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is too well known, and too much admired, to need onr commendation.
Here continueth to rot The Body of FRANCIS CHARTRES, Who with an Inflexible Constancy, And Inimitable Uniformity of Lise, Persisted, In spite of Age and Infirmities, In the Practice of Every Human Vice, Excepting Prodigality and Hypocrisy: His infatiable Avarice exempted him from the sirst. His matchless Impudence from the second. Nor wa» he more singular In the undeviating Pravity of his Manneri, Than successsul In Accumulating Wealth: For, without Trade or Profession, Without Trust of Public Money, And without Bribe-worthy Service, He acquired, or more properly created,
A Ministerial Estate. He was the only Person of his Time Who could Cheat without the Mask of Honesty, Retain his Primæval Meanness When posiefs'd of Ten Thousand a year; And having daily deserved the Giebet sor what he did. Was at last condemn'd to it for what he could not da. Oh Indignant Reader f Think not his Lise useless to Mankind; Providence conniv'd at his execrable Designs,. To give to After-ages A conspicuous Proof and Example, Of how small Estimation is Exorbitant Wealth
in the Sight of GOD, By his bestowing it on the most Unworthy of All Mortals.
This fort of Epitaph may also admit of humour and ridicule, as will appear by the following on a boon companion who is supposed to have lost his lise to obtain his friend a borough,
An Epitaph on Mr. Dove, an Apothecary; who unfortunately murder id himself by canvassing at ElecliJns.
Sequester'd from the various calamities of lise,
A warm patriot,
We (hall conclude this species of poetry with a droll and fatirical Epitaph written by Mr. Popt, which we transcribed from a monument in Lord Cobbatns gardens at Strut
To the Memory
An Italian of good Extraction;
In his old Age he retired to the House of a Clergyman in the Country, where he sinished his earthly Race, and died an Honour and an Example to the who'.e Species. Reader,
This Stone is guiltless of Flattery,
Os tbl E l E C Y.
TH E E/egy is a mournful and plaintive, but yet a sweet and engaging kind of poem. It was sirst invented to bewail the death of a friend, and afterwards us'd to express the complaints of lovers, or any other dolesul and melancholy subject. In process of time not only matters of grief, but joy, wishes, prayers, expostulations, reproaches, admonitions, and almost every other subject, were admitted into Elegy} however, suneral lamentations and affairs of love seem most agreeable to its character.
The plan of an Elegy, as indeed of all other poem% ought to be made before a line is written; or else the author will ramble in the dark, and his verses have no dependance on each other. . No epigrammatic paints or conceits, none of those fine things which most people are so sond of in every sort of poem, can be allow'd in this, but must give place to nobler beauties, those of Nature and the Passions. Elegy rejects whatever is facetious, fatirica', or majestic, and is content to be plain, decent, and unaffected; yet in this humble state is she sweet and engaging, elegant and attractive. This poem is adorn'd with frequent commiseration!, complaints, exclamation/, addresses to things or perjons, short and proper digressions, allusions, comparisons, prosopopœias or seigned persons, and sometimes with short descriptions. The diction ought to be free srom any harshness; neat, easy, perspicuous, expressive of the manners, tender, and pathetic; and the numbers should be smooth and stowing, and captivate the ear with their uniform sweetness and delicacy.
For an example of a good and mournsul Elegy, I shall insert one written by Mr. Pope, which will give the reader a just idea of the tender and plaintive character of this kind of poem.
To the memory os an unfortunate Lady.
What beck'ning ghost along the moonlight shade Invites my step, and point* to yonder glade?
'Tis she! but why that bleeding bosom gor'd?
Why dimly gleams the visionary sword i
Why bade ye else, ye Pow'rs! her foul aspire
From these perhaps (ere nature bade her die)
But thou, false guardian of a charge too good,