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13 coach police-office for the time he acts of accidents, or of the improper behaas coach inspector, I would propose that viour of coachmen or others on the road; he should undertake the protection of and from the ease and expedition with the coach 'he travels with, so as to do which redress could be obtained at the away the necessity of any other guard. end of the journey, much time and exAs constable he would possess sufficient pense would be saved. authority to take into custody any per. Hoping some of your better informed sons conducting themselves amiss, and and able friends will soon favour us with to detain any others who might be neces a more efficient plan than the above, sary as witnesses till they could be exa and that the Legislature will enact such mined by a magistrate, and the business laws for the regulation of coaches as will investigated and settled.
effectually prevent the so frequent reI would also propose that a sum be currence of improper behaviour of coacha:mually paid for every coach that is men in future, I remain, VECLEE. accompanied by a coach-inspector, equal Dec. 18, 1815. to the pay or support of a guard, as the price of a license for the coach. The MR. EDITOR, money so arising, with one moiety of all IN your magazine, of which I am a fines and such addition from some public coustant reader, I find in the fourth votund as may be necessary, to be formed lume, page 402, a letter from Momus, into a fund for the discharge of all ex- requesting a remedy for a curious compenses attending the investig ítion and plaint. As I am sure, whenever the insettling of the various cases that may clination lays hold of him, he must be in occur; so that the person aggrieved may danger of what he most richly deserves, never incur any expense in seeking re a sound thrashing, I will throw out a dress : for it is exceerlingly hard, after an hint or two that I hope may be of serindividual bas sustained an injury in his vice to him; but I must observe, that person, and been impeded in his business bis schoolmaster never did his duty toor pleasure by the wanton conduct of a wards him, by not punishing in the stage-coachman, that he should have to severest mode so great a breach of goori run the gauntlet of a law-suit from term manners, and by not (as the term at alt to term to obtain redress at his own ex schools is) flogging it out of him. pense.
First, He must bear in mind that a'l To prevent any improper understand- habits, especially if rooted in our youtli, ing or connexion being formed between require much perseverance and selfthe coach-inspectors and coachmen, I controul to eradicate. would propose that they attend no one Secondly, That he now more than in coach more than three or six months, his younger days, deserves a hearty when they should be removed to another horsewhipping whenever his faculties coach; in the same manner as the con are so far beyond bis command that he stables at the London Docks are removed is guilty of what appears conformable from warehouse to warehouse.
only to the behaviour of an ideot. The names and residence of the pro Thirdly, That although he may be prietors of all hackney-coaches, as well grown to inaturity, as he expresses it, as the numbers, I would propose should and which can be deemed nothing else be written or printed on one or more than childish maturity, there are many conspicuous places on the inside as well who can and will reward bim as he me. as outside of the coach. If this were rits, by applying a cane across his shouldone, frequently by only dropping a line ders till he begs the pardon of those to the proprietor, redress might be ob- whom he has insulted; and that all in tained without bringing the coachman whose company he may be, whether to the coach police office for that pur- male or female, upon a repetition of his pose.
risibility at a trifle, will unite their The Legislature has often enacted laws efforts to kick him out of the room, in for the regulation of coaches, but they case the power of one is not found sufvery soon become a mere dead letter ficient. from the want of a person to see that I offer him the consideration of the they are put into execution ; but by above as a remedy for so boyish and employing a coach-inspector, whose bu- foolish a tendency, and advise hinn never siness it would be to enforce them, there again, until he was learnt better, to enter would be in future (if he did his duty) a society where good breeding is esteemvery little ground for complaint on that cd an essential qualification, and where subject; nor should we so frequentlyhear he himself is expected to observe the
14 Macquarrie's Journey into the Interior of New South Wales. (Feb. 1, decoruin due to all, especially to aged The governor being strongly impressed people.
with the importance of the object, had, If you imagine the above likely to be early after bis arrival in this colony, of service, by your insertion of it you formed the resolution of encouraging the will oblige
MANNERS. attempt to find a passage to the western London, Dec. 1815.
country, and willingly availed bimself of
the facilities which the discoveries of Official Report of a Journey into the In- these three gentlemen afforded him. Acterior of New South Wales, performed cordingly, on the 201h of November, by his Excellency Colonel MačQUAR- 1813, he entrusted the accomplishment RIE, Governor of the Settlement,
of this object to Mr. Geo. Win. Evans, THE governor desires to communi- Deputy Surveyor of Lands, the result of cate, turine information of the public, whose journey was laid before the public the result of his late tour over the Wes through the medium of the Sydney Gatern, or Blu Mountains, undertaken for zette, on the 12th of February, 1814.* the purpose of being enabled personally
The favourable account given by Mr.
Evans of the country he had explored to appreciate the importance of the tract of country lying westward of them; which induced the governor to cause a rond to had been explored in the latter end of
be constructed for the passage and conthe year 1813, and beginning of 1814, veyance of cattle and provisions to the hy Ňr. George William Evans, Deputy from ainonyst a number of convicts who
interior; and men of good character, Surveyor of Lands.
To those who know how very limited bad volunteered their services, were sea tract of country has been hitherto oc
lected to perform this arduous work, on cupied by the colonists of New South condition of being fed and clothed durWales, extending along the eastern coast ing the continuance of their labour, and to the north and south of Port Jackson being granted emancipations as their only eighty miles, and westward about final reward on the completion of the
work. foriy mics, to the foot of that chain of mountains in the interior which forms its
The direction and superintendence of western boundary, it must be a subject Cox, esq. the chief magistrate at Wind
this great work was entrusted 10 Wm. of astonishment and regret that amongst so large a population no one appeared sor; and to the astonishment of every within the first twenty-five years of the
one who knows what was to be encounestablishment of this settlement possesse effected its completion in six months
tered, and sees what has been dne, he ed of sutlicient energy of mind to induce from the time of its commencement, him fully to explore a passage over these mountains; but when it is considered happily without the loss of a man, or any that for the greater part of that time even loss to appreciate fully the services ren
serious accident. The governor is at a this circunscribed portion of country affunded sufficient produce for the wants
* The report of Mr. Evans, after a brief of the people, whilst on the other hand notice of the general features of the country the whole surface beyond those limits traversed by him, and more circumstantially was a thick and in many places nearly described by Governor Macquarrie, concludes an impenetrable forest, the surprise at with the following particulars respecting the want of etfort to surmount such diffi some of the natives whom the former met culties must abate very considerably. with :-" The most remarkable circum
The records of the colony afford only stance during my journey was, my suddenly two instances of any bold attempt having coming upon two native women and four been made to discover the country to the children, whose terror and surprise exceeded westward of the Blue Mountains. The all belief; violently trembling they fell first was by Mr. Bass, and the other by down before me; and it was some consiMr. Caley, and both ended in disap- derable time before they would venture to pointment; a circumstance which will
look up; at length, somewhat appeased, not be much wondered at by those who they took a tomahawk each, some fish hooks
and twine, which I offered them, and ran have lately crossed those mountains. To Gregory Blaxland and Wm. Went- them. Both women had their right eye de
away; never once daring to look behind worth, esqrs. and Lieut. Lawson, of the stroyed, as if purposely. I saw no men ; but Royal Veteran Company, the merit is I have reason to think, from the many disdue of having, with extraordinary pa- tant columns of smoke I occasionally betience and much fatigue, effected the first held, that the inhabitants were numerous ; passage over the most rugged and diffi- besides, I frequently came upon their decult part of the Blue Mountains. serted camp ground," EDITOR.
1816.) Macquarrie's Journey into the Interior of New South Wales. 15 dered by Mr. Cox to this colony, in the the extreme limit of his tour. Hence the execution of this arduous work, which governor gave that part of the mountain promises to be of the greatest public uti- ihe name of Caley's Repulse. To have fity, by opening a new source of wealth penetrated even so far was at that time to the industrious and enterprising. an effort of no small difficulty. Frora When it is considered that Mr. Cox vo hence to the 26th inile is a succesluntarily relinquished the comforts of his sion of steep and rugged bills, some own house, and the society of his numer of which are almost so abrupt as to deny ous family, and exposed himself to much a passage altogether; but at this place a personal fatigue, with only such tempo- considerably extensive plain is arrived rary covering as a bark hit could afford at, which constitutes the summit of from the inclemency of the season, it is the western mountains; and thence a difficult to express the sentiments of ap most extensive and beautiful prospect probation to which such privations and presents itself on all sides to the eye. services are entitled.
The town of Windsor, the river HawkesMr. Cox having reported the road as bury, Prospect Hill, and other objects completed on the 21st of January, the within that part of the colony now ingovernor, accompanied by Mrs. Mac. habited, of equal interest, are distinctly quarrie, and that gentleman, commenced The majestic grandeur of the his tour on the 25th of April last over situation, combined with the various the Blue Mountains, and was joined by objects to be seen from this place, Sir John Jamieson at the Nepean, who induced the governor to give it the accompanied him during the entire tour. appellation of the King's Table Land. The following gentlemen composed the On the south-west side of the King's governor's suite : Mr. Campbell, secre Table Land the mountain terminates in tary'; Capt. Antill, major of brigade; abrupt precipices of immense depth, at Lieut. Watts, aid-de-camp; Mr. Red- the bottom of which is seen a glen, as fern, assistant-surgeon; Mr. Oxley, sur- romantically beautiful as can be imaregor-general; Mr. Meehan, deputy- gined, bounded on the further side by surveyor-general; Mr. Lewin, painter mountains of great magnitude, terminatand naturalist; and Mr. G. W. Evans, ing abruptly as the others, and the deputy-surveyor of lands, who had been whole thickly covered with timber. The sent forward for the purpose of making length of this picturesque and remarkafurther discoveries, and rejoined the ble tract of country is about twenty-four party on the day of arrival at Bathurst miles, to which the governor gave the Plains.
name of the Prince Regent's Glen. ProThe commencement of the ascent ceeding hence to the thirty-third mile, OR from Emu Plains to the first depot, and the top of a hill, an opening presents itthence to a resting place, now called self on the south-west side of the Prince Spring Wood, distant twelve miles from Regent's Glen, from whence a view is Emu Ford, was through a very handsome obtained particularly beautiful and grand open forest of lofty trees, and much mountains rising beyond mountains, more practicable and easy than was ex with stupendous masses of rock in the pected. The facility of the ascent for fore ground here strike the eye with adthis distance excited surprise, and is cer- miration and astonishment. "The circutainly not well calculated to give the lar form in which the whole is so wontraveller a just idea of the difficulties he derfully disposed induced the governor has afterwards to encounter. At a fur to give the name of Pitt's Amphitheatre ther distance of four miles a sudden (in honour of the late Right Hon, Win. change is perceived in the appearance of Pitt) to this offset or branch from the the timber and the quality of the soil, Prince Regent's Glen. The road contithe former becoming stunted, and the nues from hence for the space of sevenlatter barren and rocky. At this place teen miles on the ridge of the mountain the fatigues of the journey may be said which forms one side of the Prince Reto commence. Here the country be- gent's Glen, and there it suddenly termicame altogether mountainous, and ex nates in nearly a perpendicular precipice tremely rugged. Near to the 18th mile of 676 feet high, as ascertained by mark (it is to be observed that the mea measurement. The road cor structed sure commences from Emu Ford), a pile by Mr. Cox down this rui sed and treof stones attracted attention. It is close mendous descent, througs all its wind. to the line of road, on the top of a ru, yedings, is no less than three-fourths of a and abrupt ascent, and is supposed to mile in length, and has been executed have been placed there by Mr. Caley, as with such skill and stability as reflects
16 Macquarrie's Journey into the Interior of New South Walesi (Feb. 1, much credit on him. The labour here nated their excursion; and when the undergone, and the difficulties surmount various difficulties are considered which ed, can only be appreciated by those they had to contend with, especially who view this scene, In order to per- until they had effected the descent from petuate the memory of Mr. Cox's ser- Mount York, to which place they were vices, the governor deemed it a tribute obliged to pass through a thick brushjustly due to him to give bis name to this wood, where they were under the necesgrand and extraordinary pass, and he ac- sity of cutting a passage for their bagcordingly called it Cox's Pass. Having gage-horses, the severity of which labour descended into the valley at the bottom had seriously affected their healths, their of this pass, the retrospective view of patient endurance of such fatigue cannot the overhanging mountains is maguifi- fail to excite much surprise and admiracently grand. Although the present pass tion. In conmemoration of their merits, is the only practicable point yet disco- three beautiful high bills, joining each vered for descending by, yet the moun
other at the end of their tour at this tain is much higher than those on either place, have received their names in the side of it, from whence it is distinguished following order, viz. Mount Blaxland, at a considerable distance when ap- Wentworth's Sugar Loaf, and Lawsun's proaching it from the interior; and in Sugar Loaf. A range of very lotty hills This point of view it has the appearance and narrow vallies alternately form the of a very lig! distinct hill, although it tract of country from Cox's River for a is in fact only the abrupt termination of distance of sixteen miles, until the Fish a ridge. The governor gave the name River is arrived at; and the stage beof Mount York to this termination of tween these rivers is consequently very the ridge, in honour of H. R. H. the severe and oppressive on the cattle. To Duke of York,
this range the governor gave the name of On descending Cox's Pass, the gover- Clarence Hilly Range. nor was much gratified by the appear Proceeding from the Fish River, and ance of good pasture land and soil fit at a short distance from it, a very singufor cultivation, which was the first he lar and beautiful mountain attracts ilie bad met with since the commencement attention, its summit being crowned of his tour. The valley at the base of with a large and very extraordinaryMount York be called the Vale of Clwyd, looking rock, nearly circular in form, in consequence of the strong resem which gives to the whole very much the blance it bore to the vale of that name appearance of a bill-fort, such as are in North Wales. The grass in this vale frequent in India. To this lofty bill Mr. is of a good quality and very abundant, Evans, who was the first European disand a rivolet of fine water runs along it coverer, gave the name of Mount Evans. from the eastward, which unites itself Passing on from hence the country conat the western extremity of the vale with tinues billy, but afforde good pasturage, another rivulet containing still more wa- gradually improving to Sidmouth Valley, ter. The junction of these two streams which is distant from the pass of the Fish forms a very handsome river, now called River eight miles. The land here is level, hy the governor Cox's River, which takes and the first met with unencumbered its course, as has been since ascertained, with timber. It is not of very considerthrough the Prince Regent's Glen, and able extent, but abounds with a great empties itself into the River Nepean; variety of herbs and plants, such as and it is conjectured, from the nature would probably highly interest and graof the country through which it passes, tify the scientific botanist. This beauthat it must be one of the principal tiful little valley runs north-west and causes of the floods which have been south-east between hills of casy ascent occasionally felt on the low banks of the thinly covered with timber. Leaving River Han kesbury, into which the Ne- Sidmouth Valley, the country becomes pean discharges itself. The Vale of again billy, and in other respects resemClwyd, from the base of Mount York, bles very much the country to the eastextends six miles in a Westerly direction, ward of the valley for some miles. Hay. and has its termination at Cox's River, ing reached Campbell River, distant Westward of this river the country again thirteen miles from Sidmouth Valley, the becomes billy, but is genernlly open fo governor was highly gratified by the aprest land and very good pasturage. pearance of the country, which there
- Thre miles to the westward of the began to exbibit in open and extensive Vale of Clwyd, Messrs. Blaxland, Went view of gently rising grounds and fertile worth, and Lawson, had formerly termi plains. Judging from the height of the
1816.) Macquarrie's Journey into the Interior of New South Wales. banks, and its general width, the Camp- tion being selected in consequence of its bell River must be on some occasions of commanding a beautiful and extensive very coosiderable magnitude ; but the prospect for many miles in every direcextraordiuary drought which has appa. tion around it. At this place the goverrently prevailed on the western side of nor remained for a week, which time he the mountains, equally as throughout occupied in swaking excursions in difthis eolony for the last three years, has ferent directions through the adjoining reduced this river so much that it may country, on both sides of the river. be more properly called a chain of pools On Sunday, the 7th of May, the góthan a running stream at the present vernor fixed on a site suitable for the time. In the reaches or pools of the erection of a town at some future peCampbell River the very curious animal riod, to which he gave the name of called the paradox, or water mole, is Bathurst, in honour of the present secréseen in great numbers. The soil on both tary of state for the colonies. The situabanks is uncommonly rich, and the grass tion of Bathurst is elevated sufficiently is consequently luxuriant. Two iniles beyond the reach of any floods which to the southward of the line of road which may occur, and is at the same time so crosses the Campbell River there is a near to the river on its south bank as to very fine rich tract of low lands, which derive all the advantages of its clear and has been named Mitchell Plains. Flax beautiful stream. The mechanics and was found here growing in considerable settlers of whatever description who may quantities. The Fish River, which forms be hereafter permitted to form permaa junction with the Campbell River a nent residences to themselves at this few miles to the northward of the road place will have the highly important adand bridge over the latter, has also two vantages of a rich and fertile soil, with a very fertile plains on its banks, the one beautiful river flowing through it, for all callcd O'Connell Plains, and the other the uses of man. The governor must Macquarrie Plains, both of considerable however add, that the hopes which were extent, and very capable of yielding all once so sanguinely, entertained of this the necessaries of life.
river becoming navigable to the Western At the distance of seven miles from Sea have ended in disappointment. the bridge over the Campbell River, During the week that the governor reBathurst Plains open to the view, pre- mained at Bathurst he made daily excursenting a rich tract of champaign coun- sions in various directions; one of these try of eleven miles in length, bounded extended twenty-two miles in a southon both sides by gently rising and very west direction, and on that occasion, as beautiful hills, thinly wooded. The Mac- well as on all the others, he found the quarrie River, which is constituted by country composed chiefly of vallies and the junction of the Fish and Campbell plains, separated occasioually by ranges River, takes a winding course through of low hills; the soil throughout being the plains, which can be easily traced generally fertile and well circumstanced from the high lands adjoining, by the for the purpose of agriculture and grazparticular verdure of the trees on its ing. banks, which are likewise the only trees The governor here feels much pleathroughout the extent of the plains. The sure in being enabled to communicate level and clean surface of these plaias to the public that the favourable reports gives them ac first view very much the which he had received of the country to appearance of lands in a state of cultiva- the west of the Blue Mountains have not tion.
been by any means exaggerated. The It is impossible to behold this grand difficulties which present themselves in scene without a feeling of admiration the journey from bence are certainly and surprise, whilst the silence and soli- great and inevitable; but those persons tude which reign in a space of such ex who may be inclined to become permatent and beauty as seems designed by nent setilers there will probably content nature for the occupancy and comfort of themselves with visiting this part of the man, create a degree of melancholy in colony but rarely, anıl of course will have the mind which may be more easily ima- them seldom to encounter. Plenty of gined than described.
water, and a sufficiency of grass, are to The governor and suite arrived at be found in the mountains for the supthese plains on Thursday the 4th of May, port of such cattle as may be sent over and encamped on the southern or left them; and the tracts of fertile soil and bank of the Macquarrie River-the situa rich pasturage which the new country NEw MONTHLY MAG-No. 95.