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1816.) R. Barker-H. Barron-J. C. Barrow,

193 ROBERT BARIER (inventor of the Puno- bited house, situated in a narrow bye rama.)

lane in the city of Cork. The house was It was the contemplation of the varied without doors or windows, but curiosity scene of beauty and grandeur on the induced him to enter; and after mountCalton Hill, Edinburgh, that first led ing a rotten stair-case, which conducted Barker to think of painting a panoramic to empty rooms in different floors, he view. About the year 1786 he painted arrived at the garret, where he could a view of Edinburgh, which he exbibited just discern, by the glimmering of a few as a panorama in London. Sir Joshua embers, two old and emaciated figures, Reynolds, the first person to whom he broken down by age, disease, and want, communicated his ideas on this subject, sitting side by side, in the act, as far as could not conceive the possibility of de- their palsied efforts would permit, of tearviating from the proper angle without ing each others' faces-not a word being violating the laws of perspective, and uttered by either, but with the most therefore treated it as an extraordinary horrible grimaces that malice could cast conception, but chimerical and imprac. on malice. They took no notice of his ticable. The president, however, became entrance, but proceeded in their deeds convicted upon viewing what Mr. Barker of mutual hate; wbich inade such an first called La Nature à coup d'wil, which impression on young Barry, that he ran soon after obtained the title of Pano- down stairs, inaking two reflexions, which rama, from the Greek war and wgan, he said he bad found verified through HUGH BARRON (portrait painter.)

life:- That men and all animals are maThis painter, as the writer was in- licious and cruel in proportion as they formed by the late Mr. Tresham, was are impotent or feel berert of power; patronized by the late Duke of Cumber- and that poverty and age, two of the land when at Rome. Mr. Barron was a worst evils to which mankind can be very gay ma!), and had it not been for subject, almost always aggravate the cathe interference of the English consul, lanities inherent in them by evils of their he would have been arrested by his tailor own creating. for debt. On the matter being more The following anecdote is sufficiently amicably settled, it was remarked by a illustrative of Barry's love for his art. brother artist, that Barron had discon- He writes thus : “ As to Leonardo da certed the measures of the tailor, who Vinci's picture of the Last Supper, which had been obliged to sheer off and give bas made such a noise in the world, the up his suit. Mr. Barron was a pupil to account I have to give you about it is as Sir Joshua Reynolds, but excelled more

follows:---When I came into the Refetas a musician than as an artist.

torio, I found a scaffold erected, when JOSEPH CHARLES BARROW (landscape on ascending I saw one-half of the picpainter.)

ture covered by a great cloth. On exaPerhaps the following notice may cast mining the other part that was uncosome light upon the mysterious disap- vered, I found the skin of colour, which pearance of a work of art long lost to composed the picture, to be all cracked the public. On the lamented death of into little squares of about the eighteenth the above-mentioned gentleman, a fine of an inch over, which were for the most head of the late Alderman Boydell, and part in the edges loosened from the wall, which was set as a seal, disappeared from and curling up: however, nothing was the chain of the unfortunate artist. It materially lost. I saw that the picture was presented to bim by Mr. Wickstead, had been formerly repaired in sonue few the seal engraver, as a compliment for places, yet as this was not amiss, and recommending him to the office of seal as the other parts were untouched, there engraver, or for cutting a large seal for was nothing to complain of. While I the Plate-Glass Company. Mr. Wick was examining this part of the picture, stead made Mr. Barrow an offer to cut two gentlemen came upon the scaffold him any subject he pleased; he chose and drew aside the cloth which covered the head of Alderman Boydell :-it was the other half, when, to my great horror indeed a gem of art. A sulphur cast of and amazement, it was repainted. One it is to be seen at Mr. Tassie's; but the of these nien seemed to take great pains seal bas never yet been recovered. to show the vast improvenient the pic

JAMES BARRY (historical painter.) ture was receiving, and the discourse so

In one of the nocturnal and youthful kindled ny indignation that I was no frolics of this erratic artist, it is related longer master of myself. What, sir,' that one winter's evening he entered said I, is it possible that you do not an old, and as he thought it an uninha. perceive how this painter (if I can call

"It is my

134
Anecdotes of James Barry.

[March 1, him a painter) bas destroyed the picture Barry has been heard to say, that at in every part on which he has laid his the time he commenced the pictures in stupid bands? Do not you see that this the great room of the Society for the head is distorted and out of drawing, Encouragement of the Arts, be had but and that all his colouring is crude and sixteen shillings in his pocket; and that wants accord? Do, sir, open your in the prosecution of his labours, he had eyes, and compare it with the other half often, after painting all day, to sketch at the picture which is not yet buried or engrave at night some design for the under his cursed colours.” He concluded printsellers, which was to supply bina by praying they would snatch this pro- with the means of his frugal subsistence. duction of Lconardo from the hands of When he began these pictures, of course such a beast !

every arrangement was ordered to his Barry offered his picture of the Con- wishes, and what the Society did not version of the King of Cashel for a pre- do Barry took upon himself ia dictate. mium to the Irisis Academy. When the He shuť bimself up in the great room prize was adjudged to it, all eyes wan- every morning, nor would he suffer dered in quest of the author, till Barry even the secretary to enter. Mr. More no longer able to contain his joy, pub- frequently attempted it in the proseculicly proclaiined his right.

tion of the Society's affairs, but Barry picture,” said Barry. “ Your picture! told him once for all, that if he did not impossible !-you paint this pieture?" quit the place, he would kick him out, “ Yes, I painted it."_“You a mere Sir,” said he, “ I bring in my twoboy!"_"Why do you doubt me?" Still penny loaf, my cheese, and my pot of his pretensions were treated with dis- porter, every morning, that I may not dain, and he burst into tears. The be interrupted until dusk, when I leave spectacle was uncommion, and a pause off.” After this Mr. Secretary More ensued, during which a gentleman en- always found the door locked against tered the room, thrust himself into the him. A few pence a-day was all that middle of the circle, and taking this raw Barry allowed bimself, at the time he boy by the arm, told the company he was contracting for colours and materials was the painter.

a debt of several hundred pounds.For Barry's friendship for Burke was owing these exertions the Society of Arts grantto the following circumstance:- In some ed hiin two exbibitions; at different pe dispute on the arts as grounded in taste, riods voted himn 50 guineas, their gold Barry quoted an opinion in direct oppo- medal, and again 200 guineas and a seat sition to Burke, from an able but anony- among them. The profits arising from mous work which had then lately ap- the exhibitions amounted to 5031. 12s peared; this was the celebrated Essay Lord Romney presented him also with on the Sublime and Beautiful, which 1001.; and he received several minor Mr. Burke, who was playing with the pecuniary rewards from private indivisubject and debating for victory, immedi- duals: in all about 7001. ately condemned as a theatrical roinance Barry lived in the greatest possible of no sufficient merit to be quoted as an misery; and as be kept no servant, when authority. Barry, who had been so much he went to the Royal Academy, in the captivated by it as to transcribe it quality of professor of painting, he pat throughout, doubly incensed at the in- the key of his door in his pocket, and justice done to the work and the slight wrote on the door with chalk, Gone to on his own judgment, fell into a rage in the Royal Academy. In the evening of its defence, which Burke at length ap- one of his lectures, in pulling out his peased by declaring himself the author. handkerchief, in which time bad made

Barry once attempted a thorough re- some ravages, the key became entanformation in his habits of licentiousness. gled in its mazy folds, and was projecied lle had been enticed by his companions with considerable force into the front of several times to carousals at a tavern, the room, to the no small dismay of the and one night as he wandered home circle of royal academicians. This event, from one of these, a thought struck him sufficient to have finished the lecture of of the frivolity and viciousness of thus any other man for that evening, was, spending his time. The fault he ima- however, little regarded by Barry; after gined lay in his noney, and therefore coolly desiring Charles, the porter, to without more ado, to avoid the morrow's pick it up and bring it to him, he protemptation, he threw the whole of his ceeded with his dissertation. wealth into the Liffy, and locked himself Two amateurs of art wishing to be in. up with his favourite pursuits.

troduced to the great Barry, patroled in

1816.) Biographical Account of Eberhard A. W. von Zimmermann. 135 vaio for some time up and down Castle something sweet and agreeable in Barry's street, where he resided; till at length, smiles, but his looks when roused by anger after much explanation between them were truly ferocious. On the exhibition and an old apple-woman facing bis house, of some pictures by Rubens, the Duke their informant told them, she dared say of Queensberry and another nobleman it was the old quoiner over the way that ventured to insinuate that they were out they meant.

of drawing; Barry answered that they There are many persons who remem- knew nothing about it, and turned upon ber him in a suit of dirty red, with his his heel. constant companion an old great coat To the credit of Barry be it spoken, on his arm; yet such were the charins of that he was never above rescinding an his conversation, that in a state of appa- opinion which he had given too hastily. rently insane mendicity, he has been He once affirmed that a drawing about seen walking arm in arm with two youth to be ballotted for a reward did not deful beauties, women of fashion, who dis- serve it, yet, at the modest request of a dained not the ragged great coat for the young member, he once more went and soul which oft-times inhabited it. It is looked at the picture, confessed that remarked as a singular circumstance, there was much truth in what he had that though every honour was conferred urged, and voted for its being rewardon the departed genius, not a single ed.-His fondness for art was conspiR. A, attended his funeral.

cuous in every thing; the most humSo crazy indeed was Barry's appear. ble print was not beneath his notice. ance and residence, that it provoked a “ Let me look at the cuts !” was a frenot unappropriate comparison from quent expression of his when a book was Mr. F-, who when he saw him get presented to the Society with even the up from sitting to Dance for his portrait, smallest attempt at embellishment; those exclaimed, “Dat fellow looks like de be would inspect with all the apparent door of his own house.”—There was pleasure of a school-boy.

MEMOIRS OF EMINENT PERSONS.

BIOGRAPHICAL ACCOUNT OF EBERHARD AUGUSTUS WILLIAM VON ZIMMERMANN. NEARLY at the same hour in the pupils—who had witnessed the highest pight of the 4th of July, 1815, in which prosperity of this seminary under the the remains of the valiant descendant of Abbé Jerusalem, and its shameful dissen the Guelphs, the lamented Duke of lation under the debauched Jerome Brunswick, wbo died the death of a hero enjoyed the satisfaction he could scarcely in the conflict of the 16th of June, were have ventured to hope for, of being again deposited by the side of the ancestor of associated in the direction of it with his illustrious house, Henry the Lion, EsCHENBURG, HelwsO, EMPERIUS, and under the choir of the ancient church of other teachers. His merits in the exSt. Blaise, one of the most faithful ser- tensive field of geography, anthropology, vants of the dynasty of Brunswick Wol- and zoology, are great; and though he fenbüttel, the privy counsellor of state may not stand in the foremost rank of EBERHARD AUGUSTUS WILLIAM VON those who deserve the name of inZIMMERMANN yielded up bis spirit in ventors and creators in his science,-to his 73d year—an age which the frequent which character, however, he might have attacks of disease and severe strokes of aspired, had he but concentrated his fortune had left him no prospect of at- powers into one focus-he certainly detaining. On the overthrow of the king- serves the first place in the second class, dom of Westphalia, (erected by Napo- among those whiw can work up with masa leon, as it were, merely for a freak, and terly skill what has already been discodenominated by its founder himself une vered, and re-produce it in a more useful plaisanterie de royaume,) by the battle and attractive form. It is, however, to of Leipzig, this worthy veteran, who be regretted that he should have struck since 1766 had been professor of natural upon the same rock with many other philosophy at the Collegium Carolinum, Germạn scholars, who are induced by at Brunswick, which frequently numo gain to multiply their literary engagebered iwepty British youths araong its ments to an extent that cannot fail to

136 Biographical Account of Eberhard A. IV.ron Zimmermann. (March 1, prove injurious to their reputation. In natural history and anthropology. He paid deed, in an enrly part of his career, as thrce visits to England, which country had the learned EBELING once publicly the strongest atıractions for him, and stated, he employed in his literary spe- where he early gained the confidence of culations a great number of assistants, the venerable President of the Royai Soraw students and others, whose imper- ciety, Sir Joseph Banks. In 1787, he fect works with all their defects were published in London'lis Political Survey charged to his account alone. It is like of the Present State of Europe, with wise to be lamented that, owing to the sixteen Statistical Tables which were ex. abundant influx of new ideas, which he tremely welcome to the British gazetteers, immediately pursued, he was prevented There too he established those comivunifrom bringing to maturity, though he cations through which he received with never lost sight of, two great works upon out delay every thing remarkable in nawhich he had been engaged for forty tural philosophy and geography, that apyears--an entirely new Geogruphical peared in the British islands, and in the History of Man and the Brute Creation, United States of America, and was thus and a General Exposition of the Impor- enabled to translate and prepare notices tance of the Discoreries in the Greut of every novelty in those departments Ocean, since Anson's time, in respect to for his own geographical journal, and for Geology, Nuturul History, and An- Forster's Magazine of Travels. In that thropology. By these he would indis- capital also he became acquainted with putably have inscribed his name upon Mr. WILLIAM SMELLIE, the learned the pillars of the temple of Fame. bookseller of Edinburgh whose Philoso

Born on the 17th of August, 1743, at phy of Natural History, ZIMMERMANN Uelzen, in the district of Celle, where clothed quite con amore in a German his father, the respected author of a work dress, and accompanied with notes, On the Sepulchral Urns of the ancient which were afterwards translated into Germans, was superintendent, be eagerly English. Fruits of his journey to Italy profited at an early age, by the means of appeared parily at Paris in his work On instruction which ihe university of Güt- the Molfeita in Apulia(1789) and partly tingen afforded, and then repaired to that at a later period iv bis General Survey of of Leyden. During his residence at the Italy, (Weimar, 1797,) which contains former, he gained the commendation of much interesting matter relative to the HOLMANN and other matheinaticians natural history of the kingdom of Naand natural philosophers, and distino ples. He was at Paris in 1789, just at guished bimself by a probatiovary essay the eventful period when the fire was On the Analysis of Curves, and a Mete- first kindled beneath the magic cauldron orological Tour in the Harz. At Leyden of the Revolution. There in the very he first conceived that idea which was centre and seat of the natural sciences, ever afterwards uppermost in all his lite- he projected his Geographical Annals, rary labours, to describe the animal cre- in which his friend BROUSSONET, and ation, commencing with man himself, ac- other geographers and naturalists of Pacording to the regioos inhabited by cach ris, promised him the most active assistspecies, and keeping in view their res. Dissatisfied with these Annals, pective migrations and varieties. There which were continued for tbree years, ino be published his Specimen Zoologic but could not maintain their ground togeographicæ, in 1777. The outline bere gether with Zach's Gengraphical Ephemarked out was extended and filled up in merides, he established, in conjunction a comprehensive work in three volumes, with the unassuming and industrious his Geographical History of Man and Professor Bruns, of Helmstädt, a Geosuch Quadrupeds as are spread over the graphical Repository. World in general, which appeared be- The terrific spectacle of the volcano tween 1778, and 1783, accompanied with of the French Revolution made a deep a zoological map of the world.

impression upon the warm imagination With his own means which he wholly and susceptible mind of ZIMMERMANT, devoted to the sciences, and seconded by who shared on this subject the sentithe liberality of the house of Brunswick, ments of his sovereign, and who pre-to which lie ever continued most warmly dicted, long before it was suspected by attached, he made several journies to many whose good-nature blinded their England, Italy, and France, and every judgment, that Germany would not where formed the most agreeable con escape the torrents of lava which it threx rections with the principal cultivators of out.' He was envoblod by the Emperor

ance.

He

1816.) Biographical Account of Eberhard A. W. von Zimmermann. 137 Leopold, and to gratify that monarch adduces substantial evidence that motranslated ECHERNY's Letters from an narchical France had, if not the form, at Inhabitant of Paris to his Friends in lenst the essence of a constitution, and Switzerland and England, to the 4th of that the steady valour of the ancient April, 1791.

French nobility was never equalled by Brunswick was then the rendezvous of the flashes of the modern republicans in several emigrants of distinction, and the frenzy of the Revolution; that the thus the collision of the aristocratic and French Revolution was not to be comdemocratic parties" there produced many pared with that of America, where the a spark which served more and more to old form of government was only imstrengthen ZIMMERMANN's convictions proved and consolidated, whereas the that nothing but the maintenance of the grand motive for that of France was throne of the Bourbons could save robbery and plunder, by which social France and give security to Europe; order must be infallibly destroyed. and these sentiments he boldly arowed from all persons of upright principles, in a variety of tracks and papers, to chis excellent work, which was dedicated. which he always affixed his naine. to the Emperor Paul, experienced the expressed himself most strongly in a dis most flattering reception. The author tinct Address of a Patriotic Germun to was appointed a privy counsellor by his his Countrymen on the Approuch of sovereign, and released from his acadePeace, which appeared in 1795, an: was mical functions at the Carolinum. violently attacked by writers of a ditfe Nowithstanding this tendency to polirent way of thinking. It was on this oc- tics, ZIMMERMANN still kept his favourite casion that he wrote as follows to a pursuits in view, and in order to bring friend at Weimar, on the subject of before the public in a clear and pleasing anonymous attacks and criticisms in the manner the results of the sciences of literary journals: “ It is wonderfully geography and anthropology during the clever, indeed, to shoot out of a thicket 18th century, he projected his Geograwith poisoned arrows, like the lurking phical Pocket-book, indisputably one of Malay, at an honest man as he quietly the most instructive, comprehensive, passes along the open road."

and meritorious performances of the The French Revolution, which so kind, both in regard to matter and manspeedily followed the Ainerican, and ner, that not Gerinany only, but civilized which was eren prepared by the latter, Europe possesses, and which throws the Aaturally led the reflecting mind to a compilations of a MALTE BRUN, a MAcomparison of both, and to a considera- VOR, and others, completely into the tion of the difference of their courses, shade. It is a real panorama of the arising from the total dissimilarity of the world, composed of the choicest maletwo countries and their inhabitants. rials, and painted by the hand of a master ZIMMERMANN, intimately acquainted in the most agreeable colours; of incalwith the new republic, from being con- culable utility for the diffusion of correct stantly engaged in preparing for the notions respecting the state of mankind press the inost iinportant modern travels in the different regions of the globe, as in North America, and from an uninter- it is illustrated with appropriate engravrupted correspondence with Boston and ings and maps, and possesses all the reNew York; and baving also a thorough commendations requisite for gaining the knowledge, by means of the Duke of favour even of frivolous novel-renders. Brunswick and those around him, of the This pleasing annual publication commost secret springs, and of the ring- prized, from 1802 in 1813, a great part of leaders in the atrocities of the French ihe known world. Commencing with Revolution, undertook to draw a paral- Greenland, the author proceeds to North lel b:tween the two, at first in his France America, descends with the Mississippi and the United States of North America, to Florida and Louisiana; then travers. (Berlin, 1795,) in which those countries ing the countries bordering on the Gulf were considered only in a geographical of Mexico, he comes to South America, and statistical point of view. li was vot describes Brasil, and, assisted by the till six years afterwards that he com- illustrious Humboldt, treats with particupleted the comparison in one of bis best lar attention of the regions contiguous to written and most elaborate works, incie the chain of the Andes. An inscruciive Caled: General Surdey of France from view is then taken of Guinea and the Francis I. to Louis XVI. and of the Negro coast, but the rest of Africa is United Sintes of North America, (Brunga reserred for future illustration, which it wick, 1800,) in two volumes. He there musi now receire (if at all) from another NEw MONTHLY Alac.--No. 26.

VOL. V.

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