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MR. Newbery begs leave to recommend these and the subsequent Volumes to the young Gentlemen and Ladies who have read his little Books. In those he attempted to lead the young Pupil to a Love of Knowledge, in these he has endeavoured to introduce him to the Arts and Sciences, where all useful Knowledge is contained. This may be said, he apprehends, without depreciating the Classics, which are ever to be held in Esteem, but are to be esteemed principally for being the Keys of Literature, and for disclosing to us the Taste and Wisdom of the Ancients.
The Reader will perceive that a very free Use has been made of the Works of many Authors, and the Nature of the Subject required it; for it is in Criticism, as in Life, one good Example is worth many Precepts.
The Examples here collected from different Books will give no Offence, it is hoped, either to the Authors or Proprietors; for, whatever may be the Fate of these Volumes, they can neither depreciate the Merit of those Books, nor anticipate their Sale; but will, we apprehend, have a contrary Effect.
In some Parts of the Work, and especially towards the latter End, Sentiments and Reflections will be found which may appear, perhaps, singular; but, it is presumed, they will not on that account be thought impertinent. They are generally concerning Things with which Learning has little to do, but where Nature herself is to be consulted, and here no Preeminence is to be claimed in Consequence of a superior Education; since every Man can best feel how he is affected.
Whatever Value these Reflections and Observations may have, the Examples introduced will always have their Merit, and will, we hope, lead the young Student to a careful perusal of the Volumes from whence they are extracted.
INTRODUCTION Page i
Of the Origin of Poetry a Of Music and Dancing 3 The Intention of these perverted 4 Of the Structure of Englijb Verse, and of Rhyme 8 Of the several sorts of Englijb Verses 10 Of the Elisions allowed in Englijb Poetry, with Miscellaneous Remarks 14 Of the Beauty of Thought in Poetry 18 Thoughts in Poetry may be just without being true 19 Of sublime Thoughts, with Examples so Of agreeable or beautisul Thoughts, with Examples 17 Of delicate Thoughts, with Examples 36 Of Humour 37 Of brilliant Thoughts, with Examples 38 Of hunting down a Thought, and its bad Esfects 40 Of the Style of Poetry 41 The Disference between the Style of Poetry and Prose ibid. Of Epithets, Tropes and Figures, and their use 43 The Latitude given to Epithets by SZuintilian and Rollin is too great ibid. When Epithets may be admitted with Propriety ibid. Of Compound Epithets ibid. Epithets to be used sparingly when the Passions are concerned ibid. None are found in the asfecting Oration which Shakespeare puts into the Mouth of Mark Authony 44 Tropes and Figures best learned by reading the Poets and polite Authors 45 Of the Metaphor, the Simile and the Description 46 Many Figures may be resolved into the Description 47 Of the various Sorts of Style ibid. The Sublime Style 48 The Plain Style 50
How the Passions are best e^preis'd 53
On an Epigram ibid.
On Master who died of a lingering Illness, by Mr.