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very day whereon the above-mentioned edition of Jutius's Letters was "published, he brought home with him a copy of the same book, and presented it to her with the kindest animation in his face; and that, in look. ing over the pages, she was much struck at seeing some anecdotes of lord Irnham, Miss Davis, and Mr. Nisbet, one of her guardians, which she had communicated in confidence to Mr. Boyd, and which she knew had been very studiously kept secret by the parties concerned.* Tenthly, She finally says, that she repeatedly told Mr. Boyd that she had strong suspicions he was Junius; but, to aŭ she said on that subject, he was totally silent.' • But Mr. Chalmers adduces the still more conclusive evidence of Boyd himself; which, if the confessor is to be believed, and if the reporter is to be confided in, seems to put the matter beyond all possibility of question.
We are now arrived at the last step of this concatenation of evidence. When the jury has heard all the previous circumstances of a criminal case, what remains for their decision, when the confession of the culprit is laid before them? Mons. Bonnecarrere, late minister plenipoteatiary, director-general of the foreign department, under Louis XVI, being sent on a confidential mission to India, became acquainted with Hugh Boyd, at Madras, in 1785: and going afterwards to Calcutta, Bonnecarrere, instead of being treated as a spy, was received into the house of Sir John Macpherson, with all the good-nature and genuine hospitality which is so natural to that admirable man. Here Hugh Boyd joined him, during the same year; when the familiarity between Bonnecarrere and Boyd was carried up to friendship. It was in this residence, and on that occasion, that Hugh Boyd made a confidential declaration to Bonnecarrere, on condition that he should not reveal the secret to the governor-general of Bengal, nor to any one else, during Boyd's life, that he was the real author of Junius's Letters.' M. Bonnecarrere seems to have acted honourably towards Boyd. He kept this secret, which was so important to Boyd, tiil he was assured that the author of Junius was no more, and could neither be injured by his unfaithfulness, nor vexed by his garrulity. He made the first mention of the secret to the respectable character, in whose hospitable mansion the interesting trust was reposed in him. M. Bonnecarrere has recently publighed a solemn declaration of the same fact in Le Journal des Debats. But I do not perceive that he has added any material fact in addition to the important secret which he revealed in 1802 to Sir John Macpherson; except giving a sort of narrative of the manner in which he became acquainted with Boyd, and the mode how their acquaintance, by various attentions, was carried up to friendship.'
To these testimonies may be added that of John Almod, a bookseller, in Piccadilly.
• The next witness whom I will call, is John Almon, who knew many anecdotes of many men, while he acted as a bookseller in Piccadilly; and he says, “ that during October, 1769, a meeting of the proprietors of The London Evening Post, being held at the Queen's Arms, St. Paul's Church yard, Mr. Woodfall, the printer of the Public Advertiser, was present; when there was a conversation concerning newspapers, and other such topics, in the course of which something was remarked that caught Mr. Woodfall's attention: and he immediately said," he had letter from Junius in his pocket, which he had just received, wherein there was a
• Those anecdotes were introduced into and upon Junius's Letter, No. LXVII, dated the 27th of November, 1771, being the last letter addressed to the duke of Grafton.
passage that related to the subject before them, and he would read it.” This letter consisted of three or four sheets of foolscap; and while Mr. Woodfall was reading one sheet, the other sheets lay on the table; and I saw them, in common with the company then present, but did not take them into my hands: the moment I saw the hand-writing, I had a strong suspicion that it was Mr. Boyd's, whose hand-writing I knew, having received several letters from him concerning books. I took no potice of the matter at that moment; but the next time that Mr. Boyd called on me, (for he was in the babit of frequently calling at my house in Piccadilly,) I said to him, that I had seen a part of one of Junius's letters in manuscript, which I believed was his hand-writing: he changed colour instantly; and, after a short pause, said, the similitude of hand-writing is not a conclusive fact (proof.] These were the first grounds of my suspicion.
• Almon says, secondly, that Junius always speaks handsomely of Lord Temple; praising his “ firinness, perseverance, patriotism and virtue.” And Almon adds, from his own knowledge, that, whenever Mr. Boyd spoke of Lord Temple, it was always in similar terms.
• Almon says, thirdly, that during the whole time the prosecutions were going on against the printer and publishers of Junius's Letter to the King, Mr. Boyd never once called upon me, which I could not help observing; because, before this time, he commonly called twice or thrice a week; and I thought it not less remarkable, that after the prosecution was totally at an end, he resumed his foriner custom.
• Almon says, fourthly, what is material to his couclusion of Boyd being the writer of Junius, that during the publication of Junius's letters, the writer must have resided on the spot: and that no gentleman of rank and fashion would live three complete years [January, 1769, to January, 1772] in London, for the sake of writing political letters, and answering anony. mous antagonists. Almon further says, that though Junius's letters had been ascribed to many persons, yet none of them were hurt by the imputation, because it was false; but when Junius was only attributed to Mr. Boyd by inference, Mr. and Mrs. Boyd immediately took the alarm. Almon moreover, says, that he knows that the Whig was also written by Mr. Boyd; and he had heard very good judges say, that there are passagens in the Whig equal in force and eloquence to any thing in the writings of Junius.
Almon, finally, says, that he had no doubt of Mr. Boyd's being the author of these letters; that H. S. Woodfall, the first printer of them, never knew the author of Junius; and as he never knew who was, he could not undertake to assert who was not the author.'
In a few days will be published, part the first of Pompeiana, being observations on the topography, edifices, and ornaments of Pompeii, with six engravings, from drawings made on the spot, by Sir W. Gell and J.P. Gandy, Esq.
The second edition of Mr. Murray's Elements of Chymical Science, is in the press, and will be forthwith published. This edition will contain a succinct and lucid view of those important and beautiful discoveries, which have illuminated the rapid and brilliant march of chymistry.
The Rev. Hugh Pearson's Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the Rev. Claudius Buchanan, D. D. will appear early in March.
The Society of Friends have established in London a second society, against was, founded on their peculiar theological opinions--not merely against wars of aggression, passion, or ambition, but against wars even in self-defence. We abhor the wicked custom of war too much to differ in regard to the terms in which the abhorrences are expressed by any set of men-but, while there are wolves in the world, we much doubt the wisdom of playing the part of lambs, unprepared and unwilling to defend ourselves. The original society have published three Tracts, at threepence each, which are enjoying, as they merit, extensive circulation.
A new and greatly enlarged edition, by the author of the Rev. Rowland Hill's Village Dialogues, is in the press, and will be completed in twenty- . four numbers.
At press, Annual Biography and Obituary, with Silhouette Portraits, containing, 1. Memoirs of those celebrated men, who have died within the year 1816. 2. Neglected Biography, with biographical notices and anecdotes, and original letters. 3. Analyses of recent biographical works. 4. An alphabetical list of persons who have died within the British dominions, so as to form a work for reference, both now and hereafter.
Major Rennell will soon publish, in a quarto volume, Illustrations of the History of the Expedition of the Younger Cyrus, and Retreat of the Ten Thousand Greeks, with explanatory maps.
Mr. J. M. Kinneir is preparing a journey through Asia Minor, Armenia, and Kurdistan, in 1813 and 1814, with remarks on the marches of Alexander, and the retreat of the Ten Thousand.
Miss Edgeworth has a volume of Comic Dramas in the press.
Speedily will be published, the Annual Register; or, a View of the History, Politics, and Literature, for the Year 1808, being the eighth volume of a new series. In one large volume. The volume for 1797, in continuation of the former series, will also be published about the same time; in which, among much other important matter, will be found a more full and authentic account than has hitherto appeared, of French affairs, from the autumn of 1795 to that of 1797.
At press, an Abridgment of Universal History, commencing with the creation, and carried down to the peace of Paris in 1763, in which the descent of all nations from their common ancestor is traced, the course of colonization is marked, the progress of the arts and sciences noticed, and the whole story of mankind is reviewed, as connected with the moral government of the world, and the revealed dispensation. By the Rev. E. W. Whitaker, rector of St. Mildred's, Canterbury. In 4 vols. 4to. 81. 8s.
The late Professor Robinson's System of Mechanical Philosophy, with notes and illustrations by Dr. Brewster, is printing, in four octavo volumes, with numerous plates.
In the course of this month will appear, the Speeches of Charles Phillips, Esq. delivered at the Bar, and on Various Public Occasions, in Ireland and England. In 8vo. This volume is edited by Mr. Phillips bimself, and is the only publication of his speeches authorized by him.
In the course of February will be published, a Description of the People of India; with particular reference to their separation into casts; the influence of their civil policy and domestic superintendence; their idolatry and religious ceremonies; and the various singularities of customs, habits, and observances, which distinguish them from all other nations: taken from a diligent observation and study of the people, during a residence of many years among the various tribes, in unrestrained intercourse and conformity with their habits and manner of life. By the Abbé J. A. Dubois, missionary in the Mysore. In 4to.
An Edinburgh Monthly Magazine is about to be commenced; the first number will appear early in April.
Mr. John Scott will soon publish the House of Mourning, a poem, with some smaller pieces.
T. S. Raffles, Esq. late lieutenant-governor of Java, has in the press, in a quarto volume, an Account of the Island of Java, illustrated by a map and numerous plates.
An Examination of the Objections made in Britain against the Doctripes of Gall and Spurzheim. By J. G. Spurzheim, M. D. 8vo. 28.
The Literary Gazette and Journal of the Belles Lettres, a large sheet, containing sixteen pages, price 1s. to be continued regularly every Saturday, and sent by the newsmen, free of postage, to all parts of the king. dom.
Letters from Almora announce that captain Webb, surveyor in Humaoon, bad crossed the snowy inountains, and penetrated into part of Tartary. He met with a Tartar chief, and hoped to continue his researches uninterrupted.
The rajah of Burdwan has generously contributed 12,000 rupees to the establishment of the Hindu College. The business of this institution proceeds without interruption, and is likely to be attended with success.
It is a singular circumstance, that none of the almanacs notice the now returning direction of the magnetic needle towards the north. In the year 1657 it pointed due north, but it has been one hundred and sixty years increasing in declination westward; last year it attained a declension of twenty-five, and then became stationary, and it is now receding back again to the north.
One of our fellow-citizens, M. Von Synghel, bas employed nine years of intense study, for the purpose of finding out some method of simplifying arithmetical calculations, and has succeeded, in the most complicated rules, in decomposing, producing, and reducing in one minute, and by means of a dozen figures, operations which required hours, and whole columns of almost unintelligible fractions. His method is applicable to money of all kinds.-Ghent.
On the first of March will be published at Paris, Annales Encyclopediques, vol 1, to be continued every two months, edited by Professor Millin, of the Institute, &c. This work may be considered either as a new work, or as a continuation of Le Magazin Encyclopedique, which was suspended last summer, on account of the stamp-duty on all periodical works under twenty sheets. The same law still operates. To avoid its hateful operation, the Chevalier Millin proposes publishing two numbers in one, at intervals of two months; and, as the Magazin Encyclopedique was already very voluminous, he has deemed it better to make a slight change in the title; but the principles of the work and its nature will be the same; the plan, indeed, will be more extensive,-it will contain ac. counts of all new discoveries in the arts, sciences, and literature; the proceedings of learned societies in every part of the world; literary essays and correspondence on all subjects, excepting the exact sciences, as geometry, mathematics, &c. The price, delivered iu Paris, is six francs (five shillings) each volume, but the subscription must be for a year or 30s.
Most interesting Drawings.-On the sailing of the French expedition for Egypt, from Malta, under Bonaparte, the fleet was intentionally dispersed in order to arrive without being noticed; they had no sooner left Malta, than they learned that Admiral Nelson had penetrated their design, and was in pursuit of them. Expecting every hour to be come up with, and being too weak to risk a combat, it was the resolution of Bonaparte . and the rest of the illustrious persons on board l'Orient to blow her up, rather than be taken prisoners; but, that the memory of those who per
ished might be preserved, and their features known by posterity, Bonaparte caused the portraits of eighteen to be taken on two sheets of paper, which were to be rolled up, put in bottles, and committed to the waves; the names of the persons are, (first drawing,)-Dessaix, (dead;) Bonaparte; Berthier, (dead;) Caffarelli, (dead;) Kleber, (dead;) Brueys, (dead;) Dolomieu, (dead;) Monge; Berthollet. Second drawing-Rampon; Murat, (dead;) Junot, (dead;) Lasnes, (dead;) Reynier, (dead;) Belliard; Des. genettes; Snulkanski, (dead;) Larrey. Thus, of the eighteen, eleven are now no more; the portraits are executed in medallions in Indian ink, and now ornament the study of Baron Larrey, at Paris.
There has been lately found, in a temple at Pompeia, a stone, on which are'engraved the linear measures of the Romans.
The exhibition of recent works of British artists at the Gallery of the British Institution, in Pall Mall, is on the whole less attractive this year than usual. There are two hundred and forty-two subjects; but the walls are thinly covered, and some of the large pictures would be considered unworthy of any private gallery. At the same time, there are a few pleasing or good pictures; and, in regard to the others, probably the spirit of artists suffers in the general stagnation of patronage and industry, owing to the taxes, consequent on certain wars of questionable justice and necessity. It must be admitted that an exhibition, in which there are two subjects by WILKIE, cannot be devoid of interest; and his Pedlar and Sheep-washing, are deserved favourites in these rooms: the latter, in particular, exhibits new and very pleasing powers of the artist. There is besides a picture, exquisite in design and execution, by CARSE, representing a field preacher among a congregation of sighing souls, in a Scottish village. Two cottage subjects by Jones, promised increased reputation to the artist; and two or three rustic pieces by COLLINS, are worthy of his established renown. A view, by CHALONS, of the concourse of boats surrounding the Bellerophon, well records that sufrage of an intelligent people; while the deficiency of battle pieces, proves the return of moral sentiments, at least among our artists. Raphael and La Fornarina by FRADELLE, a Farmer's Family by MASQUERIER, and a view of this Gallery by STEPHENOFF, Evening by Martin, and a Dutch Passage-boat by POWELL, are highly creditable to the several artists. As the exbibition includes subjects for sale, novelty is not exclusively a recommendation to a place in it; there are, consequently, many pictures found here which appeared in the last exhibition of the Academy, of which we do not affect to speak. The sculptures are unworthy of notice. On the whole, we are sorry to be obliged to infer, from this display, that, for want of suitable patronage, the arts, as compared with years of greater public prosperity, are on the decline; but we hope the causes and the effect will be teinporary.-Month. Mag.