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1816.)

Review of New Musical Publications.

131

Lying the Brunswickers in person--throwing him. In describing Mont St. Jcan, and that part where self into the infantry battalions, charged by ca. the battle raged with greatest fury, our author valry; and giving a few encouraging words to the takes particular notice of an old picturesque tree, exhausted soldiers, as he sat on his horse, exposed which bears the name of Wellington, from the cir: to the shower of all sorts of bullets, watching for cumstance that our illustrious commander stood the proper instant to give them command for them near it during part of the action.

“ I found it," to rise from their place of partial shelter, to stand says Mr. Scott, "much sbattered with balls, both to their arms, as the enemy's columo approached grape and musket; all of which had been picked near. Up, guards! and at them again,' was his out by visitors. Its branches and trunk were tes. exclamation on one of these occasions : • We must ribly splintered. It still retained, however, the Rot be beat, iny friends---what would they say in vitality of its growth, and will, probably, for many Euglaad ;'-Was another of his short and pithy ad. future years, be the first saluting sign to our cbiba dresses. This moment, as I have said, was a trying dren, and our children's children, who, with feel and even a doubtful one: but its fury was encoun. ings of a sacred cast, come to gaze on this theatre tered and repelled by the British unaided :--The of their ancestor's deeds. We who now describe last charge made by the enemy was completely re them, must soon join those whose fall we compalsed :-the French retired from before us alone ; memorate; and other generations will have their and the arrival of the Prussians had only an influ. curiosity excited, only to follow us where all human ance on the future operations. This iufluence was ioterests cease: but this venerable tree will remain certainly very valuable. To be sure, it was hardly a long survivor of the grand battle, in which it was likely that the light would have lasted long enough no slight sufferer--a monument of its circumstances to permit Buonaparte to form fresh columns of --a conspicuous mark to denote and to impress, attack against the British; but he had men enough Its old head rising over the graves of so many to do so-he continued to outnumber us greatly; gallant men, who dropped under what it withstood, and we were dreadfully exhausted. If he could struck one as conveying a mortifying reproach of have arranged another great charge before nightfall, the weakness of our species. An empire has wi. the consequences might have been very serious; thered under its shade; the hopes of ambition, but the Prussians came up just as he had been the prayers of affection, the strength of the brave, vain roughly dashed back from the immovable and the skill of talent, lie abortive beneath its British lines ;-just as be had received his last les branches: yet it will continue to put forth its son as to the matchless quality of the troops by leaves in the spring—to break the winds of autumn whom his gencrals had been often beaten, and -and to sustain the snows of winter;-to overagainst whom he had to-day been, for the first hang succeeding crops, as it over hung the thinning time, opposed. The arrival of our gallant allies, ranks of armies ;--to shelter the bird, whose note under such circumstances, destroyed him. It is shall echo over fields that groaned under the crashDecessary, however, to observe, in consequence of ing wheels of canuon, and shook under the than some reports that are abroad.---that the Duke never dering tramp of charging squadrons.". despaired as to the battle. It is said that a very Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa. By distinguished British general made some rather Edw. Dan.. Clarke, LL.D. Vol. iv. 410. melancholy representations to his grace towards 41. 145. 6d, large paper, 8l. 85. the end of the day. You are wrong,' he replied,

Paul's Letters to his Kinsfolk, being a and then pulling out his watch, added— You will

svo. see that in half an hour I shall bare beaten them. Series of Letters from the Continent. I know both my own troops, and those with whom 12s. they are figliting."

REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS. My Spouse and l; an Operatic Farce, per- whole, this agreeable Farce will add another laurel formed at the Theatre Royal, Drury-lane.

to the brow of the composer of Paddy Carey. Written by Mr. C. Dibdin, jun. Composed

A Grand Sonata for the Pianoforte, with an and inscribed to the Noblemen and Gentle- Accompaniment for the Violoncello ; commen forming the Sub-committee of the above posed and dedicated to Mad. Moreau, by BerTheatre, by John Whitaker. Button and Co. nard Romberg. Platts. 8s. 88.

N.B. The Violoncello part is arranged for The slight texture of the Overture, a very cur.

the Violin. sory view, will discover solos for oboes, flutes,

This Sonata bears evident marks of having been clariouets, bassoons, and trumpets, follow each

written for the harp, though not mentioned in the other successively; and when the ear begins to

tiile page. The passages are harpic ; and all the be cloged with these individual exertions, a crash altogether terminates the whole, Mr. Whilaker

passages are marked as for a barp. It is, neverthe.

less, what it expresses, a grand sonata. It lies is more at home in the songs, particularly wlicie

well for the pianoforte, and has an obligato part cornic humour is pourtrayed. In that department for the violoncello, but which can only be executed he is excelled by few -" The Boy and the But

by a good performer. As Mr. Platts is a collector terfly,” ny Niss Kelly; and "Ah! well a day,” by

of good things, and Madam Morcau seems fond of Mrs. Bland, are excellent ballads. Mr. Bellamy's

the grand and the sublime, we hope he will iavour "Dido and I," may rank with the best hunting

her and the public with more sonatas oflhis cast, songs of the present day. We have likewise a comie Trio by Mrs. Bland, Miss Kelly, and Mr.

Jacky Horner, a favourite Air, arranged as Barnard, weli worked up, and producing admira

a Rondo for the Pianoforte, with an Accomble stage efiect. The Glee of " Huinming Ale," paniment for a Flute (ad. tils.) Composed for three voices, is very striking, and bids fair to

and inscribed to J. G. Graeff, Esq. by Samuel become a favourite in convivial parties. On the Wesley. Clementi and Co. 2s. Ad.

152

Review and Register of the Fine Arts.

[March 1,

This delicious morsel of English poetry was se- properties of sound hare been physically consi. lected by the erudite composer, not from any

lack dered and investigated, the scale has been found of luigiver theres to exercise his talents upon ; tor to exist in nature. For, from a primary or gene. he who has“ sounded all the depths and sloals of rating sound, a series of secondary sou:ds arise, learning" can never be at a loss for subjects. He not produced by chance, but by the immutable must have chosen it from shees love of good hu- laws of nature; and from this cause are produced mour and good cating. Though he has twisted effects which of themselves establish the scale, and tornod his Chrismas Pie into so many different On this subject Rousseau remarks,“ Si l'on fait forms, it is not donghy, but affords a rich and re- résonner avec quelque force une des grosses cordes Tishin, repast. We cannot conclude without ex. d'un violoncelle en passant l'archet un peu plus pressing our admiration at his versatility in land- près du chevalet qu'à l'ordinaire, on entendra dis. ling all sorts of subjects. “ Seneca cannot be too tinctement, pour peu qu'on ait l'oreille exercée et heavy, nor Plautus too ligh:."

attentive, outre le son de la corde entiere, au A General Treatise on Music, particularly moins celui de son octave, celui de l'octave de sa on Harmony or Thorough-Bass, and its ap- quinte, et celui de la double octave de sa tierce;

on verra même frémir, et l'on entendra résouder, plication in (to) Composition; containing

toutes les cordes montees a l'unison de ces sons. also many essential and original Subjects,

la."-Now let a string tuned to the fixed sound C tending to explain and illustrate the whole.

in its grarest state, be stretched on a sounding. By M. P. King. Goulding and Co. il. is.

board, over two bridges, one at each end; then In the present dearth of new music, worth re. let it be divided by means of moveable bridges cording, we cannot do better thau call the reader's into the following pails; into one half, and it will attention to such treatises on the science (though

give the octare: into one third of its whole rot rotirely new) as bear the marks of sterling length it will give the octave of its fifth; into one. toerit. Of this cast is the work before us. To the fourth the double oetave; into one.fifth the double merit of a quactical composer, the author joins octave of its third; into one sixth the double octhat of a profound theorist. The introduction con- lave of its fiftis ; into one-seventh the double oc tains the first rudiments of music. Part the first tave of its flat seventh ; and so of the rest. Were treats of the essential principles of the science, it necessary to say more on this operation of naand the second on barinong and thorouglı bass ; ture, the sounds produced by tubes, such as the the third shew's the application of bainony, by the horu or trumpet, might be adduced, as they are Jaws which govern its use; the fourth and last exactly after the above ratio. part contains a short musical analysis, and enters In the examination of the scale, according to the so far into composition as is necessary to illustrate

moderu division, he says, that each part of the scale the preceding part of the work. " If," says our has some particular property, and more or less inauthor, "at any time I have dwelt on some of the fluence over its respective parts in general. He most simple subjects, it has been for the sake of begins with the key note, calls the ed the leading those who wishing to enter into the reason of nole; the 3d the mediant; the 4th the subdomi things, might not rest contented with taking a rule nant; the 5th the dominant ; the 6th the minor for granted ; and, if I have had necasion to difier note; the 7th the sensible yote.

In this arrange. with (the polite word for from) some great autho. ment of terms he ditfers from many approved au silies, I have assigned reasous for so doing, aud thors, such as Baumgartin, Crotcii, and even Rahare given their opinion with my own,"

meau; for, according to his best translators, Lo The rudiments we shall pass over without any

not sensible is rendered " leading note." The key remarks, they being nearly the same in all ele. pote, by these authors, is called the tonic ; the ed mentary books. In Chapter I. containing the Na. the supertonic ; and the oth the supermediant. ture avd Origin of the Scaie, it is remarked that Perhaps these misnomers are of little consequeace the inusicians of autiquity are said to be the in- except that they might bewilder the young student ventors of the scale, but they should rather be by the coufusion of terms. Our further remarks on looked upon' as its discoverers; for, since the this work we must defer to another opportunity.

REVIEW AND REGISTER OF THE FINE ARTS.

" L'onore conferito da Grandi à bravi Artisti dà vita e vigore alle Belle Arti; come il poco incoragimento, e le critiche severe, e poco discrele, le fanno languire.”

Condivi, Vita di Michel Angiolo Buonarotli.

ROYAL ACADEMY.'

Malton's drier, but more useful diaMr. TURNER continued his lectures grains,) we wish he would descend to on perspective on the successive Mon- their capacities, and give more time to days since our last, till their completion; the simple elements of his invaluable and although possessing in many re- science. spects great and valuable intrinsic me- Mr. FusEli's Lecture on Painting. rits, particularly in his brilliant graphic This eminent professor and learned illustrations, yet, for the sake of the critic commenced, as we have before younger students, (who are 100 much stated, his annual course of lectures on addicted to seek instructions from lec- his art to the students of the Royal tures rather than studs, and would Academy, on Thursday, the 11th Janu. sooner view Mr. Turner's beautiful draw- ary; the first lecture commencing with ings than study Brook Taylor's or general principles, and criticisins on the 1816.) Mr. Fuseli's Lectures at the Royal Academy.

153 rise and progress of the art among the ing, and principally on the subject of Greeks, and its restoration among the colouring. The art of painting was conItalians. Leonardo da Vinci was the sidered by the painter in a double light : first that displayed the light of genius as awful and sublime, inspiring the after its first dawn in the time of Bocca- mind and touching the heart; or as the cio: the principal feature of whose works splendid and ornamental, conducing to was character: and this was the state of the delight and deception of the eye ;the art till the rime of Michel Angiolo, the former, which elevates the human whose astonishing performances the race, being the most useful to society, learved professor jusily compared with and the latter exciting only delightful the epic works of Homer and Phidias. sensatious, being of secondary merit. He introduced to a series of admira- Mr. Fuseli then entered minuicly into ble criticisms on his works, judiciously the investigation of colours and their pointing out his defects, and dwelling arrangements, method and handling; strongly on his prominent beauties. Mr. and divided historical painting into two Fuseli next proceeded to Raffaelle, whose methods--chiaroscuro forming the dis. cartoons be considered as unequalled tinctive characteristic of the one, and a specimens of energy: he was not hown strict adherence to nature in every reeser faultless, his Madonnas having a spect, as well in light and shade as in weak and insipid character. He then colouring, that of the other. He classiexamined and pointed out the peculiar fied and enumerated various masters graces of Corregio and of other subse- under these two heads, the chief of the quent artists, particularly Poussin, Titian, former being Michel Angiolo, and of the Parmigiano, and Carracci; and con- latter Raffaelle. cluded with some judicious advice to The fifth lecture related to intention, the students.

which was divided by the professor into * The second lecture was devoted to three classes: landscape, or the delineadrawing or design, which he considered tion of animal or vegetable life in its as the extreme parts or outline of the utmost extent; historical composition, figure, and remarked the difference be- or representation; and a more elevated tween the copyist and the imitator, style, selecting and combining the most which bave been too often confounded: interesting parts of the other two, as -the performances of one must possess dramatic and epic painting. The drasome originality, the works of the other matic originated with Raffaelle, the finest are performed mechanically; the prac- specimen of which is Paul announcing tice of both, however, is necessary for the True God from the Areopagus. The the successful progress of the student. epic is the loftiest species of human inHe alverted to the mode of drawing vention, astonishing while it instructspursued by the students, and strongly belonging exclusively to Homer, Phidias, pointed out to them the necessity of cor- and Michel Angiolo-a sphere situate Tectness. Mr. F. thien made a few re- between heaven and earth-causing gods marks on physiognomy, explaived the to become men, and elevating men to distinction between style and manner Gods. We lament that our limits render with admirable precision, and concluded it impossible to do any thing like justice his second lecture with sound advice to these admirable lectures, particularly and general observations on instruction this very important and most eloquent

one.--Mr. Fuseli in a spirited manner The third lecture was chieflyon chiaro: pointed out the paltry substitutes for scuro, which the professor defined as the the noble sphere of invention, and para art of properly distributing light and ticularly mentioned that inferior sort of skade in the mass of composition; its allegory called emblem. Before concludexcellencies depend on unity and truth. ing, the energetic professor offered some He then took a survey of those great most judicious and acute remarks on artists who have excelled or been deh- portrait-painting, wbich in early times cient in this essential of the art. Among was confined to the highest classes of the latter le enumerated Raffaelle, and society; princes and heroes were is among the former Leonardo da Vinci, as only objects; but as the various classes the first who brought it into notice. Tin- became equalized, luxuries crept in, toretto, and Corregio, whom he classed and the folly of portrait-painting, said 25 superior to all. He then noticed the the professor, has extended so far, that modern schools, and gave Reynolds as a if a man bas a guinea in his pocket superior instance.

he squanders it to see some obscure The fourth lecture was most interest- member of his family in a picture,-it a New MONTILY MAG.–No. 26.

VoL, V.

х

and genius.

154

Exhibition at the Gallery of the British Institution. [March 1,

picture it can be called which consists of the fine head of the prophet which obmere daubs of red and white, possessing tained the 200-guinea premium last year,) no interest but to its first owner.

a five head of a Knight of Malta, and a The sixth and last lecture, on Feb. the beautiful groupe of children in a land15th, comprised the important subjects scape replete with beauties of idea and composition and expression. The pro- conception, slightly deteriorated by a fessor defined composition as “the illus- tew faults of execution and mechanical tration of invention," and divided it into handling, which, as he is so young and two parts, moral and physical ; the for- slightly practised in oil, must improve nier being composed of unity, propriety, with every picture. Mr. Lonsdale has and perspicuity, the latter of perspective The Page to Fitzwalter, a study for and chiaroscuro. He instanced perfec- the picture of King John signing Magna tions and defects in the works of Michel Chartu in the presence of the Barons at Angiolo, Raffaelle, and other great mas- Runnemede, which he painted for the ters, offering comments on most of the late Duke of Norfolk, and which is now pictures of the latter. He also gave executing in glass by Mr. Backler for some perspicuous remarks on expres- the large window of the Baron's Hall, sion and the passions; and concluded Arundel Castle. his most admirable course of lectures on Want of space obliges us to defer our painting amidst the loudest applauses more particular remarks till next month, from an assemblage of connoisseurs, stu- when we shall perlaps be able to give dents, and academicians.

the determination of the directors as to Mr. Fuseli's bigh and established 're- the premium for the Waterloo pictures. putation as a critic and as a painter Portrait of Thomas Bewick, the celestands on too firm a basis to need our brated Engraver in Wood. Engraved panegyrics; nor need we say more than by Thomas Ranson from a Picture by earnestly exhort the students to an at- WILLIAM NICHOLSON; published by tentive study of his lectures and advice, the Engraver, Judd-pluce West, and though he may have told them some un- Boydell and Co. Cheapside. wholesome truths, and set the goal of This engraver, whose naine we do not pictorial merit so high as to be attain- ever remember before to bave heard, able by but very few of the chosen sons has in this privt gratified the lovers of of genius: yet the man who aims high, excellence by a brilliant portrait of that although he inay miss bis mark, can extraordinary genius Bewick, in a style never be accused of mean or low ideas, of excellence and origanality seldom wiland it is easier to let down the chord of nessed, and surpassed only by the extratalent to true pitch than to raise it when ordinarily fine portrait of Mr. Blake by too flat,

SCHLAVOVETTI after the academician EXHIBITION at the Gallery (in Pall Puruips. The head is clear, well finished,

Mall) of the British INSTITUTION and brilliant, reminding us of some of for promoting of the Fine Arts in the the best works of Sir Robert Strange; United Kingdom. 1816.

the bands, drapery, dog, and other acThe exhibition of this national and cessories, free and with a brilliant touch. praiseworthy institution opened to the It is altogether a fine proof of the powerpublic on Monday, the 5th February.- ful talents of this young engraver, and It is on the whole inferior to any that which we hope shorily to see called forth have yet bcen exhibited in these rooms, in some important work. yet it has some fine individual pictures.

INTELLIGENCE. Much of this inferiority arises from the Mr. DOMINIC ARTARIA, of Manlieim, directors setting the artists to produce has employed a celebrated German bisbattle pictures, or nothing, for their an- torical painter to print a large picture nual premiums; and much to the fre- of the Battle of Leipzig, with at least quency of the exhibition, which ought 40 portraits of the sovereigns and other not to be oftener than every two years. eminent characters who were engaged

The battles of Waterloo possess vari- in it, as a companion to that which is ous merits, but none stand very bigh. now painting of the battle of Waterloo, The academician Ward has a fine alle- by Messrs. Atkinson and Devis for the gory, and CleNNEL a very spirited house of Boydell and Co., and means, charge of cavalry, which, from want of in conjunction with these latter gentleidentity, might be called any battle in inen, to publish it in a similar style of which the Life-guards were engaged. engraving and size, so as to make it a Mr. HOFTLAND has some charming land- suitable companion print. A finished scapes; (and Mr. Hayter, the painter of water-colour 'sketch of it is shortly ex

1816.)
Intelligence in the Fine Arts.

155 pected, which, when it arrives, shall be degree of elegance with all the simplifully described to our readers.

city and convenience that are to be exThe third part of the illustrations to pected in such an edifice. the Bible by the Messrs. Taylors, the

ROYAL ACADEMY.-On Saturday, the former parts of which have been noticed 10th February, a general meeting of the by us, will appear this month.

academicians was held in the council Several of the plates for No. 5 of the room at the Royal Academy, to fill up third and last volume of “ Liber Veri- the vacancies in the list of Royal Acatatis," from the Duke of Devonshire's demicians occasioned by the deaths of collection, are already finished by Mr. Sir francesco Bartolozzi and John Sin EARLOM. The remainder are so forward gleton Copley, esq., when Messrs. Wm. as to allow us to say, that the number NULREADY and ALFRED Edw. CHALON will be ready for delivery 10 subscribers were declared duly elected. The elecand the public by May or Jone next. tion is not complete till it has received

Mr. BROMLEY has just produced his the approbation of bis Majesty. etching of a whole-length portrait of Mr. West's gallery in Pall Mall is the Duke of Wellington, from a picture again re-opened to ibe public with addipainted by Sir Thomas LAWRENCE, for tions, and shall be noticed with others H. R. II. the Prince Regent. The etch- in our next. ing is now exhibiting by Mr. Bowyer, of

HlAydon is proceeding, after a cessaPall Mall, proprietor.

tion of nearly seven months from ill Mr. James Elmes has announced the health, on his great work of the Entry plan of a new village, intended to com- of Christ into Jerusalem, as he should wernorate the most splendid military do--that is, carefully, studiously, and achievements of Great Britain and ler correctly; and although his productions allies during the late wars with France, are few, it may be replied for him in the and to be called WaterL00. The sité language of the lioness in the fable, when chosen for it is between Primrose Hill reproached by some more prolific animal and Belsis Park, commanding extensive for her comparative barrenness: “ Every and picturesque views over the country

one of inine is a LION." to the west, north-west, and south, of The Society for the Encouragement of the metropolis. The proprietors of this Arts, &c. at the Adelphi, on the 1st of ground, an area of about 40 acres, have February, elected H. R. H. the Duke of divided the plan into two parts; the first, Sussex president of their institution, in composing the village itself, encircling a

the room of his Grace the late Duke of place of public amusement, which will Norfolk. The state of the ballot was, combine the objects of Ranelagh with

For H. R. H. the Duke of Sussex 180 the best scenes of Vauxhall, but with The Rt. Hon. the Earl of Liverpool 24 new and peculiar features and on a more magnificent scale. The village is appor

Majority

156 tioned into 35 lots, of various shapes We congratulate the society and the and dimensions, many of which are public on the acquisition of so enlightalready disposed of. Such of our readers ened and active a president; one who as wish for farther details are referred unites a strong love for, and knowledge to Mr. ELMES, 37, Great Coram-street, of, both the useful and the fine arts. Brunswick - square, who has printed a

Mr. Day's admirable cast of the codescription of it for distribution. lossal figure by Phidias on the Monte

The same gentleman has submitted to Cavallo at Rone, has now received the the Directors of the CALEDONIAN Asy- addition of the horse which accompaLUM, instituted for the education and nies it, and with some fine original picsupport of the children of soldiers, sai. tures and other works of art, is again lors, and other indigent natives of Scot- opened to the public at the Gallery or land, a plan for a building for their re the Kivg's Mews, Charing Cross, ception, which seems to unite a high

DRAMATIC REGISTER.

The Drama's laws the Drama's patrons give ;

For those who live to please, must please to live. DR. JOHNSON,
DRURY-LANE.

been revived at this theatre. Since our last, Congreve's witty but formers, particularly Dowton in Sir licentious comedy of Love for Love has Sampson Legend, Munden in Foresight,

The per

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