ourselves, but are absorbed as it native land would undoubtedly wish to were in the nature of the gods; and re be in possession of one wbich records siding in divine light, are entirely sur occurrences nearest the truth, and withrounded with its splendour.

out partiality. I am, &c.

J. ATKIN. Tros. TAYLOR. North Muskham, Feb. 17, 1816. Manor-place, Walworth. (To be continued.)

MR. EDITOR,

I FEEL that I ought to apologize for MR. EDITOR,

taking up the pen upon a subject which TO beguile a leisure hour, I often doubtless has occupied the attention of amuse myself in reading history, biogra- some of your valuable correspondents; phy, &c. in such publications as happen I cannot, however, refrain from briefly to come under my notice. One occur- noticing the doctrines and reasonings of rence, recoriled' in Dr. Goldsmith's a correspondent in your 26th number, Abridgment of the History of England, who signs PHILARCHÆUS, respecting the respecting the murderers of Sir Edmund- “ British system of education of the bury Godfrey, has often engaged my at- sentiments of the majority I shall make teniion, and in which he appears to have no use, as, were I to quote the names been led into an error through imperfect of the celebrated, the learned, and the information. He asserts (page 190) tbat philanthropic, in support of the ques“Hill, Green, and Berry, were tried upon tion, I should have a most decided adthe evidence of one Miles Prance, for vantage. I shall content myself with the inurder of Godfrey; but though examining the grounds of the argument Bedloe's narrative and Prance's infor- contained in PHILARCHÆUS's letter.mation were totally irreconcileable, and This gentleman seems particularly anxious though their testimony was invalidated to perpetuate the “old born-book sysby contrary evidence, all was in vain- tem,” because it was more slow in its the prisoners were condemned and exe- operations, because months and years cuted.”. By this passage I was almost were required before the scholar could induced to believe the men to be inno- read the Testament, and because it opcent, and even to pity the fate of those posed serious obstacles to the facility of unfortunates, and imagined that they learning!! This mode of education apbeing papists, were unjustly executed, pears to have great charms in the eyes of througls the turbulence of the times. But PuilARCHÆUS; he prefers that children as at no succeeding period no other should be years in acquiring what they person was brought forward to acknow now attain in as many months; he had ledge bis own or any other's guilt, (as rather that they should be subjected to would undoubtedly have been the case,), a tedious process, than gain knowledge I still thought them guilty of the crime with facility; and then, as he himself for which they suffered. For some years admits with evident marks of satisfaction, the passage in question was entirely for- “ the extent of instruction is narrowed," gotten, tili, on taking down the old part education is impeded, and knowledge is of my house, I discovered in holes of confined to the opalent and the upper the thatch several interesting books and classes of society. This appears to me papers. Among the rest, I found the the main object of PHILARCHÆUS: he whole trial of Hill, Green, and Berry, does not wish instruction to spreadprinted in folio. I eagerly embraced the why not then decry it at once, and not first opportunity that offered to read it support a system which is a mere mockery over, and compared it with the passage of what it professes to encourage? AS above-mentioned, and then felt confident to the assistance to be rendered to the that Dr. Goldsmith's remarks were erro father in manual labour, I am well conneous; as they appeared to be convicted vinced, that nine parents out of ten on the clearest evidence. As I should very among the lower classes would rather much wish to see their guilt substan- have their offspring educated than retiated, or their innocence proved, in as ceive their assistance in labour. But clear å ligbt as possible, I shall be ex- PuiLaP.CHÆUS has no objection to edu

406 British System of Education-Mr. Boum on his Gazetteer. (June 1, cating the females, and gives us a series his arguments tend : he is unwilling that of flowery sentences in its support. Ad. the poor should receive instruction; but mit the advantagos stated-do they not not choosing openly to avow this senuapply to the males also? are their ment, he recommends a tedious, defeeminds to be upcultivated ? Would he tive, partial system, as the best means Diarry a young woman, enlightened with for preventing that national blessinga decent education, to an ignorant brutish the education of the poor. I beg leave husband? Or does he wish the weaker to assure him, in conclusion, that I ersex to become the superior, and reverse tertain no apprehensions from the new the order of society? But this is trifling; mode, either for the happiness of tbe I pass to the next objection. Prilare children, the morals of society, or even CHÆUS urges that a single master can the monarchy itself! OxEGA. never become acquainted with the cha March 5, 1816. racters of 2 or 300 scholars. True;and, let me ask him, did the teachers MR. EDITOR, under his favourite horn-book system ac PERMIT me to inform your correquire this knowledge ? Are we to sup- spondent V. M. H. that the greater part pose that in large charity-schools or day of my Gazetteer was printed twelve schools of at least fifty children of all months before there was the least prabaages the master studied the dispositions bility that France would be deprived of of his pupils ? The answer is obvious. I any of her conquests, and that nearly assert that the neglect of discipline was the whole was printed several months much greater in this way--that it is im- before its publication, which was delayed possible for any man, unassisted, to by a fire that consumed a part of it. maintain order and regularity; and far For an answer to V. M. H.'s private ther--to talk of moulding the passions of communication I refer him to the title forty or fifty boys of different ages and page: “A Gazetteer of the most Re stations is idle-how is it to be done? markable Places ;" and should he be

In the institution of monitors, Pure again disposed to favour me with further LARCHEUS discerns many evils: the private observations, by obliging me with principal of which is--danger to the his name and address I shall be happy to monarchy! Because a village school- afford him further information, post paid. master employs his senior scholars in Hackney, May 1, 1816. T. Bours. the education of the juniors, we are told that they are likely to rebel!--that a MR. EDITOR, boy who has not been instructed by a THE silence maintained by Joseph master alone, will perhaps fail in his during so long a period of time as twenty duty to bis sovereign! But kings have years concerning his preservation, while ministers selected from the most deserve an absent and food parent was mourning ing of their subjects why should not a for his supposed death, one of your corteacher take advantage of the talents of respondents appears to consider inconhis pupils, by enabling them to instruct patible with that degree of filial affection others? However, let PhilaRCHÆUS which might have been imagined to bave refer to any of the great schools of the inbabited the breast of that distinguished empire, and he will find that the boys patriarch. To bim it is inconceivable stand in as much fear of the monitors as that the pious descendant of Jacob the master, and would prefer their faults should not have acted a very different being told to the latter, instead of the part. Dr. Clarke (with whose explanaforiner. This is a well authenticated tion he greatly dissatished) attributes fact, and needs no comment.

the conduct of Joseph to the fear of his Concerning rewards and punishments inalicious brethren : he says tliat " his I have little to say. I think the influ- brethren, jealous and envious in the exence of shame, and the excitements of treme, would soon have found other ine'emulation as likely to prove beneficial thods of destroying his life, bad they as any other method.' They will of again got him into their power. There course produce different effects upon dif- fore, for his own personal safety, be ferent minds, but they are less likely to chose rather to remain a bond-slave in : be abused than the castigations of the Egypt than to risk liis life by returniog "hiorn-book system.”

home. On this ground it is evident that PULARCHÆUs is evidently unfriendly he could not with any safety have disco to extended education; I regret that he yered the place of his residence." Now, did not found bis objectivos upon the were the conduct of Joseph to be judged broad basis at once, for to this point all of from an abstract consideration of

1816.) Answer to a Query suggested by the Mosaic History of Joseph. 407

human nature as affected by external preserved as a people: “ And God (says e circumstauces, it might be shewn that he) sent me before you to preserve you a

this apology for his apparent indifference posterity in the earth, and to save your È about his absent relatives is far from sa lives by a great deliverance.” 'The

tisfactory. It might be fairly urged that, mercy of the Almighty was to be at once

whatever apprehensions of danger from exhibited to Jacob in the two-fold blessT his brethren he might have entertained ing of the preservation of a beloved son,

while he was the bond-slave of Potipliar and of the saivation of bimself and his or the tenant of a prison, the motive of family, in Egypt, from that calamity fear could hardly have operated to pre- which was so grievously felt in the neighvent him, after his advancement to the bouring nations. It was to be shewn to highest honours Pharoah could bestow, him that the privation of his child, when every knee in Egypt bent at his which seemed to him a misfortune too approach, from at least communicating severe to admit of consolation, was to his father the welcome tidings of his pregoant with the happiest consequences safety and prosperity. To return home, to him and to the whole world. This it might be said, would certainly have story is full of instruction. The probeen hazardous ; for the partial caresses phecy, too, which it pleased God to put of his doting father would have awakened into the inouth of Joseph, predicting his the hatred of his brethren, and would future elevation above his brethren, and have excited them to conspire again to which so highly incensed them against compass his destruction : but, that it is him, was to be fulfilled. But as their not perceivable why he might not, whe- pride would not bave permitted them to ther as the prisoner of Potiphar or as bend with prostrate reverence to him as the powerful ininister of Pharoah, have their brother, they were to appear before made known his situation without antici- him humble suitors for the immediate pating any fatal consequences. For if in means of subsistence, and to make their one condition he was beneath, in the lowly obeisance to him as the potent goother he was out of the reach of, their re vernor of Egypt. The whole of this sentment. For the conjecture which he statement, particularly the last menhad opposed the objector might substi- tioned occurrence, plainly shews that the tute another: be might argue, that as we continuance of Joseph in Egypt, his confind Jacob, before he dispatched his son cealment there, and the ignorance of to inquire of the welfare of his brethren, his family concerning his fate, were obrebuking him for presuming to foretel the viously conducive to the completion of future homage of his parents, Joseph pro- the divine purposes, and that they origibably connected his father's anger with the nated in the will of God. This concluerrand on which he was sent; that, believ- sion I think so evident, that to him who ing his parents were not ignorant of the would deny its truth I should be almost inachinations of bis brethren, and that inclined to exclaim the whole family were engaged in the “ Nil intra est oleam, nil extra est in nuce conspiracy, he probably endeavoured to duri.” banish froin bis mind the remembrace of We must not, therefore, form our noall who participated in his persecution. $ tions of the conduct of Joseph without

Speculations like these are very pro- any reference to his instrumentality in per when their subjects are appropriate; the accomplishment of these great plans, but they are bere, in my humble opinion, On the contrary, if the dispositions of entirely out of place. The case of Jo men can, whenever it pleases the Supreme seph is a very peculiar one, and is not to Lord of all, be moulded to his will; if it be determined by its consonance to our be admitted that Joseph's conduct cergeneral notions of the ordinary opera- tainly contributed to the advancement of tion of events upon the actions of men, God's purposes concerning his chosen The incidents which happened to him people; and if it was in a very peculiar had an extraordinary character : they and striking mavner adapted to verify formed a part of that wonderful series of the assurance conveyed in his dreamn; events in which the power, the wisdom, any disputation about his reasons for not and the goodness of God were to be so acquainting his parents with his preforcibly displayed to mankind. The pa- servation and honours, is, I believe, fitted? triarch himself was the chosen ayent of “ to minister questions rather than God's will; he was the instrument ap- godly edifying." Every circunstance of pointed to carry into effect the gracious his behaviour on record proves inconintentions of Providence. The house of testably that he possessed the most ex. Israel were to be delivered by him (under quisite sensibility, the warmest benevoGod) from the horrors of famine, and lence, and the most exalted and incor

408
Particulars concerning R. Suisel.

(June 1, ruptible virtue. We find, too, that he an impertinent and morbid curiosity iute enjoyed, uninterruptedly, in a very high the hidden works of God, the snore degree, the favour of the Almighty. We boriously we investigate, the more deeply certainly learn from the Sacred History shall we involve ourselves in the darknes that the favourites of Heaven have been of error. Having with great jodusery led astray hy the violence of passion and framned some novelty, the very laboe the strength of temptation: but the which it has cost us serves to create a want of filial affection is not an exception affection for it; we insensibly acquire as to general excellence, but a principle in- attachment to our own offspring, boxdicative of a depraved disposition, which ever deformed and unsightly. Thes we neither consists with the fact that he was may become, from the wait of a little especially beloved of God, nor with what reflection, at the outset, upon the limits we know of bis character.

of our mtelligence, the furious propaga Your correspondent may still find him- tors of theories teeming with danger to self puzzled; if so, I trust that most of the future welfare of our disciples and to the readers of the New Monthly Muga- the order and happiness of society. sine will accompany me in the opinion, Pentonville, April 8, 1816. R. that his perplexity is that of a man who P.S. In No. 27 of the N. M. M. p. 204, would be wise beyond wbat is written. col. 2, last line but one, for “ a diction," When we are once thoroughly convinced read and is a diction." of the authenticity of the sacred volume, when we are fully satisfied of the truth of MR. EDITOR, every part of the inspired writings, should YOUR correspondent Philomath (in any little apparent anomaly occur to our your number for last Dec., p. 396) is not notice, we may very safely pass it by, the only person who bas inade inquiry under the persuasion, not that we have concerning SUISET. In Burrow's Diary discovered something inconsistent, but for 1780, (published by the late Mr. Car that it appears so because our comprehen- nan,) is the following query: sion is feeble. The divine origin of a system Cardan, in his book De Subtilitate, being indisputable, that criticism is very gives a short eulogium on Archimedes, shallow which searches for disagreements Euclid, Apollonius, Aristotle, and some in its subordinate parts, which may be few others of the most learned philosoabove, but most assuredly are not cou- phers and mathematicians of antiquity; trary to, Reason. Such minuteness has and among the rest he speaks of one a close analogy to that of the ancient Suisseth, or Swissett, an Englishman, as sculptor:

a person of the most extraordiaary “ ungues

learning and abilities: the eldest Scal Exprimet, ut molles imitabitur ære capillos ger, also, in his book written against the Infelix operis summa."

above treatise of Cardan, Erercit. 316, This artist took great pains about the p. 982, mentions him in the following nails and the hair of his figures, but of an terms: Calculatori Suiset qui pene modas expressive whole, it seems, he had no excessit ingenii humani. Scaliger also notion. Of that industry which reso- speaks of bim in another place with lutely presses forward to the attainment equal respect : and Bishop Wilkins does of sonie rational and accessible object the same in one of his sermons : be is too much cannot be said in praise. But also several times mentioned with the it is too often counterfeited by a restless highest approbation by Mons. Leibnitz, anxiety to acquire a knowledge of that who represents him as the first person which surpasses man's understanding. that applied mathematics to pbilosopby, Considerable honours have been paid to and expresses a desire that his works the professors of craniology; but I do were published.- Quere, When did thuis not know whether their productions extraordinary person live, and what ought not to yield the palm of glory to were the subjects be wrote upou?" the learned cotemporary quarto which And in the Diary for 1781 we have gravely setteth forth the hypothesis, that the following answer: the mind is a “flexible spherule," that “ What the real name of the learned its shupe is that of an inflated bladder! person here spoken of might be, is not It is amusing to see such frivolities pom- very easy to determine with certainty, pously blazoned forth to the world, since in his own book he is called both claiming the merit of grand discoveries, Richard and Raymoud : Vossius and and dignified with the name of philoso- Cardan call him John, and Bishop Tanply. We may rest assured, however, ner calls him Roger: there is the saine ihat when we endeavour to search with uncertainty with respect to liis country,

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1816.]
Defence of the Punishment of Flogging.

409 for Vossius and Cardan make him a which your correspondent was an eyeScotchman; but Brucker, who seems tu witness, certainly carries with it the aphave spared uo pains for information, pearance of undue severity. positively asserts bim to have been an That" the severity or mildness of this Englishnan. The different surnames of punishment depends in a great mensure Suiseth, Swissett, Swincetus, Suicetus, on the will and pleasure of the person and Suineshevedus, by which ditierent who inflicts it," I trust I may

be

perauthors distinguish him, seem all to owe mitted generally to deny; and in doing their rise to his having been a monk, in this I would state, and rightly state, that the Abbey of Swineshead, in Hoyland, on inost of the occasions, if not on every Liocolnshire; especially as he lived at a one, that this public chastisement is intime when few names were patronymi- flicted, a medical gentleman under the cal, but mostly derived from circum- appointment of the district in which it stances of locality. He was fellow of takes place is in attendance to witness Merton College in 1319; and becaine a the flagellation, and to judge of its force monk the following year at Swinesheadl. and duration. If this practice be not The appellation of Calculator, by which acted upon in every instance, I can only he is often mentioned, arosé from his add that I conceive it ought to be. writing a book called " Introductorum ad Under this consideration, therefore, the calculationem," or perhaps from his punishment is a fit and necessary one, as Calculationes Astronomicas,” according the shame and disgrace attending a pubto Brucker, in whose work a list of bis lic erposure and whipping is in general treatises may be seen, with some account productive of good alike to the sufferer of their contents.”

and to the spectators. I have known freSome years ago I had occasion to con- quent instances of its having been insult the work alluded to (Bruckeri Hist. flicted, and indeed was myself an eyeCriticæ Philosophiæ); bui the only parti- witness to one, but a very short tiine cular I remember concerning Suiset is, since, at which there was the attendance that his book, the Calculutor, is said to of a medical man, and salutary measures be as rare as a white ruven.

succeeded the Magellation; and I can May 9, 1816.

Sevex. sta!e of iny own knowledge, in more in

stances than one, if it were necessary, MR. EDITOR,

that person suffering this public corTHOUGH I conceive, with your cor rection has wholly reformed his conduct, respondent, Dr. Roots, " the English and has become a good and useful memnation to be in a continual state of ad- ber of society. I cannot omit to refer vancement towards perfection, not only Dr. Roots to the communication of in its arts and sciences, but in every de- VERITAS, in page 206 of your magazine partment that calls forth and requires for April, wherein, amongst his proposed the intellect of man;" yet I am induced amendments of the laws for the protecto offer for your consideration a few re- tion of property in game, we find public marks relative to that part of our juris whipping mentioned as a fit and neces. prudence, against which Dr. Routs seems sary punishment: I heartily concur with so severely to inveigh.

Veritas in every point of his communiI am particularly happy to find that cation, and I think his proposed amendyour correspondent, as a medical man, ments would be productive of general possesses a great share of feeling for bis benefit. fellow-creatures; and it follows, particu I trust, therefore, Dr. Roots will be in larly for those who may be so unfortu some measure convinced, that it is not nate as to need his (I doubt not) able so reprehensible as he seems to think it. tessistance, and to be placed under his But if he were disposed to rent bis discare. But with respect to the public pleasure against any particular mode of punishment which has excited his attente public exposure and punishment, I would tion and abhorrence ; permit me to ex- heartily join him in banishing." altogepress my humble opinion, that rather ther from the very code of our laws" one ihan it should be dispensed with as a against which there seems to be an punishment to be inflicted on those who almost general abborrence, the abolition infringe on the laws of their country, of which was so often occupied the atand on the rights of their fellow coun- tention and endeavours of the Houses of trymen, I conceive it to be one produc Parliament, but which, though I believe live of much general, and not only public it has not hitherto, yet I trust ere long but private good.

The instance to will be accomplished. I need hardly say New MONTHLY Mac.No. 29.

Vol. V.

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