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1816.) Sketch of Prof. Tauscher's Tours in Russia in Asia. 103 regioos is exposed to no few dangers as his course in a south-easterly direction well as difficulties; circumstance through the German petty colonies on which renders them less known than they the Caramsan to the fortress of Usen, deserve to be. Since the journies per- which lies insulated in the midst of the formed under the auspices of the Em- Steppe, and is again half fallen to decay press Catharine by the Russian Acade- in spite of its late reparation. micians Pallas,' Gmelin, Lapuchin, “ It was in this quarter," says TauGeorgi, Falck, Rytschkow, Laxman, and scher, “ I first saw at a distance the others, I am not aware that any thing of wild horse of the Steppes, described by consequence has been attempted to- Pallas. Whether this animal be of the wards enlarging our kuowledge of the wild, aboriginal race of horses, or a dedistricts of the Steppes and their pro- scendant of our own doinestic species ductions."

gradually relapsed into the state of naOur traveller quitted Moscow in May, ture, is a point which has not been hi1809, and pursuing his course through therto ascertained satisfactorily. All Wolodomir, Murom, Pensa, Arsamas, the Cossacks of these environs concurred and Saratow, a pretty German colony, in assuring us, that their attempts to where he remained some weeks, he came them, which have been sometimes crossed the Wolga, explored the colo- made with single horses of the Steppe nies in that quarter, and commenced a caught for the purpose, have but seldom partial journey eastward through the succeeded; and that they have iv no one Steppes from Schafhausen ; thence he instance long survived the loss of their followed the line of the Irghis, surmount- freedom. Of the steppic goat (tbe Aned the steppic ridge Obtschey Sist, tilope Saiga of Pallas) which is accus* branch of the great Uralian ridge, on tomed to spend its winter in the southera whose western slope the Irghis has its parts on Lake Aral, I saw numerous source, and arrived safely in three weeks herds returning with the warmer season at Orenburg, the Asiatic frontier fortress to the Northern Steppe, where, both on the Ural, having, with his attendants, for their skin and flesh, they become "passed through the dreary Steppe with valuable objects of the chace to the Cosout any other canopy by day or night sacks. From Usen (or Usenkaja krepost). than the firinament of hicaven.” After I travelled to the neighbourhood of the a short residence in this town, whose memorable salt lake, Elton, whence the caravan.trade with several nations of greater part of the oatives of the centre Central Asia, such as the Bucharians, and south of Russia obtain their supplies Chivenzes, Afghans, Persians, &c. ren, of salt. I then visited the equally reders it a most interesting spot, “ I un- markable lake Bogdo (or Washuntschaisdertook a tour through the upper dis- koi) lying a little more sutherly, and tricts of the Ural river, formerly Jaik, to the mountain of the same name n its the little town of Guberlinsk, 300 versts vicinity, which is held sacied by the distant from Orenburg: Near this place Mongolian nations." Here the traveller the principal chain of the Upper Uralian collected all the plants and seeds of the ridge, stretching in a northerly direc- steppic garden, which were sufficiently tion, is intersected by the Ural which ripened for his purpose (among which loses itself on the other side of the ridge, was the Tritic. Orient. of Linnæus, or in the unknown and unfrequented regions Fritillar.cornuta of Fischer), and no inof the Khirgisian-Mongolian Steppe.” 'considerable stock of insects which were Having explored these parts, Professor most plentiful in that tract of the Steppe Tauscher returned with a rich booty of called Rynpesk or Naryn (sandy desert) plants and insects to Orenburg, with the soil of which, though its surface be which, as the autumn was closing, he covered with a loose and arid Sand, is found his way back through Kasan and remarkable for a much more luxuriant Gorenki to Moscow.

vegetation than any other parts of the Hitherto de bad visited only the Steppe, even those whose soil consists of northern part of the Tartarian Steppe, a clayey loam. which is watered by the Irgbis. With Thence le came close upon that branch a view of exploriog its midland and of the Wolga called the chotuba ; in its southern districts, he set out when the environs are some considerable vestiges spring ct 1710 was sufficiently advanced, of ancient Tartar tonus, 10.x nliose and retraceu bis steps to Saratow, hav- ruids are ften found silver and copper ing been furuished with every assistance * Pap. Persephone Huebn. N. Argentina, by its government; he thon crossed over I. N. Láctea. F. N. Fortalitium nob. N. Me. to the left bank of the Wolga, stecring lanura nob. &c.

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104 Return of Church Livings under 1501.per Annum. [March 1. coins of their former tenants. Pursuing back to Moscow, meeting at Casan his way for about 400 versts, always in Langsdorf and two other companions, the vicinity

of the Wolga, he reached the whom he informed of the postponemoat fortress of Zaritzin on its left bank, and of the Bukharean embassy. He contravelling 25 versts farther, the famous cludes this sketch of his second year's Moravian colony Sarepta. Here he pass travels by observing, that " in the begined the leisure of the hot months, so dan- ning of November, whilst frost and snow gerous to the sojouroer in the naked covered the whole country round Mor Steppe, though he employed himself suc. cow, I arrived in safety under the roof cessfully in repeated visits to the sur- of my friend and colleague Dr. Fischer, rounding country, and particularly the at Gorenki; after traversing within the adjoining islands in the Wolga.

space of seven months a circuit of above Later in the scason, when the ap. 5,000 versts in various directions, and proach of autumn had begun to renovate making a very considerable collection of ibe withered vegetation, he made an ex. botanical and zoological subjects in the cursion :vith a friend to the banks of the several districts I had explored." Don and Flo.vla, a small river that runs

(To be continued.) into the former. “A chain of chalk hills of various elevations and curvatures, NR. EDITOR, spreads itself along the left bank of the "AN INCUMBENT," v.iv. p.381, having Flowla for about 150 versls. The vege- requested through the medium of your tation of these hills is totally different pages an Abstract of the return of all from that which usually fourishes in the Livings under 1501. per annum, laid beSteppes, and resembles, in many re- fore parliament in the last session, I iaspects, what is found near the Southern close you that of 1808 referred to by Caucasian mountains." Having here hiin; if you think it worthy a place in increased his collection of plants and your Miscellany, and should receive insects, he quit:ed these hills, passed from any other correspondent the rethrougli the delik htful colonies of Norka, turo of 1814, and insert that also, your Krestowoi, Bujerak, Ustfolicha, and readers will, by comparing the two domany others, lying on the Medwediza; cuments, be enabled to see what the again sought the Wolga, and returned corporation of Queen Ann's Bounty has through Dubowka, Zaritzin, &c. to Sa. accomplished in the seven intervening repta. On his arrival here, he found years. directions from Moscow, that himself as To this return the number of parishes naturalist, with Langsdorf the celebrated and impropriations in each diocese are circumnavigator, should accompany an prefixed, taken from Capper's State ombassy to the Chan of Bukharey; a ment of the Church Preferments, refercountry which is regarded as the Eden red to also by your correspondent ; for of central Asia, and has never yet been the poverty of those livings" chiefly arises trodden by the foot of an European na

from the ecclesiastical property of many turalist, or explored in a physical view, parishes being either appropriate or in though an ply' deserving of the pains; lay-hands. as its position and climate warrant the It must be observed, however, that the expectation of its possessing inexhausti- return includes all chapelries under the ble stores from every kingdom of nature. jurisdiction of the diocesan, since ia Pleased with this change in his pursuit, Chester and St. David's there appear to he left Sarepta in the beginning of Sep- be more livings under 150l. per annum tember, and, traversing 1,400 versts in than there are parishes. less than three weeks, he reached Oren- While treating on this subject the beburg, where he had the disappointment neficence of parliament shewn in another to find from Prince Wolchonskoi, who mode of assisting and permanently rewas charged with arranging the mission, lieving the “ Poor Cures," and entirely that some unforeseen difficulties had pre- independent of the operations of Queen vented it for that year.

Ann's Bounty, is worthy of record. By Wbilst at Orenburg be visited the the 46 Geo. III. c. 133, sec. 2 and S, salt-works of Ilesk, which is 60 versts special commissioners acting under the distant from the former, and is the east- great seal exonerated 1263* livings, ernmost point that Russia possesses in whose clear annual amount did not exthe Khirgisian Steppe, on the other side ceed 1501. from all present charge of of the Ural. This place afforded many land-tax, and from all further assessmens saline plants. Towards the middle of See Highmores History, dc. of MortOctober he left Orenburg on his way main, p. 378.

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1916.) Number of Parishes, gc: in England and Wales, 105 thereon. And by similar and subsequent Number not per Annum.

ercceding acts, the said commissioners have been

1.70 to L.80

319
since empowered to continue to "aug.

309
ment the incomes of other small livings"
by the same means. Being unable to

100
state myself to what extent they have

110

307
doue so, perhaps the secretary to the
board of commissioners, should this ac-
tract his notice, will obligingly communi-

140

170 cate to you the particulars, for the in. Total under the yalue of 1501. formation of the clergy, the public, and

H-N.

Joan WALKER, M. D. Director of the Jan. 12, 1816.

Royal Jennerian and London Vaccine

Institutions, to the Editor of the New Ar Account of the Number of Parishes Monthly Magazine, und Impropriations in the sederal Dio

FRIEND, çeses of England and Wales; together THE opinion of thy medical readers with the Return of Lidings under on a question now happily interesting to the value of 150l. per annum; made almost every family, being requested by A. D. 1808 to the Governors of Queen a correspondent (vol. iv. p. 487), I beg Ann's Bounty, by the Archbishops and leave to offer the following coup de plumic Bishops of their respective Dioceses."

in reply.

Among the thousands that it annually

falls to iny lot to vaccinate, it happens Dioceses.

that some have already abscesses or eruptions upon them, which render there

at the time insusceptible of vaccination, St. Asaph

At the place of applying the vaccine. Bangor

107

ichor, inflainmation, sometimes a little

57 Bath and Wells

vesication and discharge of matter are Bristol

speedily produced, and very soon passCanterbury

267

away. This fugitive affection is not the Carlisle

cow-pock. The parent is informed that Chester

230 101 377

the child at the time is iosusceptible of Chichester

77 it, and also of the small-pox inoculation. St. David's

308 120 347 I have witnessed the effects of inocuDurham

87 77 lation with such matter, and of such'inEly

14) 75 721 oculations being continued from subject Exeter

to sabject. They produced only their Gloucester

267) 125 like. The effects, in every instance, were Hereford

transient and superficial. Llandaff

177 98 145 Litchfield and Coventry

When the eruption is got rid of, the Lincoln

subject is vaccinated without difficulty.

12551 577) 530 London

Sometimes subjects affected as above

622) 189 79 Norwich

1121 385 272

are found susceptible of vaccination. Oxford

971

The perfect pock is produced in the ordi-, Peterborough

77

pary way. I inoculate from it without Rochester

95

hesitation. It produces its like. Salisbury

544 109 118 Contrary to the opinion of some of the Winchester

83 deceased, and of others of the yet living Worcester

72 69 adherents of Dr. Jenner, I find that in 411 all the ordinary cases of vaccination the

ichor may be used at any period with Total

19769|3292|3998 success, though it is most certainly active Miember not

when taken early. I do not mean that Per Annum. wreceding

it produces any effect different from that L. L.10

12

produced by the ichor taken at' a later 72

period. The effect is the same in every 30

191

case of vaccination. The surgeon of 353

Buonaparte, when accompanying him on 40

433

the capture of Vienna, acting upon that 407 favourite apophthegm of his compatriot 70

376

sarang-La veritable Science ne connoit New MONTHLY MAG.-No. 26.

VOL. V.

P

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20

10 to
20
30

40 50

00

30 60

106

Dr. Walker on Vaccine Inoculation. [March 1, point des ennemis, informed me by let. would at once cease to he under its little ter, that by breaking the crust or scab morbific effect. It would presently heal. which he had preserved, and dissolving Thus then vaccination is frequently it in water, he was enabled to inoculate instrumental in carrying off bad humours; with it. In India, where vaccination is it does not produce them. more extensively carried on than in any Perhaps I have not yet with sufficient other part of the world, they succeed in distinctness replied io the inquiry of preserving the vaccine ichor in an active C. F. Webb; I furtlier offer hu, then, state in this encrusted forın when other the following opinion. It appears to me modes utterly fail them; and by letter that—when at the place of insertion of last week from the hot climate of Rio the lancet, whether in the inoculation of Janeiro, I am informed they have suc- the small-pox or of the cow-pock, a discessful recourse to the same mode of tinct, the proposed, or true. eruption is keeping up vaccination.

produced, the inserted virus, in produce In subjects affected, as already men- ing such effect, is engaged in a work, tioned, from which I hesitate not to ino- whether acting upon fibres, nerves, res. culate, the character of the previous sels, or their contained fluids, that would eruption seems determined to the place efftctually prevent the entrance of bad of inoculation, after the prophylactic ef. humours into the system, even the fect of vaccination has been completed. venom of a viper if the laucet bad been It is mostly completed about the tenth besineared by it. day, as is manifested by that certain cri- I mean by this statement suppositions terion, the induration and inflammation that raccination and variolation are at the part, forming in whites a crimson works so distinct, that legun, carried on, areola, in blacks, an areola of jet. The and completed in the constitution, they passive business of the pock becoming admit not any other disease to mingle concreted into a scab of a peculiar ap- with them. They only shew themselves pearance (in colour like a tamarind near relatives to each other. While stone) does not take place; a discharge they uniformly arresi, during their preis set up which prevents it: the arms sence, the progress of other diseases, as become and continue sore till every re- ot' meazles, chicken-pox, scarlauna, they sidue of the previous eruption is com- exist sometimes and go au topeiber, eaclı pletely sweft away. Subjects previously diminishing the effect of its-sister disease. troubled with discharges from the ears, Even in this condition of the subjeet, or with eyes so tender as not to be able variola and vaccina are so distinctly see to endure the light, are often in this way parate from each other, that the prac etfectually relieved; and when children titioner may demand of the candidate of this description are brought to me, I for inoculation: Utrum horum and apfind it not difficult to assure the r.others plying bis lancet to the pock of the one that my wish is benevolent when I bope or the other, he will produce only the one to give their children very sorc arins, distinct disease. and that the sores may be long continued. I have mentioned the circumstance of

Sometimes on turning up the sleeve of my inoculating, without hesitation, from a child to examine it and to inoculate a patient in whom there will eventually from it, that modification or change at be determination of ihe character of a the inoculated part which I have been previous eruption to the inoculated part; deseribing has begun. What's the mat- and thy correspondent may be very ter with this child ?'—Nothing, sir,' re- fairly apprehensive, that in continuing plies the parent,' only it has an eruption to take the matter of inoculation too under its cap, an abscess on its neck,' vel long from such subject, we may at length cretera. I certainly do not inoculate unknowingly insert bud humours loveiher from it. Such operation I know might with tliegenuine vaccine ichor. I think produce inflammation, a little vesication I hate seen the effect of such inoculation; and discharge of matter, effects transient and the relating of it, I trust, may comand superficial. If the morbid actions plete my attempt to entirely obviate and thus set up by the insition of the im- clear up every doubt of thy correspone, proper matter from the diseased subject deot. who had gone through the vaccinacion In a day or two after inoculating a should seem lingering, the inoculation of soldier (it was in Asia) on examining his the genuine matter, on whatever part of arm, I found the fugitive affection althe body, would soon bring the whole ready, described to have taken place. skin under its influence. The part where There was considerable inflammation the improper matter had been applied with discharge of natter. - It was two or

1816.) Mr. Taylor on an original Letter of Mrs. Wollstonecraft. 107 three days more before I could reinocu. When France by myriads pour'd her laroless late kin. By this tiine, however, the

sons, vaccme venor naa produced the pock More fierce than Goths, than Alans, or than

Huns. which went on to perfection in the usual way, the previous superficial inflamma. Manor-place, Walworlh. Thos. 'TAYLOR. tory affection subsiding, so that reinoculation had become unnecessary.

MY DEAR MADAM,
Fare-

I received a letter yesterday which you well.

were so obliging as to forward. I must own 9 j. 1816.

I was a little mortified at your not writing a P.S. The following extract from the line with it, tho' I hardly could expect proceedings of the most experienced such a favor, after my seeming neglect in body in vaccination any where existing, not answering your last friendly epistle. And way shew their opinion on the life-pre- as it would vex me to lose any part of your serving practice.

good opinion, I am in a hurry to exculpate “ Bond-court, Walbrook, want of either time or inclination; but merely

myself, and to assure you that it was not the March 4, 1807. an accident that prevented my writing. As " At a B ard of Medical Assistants and Mr. Taylor is confined to a regimen, I wishAppointed Inoculacors of the London Vac. ed to have sent him a couple of chickens, in cire Institution, convened for the purpose of order to regale his animal soul, and to invipreparing a Report :o the general Inquiries gorate his vegetable one. The intelleri I of the Royal College of Physicians, appoint- know has a continual treat; but, (contrary ed by his Majesty to investigate the subject to the general practice,) poor body is by him of Vaccination,

neglected. He really uses it very cruelly, “li was concluded on after a deliberate not allowing it a sufficient recruit of rest and consideration of the facts, &c.

sleep. I hope he attends minutely to Dr. " ist, That the Vaccine Inoculation, when Lettsom's prescriptions, and I sincerely wish properly conducted, is a practice peculiarly they may have the desired effect, and sesafe in itselt, producing a disease which is

move his disease, and your care. It would generally mild in its synptoms, of transient give Frances and myself the greatest pleasure duration, and as perfectly efficacious in pro

tu be, in the smallest degree, instrumental recting from the Small Pox, as is the vario in bringing about so desirable an event, and lous disease itself, in preventing its own we should in our turn, thank our “Guardian future occurrence.

Angels" for directing us to you. I hope, and * 2n41. That it is also a practice so simple believe Mr. Taylor takes care of himself, and evident in its effects that mistakes can

and above all, that he does not set up late at hardly occur in it, except through extreme night, tell him, I shall think him destitute ignorance or neglect, and that even on this of both friendship and affection, if he negaccount it is much to be preferred to the lects any method of regaining health. I had Small Pox, wbich is sometimes strongly almost forgot the chickens, they are feeding resembled by other çutaneous diseases."

in the yard, and the servant tells me, they It may not bcui interesting to some of are not yet fat enough to kill, so they must thy readers to add, that all applicants enjoy the vital air a little longer ; but when by letter, post paid, addressed to me, are they are fit for the spit, I shall send their supplied by return of post with the mat. bodies to you, and the souls may go where kr of jonoculation, free of expense. they please.

I have heard several times from Miss

Blood, and in her first letter she enclosed a HR, EDITORE

note to you, I send it to you, it will, r As many of the readers of your enter- suppose, give you some account of her

health ; but her cold still I find continues to taming miscellany will doubtless be gra

tease her and if it does not soon leave her tified by the perusal of any thing which I shall set off for W-Green, and try to was written by the celebrated Mrs.

nurse it away, Wollstonecraft, I send you the following The weather is so extremely cold, I can letter lur insertion. It was written by harlly stir out, yet you may expect to see her to my wife, between thirty and forty me, very soon, í sball be glad to steal from years ago, and at the period when in a

nonsense and parade to your fire-side, and situation particularly adverse to philoso- hope to find Ms. Taylor much better. Re. ply, I began to study the writings of member me to him, and say something very Aristotle and Piaro. At the time she civil tor me, in your own prerry way. I wrote this letter her mind had not been should be very happy to see him if the walk poisoned by those deinocratic principles would not be too fatiguing. kuid that resolutionary philosophy which

My sister's compliments attend you, as do alterwards proved so fatal 19 tier, and 30

the best wishes of your affectionate friend, destructise to Europe“.

Rotherhithe, Nov, 9. M.Woulstoneckart.

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