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28

Account of the Bazaar, Soho-square.

(Feb. 1,

up the

Wages of

shall venture on the specification of a few every quarter, withdrawn from their na. of the many instances which suggest tural support and protection, vice tritheinselves to me.

umphs over the unconfirmed virtue of As I have already treated of the lowest the young, and instead of the ornaments class, to whose amelioration the BAZAAR of society, the blessings of domestic life, inay be applied, I shall now turn to the we see the outcasts of human nature, two highest classes, taking the first from and, but for their wretchedness, the its value, and the secoud from its rank curses of their kind. This, Sir, is the nain life. I shall then beg to lay before tural result of the fashion into which we you an example of other descriptions to have been moulded by the want of emwhom this Institution promises the ployment adequately productive for our greatest of blessings.

fernales at home. Here is the most gloThe first class in value-ofinestimable rious object of the Bazaar. The marvalue, whether considered morally or ket is open to the fairest competitionpolitically, directly or relatively, in refe- it is open to the most contracied means rence to its own importance or to its it does not swallow bearing on all the machinery of social labour in the premiums of commissionintercourse :—the first great class em- it does not destroy individual exertion in braces the entire female population of the gulph of monopoly-it does not ex. the country, to whom the profit of indus- clude those who have no capital bal intry may be a source of gratification or dustry, on the contrary it shews them the the means of sustenance. The daugh- method of acquiring a capital, and of ter, the wife, the sister, the orplian, the living while they acquire it-it does not youthful, the middle-aged, and the old: rive woman from sacred home, but tells every female belonging to the mighty her to reside there in virtue, in peace, mass of society which stretches from the under the shield of security ; to enjoy the absolutely incompetent for the perform- delights of well-directed industry; to ance of any labour or duty, to the weal- learn self-confidence, and while in a state thy absolved by fortune from the neces- of singleness to make the best preparasity of working for emolument, is com tion for future independence, either in prehended in the sphere of those to that state or in the more honoured conwhom the BAZAAR offers the best oppor- dition of the mother of a family. tunity of exercising their talents and de I will not dwell upon this picture. voting their industry. Heretofore there could I write as I feel upon the subject, has been no unobjectionable mode of the sketch would suffice, and the reader disposing of the products of female do- would fill up the colouring with glowing mestic manufactures. They must be benevolence and philanthropic pleasure. sent to the wholesale dealer whose prices I have alluded to a second class, which are so far from encouraging exertion that from its rank in society comes to be they seldom repay the cost of the mate among the foremost in any considerarial used, and far less compensate for tions upon the BAZAAR. It is also a nuthe time occupied. Such has been the merous class, and one eminently entitled common fate of home industry; gene- to the warmnest sympathy and best of rally insufficiently, never sufficiently re- fices of every Briton. warded. And what has been the dread A secure and honourable peace has ful consequence? That this, the most just terminated the most perilous and excellent, I will say the only excellent prolonged war in which Great Britain and approvable way in which women ever fought. Our exertions have been can employ themselves for a livelihood, prodigious; our trials severe ; our persehas fallen into disuse. The delightful scené verance invincible; and our victories inof a family circle industriously engaged numerable and matcbless. As the first round its own fire; of daughters under the of nations have we sustained the conwatchful eye of a mother ; of wires, chil- fict; as the first of nations have we been dren, sisters, under the protecting guar- rewarded. dianship of husband, father, and brother But in the effulgence of the general -tbese scenes have disappeared from glory, how many are the shades of par: among us! And what has succeeded? ticular gloom? in the aggregate of the Unable to procure a liyelihood at home, public good, how much is there of priour females are sent abroad to work. vate evil? The heroes who moulder The country: pours its happy and iono- on the field of their renown, or whom cent virgins into the common sink of the ocean, which scarcely affords a name London, and our streets are thronged to conquest, has swallowed up; the with depravity and prostitution. In brave who have fallen that their country

life.

1816.]
Account of the Bazaar, Soho-square.

29 might rise; have they not bequeathed to inclined to leave all further illustration that country their widows and their or on this branch of the subject to the phans ?

sense of your readers. I shall, however, And liberal as is the provision made be as short as possible, and point out under government for these objects of a facts, without entering into their details. Dation's guardianship; and splendid in There is not, perhaps, in the world so the page of our history as are the patrio- much mechanical ingenuity as in this tic contributions which have been added city. I am and have been myself acto the public fund for succour and re- quainted with several persons who have ward, it was impossible, from the nature stood in need of nothing but of having of things, that inultitudes of this inter- their extraordioary genius made known esting description of persons should not to reach the highest eminence of wealth have great cause to deplore the scanti- and distinction. They have toiled in ness of fortune which has succeeded the their obscurity, and starved in the midst loss of those upon whom they depended for of inrentions which would have done support in a more elevated station of honour to the age and country in which

they lived. Some of them have fortuit. Need I point out the peculiar delicacy ously attracted notice in time to become of their situation? Not ashamed to turn ornaments to society; others have died to advantage some of those elegant ac exhausted in the unequal struggle; and quirements which were once only the some, less blessed, still pine in despised source of honest pride and domestic poverty and neglected wretchedness. Of pleasure, but unable to fulfil the busi- such matters I have had ocular demonDess part which would mingle them with stration, and there is not one man of oba new and unaccustomed world, and ex- servation in London who could not adpose them to wrongs and mortifications; duce many examples of a similar melanand every way hedged in, as well by a choly kind. senseof propriety and an unfitness for the How many a gem of purest ray serene commercial struggle, as by habit and The dark unfathom’d caves of ocean bear ! prejudice, they cannot as they would de- How many a flower is born to blush unseen; rive any benefit from their disposition And waste its sweetness in the desert air ! and ability to procure ease and comfort from their own exertions.

One of the greatest benefits I antici; To all these the Bazaa e must be in- pate from the Bazaar is, that it will estimable. Here is a place where their bring such gems to light, and such flowlabours, of whatever kind they are, may ers into the sunshine of patronage. The be sold at the most trifling expense to dark alley shall yield up its inhabitant the manufacturer, and in inany cases be illumined with mental acquirements; the brought before the public without ex garret shall surrender its ingenious occupense at all. They will have no trouble pant; the opportunity shall be afforded in badiog out purchasers for their com- to the benevolent man, whose fortune modity, to retail it again at great profit to will not permit him to undertake the themselves. The Bazaar, with its com whole task, to produce his favourite to pany of renters, renders inquiry unue the world, and let it be seen whether cessary: the characters of all who are or not he is the gifted individual whoin his admitted to it have undergone the strict- humble friends have mourned their inest investigation; it is the resort of credit ability to lift into notice and action. and of safety; goods displayed in it have Hiiherto I have been speaking chiefly all the advantages of the most fashion- of persons not bred 10 trade. I have able repository or sale-room ; and either been suggesting the grateful idea of cheby having a spun of counter or by afford- rishing the sanctity of the family circle, ing a trifling commission on the sale of encouraging the domestic virtues, emthe article to one of the tenants of this balming the sweets of social interplace, there is not a thing which industry course, and preventing the fatal influx can produce that may not come fairly, of females to the metropol's, and the sebeneficially, and delicately into the com- paration of those of the metropolis from mon market.

their connexions and relations. I have I will not further dilate on the appli- been endeavouring to shew how the wi. cability of this to all genteel families in dows and children of persons in the uplimited circumstances, and had I not per ranks of life, with scanty provisions, proposed to direct your regards to other of officers, clergymen, and those nose classes to whom this establishment holds incomes die with them, might employ out the greatest advantages, I should be themselves delicately and advantage.

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Account of the Bazaar, Soho-square. [Feb. 1, ously, to the improvement of their pecu fore the returns of profit to live upon are niary resources and the augmentation of made, come rent, and taxes, and the their happiness, whether in increasing bills for prime cost, which devour the their comforts or in educating their fami- whole stock, and swell the Gazette with lies.-/ bave been enforcing the grand the name of its proprietor. Let such a principle, that to render the poor con person resort to the BAZAAR for the tented with themselves and useful to so room wanted, for the time wanted. Still ciety, the great secret is to make them residing with friends or in furnished depend on their own industry, and there apartments, the entire capital may be fore to give them work, and the means of employed in lucrative commerce; the disposing of it. In all these essential store will increase, the profits will accupoints of view, I conceive that the BA nulate, and soon set him above the danZaar is replete with mighty and abun ger of want; and such settlemeot in life dant properties, which may be safely may be made as suits with the utmost and extensively directed to their accom- enjoyment and rational happiness. plishment.

Again, the daughters of persons in But there are many entirely different trade, with large families and contracted conditions of life in the existing state of fortunes, low are the anxious parents to our social compact, which it is alike provide for tveir beloved offspring ? They eminently calculated to improve. Some cannot maintain them in idleness; they of these are glanced at in the epitome are above the class of servants; goverabove quoted. There is the poor but in nesses are now more numerous than pudustrious tradesman, who cannot rent a pils; and they have not wherewithal to shop, far less purchase a house to carry embark them in business, because 80 on his business. Relieved from the ne many establishments forbid the hope of cessity of living in a place, for a term succeeding, eren could they afford to inconsistent with his means, or of an ex- begin them. To such I would say, comtent beyond his ability, the Bazaar, with mence then with little, avd enlarge your all the advantages of the best situated plan by degrees as you go on. A small porand richest ware-room in London, pre- tion of cour own stock, or of articles ofany sents him the very space bis wants re other kind thought more advisable, will quire, for the very period his business suffice to set up your eldest girl in the needs : he may be the proprietor of a few Bazaar. Try her there. The very inches of counter for a few hours! For practice will render her managing, and a few shillings he may enjoy the oppor- prudent, and industrious. Your younger tunity of an experiment which could not daughters may execute something at before have been tried for as many hun- home to be disposed of at this place, dred pounds!

and thus they will acquire the same useThe same argument goes the same ful qualifications. Had you a fortune to length with the honest man whom un- leave each of them at your death, you avoidable losses have reduced from opu- would bave done them a still greater leace to beggary. Those who know him, service by training them up in habits of and the case of his probity and his mis- industry, obedience, and virtue. These fortune, are not perhaps able to set him will be their surest recommendations to forward again in the world, wherein be the affections of good men, who know has already failed, in a way suitable to that the best of wives and of mothers are their good wishes. The Bazaar meets formed of the best of daughters. every object of their desires. Here may I might in tnis way, sir, travel through the worthy bankrupt renew his trial; almost every class of society, and point here may he reward the confidence re- out the expediency of the Bazaar for posed in him; here may he belter his promoting their welfare; but I shall conestate ; and hence may he aspire to the fine myself to barely naming two more, respectability and consideration which the one occupying the bighest place in are but seldom awarded to merit without the estimation of all the civilized world ; the appendage of success.

the other, of considerable interest to Again, a young person has two or the humanity whence it is derived. three hundred pounds to begin life. A The first is the class of artists to whom spot is selected, and a house or part of a this establishment offers a constant and house taken for the purposes of trade. easy mode of appealing to the public The shop must be fitted up; the lodging judgment. I trust to see the Bazaar the mpst be furnished. By this means more noblest gallery for the encouragement of than half of the little all is spent. The the arts that has ever been erected, and goods are next bought on credit, and be- simply for this reason, that it will be ad

1816.]
Account of the Bazaar, Soho-square.

31 dressed to the sense of the country di- example, and even from ill manners, rectly from the artist, without partial in- which are a source of corruption. In terference or professional licence. these respects I am proud to bear wit

The second is the class of persons ness to the humane and provident cares educated by benevolent institutions. of Mr.TROTTER. Without describing it, Were the BAZAAR calculated for these I will say that his plan of security, as far alone, it would be a delightful thing to as property is concerned, is perfect; consider it as the best consummation of and with regard to the more valuable what had been begun on the most divine trust of female honour, every precaution principle which can actuate human na- is calculated to obviate the most sensitive ture,

apprehensions. In the first place, as we Having direlt so much on the moral observe from a prospectus,“ respectabiand practical benefits to be derived from lity, moral character, and good temper," this institution, I shall not intrude upon are laid down as indispensable to the you long with the details of the plan it- tenants of the Bazaar. Whoever sits self.

there must be considerd prima facie as Por it his country is indebted to Mr. people with whom there can be no dan. TeoTTER, of Soho-square; and I am ger in associating. Secondly, it will be happy is taking this early opportunity governed by strict rules, not only with of paying my tribute of cordial applause respect to external decorum, but with to a gentleman whom it will send down reference to the articles sold, so that in to posterity with the HOWARDS, JENNERS, the former there may be no impropriety, WILBER FORCES, and other benefactors and in the latter no unjust blemish. of mankind.

Lastly, the hours will be such as to Mr. TROTTER, happily for his fellow. do away all anxiety in the minds of creatures, is the possessor of premises al- those having an interest in the persons most equal to the benevolence of his engaged in the business of the place, heart. From Soho-square, they reach They have been fixed at from ten in the on one hand to Oxford-street, and on morning to five in the afternoon-thus the other side to Dean-street, being, as allowing the safest periods of a London far as I know, with the exception of one morning and evening for its population or two great breweries, among the largest to go to and return from the Bazaar. private properties in this vast city. A These, sir, are a few of the fundaconsiderable portion of this pile of build, mental principles, which having morality ing he has fitted up for the purposes of and virtue in view, must be reckoned the BazaaR. The great sale-room is among the unchangeable bases, not only heng with red baize, adorned with mir- of this single institution, but of all those rors, chandeliers, &c. &c. and neatly laid which may be formed upon it. Without out in alleys of handsome counters. the severest attention to them, such an These, as is expressed in the advertise- establishment, instead of being a blessing, ment, are let by the foot and by the day, would be a curse ; instead of encouragto persons of unquestionable character ing the noblest of purposes, would be a and moral respectability; and this is the sink of wickedness; instead of ameliorprominent feature of the BazaaR; the ating the condition of society, would be sine qua non of its existence ; that only the nurse of licentiousness and conserespectable persons, who, whether rich quent misery. But with proper care in or poor, can produce testimonials to the selection of candidates, and proper satisfy a very rigid inquiry into their fit- discipline in interior arrangement, it is ness, shall be admitted under its roof. To not, I hope, enthusiasm to believe that some perhaps this ordeal might appear such establishments throughout the emto be too rigid; but when it is remem- pire would do more to reform the evil, bered that such proof of rectitude is not and promote the good habits of the comonly a recommendation of the whole munity, and in general to improve the concern to the public, but a guarantee condition of society than any plan which to parents, &c. who may trust their has ever been subinitted for the ameliodearest hopes within its walls, I am per- ration of our kind. suaded that every one will agree with Before I conclude, there is one comme in thinking, that upon such a basis mercial advantage which I ought to rethe success of the undertaking entirely cord. It is the power which the union depends. It must be a place to which of interests in the Bazaar would give misers might consign their gold, and fa- to persons of the slenderest means to thers their children without a fear: it purchase the materials of their craftie. must be as pure as possible from vicious At the same cost with the richest dealers.

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Inquiry concerning a Resident at Amwell, &c. (Feb. 1, Now, if a person wished to buy ten or But this it would be improper to lay be. twenty pounds worth of any goods to sell fore the public. Suffice it to say, that inuen again at a profit whereon to subsist, the of honest industry, and much of softened best market is shut to the small capital. calamity, have already found place in the Nottingham will not send 101. worth of Bazaar, of which I trust to make you an stockings, Sheffield of cutlery, Birming- ardent admirer like ham of hardware, nor Manchester of col

your huinble servant, tons. Even were it possible on good re- Little Chelsea, Jan. 21. W. JERDAN. commendations to procure such assignments, the expense of carriage would * The Editor cannot omit this opportumore than eat up the difference of cost. nity of adding to the above excellent account The little trader is therefore compelled of an institution, which for real benevolence to buy from the town factor or consignet, and public utility was perhaps never surpassat a much higher rate than the large pur

ed, his humble testimony to the accuracy chaser who buys directly from the manu.

of the details in which there is nothing over. facturer, and consequently cannot afford

charged or cxaggerated. This he is enabled to sell at the price of fair competition.

to do from ocular inspection, and from the In the BAZAAR this radical disadvantage

ample explanation of the plan given him by

the worthy proprietor, whose scheme he will be surojounted. The combination

should have felt it his duty to lay before the of a dozen small capitals will make one readers of the New Monthly Magazine him. great demand, and the poorest of the self, had not the task been here undertaken merchants here embarked will be able by an abler hand. to command either his petty quantity of raw material, or of manufactured goods, MR. EDITOR, at as moderate a charge as if he was or YOUR correspondent WARENSIS, of dering balf the produce of Nottingham, Ware, in your Magazine for last NovemSheffield, Birmingham, or Manchesier. ber, in endeavouring to account for a

Having trespassed so long upon you, very preposterous error exhibited un á Mr. Editor, although there are many tomb-stone in his church-yard, boasts of topics upon which I might enlarge, in Amwell Village as being notorious for 1 the endeavour to impress on your readers the residence of notorious characters, the sentiments of admiration with which and among the rest a notorious lady, I contemplate this excellent design, I who condescended to " indulge the shall abstain from, I confess, a favourite public" with a volume of poems, one of subject, and leave it to the intelligence them being the epitaph written, under of those who have accompanied me thus particular circumstances, on a young far to fill up the numerous blanks which woman named Jane Fazakerly, “ or I have left.

something similar," “ under the trees" I had intended to write this early in in the church yard. the month, and to have matured it for Will you be kind enough to request publication; it is now the latest day at WARENSIS to “ indulge the public," by which I could hope for admission into informing it who this complaisant lady your esteemed pages, and I am content is, that I may have an opportunity of reto throw a few of the ideas to which the turning her my most sincere thanks for plan has given birth hastily together. her indulgence, With all the imperfections of its adyo

Tim QUID. cate upon my head, I am not the least afraid that the Bazaar, such as I have MR. EDITOR, described it, will fiod a friend in every FOR some of the Artists mentioned good man's breast, and I shall only add in your last volume, p. 313, your correse one pleasing piece of information con- pondent may refer to the Index of the cerning it to this letter, which is, that « Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth within a very short time after the scheme Century." was published, the whole of the first

CARADOC. room), a capacious apartment, for at the Middle Temple, Dec. 10. fewest fifty people, was let to persons, the histories of whose lives would form MR. EDITOR, a volume as interesting as ever issued I shall be obliged if any of your corfrom the press, and the countenance of respondents can inform me of the origin whose exalted and beneficent patrons of the custom of having cakes on Twelfth would furnish an episode of which hu- Day, and drawing what is called King manity Inight well be proud in these and Queen. times of laxity, and vice, and crime. Jan. 6, 1816.

B. S. L.

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