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1916.) Oedipus Jocularis-Spick and Span-Culprit--A Clincher, 321

allege this, and to pretend on this ac- militate against another principal rule, count to forbid a Christian to read and that which enjoins exercise. act comedies.”

The other general advartages of miThere is another kind of pleasures geral waters consist in this, that the ferwhich must be enjoyed by my patients ruginous particles in sone of them with great moderation, I mean those of strengthen the solids; the saline conthe palate. Rigid temperance, which tents cleanse the body from impurities; is one of the chief rules to be observed and that new energy is imparted to the at a watering-place, will not admit of systeni by the volatile spirit which mineany exceptions on the part of those ral waters contain, and which is so pewho expect benefit from the water, culiar to them, that they cannot be perCards, on the other hand, partly engage fectly initated by any artificial mixture. the attention too strongly, and partly





Sunt bona, sunt quædam mediocria, sunt mala plura,
Quæ legis.


naged in the French language; and this THIS is a very common expression, will lead to an explanation of the word applied to any thing quite new, but the culprit, about which there has been a words appear to want explanation. The strange difference of opinion among law most obvious derivation is froin the Ita- writers. dian, spicuta de la spanna, fresh from the After reading the indictment, the prihand, or, as we say in another prover- soner at the bar is asked whether he is bial plırase of our own, “ fresh from the guilty or not guilty of the matter charged mint." There are numerous Italian against him: if he answers not guilty, words in our language, which were the clerk of arraigns replies culprit; brought in before the Reformation, when which is said by some to be derived from it was not only customary for our young culp prist, and culp prist from culpabilist men of family to complete their studies and presto, signifying guilty already. This in that country, but many Italians re- far-fetched interpretation is out of all sided here as collectors of the papal im- character, and contrary to the spirit of posts, or as holders of our best benefices. the law, which supposes a prisoner innoThis certainly is a more rational etymo- cent till bis guilt is proved by the evilogy than that which derives the phrase dence of others, or his own confession. from a spear, because the head of that The word is clearly a corruption of the Weapon was formerly called a spike, and French Qu'il puroit? The officer of the the staff a span; thereby meaning that court says, “Guilty or not guilty?" Now every part is dew.

if the prisoner replies guilty," and

persists in so doing, bis confession is reIt is universally known that our an- corded; but if he answers" not guilty," cient proceedings in the courts were ma- the officer says “ Culprit," when he

should rather say “ Qu'il paroit?" i. e. 'Lest the religious reader should suspect make it appear, or let it appear; and it me of having taken some unwarrantable li

ainounts to no more than this, that the berty with the words of the Apostle of the prisoner has an opportunity and full Reformation, 1 subjoin this passage in the liberty of manifesting his innocence. original language: Christen sollen Comedien nicht ganz und gar fliehen, darumb dass bissweilen grobe Žolen und Bulerey da

This word is frequently made use of Tinnen sey, da man doch uml derselben wil. when some extravagant circumstance is ten auch die Bibel nicht dürfte lesen. Da related which it would be an insult to sumbist nichts, dass sie solches fürwenden und the understanding to believe: but as it is umli der Ursaca willen verbieten wollen dass seldom heard except among the lower m Christ nicht sollte Comedien mögen orders of society, so it entirely derives "lesen und spielen.

its origin from thence. Two journeyNEW MONTHLY MAG --No, 28.

Vol. V.

2 T






32 Blarney-Dab-Tale of a Tub-My Eye Betty Martin. (May 1, men mechanics were one day contend- subscribed to the bill; declaring also that ing for superiority in the art of inven- he would cancel the same if there aption, and at length laid a wager which peared not sufficient cause of complaint." of them could coin the greatest lie. When it happened that one of the most trou. the stakes were deposited, he that was blesoine attorneys in his court was called to begin swore veheinently that one moon- Tub, and this man bringing up a paper light niglit he threw a terpenny nail with for the consideration and signature of such fürce, that it went quite through the chancellor, the latter, seeing it to be the body of the lanar orb, which was a trifling case, took his pen, and instead then at full. “That's true," said his op- of subscribing his name, wrote under it, ponent; “ for I was on the other side “ A Tale of a Tub.” at the very moment, and with my claw hannmer I clinched the nail.” The last This is a vulgarisın to be met with fellow was adjudged the prize, and from only in low companies, though it has that time every outrageous falsehood has sometimes been tragsplanted from thence, been termed a clincher.

and introduced into noble and eveu

princely mansions. It is an expression Blarney Castle, the ancient seat of the of contempt and defiance, when a perMacarıy family, is situated about three son is not to be convinced or satisfied miles from Cork; and adjoining to it is with any thing that is said in the way of an old ruinous tower on an eminence, explanation, in opposition to which the with winding stone steps up to the sum- indignant sceptic is napt to exclaim : “ Tis mit. Formerly it was a singular custom all my eye Betty Martin," Of these for all strangers who ascended to the top strange and apparently unineaning words of this tower to creep on their hands the following appears to be a correct and knees to the corner stone of the definition. A man going once into a highest pinnacle, and kiss the same, by church or chapel of the Romish persuavirtue of which it was pretended that sion on St. Martin's day, heard the Lathey acquired the singular power of tin Litany chaumted, when the words pleasing in conversation. Hence came “Mihi Beate Martin," occurred so often, the expression, in speaking of a fawning, that upon being asked how he liked the wheedling fellow, that he had been at service, he replied it was nothing but Blarney.

nonsense or something worse, as from

beginning to end " it was all my eye This is very commonly said of a clever Beity Martin.” person in any profession : but the word dab is neither Saxon nor Britislı; whence Foraverly every itinerant quack docthen does it come? The answer is, that tor, who made a practice of baranguing it is nothing more than a corruption of the people at fairs and markets, was atadept, which in former times denoted a tended by a buffoon, dressed in a motley professor of the occalt sciences, espe- garb, and whose business lay in playing cially alchemy. The Rosicrucians, who iricks for the amusement of the spectaaffected the art of making gold and of tors, while his master cheated thein out prolonging life, maintained that there of their money. The servant was in v2were twelve enlightened brethren of that riably named «c Merry Andrew;" bat it mystical community who possessed the is singular enough that the original Anhighest secrets of the order; these select drew was the doctor himself, being no members were called adepts; and when less a man than Andrew Borde, a native any one of them died, his place was of Pevensey in Sussex, and bred at Oxfilled up by another to keep the body ford, where he took a degree and then perfect. To be an adept, therefore, de- became a Carthusian in London: but notes that the person so complimerited disliking the severity of that order, he is extraordinarily qualified.

quitted it and studied physic, for which

purpose, and being of a rambling dispoWhen Sir Thomas More held the seals, sition, he travelled over the greatest he made it his principal object to cor- part of Europe, and even into Africa. rect the abuses that prevailed in the On bis return he settled first at Winchese practice of his court, and to put an end ter, but in 1541 he went to Montpelier, to frivolous suits. One of his hiographers where he took his doctor's degree, which says, " that he took order with all the was confirmed to him afterwards by attornies that no subpænas should go out, the University of Oxford. Bisbop Bale whereof in general bis lordship had not charges himn with the offence of keeping previous notice, with the solicitor's hand three concubines at the same time is




1816.) Merry Andrer - Proceedings of Universities,

323 Oxford, whose names he mentions, Introduction of Knowledge, the which though Wood says, by way of excuse, doth teach a Mun. to speak part of all that they were Borde's patients. In this, manner of Languages, und to know the however, the last author is probably usage and fashion of all manner of Couns wrong, for the doctor was certainly a tries, and for to know the most part of man of licentious manners, and after all manner of Coins of Money, 4to. 1542. many vicissitudes finished his course in This book is dedicated to the Princess, the Fleet prison in 1549. The practice afterwards Queen Mary, and it is writof Andrew Borde, notwithstanding his ten partly in verse and partly in prose, education and the honour which he en- in 39 chapters, to each of which is prejoyed of being physician to Henry the fixed a wood-cut, exhibiting the figure Eighth, ill became the gravity of his of a man, and sometimes two or three. profession; for it was his custom to Before the first chapter, which treats of travel about from town to town, enter- the natural disposition of an Englishtaining the populace in public with man, is the representation of a naked svitty stories, while he administered to figure holding a piece of cloth in one their complaints. On this account he hand, and a pair of sbears in the other, obtained the name of " Merry Andrew,” with these verses underneath: and when he died, several empirics I am an Englishman, and naked I stand here, arose, who, baving neither his knowledge Musing in my mind what garment I shall nor his humour, endeavoured to make up for both by hiring some lively and Before the seventh chapter is the picture agile fellows, whose business it was to of the author, standing in a pew with a play tricks and put the crowd into good canopy over it, having a gown on, and humour.

sleeves a little wider than an ordinary Dr. Borde published some books that coat, a laurel on his head, and a book were very popular in their day, the best open on a desk bearing this inscription : of which is entituled, The Breviary of “ The VII Chapyter sheweth how the Health, wherein are remedies for all Auctor of this Boke had dwelt in Scotmanner of sicknesses and diseases, 4to. land and other Ilands, and did go thorow 1547. This work, which is a kind of and round about Christendom, and out body of domestic medicine, passed of Christendom, declaring the properties through several editions. Another of of all the Regions, Countries, and Prohis performances is called A Book of the vinces, the which he did travel thorow."




PROCEEDINGS OF UNIVERSITIES. CAMBRIDGE, March 22.- The Chan- to count them, but his heart was at once for cellar's gold inedals for the best profi- fighting; and if perchance any one fell on cients in classical learning amongst the his shoulder, he would wipe off the dirt, Commencing Bachelors of Arts, are ad- and deny that he had fallen, and fight again; judged to Mr. John Graham, of Christ

bor would a single officer petition Cleænetus College, and Mr. MARMADUKE Lawson, don't obtain precedence and a pension, they

for a public maintenance : but now if they of Magdalen College, and their muerits were deciared by the examiners to be declare they will not fight. Now we, for our

part, think it right to fight like men for our equal. The subject proposed was a pas- state and the gods of our country, and we sage of a play of Aristophanes, to be petition for nothing only just this, that if turned into English verse in two hours. peace should come, and we have a respite We sabjoin the passage, first literally from our labours, you do not grudge our translated into prose, and the poetical wearing fine heads of hair and scraping our version or rather parody of Mr. Lawson. skins clean.

We wish to eulogize our forefathers, be. Let's chaunt the days of good Queen Betty, cause they were men worthy of their coun- When folks look'd down on actions petty ; try and their standard, wbo, in battles by Lads then were lads, nor wanted bounties land and sea, always conquering in all Acredit to their cloth and counties. places, adorned this state; and none of Amplaibious rogues--by land and water them when he saw the enemy ever stopped. They left the French small scope for laughter;



324 Intelligence in Literature, and the Arts and Sciences. [May 1, Prescribed steel for all diseases

Mr.Colburn has become the purchaser Steel opes the pores and quickly eases. of the FRANKLIN Manoscripts, and they Some count their foes as drovers cattle,

will immediately be brought before the A sort of grace before a battle ; Now these were poor arithmeticians,

public. They consist of the Doctor's

Life, written by bimself to 'a late period, Nor from the Muses held commissions,

and continued by his grandson and lega No Cambridge troops, militia local, Nor their Horse-guards, Parnassus vocal.

tee, WM. TEMPLE FRANKLIN, esq. to the So this they deem'd a paltry shuffle,

time of his death; his private and famiAnd straight at sight commenc'd the scuffle; liar Correspondence, Posthumous Es. Nor if knock'd down would they complain, says, &c. &c. But rise and cut and come again;

The Dictionary of Living Painters, Nor would a single scrjeant-major

Sculptors, Engravers, &c. forming a ComDun Harry Calvert for half-pay, Sir. panion to the Dictionary of Living Ar

But now, without their carnal leaven, thors, will appear in the course of a few Their K.C. Bs. and first-cuts given,

weeks. Their stars and clulis, that root of evil, The Narrative of a Teu Years' Resia They'll sce the fighting at the devil.

dence at the Court of Tripoli, from the Now we, without such idle prattle, Original Correspondence in the possesFor church and state will stoutly battle ;

sion of the Family of the late RICHARD Nor pen we threatening long petitions,

Tully, esq. the British Consul, is nearly In peace to better our conditions;

ready for publication. Give Windsor soap, Macassar oil,

A novel, entitled Glenarvon, the proLet curly locks reward our toil,

duction of a lady of high rank, will We'll all be beaus, and share between us The conquests, not of Mars, but Venus,

shortly appear.

A Memoir of the late gallant General April 16, at a convocation, a grace Gillespie, who fell in an attack upon passed the Senate that Mr. Vice-chan- Kalunga, in Nepaul, is in the press, cellor, Dr. Davy, Dr. Thackeray, Sir drawn from original documents, and Isaac Penninyton, Dr. Clarke, Professor illustrated by a Portrait of the General, Hailstone, Professor Jackson, Mr. Sedy. and a plan of the fort and country wick of Trinity, and Mr. French of Pem- where he lost his valuable life. broke, be appointed syndics to provide a The Rev. Dr. WHITAKER, whose abiliplace for the temporary reception of the ties for the task are amply proved by paintings and books bequeathed to the his History of Craven and his republiUniversity by the late Viscount Fitzwil- cation of Thoresby's Ducatus Leodienliam, and to consult and report to the sis, is engaged upon a General History Senate upon a plan før carrying into of the County of York, more than oneeffect that part of the will which relates fourth of which is already embraced in to the erection of a museum. Four wag- the two above-mentioned works. It is gons, laden with these valuable articles, expected to extend to seren solio vohave arrived in Cambridge. The books lumes, of about 500 pages each, which are valued at 24,0001., and the paintings, will be embellished by engravings of the prints, &c. at a much larger suin. most eminent artists, from drawings by

OXFORD.-The number of Determi- Turner and Buckler. The printing of ners in Lent was 177. The number of the work will commence as soon as 500 degrees was :-D. D. 4; D. C. L. 1; copies, or so many as will cover the exB. D. 4; B.C.L. 1; M.A. 27; B.A. 19; penses, are subscribed for. The whole Matriculations, 55.

of the genealogical matter will be pre

pared by Wm. RADCLYFFE, esq. Ronge Sir Cuthbert Suaep, F. S. A. will Croix, of the Heralds' College. publish in the course of the present Mr. BAGSTER has published the promonth a History of Hartlepool, in the spectus of a Polyglott Bible, to consist County of Durliam.

of Six Languages in Four distinct PocMr. Glence is preparing for the press ket Voluines; one of which displays the a Brief Statement of his Case with the Hebrew, Samarican, and Syriac; the Prince Regent, and of the truly repre- other three, the Greek, Latin, and Eng. hensible and unconstitutional doctrine lish. The whole will be also comprised that is now both held and acted upon, in in one quarto volume, every opening of consequence (it is assorted) of com- which will exhibit the same as the seve mands from his Royal Highness himself ral small volumes combined, riz. Hebrew to the Secretary of the Home Depart. (or Syriac) and Greek on the left-hand ment with respect to the right of peci- page, English and Latió on the opposite, tioning.

and the Samaritan in an appendix. The

1816.) Intelligence in Literature, and the Arts and Sciences.

3:25 prospectus contains the publisher's ge- and much altered hy Mason. This edia neral preface, the particular preface to tion will also possess many curious varia eacis language, a specimen page of each, tions to the principal poeins of Gray with the terins, mode, and time of pub- from his own hand-writing. lication, printed with the type and on Mr. W. BAYNES, of Paternoster-row,. the paper used in the work itself. Each will speedily publish a new edition, beauvolume will be published in five parts; tifully printed, of the Heads of Illustrithe New Testament forming the last. ous Persons of Great Britain, with their Each separate department has an editor Lives and Characters by Thomas Birch, of talent, especially adapted for the un- F. R. S. The whole of the portraits, dertaking. Besides the Polyglott Bible, 108 in number, were originally engraved this prospectus details the plan of ano- by the celebrated Houbraken and Verther work, intended to accompany the tue, artists whose superior excellence in Polyglott or any other Bible, entitled this line is well kuown, and has been Scripture Harmony, or a Concordance duly appreciated. The scarcity of the of Parallel Passayes, being a commen- original edition, published nearly a cen. tary drawn from its own resources; ex. tury ago, and the high price it now bears, bibiting the concentrated labours of together with the increasing avidity with Canne, Brown, Scott, Blayney, and other which copies that occasionally occur for celebrated authors who have employed sale are sought after, demanded a new their time and talents in this important edition, in the execution of which 110 department.

expence has been spared. The places The fourth volume of the Antiquities have undergone a strict, careful, and of Athens, &c. by Stuart and Reveit, minute revision by a celebrated engriimperial folio, containing 88 plates of ver, who has spent upwards of three the architectural antiquities at Pola, the years in restoring them to their original sculpture of the celebrated Temple of splendour, at an expense of upwards of Minerva at Athens by Phidias, &c., be- 20001. The greatesi care has also been sides 15 vignettes, edited by Mr. Joseph paid to the typographical part, which will Woods, is now completed, and will be be printed in royal folio. delivered to the subscribers in the course Mr. Baynes has also re:ady his Select of the present month.

Catalogue of Old Books, including many A new edition of Harmer's Observa- curious, rare, and valuable articles in tions on Divers Passages of Scripture, History, Antiquities, Miscellanics, Voydrawn up by the help of Books of Voy- ages and Travels, Biography, Arts and ages and Travels to the East; carefully Sciences, Translations of the Classics, revised by Dr. Adam CLARKE; in 4 vols. Poetry, &c. mostly in good condition; 8vo. is nearly ready for publication. the second part including Divinity, Eng

An elegant work on Scripture Genea- lish and Foreign Classics, &c. will be logy, consisting of 35 engraved tables, published in July, exhibiting the correct genealogy of Scrip RICHARDSON's English Portraits from ture froin Adam to Christ, is in the press. scarce prints, to illustrate Granger's It will be accompanied with descriptive Biographical History of England, in letter-press, and comprised in 1 vol. No. 307, will appear in a few days. royal 4to.

Mr. Repron has nearly completed his Mr. John Brown, author of the ge- Fragments on Landscape Gardening and nealogical Tree of the Royal House of Architecture, as connected with Rural Stuari, has now nearly ready for publi- Scenery, which will be accompanied cation the long-expected Tree of the with many coloured engravings. Macdowells or Macdonalds, formerly The engraving of Mr. Laino's Plans, Lords of the Isles. To render this work Elevations, and Sections, including those as correct as possible, the author has tra of the New Custom House, now erectvelled through the north of Scotland to ing, is in considerable forwardness. obtain information from the most authen Speedily will be published, Letters of tic source.

a Nobleman, proving a late prime miMr. Mitford is preparing an edition nister to have been Junius, and deveof Gray's Works, in which the public loping the secret motives which induced will be presented with many letters from him to write under that and other signathe originals, hitherto unpublished, highly tures. interesting from their number and for A Translation of the Memoirs of the their intrinsic merit

, as well as with the Marquise de la Roche JAQUELIN, is in originals, for the first time, of many of the press. the letters very incorrectly published, Mr. ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL bas in the

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