« AnteriorContinuar »
Literary Intelligence Denmark-Norway. (April 1 Count Emanuel Csaky, giving sent to 3,700 feet, and oats as well as rye are liis detestation of the ci-devant French cultivated as high as 3,250. The celeautocras, has erected a monument to brated Montblanc is 14,676 feet higts; him, and graced it with the following on the northern side its snow-limits cominscription :
mence at the height of 7,812, and on Xerocitate. Bellua. Vel, Fumine. Deus. the southern at that of 8,100: the pine Homo. Nunquam.
ceases to grow beyond that it' 5,700. On Sideris. Tandem. Occasu. Mortalis, Monitus. Montperdu, which is 10,578 feet high, Sortis.
the snow-liont, at 43 deg. N. lat., is Fragile. Cælestis. Instrumentum. Irae.
found at the elevation of 8,100 feei, Nunc. Objectum,
Libunon is in beight 8,949 feel, and does Post. Fara. Mori. Nescius. Horribilem. Cujus. Excidio. Moliebatur,
not quite attain at 33 deg. N. lat, the Immortalitatem. Superstruere.
limits of the snowy region. Pie de Teyde, Flentis. Humani. Generis.
in the island of Tenerife, is 11,42; feet Sui. Solummodo. Nominis. Strage.
in elevation, and does not reach the Lacrymas. Abstersit.
linnits of snow at 29 dey. N. lat. Pruise Mensc. Aprili MDCCCXIV. catapec in Mexico is 16,584 feet in height: The papers of Vienna state, that po. the limits of snow are found at 19 deg. sitive details bave been received relative N. lai.. at an elevation of 14,100 feet. to the death of the enterprising German Lastly, the Chimboraco, which is 20,158 traveller Dr. SEETZEN, wbich was some feet high, has its svow-limits at the ele. inonths since announced. The Scherif vation of 14,760 feet. of Sana, in Arabia, caused him to be poisoned out of avarice and jealousy. The possession of the Ionian Islands
Mr. Richter, a young Livonian, who was cannot fail to render whatever relates to in close parts, and is now at Rosetta in the modern Greeks doulily interesting to Egypt, bns collected all the circum- the English nation at large, and to the stances, concerning this event, which are scholar in particular. Under the proextremely curious. Part of his effects tection of the British trident, never will and papers having been conveyed 10 the wretched Mainots or Idriots be deAleppo and put up to sale, were pur- luded by false hopes, or abandoned to chased by an Englishman with the inten- Turkish cruelty and revenge, as they tiou of transmitting them to bis friends. were in 1777 and the following years by
the Russians. It is with parlia lar pleaThe Academy of Arts and Sciences in sure that we present the reader with Denmark has, in consequence of an ob- some account of the institutions receody servation in a prize essay laid before it, established on the Continent, and espeappuinţed a comitice to investigaté cially in Germany, for the iinprovement the asserted efficacy of tanuin as an all- of the natives of Grecce, for which we cidote against all poisons, wliether mine- are indebted to our friend Mr. BÖLIIGER ral or vegetable.
of Dresden. NORWAY.
To raise a people, so distinguished in WALENBERG, in his Journcy through ancient liistory by energy of suind and The Laplandic Alps in 1807, observes, splendid achievements, and afiernards that the limits where the region of snow so hoinbled avd oppressed, out of the coinnences are fouud to be gr:dually dust and obscurity to a certains degree of higber as you quit the north pole and dignity and respectability, must certainly travel towards the equator, whilst they be an agreeable jde: to ihose who know risc to a still grrater and more sudden bow deeply polished Europe is indebted height on reaching the soutlicra bemi- to this nation, A sense of wlat it has sphere. lle compares the elevation and been is nol extinguished amerg the vegetation of various mountains, and Greeks themselves, and the presentiment - gives us the following interesting results. of an inprovement in their condition Snähaltan, on Duvoe-Fall in Norway, sceins to lie founded on that feeling. is 7,600 feet high: the limits of the snow Sucli at least are the notions with which beginuing. 62° nor. lat., at, the beight of those men are profoundly impressed who $3,600 feet above the sea; low birch have arisen as the leaders a. d instruc! trees are found at 3,200 feet, and firs, tors of weir country, and are endea
at 2,000 feet. The Schneekopf in Silesia vouring to diffuse in it the light of i$ 4,004 feet above the level of the sen; science. Among these may be sained a
the limit of the show at 50 deg. is at Caro DISTRIA, IONATIUS, Corak, AN-6,100 feet elevation, The pine-tree - TheMus Gazi, MESTOSIDI, and Russis. clases to gron heyvad.the. bcight of L'ader the influencer of such characters,
1816.) Academical Institutions for the Modern Greeks. 987 a society was formed in 1813 at Athens, of 1814 Professor Frederic TIERSCIT, with the title of 'Eraspía Tv Olloperiton or director of the Lyceum of Münich, visitOduous as 'Eraigtia, Society of the Friends ed Viennå for the purpose of collating of the Muscs. The whject of its members the MSS. of the Odyssey and Ilesiod in was the austruction and polishing of their the library of that city; and as lic speaks country people; and as the first step and writes the modern Greek very fuente towards the accomplishment of this pur- ly, he formed an acquaintance with the pose a school was established for the Greeks resident there, and also with the education of youth. Their views speedily Russian minister Count Capo D'ISTRIA, extended, and they soon conceived the which led to the idea of making the Basites of founding another institution be. varian capital the seat of a Greek Acasides the school at Athens, for the study demy. The intention of educating Greek of the higher branches of science. To youths at the German universities has this seminary they gave the appellation already been mentioned; a certain preof Gymnasium, and chose for its site a paration, bowever, is absolutely necesspot on Mount Pelion in Thessaly, abichsary, and in the first place it is requisite the ancient history of Greece represents that they should understand the German as the abode of Chiron and his pupil language Professor Turenseh, thereAchilles. In the following year (1814) fire, projected a preparatory seininary: when many distinguished and enlightened his plan was warmly seconded by M. persons were assembled in Congress at SCHLICHTEGROLL., secretary to the AcaVienoa, the Greeks, members of the demy of Minich, and it has been actuSociety of the Friends of the Muses, re- ally founded with the approbation and siding there, availed themselves of the under the patronage of the King and his opportunity to form a more extensive ministers. It is styled To Ashwd., The connexion in Europe, and to obtain a thenæum. Greek boys abave wwelve more active co-operation in their plans. years old are admitted into it, provided Thus a society was formed at Vienna, they can read and write their native and united itself with that at Athens, language. The sum of 100 ducats per for the purpose of promoting one com annuin is charged for the instruction, inon object--the civilization of Greece. board, and lodging of each, exclusive of The society at Vienna chosc IGNATIUS, clothing and some other expenses. They the metri politan, for its president, auct are taught Geripan, Latin, and ancient appointed a committee, at the head of Greek; geography, history, mathematics, which is M. ALEXANDER Basil, an emi- natural philosophy, and natural history. nent Greek merchant, to superintend its Opportunities are also aiforded for the financial concerns. As tlfeir means in- acquisition of other modern languages, crease the views of the society become as Englislı, French, and Italian, likewise enlarged. The maintenance and im- music and drawing. From the Atheprovement of their two iustitutions in næum the pupils can proceed to the LyGreece continue to be their primary ob- ceum, and thence with advantage to any ject. Out of the revenues of the society, university. From the program circuteachers are paid, such pupils as distin- lated by Professor TDIERSCH' io the guish themselves are reivarded, and Greek language, and also inserted in books, maps, and other requisites, are the journal for classic literature 'pubpurchased. Prep:rations are making for lished by him in Latin under the title of publishing editions of the classic writers, Acta Piilologorum Monacensium, it apespecially of the ancient Greeks, for the pears, that in addition to philology, the use of youth. Hopeful young men are pupils at the Athenaum.of Münich will sent at the expense of the society to the go through a complete course of polyGerrian universities, there to quali!y technic studies; that they will receiie themselves to be the future instructors · religious instrucriww. from a Girek ecof their pative country. This last is a clesiastic; and that Münich now afo point of peculiar importance, from which fords an excellent school fur cvety art more, perhaps, may be expected than and science. In the celebrated estafrom any other. The society is more- blishment of Messrs. FON UTZSCHNEIDER Cofer desirous to promote the sciences, and RESCUE BACH inay be obtained a and has therefore given directions for complete knowleilge of matematical the seeking and collecting of antiquities, and philosophical instruments and techånd for inquiries connected with nntural, mology. Srunz is a master in lithogta. Pristory. Some of tire members at Athens saphy, or the art of privaing drawings and bre’likewise charged to accompany třa- writings from stone, which has been Fellers who visit Attica, and to facilitate : brought to the highest perfection in the the object of their tours. In the winter Bavarian capital. Lectures on arclii.
New Publications, with Critical Remarks:
tecture, and painting are given at the with complete success the MSS. and Academy of Arts by LANGER, the direc- works of art taken froin Bavaria in the ror. Civil engineering in all its branches first revolutionary wars, and whence be is taught by the celebrated WIEBEKING. proceeded in tlie autuma of 1815 to How much then may here be learned London, to view the Elgin. and Phugalian ont of the Athenæum?- There are al- marbles, he found the institution in the ready six young Greeks in this new best traill. It is hoped that lie will soon seminary, which for the present derives obtain permission from the King of Baits "ineans of instruction froni the Ly- varia to visit Greece, with a view to the ceum, When Tunersch returned from establishment of a beneficial intercourse his niission to Paris, where he claimed with that country.
NEW PUBLICATIONS IN FEBRUARY AND MARCH,
WITH CRITICAL REMARKS.
marks on the history of the world, and lastly, he Lettre du Chev. Antonio Canova et Deux , has in terspersed many practical improvements and Memoires lus à l'Institut Royal de France,
useful directions for the profitable reading of the sur les Ouvrages de Sculpture dans la Col.
sacred volume. Upon the whole, we bave been lection de Milord Comte d'Elgin. Par le greatly pleased with the plan and execation of Chev. E. Q. Visconii,
this compendium, which is alike adapted for tha SVO. 35. 60.
use of families and the instruction of youth ia A Collection of intique Vases, Altars, schools. Påtera, Tripods, Candelabra, Sarcophagi, &c. from various Museums and Collections, and on the Moral Attributes of the Creator ;
A Treatise on the Records of the Creation, engraven in outline on 170 places.
By Henry Moses. With Historical Essays. 410.
with particular reference to the Jewish His31. 35. large paper, 51. 55.
tory, and to the Consistency of the Principle British Gallery of Contemporary Portraits, of the Deity. By Joba Bird Sumner, M.A.
of Population with the wisdom and goodness No. XXI.
2 vols. 8vo. il. is. A Practical Treatise on Perspective, com
Twelve. Lectures on the Prophecies repressed and simplified. By John Varley. BIBLIOGRAPHY.
lating to the Christian Church, and espeCatalogue of the Curious Library origi: preached in the Chapel of Lincoln's Inn,
cially 10 the Apostacy of Papal Rome, nally formed between 1610 and 1650, by from 1811 10 1815, being the ninth portion Sir Robert Gordon, of Gordonstown, bart of those founded by Bishop Warburton. By To be sold by auction, by Mr. Cochrane, Philip Allwood, B.D. Fellow of Magdalen Catherine-street, Strand, March 25, 1810, College, Cambridge. ? vols. 8vo. 1l. 45. and eleven following days, post Svo, 4s. Catalogue of a Valuable, Select, and Ex
The Personality and Office of the Chris
tian Comforter Asserted and Explained, in a tensive Collection of Books from various parts of Europe, on sale by Thomas Ed- versity of Oxford, at the Lecture founded by
course of Sermons preached before the Uniwards, Halifax.
the Rev. J. Bampion. Hy Reginald Heber, A Catalogue of Books in various Lan
M.A. Rector of Hodnet, Salop. 8vo. 185. guages, and in every department of Literature, now on sale at G. Mackie's, 2s,Greek
A Sermon, preached at Kew Church on
the Thanksgiving Day, Jan. 18, 1816. By strezt, Soho.
the Rev. T. T. Have field, A. M. Fellow of
C. C. Coll. Oxford. Nichols' Literary Anecdotes, Vol. IX.
A Letter to the Unitarian Christians in 8vo. 21. 2s.
South Wales, occasioned by the AnimadDIVINITY. A Scripture Help, designed to assist in
versions of the Bishop of St. David's. By
Thomas Belsham. reading the Bible profitably. By the Rev. Edward Bickersteth, With maps.
A Discourse preached at the Episcopal
Chapel, Edinburgh, Jan. 18, 1816, on the The late excellent and inqniring Bisbop Percy Thanksgiving Day. By Archibald Alison,
L.L.B. compiled a work under the title of " A key to the
Is. 6d. New Testament." which has been properly deno
The Origin of Pagan Idolatry Ascertained minated., a lutle commentary in itself; and the from Historical Testimony and Circumsame may be more justly said of the present you stantial Evidence. By the Rev. S. Faber. lume, as applying to the entire body of canouical 3 vols, 410, 6), 15s. scriptures, Besides general remaks on the whole
Conciliatory Suggestions on RegeneraBible, and short observalions on each book, the
tion. By J, W. Cunningham, M.A. 15. * author has judiciously given an account of the Jewish state, including remarks on their feasts, of.
Two Sermons, on the Public Thanks fices, and sacrifices; ap explanation of peculiar givings for Peace in 1815 and 1816. By scriptural expressions ; observations op scripture the Rev. Thos. Hewett, curate of Chcsbam, dificulties; a chronological table; general se. Bucks. 3s.
1816.) New Publications, with Critical Remarks.
239 The Apocalypse ; or, Book of Revelations, Languages to the Honourable. East India Com explained according to its Spiritual Sense. pany's Military Seminary. Of this portivo we can, Translated from the Latin of Emanuel Swe: only say, tha: though the materials are well sex
lected, and the facts faithfully gives, the style denborg. 6 vols. 8vo. 31.
fonos a Judicrous contrast to that of the introdua The Doctrine of New Jerusalem respect
tion. The topographical account of the printipal ing the Lord. royal svo. 125. demy 6s. seals of the Mahometau empire in Spain, and the
A Seal upon the Lips of Unitarians, Tri. literary and civil history of that empire, under nitarians, and all others who refuse to ac which last head are comprised not only the arts knowledge the sole, supreme, and exclusive
and sciences of the Arabs, but their maoners and Divinity of Our Lord and Saviour, Jesus
castons have been furnished by Mr. Thomas HartChrist, By Robert Hindmarsh,
weil Horne, of the Surrey Institution. This part of 810, 12s.
the volume will atford the reader much ainuse. EDUCATION.
ment, and it is certainly creditable to the industry, A Compendious and Easy Grammar of
of the compiler, who has gathered from a vast va. the lralian Language: comprising a new riety of modern authorities the best information on and improved classification of the verbs, and the subject of the Spanish Arabs. To the account explanatory rules, with a Syntax annexed. Of Al Hariri, who has been called the Arabian Second edition, revised and improvec!, with Demosthenes, it should have been added, for the the addition of a series of idiomatical phrases,
benefit of the English reader, that six of bis De. and a vocabulary of those words which most
clamations, which have obtained the unqualified frequently occur in conversation. By M. praise of Sir William Jones, were trauslated by
the late Professor Chappelow, of Cambridge, and Santagnello, Master of Languages. 12mo.
published there in 1767. 6s.
The Russian Prisoner of War among the Practical Exercises in the Italian Lan. guage. By M. Santagnello. Second edi. French. By Moritz Von Kotzebue, Lieutetion, illustrated with English Notes, expla
nant on the General Staff of the Imperial nations, and references to the Grammar. Russian Army, Knight of the Order of St.
Wladimir. 8vo. gs. 12 mo.
This Grammar, accompanied by the Practical This authentic and artless relation of a Russian Exercises, eannot fail, we should think, to super. Officer, who belonged to the corps of Wittgenstein, sede every other, that of Veneroni bot exeept. in Poland, but was taken prisoner on the 10th of ed. It is much more simple in its construction Angus!, 1812, and sent to France, cannot fail to than the work last mentioned, which must of excite interest, when it is known to have been course tender it easier for young learners ; but edited by the celebrated dramatist. But indeanother of its excellencies is that of bringing the pendent of the curiosity which that circumstance. svo languages into a state of mutual illustration, is calculated to produce, the work itself, as giving so that it would be no difficult matter for any per. it faithful picture of the French character and man. son who is tolerably acquainted with the gramma hers, will be found entitled to attention and re. tical principles of his own congue, to acquire, by spect. Many amusing anecdotes are here related, close application to these two volumes, a compe and a vein of impartiali:y pervades the whole war. fent knowledge of the Italian.
rative. The author was closely confined at St. GARDENING.
Malo when the allies entered France, at which Hints addressed to Proprietors of Orchards
time he and his companions in misfortune expect. and Growers of Fruit in general; conipris
ed to be shot, out of revenge, by the infuriated ing Observations on the State of the Apple
partisans of Napoleon; bnc on the 4th of April, an
immense number of people entered the prison 'frees in the Cider Counties, made in a Tour
yard, crying out-"Vive le Roi !" "As the crowd during the last Summer. Also the Natural
advanced," says Kotzebue, “I heard several per History of the Aphis Lanata, or American seus exclaim" To the Russian ! to the Russian!" Blight, and other Insects destructive to The commandant advanced towards my door, my Fruit Trees. By William Salisbury, 12mo. room was instantly filled with people, all exclaim. 6s.
ing-Yon are free! Vive le Roi! Vive l'Empe
reur Alexandre!'-I could scarcely credit what I HISTORY
heard, when the commandant informed me that The History of the Mahometan Empire
the Russians hart entered Paris; and congralulated in Spain : containing a General History of
me on my freedom. I remained for si me rime mo. the Arabs, their Institutions, Conquests, tionless; all was silent. I know not by what im. Literature, Arts, Sciences, and Manners, to pulse I was led to exclaim-Vive le Roi!' These the Expulsion of the Moons. royal 4to. words were rapturously received. Several persons 11. 11s. 60.
seized ing hands, and conducted me from my priThis elegant volume, which is intended as an son. They then went by turns to the rest of the introduction to the splendid work of Mr. James
prisoners, and I sonu enjoyed the satisfaction of Caranah Murphy on the Arabian Astiquities of
congratulating them on their freedom, and being a Spain, is thic joint production of three very differ.
witness of their joyful surprise; many wept aloud, ect writers. The « Review of the early History of
and like me were unable to believe what they the Arabs, their sustitutions, Religion. Choquests,
heard. They were eleven in number." ke previously to their Invasiou of Spain," comes
1.1 an appendix to this volumr, the elder Korze. from tio masterly pen of Dr. Gillies, and much it
bue has given a memoir of another of his sons, is to be regretted that his part of the work is so
namrd William, who distinguished himself with lort, This is followed by “The Political and
great reputation, first in the Austrian service, and Abilitary History, of the Mahornctan Empire in
Jastly in that of liassin; but at tire storming of Ps. Spain, in four chapters;" the author of which is loizk; in, 1812, he was tat off' by the bursting of a Hr. John Shakespear, professor oft lic Oriental greváde, iš thë' twcuiyserenth year of lits age.
New Publications, with Critical Remarks.
'The Subsiance of some Letters written by sketches of the beauties of nature in different parts en Engli-hman, resident al Paris during the of the world are drawn with uacommou neatness Last Reign of the Emperor Napoleon, 2 vols. sed felicity of expression. But the peculiar erove. 11. 45.
crileuce and indeed originality of the work consists We should be almost inclived to call in question
in the strikwg iwalogy which it presents buiwetu Die broth of wisut is stated in the title page, und to
the sublinities of the exterpal creation and the prououue os certain that these volumes die vot,
intellectual dignity of man. Every object on the jo whole or in part, except in the work of transla
globe, grand or minute, the mountain and the non, the production of an Eaghshinan. But as
rock, the forest and the Hover, become iustruunfortunately it cannot be denied, that there are
inental to the improrement of moral feeling and Sully natives of our country who i ave imbibed the
the expausion of the understanding. Where so worn principles of revolutionary France, we are
much excellence abounds it would be unseasonable raid that one of these degenerate beings inay
to find fault with any trifting defects; but as we his ve been led by his disappointed feelings to com
hope to see any successive editions of this vala. muit the outrage upou decency, which is here ex
able and most instructive performance, we think hib:led in a panegyric on Napoleon, and an abuse
its uality would be increased by compression. viihe Bourbons. So much of this utter want of
This might be done satisfactorily by condensin: liberality and justice has been manifested by per.
several of the characters, particularly of the sons calling themwelers patriots and losers of lic
painters, and by cutting off numerous quotations, berty, that we are no longer disposed to wonder
some of which are tedious, others irrelevant, and any insult upon virtue, which coines (ruin meu,
bot a lew too common for such a book, and the Kizo wlude they vilify their own governient as opo
class of readers with whom it cannot fail to be a pressive and corrupt, ale themselves the rulogists
favourite. By way of conclusion, and to exhibit of the most sauguiuary and inithless Tyrant that
some specimen of the author's manner, we shall 145 ever suffered by the inscrutable devrees of
extract his description of a sceac in Wales:
" When we arrive at the miserable viilage of Providence to curse the earth. But in whatever adibirution such vitiateininds may affect to bold
Cerig Druidian, in the county of Denbigh, standing perjured usurpes and a midnight assassin, it is
in the midst of naked agd hasien mountains, with660 wuch to publisl, in the face of the world, it
out ove object of an agreeable character on which
the eye may repose, what a shivering idea of recomium upou liin, for iris heroic patience and Sucevig. Yes these virtues, anong others equally heightened by a recollection of the magnificent
poverty and desolation presents itself!-an idea credible', ure in the present work ascribed to the inrader of Spain and the riestroyer of Moscow,
scenery of Pont-y-Glyn, where an arch, of cpasi Alier this we may expect to see the libidinous and
detable span, bestrides a vast and horridic clase, savage founder of Islamism, represented as a per.
through which the Glya rushes with unceasing
roar. fert model of cha-city and gentleness. We are
After taking a survey of the wide beallis oa Salied upon marvellous day's mud one of the beau.
every side, turn to a weighbouring fara, and view
with ittention the various fragmeous which lie rionly proofs of it is the appearance of these detters,
scattered around.--Vaens mod croinieces are before which no inan of sensibility would have written; you!-- From age to age those sacred relics last und which no person who had the least regard for the honour of his own country and we welfare of remained, in this wreiched village, mnoaudiesis of
Elle superstition of our Druidicel sacestors. This Instkiud, would have published.
spot was once the favourite centre for the reades. LAW.
vous of the British Druids. Here they sacrificedReports of Cases argued and determined in to this village the sacred mislewe was brougil the Vice-Chancellor's Court, 55 Gco. Ill. from this mountain the barbarous poutis arveret 3815. By Henry Maddock, esq. Vol. I. bis auathemas ! -A little way farther ow, upon the Parc I.
top of a hill which commands a view of the sur. Reports of Cases upon Appeals and Writs rounding country, bleak, extensive, and barren, of Error in the House of Lorus, during the are a few retains of Wulis and ramparts:—
The Session of 1815. By P. Dow, csq. Vol. III.
scene is wild and desolate..la the midst of suit. Pari II. royal svo. os.
mer, the veins of youth are chilled; ia the midst
of winter, the serves of age warn with picy and a Treatise on Criminal Pleading, with
burn with indignation, when it is recollected that Precedents of Inuiciments, &c. By Thomas these walls once contained the patrioe king Carac Starkie, esq. 2 vols. 8vo. Il. 45.
tacus;-here he made lus last slaud, after the fatal MINERALOGY AND GEOLOGY.
baitle of Caer-Caradoc; liom these walls be was An Elementary Introduction to the Know- bruayed paftoin this spol, ceasing to be a king, he ledge of Mineralogy. By Willian Phillips. was conveyed prisoner to Romne!" 12mo. 83, 64.
Postscript to the “ Reply Point by Puine,' Descriptive Caralugue of the British Spe. containing an Exposure of the Misrepresen. cimens de posited in the Geological Collectation of the Treatment of the Captured Ne. rion ot the Royal Institution. By William grocs at Sierra Leone, and other matrets Thomas Brande, F.R.S. 8vo. gs.
arising from the Ninth Report of the African MISCELLANEOUS.
Institution. By Robert Thorpe, esq. L.L.D. 'The Philosophy of Nature; or the influ
28. 6d. ence of Scenery on the Mind and Heart. In a former sumber we barely rendered justice voks. 8vo. 18s.
to the pamphlet of which this may be considered These elevant volumes exbibit an uncommon as a vindication; and what we deened it to be Sabiely or reading turned so the most protitable our duty to observe on # serious pocused of that Boccount in the formation of a correct judgment performance, we have sow not the smallest hesiteaid the improvement of a fine laste. The author is tion in repeating with this, addition, Blind the ebenuşiuscic in his admiration of landscape senery, author has a strong clun upon the public gratitude whiedier soit or romantic, and his bumerous for the service which he has cadered to the count