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PRE FACE

TO THE FIFTH VOLUME.

IN reviewing the stage of our labours which is here brought to a conclusion, we are disposed to coincide with the general admission, that the farther our Work proceeds the stronger are its claims to public favour; especially as we have the satisfaction to know that the more extensive is the support with which it is honoured. To the consistency of our practice with our professions, and of both with that duty which we owe to our country, we ascribe effects so gratifying to our ambition. Let demagogues found Societies for Preventing War, and at the same time talk of the "infatuation of certain courts," which did not choose "to remain at peace with him [Buonaparte) whose chief boast and glory was that of having been the Pacificator of Europe."* Let the worthy disciples of Paine print tracts for the avowed purpose of extinguishing national animosities, and at the same time lament the “sacrifice of the " patriots of Grenoble,” and the “

proscriptions, imprisonments, and banishments, of the zealous adherents of French liberty and independence”t-that is to say, of those immaculate characters who most cheerfully joined their sanguinary Moloch in overturning a throne which they had but just sworn to defend. Let traitors to the human race, maddened with despair, vent sophistries, contradictions, and political blasphemies like these, which capnot fail to draw upon them the scorn and abhorrence of every virtuous mind, and finally to consign them to neglect and oblivion. Be it ours with steady pace to pursue the course marked out for us by Patriotism and Honour; to warn our countrymen against the insinuating arts of hypocrites who would banish the very name of both from the face of the earth ; and to seek in the utility of our labours the surest passport to public esteem.

Convinced as we are that nothing can tend more powerfully to the support of the present order of things than the diffusion of the sentiments which animate the numerous associations established on Pitt principles throughout the kingdom, we have endeavoured in this Volume to present

* Old Monthly Mag. July 1816, p. 558.

+ lbid. p. 559.

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a view of those institutions; and though we have not been enabled to give complete effect to our intentions, still enough, we trust, has been done to show the importance of the subject. We have likewise been desirous of directing the attention of our Correspondents to the state of IRELAND, that long-neglected portion of the British Empire ; and we here repeat our solicitation to be favoured with communications illustrative of its history, antiquities, and local beauties, and of the peculiar habits and moral character of its inhabitants We have every reason to anticipate, from the more extensive diffusion of this kind of information, an increased intercourse between the two countries, which must obviously be attended with great and reciprocal advantages.

At the present crisis, when Britain experiences that lassitude, which in nations as in individuals necessarily follows strenuous and protracted exertions, it has been our wish to lead the ingenious to the consideration of the best means of alleviating the distresses under which the working classes of the community more especially labour. In the confidence that this embarrassment is but of a temporary nature, we most earnestly recommend patience under privation to those who suffer, and to all who are blessed with the gifts of fortune a residence upon their estates, and such an employment of the poor in their respective neighbourhoods as local situation or particular circumstances may render most eligible. This principle, if universally acted upon, would certainly afford material assistance to any plan which may be devised for improving the condition of the industrious poor, if not go a great way towards removing that pressure which at present they so severely feel.

On a reference to our pages it will be seen, that though the welfare of our dear native land is naturally the paramount object of our consideration, still we are far from overlooking whatever may occur of interest to literature, art, or science, in the other regions of the globe. We aspire not to be praised, quoted, or reprinted, by foreigners; and to gain such distinctions we shall never defame our country, lick the feet of a military despot, or fawn with spaniellike servility upon a republican rabble. It was purely British feelings that prompted the establishment of our Work ; it is hy a purely British spirit that we are ambitious of being distinguished; and to the applause of the BRITISH Nation alone we look for our reward.

NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

No. 25.]

FEBRUARY I, 1816.

(Vol. V.

MONTIILY MAGAZINES have opened a way for every kind of inquiry and information. The in Celligence and discussion contained in them arc very extensive and various; and they have been the means of diffusiog a general habit of reading through the nation, which in a certain degice hath enlarged the public understanding. HERE, too, are preserved a multitude of useful hints, observations, and facts, which otherwise might have never appeared... Dr. Kippis.

Every Art is improved by the emulation of Competitors... Dr. Johnson.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

OF HEALTH.

THE GUARDIAN OF HEALTH. Brodum's pills, no Solomon's Balm of No. V.

Gilead, no Seltzer water, no cleansing GENERAL RULES FOR THE PRESERVATION elixirs, no bleeding--nothing of the kind.

It is quite enough that the sick should IS it possible that there can be people resort to medicines, since they alone can in the world to whom health is a burden? experience utility in so doing.' What It certainly would appear so; for upon end can a healthy person who purges or what other principle can we account for bleeds have in view? Perhaps to prevent the conduct of those who without any ail- some future disease. But who can tell ment whatever have recourse to medicine? what disease this will be? and what · Farbe it froin me to find fault with any in- physician can prescribe for a disease of dividual who, perceiving the symptoms of the nature of which he has not the approaching indisposition, takes speedy slightest notion? measures for arresting its progress. But I shall deem myself most happy, if my why should such as enjoy the inost ro readers will attend to this my first adbust bealth determine tor weeks, nay monition 10 abstain from the use of all months beforehand to lose blood, or go ' medicines till they find that they stand - through a course of medicine at particular in need of them; and this will be the - seasons, unless they were tired of that case, if, notwithstanding a regular mode state and considered it expedient to in- of life, they should still be unwell. Icheerterrupt its longer continuance? How fully subjoin this limitation; for when too, can the physician set about pre- indispositions arise fro:n' irregularities in scribing for a patient who has no disease ? the natural functions, they may in geneHe prescribes neither meat nor drink, .ral be removed by correcting the latter. and these are the only things requisite For this reason I consider it better to de. for a person in health. Physic can nei- bar persons in health from all preven

ther satisfy the appetite, nor nourish the lives and merely to recommend atten- body; since every medicine is the ine- tion to a regular habit of body as the dium of producing new actions, which universal preservative against medicines are never of benefit but when institated as well as diseases, than unnecessarily to to subvert those prejudicial ones already prescribe diet-drinks, mineral waters or existing in the system. Such is the ge- decoctions, with the fanciful but fallanuine object of the medical art. The cious view of puriłying the blood. effects of medicines are deviations from But how are we to obtain that healthy bealth as well as the complaints against state of the body in which our ancestors which they are directed, and they accom grew old without any preventives? It is plish a cure by substituting a unilder disa requisite that we imitate as much as posease, and thus interrupting the course of sible their mode of life. They dweit in that which previously existed. But what forests and fields, where the sky was are they when there are no existing dis- their shelter, and the earth their couch. orders for them to oppose ?-diseases They breathed a pure, salubrious, balmy which thoughtless fools wantonly bring air, such as is not to be found in any close upon themselves, when they are tired of apartment constantly inhabited by sevethe enjoyment of health.

ral persons. We must, it is true, again For the healthy there is no other ra- become barbarians like them, if we'in tional way of remaining so than by con- these respects closely copy their example. forming to the dictates of nature-no But what hinders us from pursuing a New MONTHLY MAG-No, 25. Vol. V.

B

2
General Rules for the Preservation of Health.

[Feb. I. middle track? We may enjoy pure air innumerable distempers lying in ambusand yet not live in tents. We need only cade among the dishes."* to make a point of frequently opening Our forefathers subsisted like our priour windows to allow the escape of un- soners upon bread and water, or at least wholesome cxhalations. We need only their fare was little better. To their to avail ourselves of the fine weather to temperance and sobriety is ascribed the go abroad. We need only avoid filling longevity which they attained : at any our apartments unnecessarily with coal rate it is certain that very few addicted damp, aqueous vapours, and a thousand to intemperance live to be old. Some smells, which though ihey belong not to solitary instances to the contrary might cleanliness, are universally met with indeed be adduced. Thus about the even among the higher classes. The middle of the last century a village barber pure sweet air is the cordial of life and in Gascony, named Espagno who never a refreshment to the soul : it braces the went to bed sober, was never ill, never body and cheers the spirits. Our fore- lost blood, never took physic, and who fathers enjoyed another advantage, for married a second wife in his 90th year, they were compelled by necessity to live died at the age of 112, leaving behind a temperately. A good table, as we callit, daughter of 20, the issue of this union. is one of the most dangerous of tempta- Thus too I have heard of a drunkard tious: for our appetites are never silent, who lived to be 100 years old, though and if they even would be so, wine during the last fifteen years he swallowed renders them clamorous. We eat to three quarts of spirits every day. But gratify the palate, and this we inight such examples are of rare occurrenee, certainly do without danger, were we not and afford no ground on which we can accustomed to load our stomachs with rely, since it must be admitted that they such an endless variety of bieterogeneous are extraordinary deviations from the substances. Now the stomach is sooner usual and established course of nature. satisfied than the palate, and the former Exercise is an essential requisite for may be satiated before the longing of the health. The body must be exercised, or latier is appeased. In this manner we it will not thrive. It is true indeed that derange the functions of this important we cannot all be farmers and soldiers. organ, the source whence issue all the We must have students and literary men; juices destined for the nourishment of we must have sedentary females and arthe body; and it is evident that the pu- tisans; we must have people of distincrity of these must be influenced by the tion who sacrifice their personal welfare vigorous or oppressed state of the diges. for the good of the community, and who tive powers. On this account I com while they keep their coachmen, footmen mend Diogenes who stopped in the and horses in motion, cramp themselves street a young man going to an enter- up till they become crooked and deformtainment, and conducted hiin back to his ed. All these classes, however, and the friends in the same manner as if he had literati in particular, might obtain exerrescued him from an imminent dangercise enough, if they were seriously intent into which he wa' about to rush. On upon it and deemed motion to be as nethis sally of Dirizcies, Addison makes cessary as it really is. On this subject these pertinent ubservations :-“What I cannot forbear quoting a passage of would that philosopher have said, had he Athenæus. The Areopagites summoned been present at the gluttony of a modern before them two young men who were meal? Would not be have thought the very poor and studied philosophy, and master of a family mad and have begged asked them by what means they kept his servants to tie down his hands, had themselves in such good condition.he seen him devour fowl, fish, and flesh; “ You have nothing to do,” said they to swallow oil and vinegar, wines and them," you spend the whole day withspices; throw down sallads of twenty ouť employnient, and pass it in listening different herbs, sauces of an hundred iu- only to the lectures of the philosophers.” gredients, confections and fruits of im- The young men, whose names were Asberless sweets ild flavours? What una clepiades and Menedemus, appealed to tural motions to counter-fernients must a miller who was immediately sent for. such a medley es intemperance produce He attested that they came every night in the body? For any part when I be to his mill, and there worked till they hold a fashionable table set out in all its had earned two drachms. The asseinbly, magnificence, I fancy that I see gouts and pleased with their , judustry, ordered dropsies, fevers and lethargies, with other

Spectator, No. 195.

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