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226 Tauscher's Tours in the Southern parts of Russia in Asia. (April 1, point of the Wolga-Malian Steppe, These untoward circumstances obliged which was by no means of inferior inte me, though most reluctantly indeed, to

abandon my tour to Arsagar altogether, This point," continues the indefati- and endeavour to repay myself for this gable Tauscher," was the rock-salt hill disappointment, by prolonging my stay of Arsayar, to wbicle also no traveller in the vicinity of these lakes. They probesides Pallas had previously extended mised me, it is true, no great accession his researches: it is situated in the cen- of botanical subjects; but, on the other tre of the Tartarian Steppe, nearly equi- band, appeared proportionably, more distant from the shores of the Caspian prolific in remarkable insects and water Sea, and the rivers Wolga and Ural. fowl, against which I declared a deadly Even on this isolated and inconsiderable warfare. eininence, Pallas discovered some un- The lakes called Kamysch Samara, known kinds of plants, which no one consist of a group of distinct waters, vahas either discovered, or sought after rying in their sizes, and possessing no since his time. According to every ac- visible source, though some pretty large count," says our traveller, “ there was streams flow into them from the neigh110 possibility of reaching it without pas- bouring steppes. They are encircled by sing through an extent of Steppe, border- a morass (varying from thirty to forty ing on six bundred versts, nor was there versts in breadth), covered in every diany certainty of our meeting with one rection by a dense and impenetrable single Rhirgisian or Calmuc tent on the bulwark of reeds; these plantations of whole route, These considerations ren- reeds are the only part of the south of dered it indispensable that we should Russia, with which I am acquainted, carry along with us all the victuals, that are inhabited by wild boars of unclothing, &c. we migit require during common magnitude. My attendants this excursion. Having provided our- hupted these animals, and set the reeds selves in these respects, we began our on fire in order to drive them out of their journey to the Arsagar about the middle hiding-places. The wind spread the of the month of June, accompanied by flames over an extent of several versts, ten or twelve Cossachs, who were em- and the dense volumes of sinoke which ployed to draw our carriage, and a Cal- darkened the horizon by day, as well as muc guide, who professed himself to be the bursts of flame which crimsoned the completely acquainted with the Steppe. heavens by night, presented an awful We were unable to advance at a greater and beautiful scene. The wbole of our rate than sixty to seventy versts a day, booty amounted, however, to no more on account of the distances between the than one solitary cub, which was taken watering-places, where we were under alive and preserved as a curiosity for the the necessity of halting, and taking up Governor General of Orenburg. The our night's abode. During this part of soil in the vicinity of the lakes consists our Steppic travels, our good stars were of an arid and shifting sand, which the repeatedly eclipsed. A violent heat, sun's rays render almost burning hot. keeping at between 100 and 114 degrees, On this scorching carpet we pitched our wore out both man and beast, and ren- tents. The water both of the lake and dered the wheels of our carriage so dry the streams Aowing into it, has a deciand loose, that I was under constant ap- dedly saline taste: this, in conjunction prehensions, if I persisted in my progress, with its having been rendered lukewarm of being stranded with all my baggage by the excessive heat of the weather, ocand incumbrances in the midst of the casioned its increasing our thirst, instead desert Steppe. After seren days jour- of allaying it. In the absence, however, neying, we reached the shores of the of any other, we were compelled to put Kamysch Samara lakes. The ignorance up with this tepid beverage. and deceitfulness of our guide now be- “ It was natural to imagine that the came unfortunately but too evident, by parched nature of the soil would have his acknowledging, that he was not so stifled all vegetation; we were therefore well acquainted with the route from this much surprised to find, that several spespot to Arsayar, es to be able to vouch cies of plants Aourished luxuriantly in for our reacbing it; whilst those of my it*. This circumstance is the more reattendants, who had any knowledge of markable, as the steppes, and conse: the localities of the Steppe, concurred

* Such as the Souchus larlaricus, Cene in assuring me, the distance hence to

taurea splendidus, Cnicus salinus, Carduis the salt hill was as much again as what monodonos, and polydonos ; several sorts of we had traversed since quitting the Ural. Artemisia, &c.

1816.)

Miscellaneous Enquiries.

227

quently these plants, are never moist- After a few days rest at Inderskoi Kreened by a single drop of dew, and they post, I once more took my leave of it, are but rarely visited by rain during the halted, in my progress along the Uralian summer months. This singular fact per- Line, wherever any thing offered that haps admits of being explained; the seemed deserving of attention, and arsand, whose surface is heated to so ex- rived in the course of about a fortnight cessive a degree, is always found to be at Gurieff, which is the last and most damp and cool at a certain depth; southerly place on the Ural, and also one whilst every plant growing in it, sends of the southernmost points of the Rusout a long perpendicular root into the sian dominions. Saratschieck, a Cosinoister region of the soil

, by which it is sack station between Inderskoi and nourished against the withering influence Gurieff, particularly attracted my notice, of the external beat.

as it is not only built in the neighbour“ After a nomadic residence of eight hood, but partly on the ruins, of an ancient days in the environs of the lake, which Tartar city of the same name. These furnished us with a great variety of in- ruins, from their magnitude (for they sects and beautiful birds, as well as appeared to me to extend over a space of plants, we retraced our steps, and once ten or twelve versts), from the still permore reached Inderskoi Krepost, having ceptible traces of large canals, issuing been altogether three weeks absent from from the Ural, and from the few remains it.

of embellishments, consisting of a speAccounts from Moscow and Oren- cies of Mosaic in the Arabesque taste, burg bad previously brought me intelli- awaken ideas by no means unfavourable gence, that uncertainty still hung over to the ingenuity, and civilization of the further execution of the Bukharian their former inbabitants. These were of project, and that there was little likeli- the celebrated Golden Horde of Tarhood of its taking place during the pre- tars, who are well known in the arnals sent year. This determined me upon of the middle ages, and as late as the departing from my original intention of commencement of the seventeenth cenreturning to Orenburg; and I now re tury. On this spot I had also the gratisolved to follow the course of the Ural fication of procuring several plants and downwards as far as its fall into ihe insects, which I had not hitherto met Caspian Sea; thus completing my know- with.” ledge of the whole line of that river. ? To be concluded in our next.)

TYRON-LATIN VERSE.

MISCELLANEOUS INQUIRIES.
ROWLEY'S GLOBES.

at the depth of from ien to twenty feet Mr. JABET, of Birmingham, solicits below the surface, branches, trunks, and information relative to globes said to be roots of trees, the wood of a hard texprinted by Mr. John Rowley, as may be ture and very black. seen in No. 552 of the Spectator. How many were made, and are any now in PETER would be gratified by any inexistence ?

formation respecting Tyron, and a work

written by hiun recoinmending abstinence HENRY OSBORN observes, that hot from animal food. He is inentioned in water will not thaw frozen turnips, but Franklin's life. cold water will; and asks how this is to The same correspondent also would be accounted for.

be thankful to any of our readers who

can furnish him with the name of the T. R. W. inquires the reason why in author of the following line : the marshy parts of Norfolk, Cambridge “ Quisquis amat ranam, ranam putat esse shire, and Lincolnshire, there are found, Dianam."

THAWING OF FROZEN TURNIPS.

TREES BURIED IN THE MARSHES.

[ 228 )

[April ,

EXTRACTS
FROM THE PORTFOLIO OF AN AMATEUR.

In fact, anecdotes are small characteristic narratives, which, though long neglected or

secreted, are always valuable, as being frequently more illustrative of the real dispositions of men than their actions of great publicity, and therefore particularly requisite in biography.--Supplement to NORTHCOTE's Life of REYNOLDS.

BARRY (historical painter.) dive with hiin on beef-steaks and porter: BARRY carried his independence so he literally made his guest cook the vicfar as always to pay for his dinner at tuals while he fetched the porter. A whatever table he might be invited. At cardinal once dining with Nicholas Pousone time he dined with Paul Sandby, sin, and observing that the artist had and laid down 1s. 6d. for his meal; but, no servants, lamented his situation, when on recollection, paid apother 6d. for his Poussin remarked significantly, that he additional quantity of grog. He was not, was only sorry his eminence had any. however, so considerate at a dinner given The Duke of Northumberland with by Sir Wm. Beechey. This gentleman, becoming nobleness invited Barry to aware of Barry's custom, eyed bin atten- dine with bin, and during the repast tively at his departure; and observing at Northumberland House the discourse him lay down his usual price, asked him ran upon the distribution of paintings what he meant. “Mean?" replied Barry, round the room, among which was the « why that I will not be bebolden to any inimitable effort of Tician, The Conaro man for a dinner."-" But,” said his family. “How, Mr. Barry,” said his host, “ you have not left enough: consi- grace,“ do you approve of the placing der the wine you have drunk."--"Phoo!” of these pictures?"_" Oh very well, my said Barry, “ I could have done without lord duke; but there is a capital place it: but you are a fool to give it if you there at the bottom, there is a side-light can't afford it--let me go."

which is unoccupied.”—“I mean that One evening, at Somerset House, the vacancy,” said the duke, “to be filled late Mr. Peters said to Barry: “How do by a production of your pencil, Sir, which you do, Mr. Barry; I hope you are well?" I request you to finish as soon as possiTo which Barry replied: “I don't be ble. I wish the subject to be taken from lieve a word of it." Yet Dr. Wolcott the History of England, but shall leare observed of him: “ Go where he will, the selection, and the size and price, to he always leaves a pearl behind him." be fixed by yourself; and have only this

The introduction of Dr. Burney in his to add, that you will contrive to intropicture of The Thames, it is said pro- duce a master of the horse in the groupvoked a remark from the musician's lady, ing, and adopt my portrait in that cha. who declared she was by no means racter.” After this introduction the parobliged to the painter for placing her ties separated ; and in the ensuing week husband among a parcel of naked women the duke ca:led repeatedly upon the in a horse-pond. Seriously, there is no artist, who was as uniformly denied. At looking at the doctor's well-drest wig length his grace, fatigued by such a cawithout fearing an immersion, or at least price, scut a letter vv his servant desira wetting from the playful nereids. It ing to speak to him, when James Barry is said that in this picture Barry meant was pleased to express himself thus : "Go also to have introduced the portrait of to the duke, your master, and tell him Lord Nelson.

from me, that if he wants his portrait It was no uncommon case for Barry's painted, he may go to the ellow in sincerity to overcome his politeness. One Leicester-fields (Sir Joshua Reynolds) for day he accompanied Sir Elijah Impey, that office shall never be fulfilled by me." wlio wished for his opinion on his por- Mr. Tresham informed me, that Sir trait, to Rossi, the sculptor. Barry for Wm. Chambers employed Barry to paint some time looked at the model with ear- the heads in the angles of the ceiling of nestness; at length be exclained:“What the council-chamber of the Royal Acaadd ugly fellow !" but declared at deny, and that after he had completed the same time the correctness of the theni, he ordered the porter to bring resemblance.

him a long pole, and, from caprice or At one time Barry invited Burke to indignation ai bis talents being thus em

1816.) Anecdotes of Barry-Bartolozzi-- Bellinghom-Bligh. 229 ployed, he thrust it through every one of of the sculptor on his own, they sallied ibe heads which he had just finished. out. They had not proceeded far before

At the time the writer was collecting they were assailed by ruffians, one of these anecdotes, the question of altering whom exclaimed : “ That's he!-the felthe sky-light of the great room of the low with the gold-laced hat!" NolleSociety of Arts, in the Adelphi, was kins, however, indebted to a swift pair agitated by the members. It may be of heels, escaped; and Barry arrived safe recollected by some of that body that, home. --Barry's heart was not, however, on a person complaining to Barry of the unsusceptible of affectionate emotions. bad way in which the room was lighted On the death of his brother, whom he by the present sky-light, he answered: bad assisted to become an architect, he " What's that to me?"--consequently he thus writes :~" Poor Jack! he was the painted in the dark corners those parts last of the family I started from anong, which he wished kept down. How ab- and the last of those I would have parted surd then would these subjects appear with. His death has almost blasted all when drawn to light ?-yet the better the hopes I had of being of service to lighting of the room was urged by some my family.". who ought to have known better. It is, Barry resisted all offers of assistance we believe, well known that many a can- from his father's bequest, saying he was vas is painted on after being hung on the determined to depend solely on his own walls of the Royal Academy, in order to exertions. paint to the light there, which is proba FRANCESCO BARTOLOZZI (engraver.) bly very different from that in the pain When Cipriani was making the drawter's study. But what shall we say to ings for the Orlando Furioso, he designed men who wished to revel in porphyry a frontispiece to the work, in which he and verd antique? Let us leave them, delineated Time turning an urn of meas a facetious friend of ours advised, to dallions into the waters of Oblivion, with gild or paint the cheeks of-statues.- the names of great men inscribed on When Barry's pictures were finished, them, but introduced a swan bearing some one had covered with size the cen. away in its mouth one on which he ina tre lights of the dome of the great room, serted the name of Bartolozzi. This the and when Barry inquired why this was elegant mind of the engraver caused him done, he was told, to prevent the sun to omit, and he substituted the name of froin injuring his pictures. He exclaimed “Cipriani." with anger: "Who is afraid of the light When Beckford's book on hunting was of the sun in such a dd clinate as first publisbed, there was affixed to it, as this?"

a frontispiece, a design of Cipriani eg, Barry re-touched his pictures several graved by Bartolozzi.' The late Charles times before his death: he gave the ap. Fox one day entering a bookseller's shop pearance of changeable silk to the train in Piccadilly, saw the book lying open, of one of the victors at the Olympic ran over the leaves, and then inquired games, altered the sky, &c.

the price of the work. He was answered The writer received the following anec- five guineas. Mr. Fox put down the modote from the late Mr. Tresham. When ney, and tearing out the frontispiece, Barry and Nollekins resided at Rome, which he preserved, left the book behind it was presumed the former had (what him on the counter. was not very uncommon) made rather

BELLINGHAM, 100 free with the wife of his host. Barry father of the notorious assassin, was an was not singular in this instance; but artist, and drew at the Duke of Richthe husband being less liberal in his ideas mond's gallery, where Mr. Nollekios than many other Italian husbands, vowed remembers him. vengeance against the violator of his ho

BLIGU (engraver). nour. One night as the artists sat late This artist died under circumstances at a coffee-house, Barry told the story, at which humanity shudders. He put a and vented bis fears to Mr. Nollekins, period to his existence by cutting the and begged the protection of his com arteries of his wrists, bands, and arıns; pany home. This was agreed to. “Now," but it is presumed that he repented the said Barry, " I like you; you are a fine rash act, and wished afterwards to live, fellow ; but, dnit, you never look like froin the blood that was found about the a gentleman : why don't you dress better? lock of his door, which he had fastened, -bere, take my hat." "At that time he and which it is supposed bis weakness wore onc with gold lace. He placed it prevented him from opening.--He enon Nollekins' nead, and clapping that graved many plates after Mortimer.

[ 230 ]

(April 1, INTELLIGENCE IN LITERATURE AND THE

ARTS AND SCIENCES.

:

EVER since the cornmencement of mously resolved to discontinue taking in be chis Misc Iliny it has been our anxious Old Monthly Magazine, it being considered eodeavour to stand well with the public, a work of dangerous tendency, and deserving not by stooping to be the panders of base the execration of every true patriot.” passions, but by punctually fulfilling our

At the first committee meeting after engagements, by manly independence of the appearance of the above paragraph, principles, and by a rigid adherence to it was proposed by Mr. FLETCHER, in the truth. To support the cause of Truth name of Mr. Bowen, (who was not rethe Viw VoXTILY MAGAZINE was esta- elected one of the committee, that the blished, and by Truth (so long, at least, committee should send a paragraph deas the writer of this has any control nying the statement. The committee over its pages) shall it stand or fall. refused this :-they agreed, that although With these sentiments we feel peculiar the word erecration was not used, the gratification m being enabled to refute whole statement was substantially cormost triumphantly a charge brought rect, and they mercly authorised Ms. against w in a hostile work of having FLETCHER to state to Mr. Bowen that published a false and intemperate states they did not know any thing of the author ment, accompanied with the intimation of the paragraph. Notwithstanding this, that people ought not to be surprized at the following appeared in the old any means which might be resorted to by Monthly Magazine for October, 1815: such desperate and insignificant adventua

“ We are stimulated by respect for the ters. Here follows our explanation as

WALSALL Book SOCIETY to give place to furnished by a correspondent :

the following letter. We were not previously At the annual meeting of subscribers acquainted with the circumstance to which to the WALSALL LIBRARY,

held in June,

it alludes, though we are not surprised at 1815, the expulsion of the Old Monthly by the desperate and insignificant adventurers

any means which may have been resorted to Magazine was inoved by Mr. WEAVER, in question : surgeon, and seconded by the Rev. T. R.

SIR, Walsall, Sept. 18,1815. GLEADOW, who spoke in the strongest " I observe, with much surprise, the Editerms of reprobation of the religious and tor of the New Monthly Magazine acquaints political principles of the Old Monthly the public, that your excellent miscellacy Magazine. They did not use the word was, at our annual meeting in June last, czecration, but their remarks must un- voted out of the Book Society in this town avoidably have excited this feeling in the with execration ; permit me to assure you, breasts of all who were not indifferent the statement is as false as it is intemperate, to social order, due obedience to legiti- and must be the suggestion of an unguarded mate governments, and the necessity of temper, rather than of a cool and liberal implanting truly christian principles in mind. The committee request me to inform the minds of the rising generation. the Editor, that they disclaim any knowledge

of the illiberal author, There appeared no advocate for it

excepto

“ I remain, Sir, ing Mr. Bowen, who was in the chair,

Yours, &c. and made a speech in its favour. When

"S. FLETCHER, President." he found the meeting unanimous against him, he proposed to tear out the objec-Er's letter to the worthy knight, he was

After the appearance of Mr. FLETCHtionable parts from cach number.* But asked at a meeting of the committee this was over-ruled as a measure more

whether he avowed the letter. He did likely to increase than diminish the dan

avow it, and thought that he was authoger, and it was unanimously agreed to discontinue it.' The following notice Sir Richard Phillips. Mr. FLETCHER

rised to make such communication to on this subject appeared in the New had evidently mistaken the meaning of MONTRY MAGAZINE for July: " At a general meeting of the subscribers

the committee's direction, which was to the WARSALL LIBRARY, it was unani. merely verbal, and no memorandum

made of it. * Could the most inveterate enemy of the So far the explanation of our correOld Monthly Magazine have pronounced a spandent.-We are equally willing with more severe condemnation on that work the committee to charge the above letter than was implied in this proposal of its to the account of mistake; but r 20 friend and supporter ---EDITOR,

own parts we cannot attribute the fol

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