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this side shall be re-established such as they town, such as they are specified in the 7th, were before the date of the said treaty. 15th, 16th, and 17th articles of the addi

VI. The town of Cracow, with its terri- tional treaty relative to Cracow, which is tory, is declared to be for ever a free, inde- annexed to the present general treaty, shall pendent, and strictly neutral city, under the have the same force and validity as if they protection of Austria, Russia, and Prussia. were textually inserted in this act.

VII. The territory of the free town of XI. A full, general, and special amnesty Cracow shall have for its frontier upon the shall be granted in favour of all individuals, left bank of the Vistula, a line, which, be- of whatever rank, sex, or condition they ginning at the spot near the village of Wo may be. lica, where a stream falls into the. Vistula, XII. In consequence of the preceding are shall ascend this stream by Clo, and Ko. ticle, no person in future shall be prosecuted scielniki as far as Czulice, so that these vil- or disturbed, in any manner; by reason of lages may be included in the district of the any participation, direct or indirect, at any free town of Cracow ; from thence pas- time, in ihe political, civil, or military events sing along the frontiers of these villages, in Poland. All proceedings, suits, or prosethe line shall continue by Dziekanovice, cutions are considered as null, the sequesGarlice, Tomaszcu, Karniowice, which shall trations and provisional confiscations shall also remain in the territory of Cracow, to the be taken off, and every act promulgated on point where the limit begins which sepa- this ground shall be of no effect. rates the district of Krzeszowice from that XIII. From these general regulations or of Olkusz; from thence it shall follow this the subject of confiscations are excepted all limit between the two said provinces, till it those cases in which edicts or sentences, [caches the frontiers of Silesian Prussia, finally pronounced, have already been fully

VII). His Majesty the Emperor of Aus- executed, and have not been annulled by tria, wishing particularly to facilitate as much subsequent events. as possible on his pari, the commercial re- XIV. The principles established for the lations and good neighbourhood between free navigation of rivers and canals, in the Gallicia and the free towns of Cracow, grants whole extent of ancient Poland, as well as for ever to the town of Podgorze the privin for the trade to the ports, for the circulaleges of a free commercial town, such as are tion of articles the growth and produce cf enjoyed by the town of Brody. This li. the different Polish provinces, and for the berty of commerce shall extend to a dis- commerce, relative to goods in transitu, tance of 500 toises from the barrier of the such as they are specified in the 24th, 25th, suburbs of the town of Podgorze. In con- 26th, 25th, and 29th articles of the treaty sequence of this perpetual concession, which between dustria and Russia, and in the 22d, nevertheless shall not affect the rights of so- 230, 24th, 25th, 28th, and 29th articles of Vereignty of his imperial and royal Apostolic the treaty between Russia and Prussia, shall Majesty, the Austrian custom houses shall be invariably maintained. be established only in places situated beyond XV, His Majesty the King of Saxony rethat limit. No military establishment shall nounces in perpetuity for himself, and all be formed that can menace the neutrality of his descendants and successors, in favour of Cracow, or obstruct the liberty of commerce his Majesty the King of Prussia, all his which his Imperial and Royal Apostolic Ma- rig'it and tile to the provinces, districts, and jesty grants to the town and district of Pod- territories, or parts of territories, of the kinggorze.

dom of Saxony, hereafter named; and his IX. The courts of Russia, Austria, and majesty the King of Prussia shall possess Prussia engage to respect, and to cause to be those countries in complete govereignty and always respecied, the neutrality of the free property, and shall unite them to his motown of Cracow and its territory. No arm- narchy. The districts and territories thus ed force shall be introduced upon ai:y pre- ceded, shall be separated from the rest of the tence whatever. On the other hand it is kingdom of Saxony by a lint, which henceunderstood and expressly stipulated that no forth shall form the frontier between the asylum shall be afforded in the free town Prussian and Saxon territories, sa that all and territory of Cracow, to fugitives, that is comprised in the limit formed by this deserters and persons under prosecution, line, shall be restored to his majesty the king belonging to the country of either of of Saxony; but his majesty renounces all the high powers aforesaid ; and in the event those districts and territories that are situated of the demand of their surrender by the beyond that line, and which belonged to competent authorities, such individuals shall him before the war. be arrested and given up without delay, and The line shall begin from the trontiers of conveyed, under a proper escort, to the Bohemia near Wiese, in the neighbourhood guard appointed to receive them at the fron- of Seidenberg, following ine stream of the

river Wittich, until its junction with the X. The dispositions of the constitution of Neisse. From the Neisse it shall pass to the the free town of Cracow, concerning the circle of Eigen, between Tauchricz, which academy, the bishopric and chapter of that shall belong to Prussia, and Bertschoff,

tier,

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[April 1, which shall remain to Saxony ; then it shall Zeitz, the lide shall follow it as far as the follow the northern frontier of the circle of boundary of the country of Altenburg, near Eigen, to the angle between Pulsdorf and Luckau. The frontiers of the circle of NeuOber-Senland; thence it shall be continued stadt, which wholly falls under the domito the limits that separate the circle of Görlitz nion of Prussia, remain un'ouched. The from that of Bautzen, in such a manner that inclosures of Voigiland, in the district of Ober-Mettel and Neider Schland-Olich, and Reuss, that is to say Gefäll, Blintendorf, Radewitz remain in the possession of Saxony. Sparenberg, and Blankenberg, are comprised The great post-road between Görlitz and in the share of Prussia. Bautzen shall belong to Prussia, as far as the XVI. The provinces and districts of the liinits of the said circles. Then the line kingdom of Saxony, which are transferred shall follow the frontier of the circle to Du- to the dominion of his majesty the king of braucke ; it shall then extend upon the Prussia, shall be distinguished by the name heights to the right of the Löbauer-Wasser, of the Duchy of Saxony, and his majesty so that this rivulet, with its two banks, and shall add to his titles those of Dukeof Saxony, the places upon them, as far as Neudorf, Landgrave of Thuringia, Margrave of the shall remain, with this village, to Saxony. two Lusatias, and Count of Henneberg. His The line shall then fall again upon the niajesty the king of Saxony shall continue Spree, and the Schwarz-Wasser, Liska, to bear the title of Margrave of Upper LusaHermsdorf, Ketten, and Solahdorf, are as- tia. His majesty shall also continue, with signed to Prussia. Fiom the Schwarze-El- relation to, and in virtue of his right of ster, near Solchdorf, a right line shall be eventual succession to the possessi ns of the drawn to the frontier of the lordship of Kö- Ernestine branch, to bear the title of Land. nigsbrück, near Grossgrabchen. This lord- grave of Thuringia and Count of Henneship remains to Saxony, and the line shall berg. follow its northern boundary as far as the XVII. Austria, Russia, Great Britain, bailiwick of Grossenhayn, in the neighbour- and France, guarantee to his Majesty the hood of Ortrand; Ortrand, and the road King of Prussia, his descendants and succesfrom that place by Mersdorf, Stolzenhayn, sors, the possession of the countries marked and Gröbeln, to Mühlberg, (with the vils out in the 15th article, in full property and lages on that road, so that no part of it re- sovereignty. main beyond the Prussian territory) shall be XVI. His Imperial and Royal Apostolic under the government of Prussia. The fron- Majesty wishing to give to the king of Prustier from Gröbeln shall be traced to the Elbe sia a fresh proof of his desire to remove near Fichtenberg, and then shall follow every object of future discussion between the bailiwick of Mühlberg. Fichtenberg their two courts, renounces for himself and shall be the property of Prussia. From his successors, his rights of sovereignty over the Elbe to the frontier of the country the Margraviates of Upper and Lower Lusaof Merseburg, it shall be so regulated tia, which belonged to him as king of Bohethat the bailiwicks of Torgau, Eilenburg, mia, as far as these rights concern the porand Delitsch, shall pass to Prussia, while tion of these provinces placed under the dothose of Oschatz, Wurzen, and Leipsic, minion of his majesty the king of Prussia, by shall remain to Saxony. The line shall virtue of the treaty with his majesty the follow the frontier of these bailiwicks, divid- king of Saxony, concluded at Vieana on the ing some inclosures and demi-inclosures. 18th May, 1813. The road from Mühlberg to Eilenburg shall As to the right of reversion of his Imperial be wholly within the Prussian territory. From and Royal Apostclic Majesty to the said porPodelwitz (belonging to the bailiwick of tion of the Lusatias united to Prussia, it is Leipsic, and remaining to Saxony) as far as transterred to the house of Brandenburg now Eytra, which also remains to her, the line reigning in Prussia, his Imperial and Royal shall divide the country of Merseburg in such Apostolic Majesty reserving to himself and

that Breitenfeld, Haenichen, his successors the power of resuming that Gross and Klein-Dolzig, Mark-Ranstädi, right, in the event of the extinction of the and Knaui-Nauendorf, remain to Saxony ; said reigning house. His Imperial and and Modelwiiz, Skeuditz, Klein Liebenau, Royal Apostolic Majesty renounces also, in Alt Ramstadt, Schkohlen and Zietschen, favour of his Prussian majesty, the districts pass to Prussia. From thence the line shall of Bohemia inclosed within the part of Updivide the bailiwick of Pegau, between the per Lusatia ceded by the treaty of the 18th Floss-graben and the Weisse-Elster; the May, 1815, to his Prussian majesty, which former, from the point where it separates it- districts comprehend the places of Güntersself above the town of Crossen (which forms dorf, Taubentränte, Neukretschen, Niederpart of the bailiwick of Haynsburg) from the Gerlachsheim, Winkel, and Ginkel, with Weisse Elster, to the poini where it joins the their territories. Saa'e below the town of Merseburg, shall XIX. His Majesty the King of Prussia and beleng, in its whole course between those his Majesty the King of Saxony, wishing two towns, with both its banks, to the Prus-, particularly to remove every object of future sian territory. From thence, where the contest or dispute, renounce, each on his frontier touches upon that of the country of own part, and reciprocally in favour of one

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another, all feudal rights or pretensions, and successors, shall possess anew, as fora which they might exercise or might have merly, in full property and sovereignty, the exercised, beyond the frontiers fixed by the following countries, that is to say: present Treaty.

Those of his ancient provinces of Poland XX. His Majesty the King of Prussia pro- specified by article II. ; the city of Dantzic mises to direct that proper care be taken, and its territory, as the latter was determined relative to whatever may affect the property by the treaty of Tilsit; the circle of Cottbus ; and interests of the respective subjects, upon the Old March ; the part of the circle of the most liberal principles. The present Magdeburg, situated on the left bank of article shall be observed, particularly, with the Elbe, together with the circle of the regard to the concerns of those individuals Saale ; the principality of Halberstadt, with who possess property both under the Prus- the lordships of Derenburg, and of Hassensian and Saxon governments, to the com- rode; the town and territory of Quedlinmerce of Leipsic, and to all other objects of burs, (save and except the rights of her Royal the same nature; and, in order that the in- cighness the Princess Sophia Albertine of dividual liberty of the inhabitants, both of Sweden, Abbess of Quedlinburg, conformthe ceded and other provinces, may not be ably to the arrangements made in 1803 ;) infringed, they shall be allowed to emigrate the Prussian part of the county of Mansfeld; from one territory to the other, without be the Prussian part of the county of Hohening exempted, however, from military ser stein; the Eichsfeld ; the town of Nordvice, and after fulfilling the formalities re hausen with its territory; the town of quired by the laws. They may also remove Mühlhausen with its territory ; the Prussian their property without being subject to any part of the district of Treffurt with Dosla ; fine or drawback.

the town and territory of Erfurtii, with the XXI. The communities, corporations and exception of Klein-Brembach and Balstedt, religious establishments, and those for pub- inclosed in the principality of Weimar, ceded lic i..trucion in the provinces ceded by his to the Grand-Duke of Saxe Weimar by 29th Majesty the King of Saxony to Prussia, or article; the bailiwick of Wadersleben, in the provinces and districts remaining to belonging to 'he county of Untergleichen; his Saxon majesty, shall preserve their pro the principality of Paderborn, with the Prusperty, whatever changes they may undergo, sian part of the bailiwicks of Schwallenberg, as well as the rents becoming due to them, Oldenberg and Stoppelberg, and the jurisaccording to the act of their foundation, or dictions of Hagendorn and Odenhausen, siwhich they have acquired by a legal citle tuated in the territory of Lippe; the county since that period under the Prussian and of Mark, with the part of Lippstadt belongSaxon givernments; and neither party shall ing to it; the county of Werden; the interfere in the administration and in the county of Essen ; the part of the duchy of collection of the revenues, provided that Cleves on the right bank of the Rbine, with they be conducted in a manner conformable the town and fortress of Wesel ; the part of to the laws, and that the charges be defrayed, the duchy, situated on the left bank, specito which all property or rents of the like na fied in article 25th; the secularized chapture are subjected, in the territory in which ter of Elten ; the principality of Munster, they occur,

that is !o say, the Prussian part of the former XXII. Noindividual domiciliated in the pro- bishoprick of Munster, with the exception vinces whidi are under the dominion of his of that part which has been ceded to his Majesty the King of Saxony, any more than Britannic Majesty, King of Hanover, in an individual domiciliated in those which by virtue of the 28th article ; the secularized the present treaty pass under the dominion provostship of Cappenburg; the county of of the King of Prussia, shall be molested in Tecklenberg ; the county of Lingen, with his person, his property, rents, pensions, or the exception of that part ceded to the kingrevenues of any kind, in his rank or digni- dom of Hanover by article 27th ; the printies, nor be prosecuted or called to account cipality of Minden ; the county of Ravensin any manner, for any part which he, berg; the secularised chapter of Herford; either in a civil or military capacity, may the principality of Neufchatel, with the have taken in the events that have occurred county of Valengin, such as their frontiers since the commencement of the war, termi are regulated by the Treaty of Paris, and by nated by the Peace concluded at Paris on the the 76th article of this general treaty. The 30th of May, 1814. This article equally same disposition extends to the rights of soextends to those who, not being domiciliated vereignty and suzeraine'é over the county of in either part of Saxony, may possess in it Wernigerode, to that of high protection over landed property, rents, pensions, or reve the county of Hohen-Limburg, and to all nues of any kind.

the other rights or pretentions whatsoever XXIII. His Majesty the King of Prussia, which his Prussian Majesty possessed and having in consequence of the last war, re-as exercised, before the peace of Tilsit, and sumed the possession of the provinces and ter- which he has not renounced by other trearitories which had been ceded by the Peace of ties, acts or conventions. Tilsit, it is acknowledged and declared by the XXIV. His Majesty the King of Prussia present article that his Majesty, his heirs shall unite to his monarchy in Germany, on

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STATE PAPERS.
GENLRAL TREATY,

be comprised within the following line :Signed in Congress at Vienna, June 1, Proceeding from the frontier of Eastern Prus1815.

sia to the village of Neuhoff, the new linuit In the Nanie of the Most Holy and shall follow the frontier of Western Prussia, Undivided Trinity.

such as it subsisted from 1772 to the peace THE Powers who signed the treaty con

of Tilsit, to the village of Leibitsch, which cluded at Paris on the 36th of May, 1814, shall belong to the duchy of Warsaw ; from having assembled at Vienna, in pursuanee

thence shall be drawn a line, which, leaving of the 321 article of that act, with the Princes Kompania, Grabowice, and Szczytno to and States their allies, to complete the pro- Prussia, passes the Vistula near the lastvisions of the said treaty, and to add to them mentioned place, from the other side of tbe the arrangements rendered necessary by the river, which falls into the Vistula opposite state in which Europe was left at the termi. Szczytno, to the ancient limit of the district nation of the last war, being now desirous of the Netze, near Gross Opoczko, so that to embrace in one common transaction the Sluzewo shall belong to the duchy, and various results of their negotiations, for the Przylianowa, Hollander, and Maciejewo, to purpose of confirming them by their reci. Prussia. From Gross Opoczko it shail pass procal ratifications, have authorized their ple- by Chlewiska, which shall remain to Prussia, nipotentiaries to unite in a general instrument to the village of Przybyslaw, and from thence the regulations of superior and permanent by the villages of Piaski, Chelmce, Witointerest, and to join tv that act, as integral wiczki, Kobylinha, Woyezyn, Orchowa, to parts of the arrangements of Congress the

the town of Powidz. From Powidz it shall treaties, conventions, declarations, regula- continue by the town of Slupee to the point tions, and other particular acts, as cited in

of confluence of the rivers Wartha and the present trealy. And the above-men. Prosna. From this point it shall re-ascend tioned Powers having appointed plenipoten. the course of the river Prosna to the village tiaries to the Congress, that is to say -

of Koscielnawies, to within one league of [Here follow the names of the plenipoten- the town of Kalisch. Then leaving to that tiaries, in the same order as the signatures at

town (on the side of the left bank of the the end.]

Prosna) a semi-circular territory measured Such of the above plenipotentiaries as

upon the distance from Koscielnawies to Kahave assisted at the close of the negotiations, lisch, the line shall return to the course of after having produced their full powers,

the Prosna, and shall continue to follow it, found in good and due form, have agreed to re-ascending by the towns of Grabow, Wieplace in the said general instrument the fol- ruszow, Boleslawiee, so as to terminate near lowing articles, and to affix to them their the village of Gola, upon the frontier of Silesignatures.

sia opposite Pitschin. Art. I The duchy of Warsaw, with the

Ill. His Imperial and Royal Apostolic exception of the provinces and districts which Majesty shall possess, in full property and are otherwise disposed of by the following sovereignty, the salt-mines of Wieliczka, and articles, is united to the Russian empire, to

the territory thereto belonging. which it shall be irrevocably attached by its

IV. The way or bed of the Vistula shall cor.stitution, and be possessed by his Ma- separate Gallicia from the territory of the free jesty the Emperor of all the Russias, his

town of Cracow. It shall serve at the same heirs, and successors in perpetuity. His Im

time as the frontier between Gallicia and perial Majesty reserves to himself to give to

that part of the ancient duchy of Warsaw this state, enjoying a distinct admivistration, united to the states of his Majesty the Emthe interior improvement which he shalí peror of all the Russias, as far as the vicinity judge proper. He shall assume with his of the town of Zavichost. From Zavichost other titles that of Czar, King of Poland, to the Bug; the dry frontier shall be deteragreeably to the form established for the mined by the line drawn in the treaty of titles attached to his other possessions.

Vienna of 1800, excepting such modificaThe Poles, who are respective subjects of tions as by common consent may be thought Russia, Austria, and Prussia, shall obtain a necessary to be introduced. The frontier representation and national institutions, re

from the Bug shall be re-established on this gulated according to the degree of political side between the two empires such as it was consideration, that each of the governments before the said treaty, to which they belong shall judge expedient

V. His Majesty the Emperor of all the and proper to grant them.

Russias cedes to his Imperial and Royal 11. The part of the duchy of Warsaw Apostolic Majesty the districts which have which his Majesty the King of Prussia shall been separated from Eastern Gallicia in conpossess in full sovereignty and property, for sequence of the treaty of Vienna of 1909, hiaiself, his heirs, and successors, under from the circles of Zloozow, Brzezan, Tar. the title of the Grand Duchy of Posen, shall nopole, and Zalesczk; and the frontiers on

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may be.

this side shall be re-established such as they town, such as they are specified in the 7th; were before the date of the said treaty. 15th, 16th, and 17th articles of the addi

VI. The town of Cracow, with its terri tional treaty relative to Cracow, which is tory, is declared to be for ever a free, inde- annexed to the present general treaty, shall pendent, and strictly neutral city, under the have the same force and validity as if they protection of Austria, Russia, and Prussia. were textually inserted in this act.

VII. The territory of the free town of XI, A full, general, and special amnesty Cracow shall have for its frontier upon the shall be granted in favour of all individuals, left bank of the Vistula, a line, which, be of whatever rank, sex, or condition they ginning at the spot near the village of Woliça, where a stream falls into the.Vistula, XII. In consequence of the preceding are shall ascend this stream by Clo, and Ko- ticle, no person in future shall be prosecuted scielniki as far as Czulice, so that these vil or disturbed, in any manner, by reason of lages may be included in the district of the any participation, direct or indirect, at any free town of Cracow ; from thence pase time, in the political, civil, or military events sing along the frontiers of these villages, in Poland. All proceedings, suits, or prosethe line shall continue by Dziekanovice, cutions are considered as null, the sequesGarlice, Tomaszou, Karniowice, which shalí trations and provisional confiscations shall also remain in the territory of Cracow, to the be taken off, and every act promulgated on point where the limit begins which sepa. this ground shall be of no effect. rates the district of Krzeszowice from that XIII. From these general regulations on of Olkusz ; from thence it shall follow this the subject of confiscations are excepted all limit between the two said provinces, till it those cases in which edicts or sentences, reaches the frontiers of Silesian Prussia, finally pronounced, have already been fully

VIII. His Majesty the Emperor of Aus- executed, and have not been annulled by tria, wishing particularly to facilitate as much subsequent events, ás possible on his pari, the commercial re XIV. The principles established for the lations and good neighbourhood between free navigation of rivers and canals, in the Gallicia and the free towns of Cracow, grants whole extent of aneient Poland, as well as for ever to the town of Podgorze the privin for the trade to the ports, for the circulaleges of a free commercial town, such as are tion of articles the growth and produce cf enjoyed by the town of Brody. This ii. the different Polish provinces, and for the berty of commerce shall extend to a dis commerce, relative to goods in transitu, tance of 500 toises from the barrier of the such as they are specified in the 24th, 25th, suburbs of the town of Podgorze. In con 26th, 28th, and 29th articles of the treaty sequence of this perpetual concession, which between Austria and Russia, and in the 22d, nevertheless shall not affect the rights of so- 23d, 24th, 25th, 28th, and 29th articles of Fereignty of his imperial and royal A postolic the treaty between Russia and Prussia, shall Majesty, the Austrian custom houses shall be invariably maintained. be established only in places situated beyond XV. His Majesty the King of Saxony rethat limit. No military establishment shall nounces in perpetuity for himself, and all be formed that can menace the neutrality of his descendants and successors, in favour of Cracow, or obstruct the liberty of commerce his Majesty the King of Prussia, all his which his Imperial and Royal Apostolic Ma- right and tiile to the provinces, districts, and jesty grants to the town and district of Pod territories, or parts of territories, of ihe kinggorze.

dom of Saxony, hereafter named; and his IX. The courts of Russia, Austria, and majesty the King of Prussia shall possess Prussia engage to respect, and to cause to be those countries in complete govereignty and always respecied, the neutrality of the free property, and shall unite them to his motown of Cracow and its territory. No arm narchy. The districts and territories thus ed force shall be introduced upon any pre ceded, shall be separated from the rest of the tence whatever. On the other hand it is kingdom of Saxony by a line, which henceunderstood and expressly stipulated that no forth shall form the frontier between the asylum shall be afforded in the free town Prussian and Saxon territories, so that all and territory of Cracow, to fugitives, that is comprised in the limit formed by this deserters and persons under prosecution, line, shall be restored to his majesty the king belonging to the country of either of of Saxony; but his majesty renounces all the high powers aforesaid ; and in the event those districts and territories that are situated of the demand of their surrender by the beyond that line, and which belonged to competent authorities, such individuals shall him before the war. be arrested and given up without delay, and The line shall begin from the frontiers of conveyed, under a proper escort, to the Bohemia near Wiese, in the neighbourhood guard appointed to receive them at the fron- of Seidenberg, following the stream of the tier.

river Wittich, until its junction with the X. The dispositions of the constitution of Neisse. From the Neisse ii shall pass to the the free town of Cracow, concerning the circle of Eigen, verween Tauchritz, which academy, the bishoprie and chap:er of that shall belong to Prussia, and Bertschoff,

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