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An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volumen 1
Vista completa - 1835
An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volumen 2
Vista completa - 1835
according advantageous afford agriculture altogether America ancient annual balance bank become bounty Britain bullion called capital carried cent CHAPTER cities coin colonies commerce commodities consequence considerable considered consumed continually corn cultivation demand distant duties East employed employment encouragement England English equal established Europe exchange expense exportation farmer favour five foreign France French frequently give gold and silver granted greater hundred importation improvement increase industry inhabitants interest Italy kind labour land less maintain manner manufactures means merchants monopoly naturally necessarily necessary never occasion ordinary otherwise paid particular perhaps person Portugal possible pounds present probably produce profit prohibition proportion proprietor purchase quantity raising receipt regulations render respect seems sell shillings slaves sometimes sort subsistence sufficient supply supposed surplus thing town trade wealth whole
Página 285 - Consumption is the sole end and purpose of all production; and the interest of the producer ought to be attended to, only so far as it may be necessary for promoting that of the consumer.
Página 320 - According to the system of natural liberty, the sovereign has only three duties to attend to; three duties of great importance, indeed, but plain and intelligible to common understandings: first, the duty of protecting the society from the violence and invasion of other independent societies; secondly the duty of protecting, as far as possible, every member of the society from the injustice or oppression of every other member of it, or the duty of establishing an exact administration of justice;...
Página 66 - What is the species of domestic industry which his capital can employ, and of which the produce is likely to be of the greatest value, every individual, it is evident, can, in his local situation, judge much better than any statesman or lawgiver can do for him.
Página 67 - ... would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit to exercise it.
Página 53 - By means of it, the narrowness of the home market does not hinder the division of labour in any particular branch of art or manufacture from being carried to the highest perfection. By opening a more extensive market for whatever part of the produce of their labour may exceed the home consumption, it encourages them to improve its productive powers, and to augment its annual produce to the utmost, and thereby to increase the real revenue and wealth of society
Página 67 - The statesman, who should attempt to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals, would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself...
Página 63 - Every individual is continually exerting himself to find out the most advantageous employment for whatever capital he can command. It is his own advantage, indeed, and not that of society, which he has in view. But the study of his own advantage naturally or, rather, necessarily leads him to prefer that employment which is most advantageous to the society.
Página 155 - The natural effort of every individual to better his own condition, when suffered to exert itself with freedom and security, is so powerful a principle, that it is alone, and without any assistance, not only capable of carrying on the society to wealth and prosperity, but of surmounting a hundred impertinent obstructions with which the folly of human laws too often encumbers its operations...
Página 155 - That security which the laws in Great Britain give to every man that he shall enjoy the fruits of his own labour, is alone sufficient to make any country flourish, notwithstanding these and twenty other absurd regulations of commerce ; and this security was perfected by the revolution, much about the same time that the bounty was established.