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201 We have received several communi- MR. EDITOR, cations on this subject, from which the pre- THE twelfth number of the Pam. ceding is selected as most satisfactory. From phleteer contains “ Outlines of a Plan one of these signed Henny OSMOND, we for building 25 Churches or Chapels;" subjoin the opinion of the writer respecting
on which permit me to make a few obthe mark wiich God is related to have set
servations, with a view to promote the upon Cain to prevent his being killed :* This mark," says our correspondent, : I object of that publication, which is truly
desirable. believe was blackness-God turned him from a white to a black man : consequently
The plan is to provide “ places of those who knew Cain when he was white, public worship" for the members of the did not know him after this transformation. established church sufficient for the inWhat could be more likely to disguise him creasing population in great towns, by without bodily injury than this?"
either “enlarging the parish church, or
by building new subsidiary churches or MR. EDITOR,
chapels,” the expense thereot to be deA FEW days ago I paid a visit to frayed, either by a parliamentary grant Chicksands Priory, and thought the fol- for the express purpose, or by the fund lowing inscription well worthy of being called Queen Anne's Bounty. transcribed ; if you deep it equally so Now it
appears to ine, especially after of being recorded in your valuable re- perusing Yates's Church in Danger, and pository, the insertion will oblige The Claims of the Established Church,
W. W. that the primary object of the LegislaNorthamptonshire, Feb. 7, 1816. ture should be not merely to provide
places of worship, but to subdivide Chicksands Priory, county of Bed- some of the larger parishes; and this ford, the seat of Gen. Sir Geo. Osborne, would not be attended with such ditfibart. K.B. bas lately undergone consider- culties as might at first be imagined. able monastic repairs under the superine' The great parishes of St. Mary-le-bone, tendance of Mr. L.Wyatt, and the Gothic St. George's, and others, in London, ornaments by Burnasconi. Ac a little many in the county and diocese of York, distance from the priory, on a rising and elsewhere, abound with proprietary ground, is erected a pillar with the fol- chapels, or chapels of ease, and the palowing inscription :
tronage of many of them belongs to the To the Memory
same person as that of the mother.' of the Officers, Non-commissioned Officers, churchi; or, if the nomination rests with and Private Soldiers,
the incumbent, still an arrangement for of the Fortieth Regiment,
the division of any such parish into two who fell in the War commencing 1703, or more parishes, from and atier the next ending 1815.
avoidance of sudh living, might certainly The several Battles of
be effected between the patron or paAlexandria, Talavera, Albuera,
trons, the incumbent and the bishop of Salamanca, Vittoria, Orthes, Toulouse, and finally Waterloo,
the diocese, with the approval of the Will record their glory.
archbishop of the province and the lord G. 0.
chancellor,--all of whom should seveCol.
rally become commissioners for that For Peace restored to Europe,
purpose, either by a general act, or by and Freedom to the Nations instrument issued from Chancery, where oppressed, insulted,
it should be afterwards enrolled. by the ambition of one Man;
The end obtained by such division who might have cast upon them a lasting would be, the better providing for the yoke,
parochial duties of the present extensive but for their Spirit and Firmness, or populous parishes ; but which Mr. aided by the Counsels and Valour of their Falconer, in his “ Outlines,” (page 574, Country,
at the bottom,) avoids making any part which claims so proud a share in the glory of bis “ plan,” no doubt through fear of their deliverance:
of depriving the minister of such parish For these blessings, so long and so arduously contended for,
of bis dues; but he might enjoy the let gratitude be felt
same during his time, making an allowfor those, whether of this or of foreign lands, rochial duty performed at all the new
ance of a moiety of the fees for the pawho nobly contributed to procure them ; But, above all,
churches; and from the trouble of which to the Power invisible, sypreme,
he would be released, his successor New MONTALY MAG.No. 27.
On the Propriety of Dividing Large Parishes.
could make no objection thereto, never ing the duty in many old churches in having enjoyed such emolument, large towns; in fact, the incumbent is A question arises how such churches
soon rendered, by over-exertion, unable are to be endowed? I answer, if the to go through the service audibly, and income of the present benefice will not no curate can be prevailed on to stay in admit of being divided similarly to the such places longer than two or three living of Simouburne, belonging to years at most. I should conceive Mr. Greenwich Hospital, and the chapels be F. to liave had but liule practical acnot already in possession of sufficient quaintance with the clerical profession, endowmeni, let an application be made for he would otherwise have devised to Government for a sum to supply such some arrangement for dividing the parodeficiency; or to Queen Anne's Bounty chial duties, and not have proposed the fund, to grant, is it does to sinall livings enlarging of churches, they being for the at present, 3001. to every 2001. donation inost part capacious enough for convemade for such augmentation; or let any nient use, although not perhaps to con. parish or bamlet be empowered to settle tain the population of the parish. By à rem charge, payable quarterly, for the endowment indeed of subsidiary such augmentation, or for the entire en- churches or chapels with a cemetery adduwment of any chapel-of-ease, provided nexed, and authority granted to marry, that such fixed payment, together with baptize, and bury at them, the labours of any other already existing, shall in no the incumbent will be relieved, and the case exceed a molity of the income parishioners very much accommodated. thereof; or else enable the inhabitants Tie last session of Parliament enacted, of any town or parish to raise money cap. 138 and 190, that new churches legally for the support of their minister, should be built and parishes founded by a poudage not exceeding 2s. Od. on both iu Exmoor and Brecknock Forests; the assessment, after the manner of the that circumstance may afford assistance livings in the city of London. This on a future occasion. would ideed be an eligible way of in- Before I concludle, having mentioned creasing the value of the small livings Mr. Yates's excellent work on this subgenerally; for it should be observed that ject, of' vital importance to true Christinost of them are in towns, where no anity, entitled “ The Church in Dantithe is demandable, and Easter offerings ger," let me represent to him and the or personal titles not often paid. Then, public a further and an easy mode of -to return more particularly to our preserving the established church from subject, after the present chapels shall “ danger," viz. to enact, that all consolihave been made arochial, it will be dated livings having a population in cach time enough for a call upon the state to parish of and above so large an amount as Mr. F. proposes. clear income to each of 2001, per ano.
Perbaps it would be well to grant be dissolved from and after the next greater facilities to the building, &c. of avoidance of such living, provided that chapels-ot ease; and if enacted that the the churches of each parish are remainincumbent of the parish for the time ing entire. I do not say parsonages, be. being should always be one of the trus- cause one of the glebe-houses of consolitees, or a part, thereto-and if he was dated livings, and frequently a prebenerer in the first place applied to on the dal house, bas been sold to redeem landsubjeci, together with the bishop of the tax, a recurrence of which ought to be diocese, mstead of their being as in ge- prevented by the legislature, such alienaneral the lasi--I doubt whether there tions tending much to impede the sepawould be ofien found illose difficulties ration of such livings for the time to now su frequently complained of; and
come, and affording a plea for non-resiin opulent parishes a sufficiency of weal- dence. It is of great disservice, to my thy persons, religiously disposed, will knowledge, both to the welfare of the always be found ready to forward such united kingdom and to the church itself, a scheme.
to permit livings to be consolidated, as With regard to the enlarging of the they frequently are, in Ireland especially
, present churches, I think great į rudence to the decay of true christian piety and is requisite on that head; for it is too godliness.
HN. frequently the case, that modern-built churches are constiuciud on such an es- MR. EDITOR, tensive scale, as to be neither pleasant I PERCEIVE in your last Magazine to the auditors nor to the preacher, and (No. 25) a scale of poetic excellence she clergy already complain of perform- which possesses much 'meritas a whole,
persons, with a
1816.] Dr. Roots on the Punishment of Flogging
203 but appears to me erroneous in some guinary torture, and this very torture inparticular instances, and likely to mis- Hicted in cold blood, before the eyes of lead those who may regulate their opi- a multitude of gaping spectators, drawn nions buits resolts. I do not understand together for the express purpose of wito why Shakspeare is deprived of all share nessing his sufferings ! I found that he of critical ordunnance; surely he is en had been sentenced according to the extitled to some rank in this division, al isting law of the land to this dreadful though not a very high one; but to put punishment for breaking the lence of an a blank opposite to his name, I think, is adjacent farin, and njost assuredly, I much beyond the truth. Again, Te- confess, deserved to suffer some perence is not allowed one degree in versi nalty for the transgression: but when fication, only ten in drainatic espression, reflect that the corporeal frame, so fearand likewise but ten in the final esti fully and wonderfully made, is already mate, all of which, I would subrnit, is too much exposed and liable to the sea considerably beneath his desert.
verest injuries, it outstrips my notions of I am surprised to find the dramatic ex right and justice, wantonly to subject pression of Virgil rated at ten; is it in this fine and complicated piece of madeed eight degrees below llomer in this chinery to castigations so injurious to its respect? I should wish the following organization, and which frequently requestions solved by some of your learned quire the greatest skill and address of a and critical correspondents:-Ought the professional man to prevent from degetaste of Homer to be placed at 16, while nerating into the most
fatal consethat of Virgil is set down 18 ? and is quences, and ultimately carrying the punot Virgil entitled to 17 in the final esti nishment far beyond the intentions of mate, when he stands so high in the other the severest judges. Perhaps I may be classes? Should Horace have only 13 told that I am prejudiced, and not equal degrees in the final estimate, while Cer. to give an opinion on a matter touching rantes, Moliere, and Spenser, are allowed the penalty we are speaking of; but I 14, and Virgil 16?
assert that no one is so fitting to give an An answer to these queries would be opinion on this impropriety, or rather esteemed a favour by
OMEGA. defect in our laws, as he who e whole Feb. 6, 1816.
study and life is employed in repairing
those injuries which the accidents of life MR. EDITOR,
but too frequently occnsion. The puAS I conceive the English nation to nishment alluded to is certainly beiter be in a continual state of advancement suited to the cruel discipline of the Intovards perfection, not only in its arts quisition, or the cver-to-he-reprobated and sciences, but in every department traffic in the slave trade. Then let us that calls forth and requires the in- lose sight of it; let us banish it altogetellect of man, I am tempted to make ther from the very code of our laws, as the following remarks on our jurispru- we have that odious traffic which must dence through the mediam of your mild have been its parent; for the rery chil and entertaining miscellany, not doubt- dren who witness its infliction, imperceping but that posterity will at an early tibly take a lesson of cruelty and hardperiod witness the entire abolition of heartedness, that all the societies in the what I now deplore.
world instiluted for the suppression of I belong to profession whose vice, or the benevolent exertions of an whole thoughts and time are occupied in Erskine in the cause of humanity, never assisting nature to heal and make good will be able to eradicate. Nor is it again those deficiencies in the human frame a suffering compatible with the wellthat accident, or the unavoidable circum- known justice of our country in its very stances of our life but too frequently in- infliction, for the severity or mildness of it dace, and was very much confounded the depends in a great measure on the will other day on looking out of a window in and pleasure of the person who inflicte the market-place of a certain town where it; and when we recollect in what sori of I was in the act of dressing a wound, to hands this rod of justice is wielded, and see a wretched man tied to a cart's tail how much it is in the executioner's and logged by a cat-of-nine-tails round power to increuse or diminish its viothe market till his back wus in a most de- lence, how can we retain so pervertible plorable condition, and evidently requir- as well as unmeasurable a punishment ing surgical assistance. This led me to for one moment in our code? when from inquire why the unfortunate sufferer was this latter circumstance alone, it goes doomed to undergo such a cruel and sano far beyond all other penaltics, which for
Steam-Boals-Slave Trade-Shakspeare. (April 1, the tuost part are sure and certain in newspapers with paragraphs filled with 'their ertent.
Wx. Roots. garbled statements, misrepresentations Surbiton, Feb. 18, 1816,
of facts, and abuse of individuals who
have taken a forward part in the promoMR. EDITOR,
tion of that sacred cause. The object I SHOULD feel greatly obliged if any of these pamphlets and paragraphs is one of your numerous readers or corre sufficiently obvious; it is to perpetuate, spondents could inform me through your without abatement, all the dreadful enorinstructive miscellany, whether the ves- mities of our colonial bondage, and persel intended to navigate the rivers in haps ultimately to renew the African the interior of Africa (and which was to slave trade. It is of the highest imporhave been propelled by steam), is to pro- tance to the cause of justice and humani. ceed with the expedition that is fitting ty, that these enorınities should be uniout for a voyage of discovery to that in- dersally known, and the arts exposed by teresting and unknown part of the globe. which it is now attempted to uphold I was very sorry to find that the propel. thein.:
SIERRA LEONE. Jiog apparatus did not answer the intend- P.S. It is perhaps very questionable ed purpose, which must have arisen from whether the slave trade is not actually soine iniscalculation either in the con- carried on to nearly as great extent as struction of the vessel, or in the build- ever by British capital? notwithstanding and application of the engine. If ing the acts of the legislature, and the Capt. TUCKEY proceeds without this va- vigilance of the government to the conluable aid for exploring an unknown trary. country through its rivers beyond the space or extent they are known to be YR. EDITOR, navigable, liis voyage will lose much of AS I feel assured that you will readily the interest it had excited, in conse- employ your very useful Magazine in quence of his abridged and contracted giving publicity to any communication
serving to rescue from obscurity the lanSteam-boats are propelled at the rate quage of our immortal Shakspeare, I of 8 or 9 miles per hour for the purpose make no apology for troubling you to lay of carrying passengers; and by an in- before your critical readers the following creased power of propulsion, a first-rate conjecture concerning a passage in that ship inay be propelled with the same ve- writer, which has assumed some imporlocity; the only difficulty is in adjusting tance from the quantity of laborious reand proportioning the power to the resist finement which has been unsuccessfully
We unfortunately have no expe- expended in its exposition. The words riments on record of the power of steam are these to drive machinery exclusive of the fric
“ But let your reason serve tion of the component parts in motion, To make the truth appear where it seems which friction always varies in propor- And hide the false, seems true.”
hid; sion to the power and the various construction of the engines. Could any of
Measure for Measure, Aci 5, Sc.l. your correspondents throw any light on From which, as they now stand, ic is I this interesting subject, it would be of no think evident, that no meaning can be small advantage to your mechanic read- extracted by any admissible mode of exers. An atmospheric engine for pump- plication. This untractable sentence ing only, without any rotative motion, Stevens declares he does not compreexhausts considerably more than one- hend; and that any other commentator third of its power to overcome the fric- should have thought it intelligible, is to tion,
AN ENGINEER. me somewhat surprising. Malone, howBirmingham, Feb. 20, 1816.
ever, has endeavoured to torture it into
sense, but his interpretation is exceedingly MR. EDITOR,
strained; to plunge into eternal darkTHE friends of justice and humanity ness,' the definition which he gives to should at the present crisis be inost spe. the word hide,' is one which it will not cially and vigilantly on their guard bear; the false seems true,' is also raagainst the arts which a powerful partyther violently paraphrased by “ Angelo, in this country are now actually employ who now seems honest;" a diction too ing to create in the public mind a preju- licentious even for Shakspeare, where he dice hostile to the cause of the abolition of that hellish traffic the slave trade.- cheerfully give publicity to any facts con
We can assure the writer, that we would Tic press tcoms with pamphlets, and the nected with this subject. -EDITOR:
1816.] On a Passage in Shakspearewn.The. Patriarch Joseph. 205 writes most inaccurately. The explana- Bible (howerer ingenious in many retion of Douce is not less exceptionable; spects) seems to me to afford no salisindeed it does not essentially differ from factory solution. that of Malone. The object of Isabella How can it be accounted for that Join addressing the Duke, was to expose seph was in Egypt for so great à length the villany of Angelo. Is it probable of time (I suppose in ali probability 20 then that Shakspeare, who seems to have years or upwards) without giving his father written this scene with considerable care, notice of his preservation, and his hocould have intended that his hervine nours during the latter part of that peshould erpress herself so absurdly as to riod? One is at a loss to conceive that request him to hide the false?' Against his filial affection should not haye his'paraphrase of the concluding words, prompted him, and liis power viven him the same objection lies as that made to opportunities of acquainting Jacub with Malone's. The substitution of not for the circumstances, which would bave re(and' by Theobald (in which he has moved such a weight of anguish from his been followed by Mason) does not re heart.
J. W.J.' more the difficulty, for the viciously Elmley, Feb. 24, 1816. contracted form of the last line is still adhered to. If we read the passage as MR. EDITOR, follows,
IN your Magazine of 1st February, “ But let your reason serve 1816, you bave published a curious paTo make the truth appear where it seems per signed PUBLICOLA“On the Hardhid :
ships of the Game Luws." For the credit And hid, the false seems true,"
of your valuable miscellany, and to enI flatter myself that its perplexity will ap- courage truth, I hope you will feel no obpear to be very obviously and satisfacto- jection to insert this reply, in order to rily solved. The more attentively I re- place what is there considered as hardflect upon the form which I have given snips in the true light. to this sentence, the more strongly ain I PUBLICOLA commences his attack on convinced that it is the same which it the game laws by stating, that “ the rereceived from the poet's pen. For tst. peated instances which have lately octhe alteration is but slight; and that curred of persons losing their lives by such an error might easily bave occurred spring-guns and other murderous instruas the introduction of a superfluous let- ments, placed in woods through which ter, and the misplacing of a comma, there are public foot-paths, wust fill feelmust be apparent. 2dly. The last line, thé ing minds with horror at so cruel an excrreceived text of wbich is absolute non cise of the game laws."--Surely PUBLIseuse, is thus rendered intelligible, and COLA has never read the game laws; for its connexion with the preceding clause let me ask, in what statute for the properfectly clear. 3oly. He who is con tection of game does be find an authoversant in the style of Sbakspeare will, rity for the placing such spring-guns I believe, discover in the proposed reads and murderous weapons, as he calls ing, some characteristic inarks of that them? The general law of the realm writer's manner. The sense seems to be allows a man to protect his land froin precisely this, 'apply your reason to the trespassers : and although perhaps every perception of the truth, although it feeling man would first try the mild meseems bid in the improbability of my thod of keeping them away by giving a narration; ond being so hid, the false personal notice, and then bringing an consequently seems true; i. é. the out- action at law against invaders, yet it is ward gravity of Angelo's deportment, well known that there are vile characseems indicative of inward probity.' If the ters beyond the reach of such mild meaNose capable reader consider the fore- sures, and even public notice boards of going emendation to be ill-founded, he spring-guns, &c. will not deter them from will oblige me by communicating his rca
che idle and dishonest pursuit of poach
R. ing: and what can be more alarıning than 36, Penion-street, Pentonville. the nightly visits of such vagabonds, who Feb. 20, 1816.
prove desperately bent on defending
their unlawful depredations with bļucho MR. EDITOR,
geons and fire-arms, and in strong and PERMIT me, through the medium of formidable parties? your widely-circulated Magazine, to pro Your correspondent PÚBLICOLA then pose a question which has often and goes on to coinplain of proprietors of greatly puzzied me; even Dr. CLARKE'S mahors preserving and monopolizing