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A college was founded, in Rhode Island, in 1764; and was afterwards called Brown University, from Nicholas Brown, Esq. who made it a donation of $5000. It was first located at Warren,---but was afterwards transferred to Providence. It has, at present, a good philosophical apparatus---and a library of about 3000 volumes. There are professorships of law---of the oriental languages---of logic and moral philosophy---of anatomy and surgery---of chymistry and of botany and materia medica. A majority of its corporation are baptists; and the number of its students is not far either way from 100. The list of presidents embraces the Rev. Dr. Manning, the Rev. Jonathan Maxcy, D. D. and the Rev. Asa Messer, S. T. D. LL. D. A law was passed several years ago to support schools at the public charge; but was very soon annulled, in consequence, we believe, of its unpopularity;
So long ago as the year 1654 an attempt was made to found acollege in Connecticut; and it was indeed a part of her original constitution to have a connected system of literary institutions from the lowest to the highest.
• Mr. Davenport (says president Stiles in his Judges of King Charles I.-a book with which we shall make our readers more acquainted with in the next number) brought forward the institution of a college, to which the town of New-Haven made a donation of lands and meadows, distinguished to this day by the name of Col. lege Land. Upon a donation to this college in New-Haven of perhaps four or five hundred pounds sterling, by governor Hopkins, who died in London 1656, which donation was procured by the correspondence of governor Faton and Mr. Davenport with Mr. Hopkins, the General Assembly erected the Colony School into a College for teaching the three learned languages, Latin, Greek, and Hebrew;' and for the education of youth in good literature, to fit them for public service in church and commonwealth;' and settled 401. a year out of the Colony treasury upon the preceptor or rector, besides the salary from New-Haven school, with 1001. for a library. Mr. Davenport took the care of the Colony School for several years; until the Trustees, with the Magistrates and Ministers, in 1660, established the Rev. Mr. Peck in it, according to act of the Assembly; who undertook and proceeded in it, teaching the learned languages and the sciences. But the convulsions of the times, the dissolution of the colony in 1664, the discouragements Mr. Peck met with for want of proper support, and the removal of Mr. Davenport from New-Haven to Boston in 1667, broke up the college-and left this well begun literary institution to go out and terminate in a public grammar school, upheld in this town, and holding the Hopkins' funds, and the other endowments of college estate, to this day. Yale College is a different institution, and not at all built upon the foundation of go
this first college, which became extinct in 1664, and especially long before 1700, when the present college was founded at Saybrook, and before 1717, when it was removed and settled in New-Haven.'
It acquired the present name from Elihu Yale, Esq., its chief benefactor. The corporation consists of the president, the vernor of the state, six of his assistants, together with ten clergymen: it has but four professorships,-one of divinity-one of mathematics and natural philosophy-one of languages and ecclesiastical history-and one of chymistry and mineralogy:* the number of students is generally from two hundred and seventy to three hundred; and the library contains about six thousand volumes. The philosophical and chymical apparatus are complete; and it has in its charge a most brilliant mineralogical cabinet of twenty-four thousand specimens--besides a smaller collection of its own, amounting to about two thousand five hundred more. Education at Yale College has heretofore been too much devoted to the mathematics. Of late years, however, the system has undergone some material alterations; and, if the same spirit of salutary innovation continues, it will not be long before the belles lettres will receive their adequate proportion of study. The Collecteana Græca Minora, as well as the first volume of the Majora, have already been introduced; and one or two new Latin authors also, are now included in their routine of study. Webber's mathematics have formerly been used; but Professor Day is now publishing a new system of his own, which is to supersede the old, in Yale College and perhaps in Harvard. In other respects, the plan of education in both these seminaries is very nearly the same. Three thousand young men have already been educated at the former; five sixths of whom, our readers will be surprised to learn, belonged to the single state of Connecticut. The theological doctrines of Yale College are Calvinistic,—those of Harvard are Arian; and accordingly such parents in either Connecticut or Massachusetts, as feel pretty scrupulous upon religious matters, are in the habit of sending their sons to which ever institution agrees best with their respective notions of orthodoxy. Never did any institution struggle its way into celebrity against so many pecuniary disadvantages as Yale College; for, though the legislature
* A medical institution has lately been attached to the college; so that the professorships are now a little altered from their former arrangement. There are six-one of materia medica and botany; one of the theory and practice of physic, surgery and obstetricks; one of mathematics and natural philosophy; one of chymistry, pharmacy and mineralogy; one of languages and ecclesiastical history; and one of anatomy and physiology.
have always appeared to be particularly beneficent (so far as their means would go to the schools for common educationthey have never taken any liberal measures for promoting the interests of the only college of any name in their dominions. The presidents of Yale have been:--Accessus.
Exitus. 1701 Rev. Abraham Pierson,
1707. 1719 Rev. Timothy Cutler, S. T. D.
1722. 1726 Rev. Elisha Williams,
1739. 1739 Rev. Thomas Clap,
1766. 1766 Rev. Napthali Daggett, S. T. D.
1777. 1777 Rev. Ezra Stiles, S. T. D. LL, D. 1795. 1795 Rev. Timothy Dwight, S.T. D. LL. D. 1817.
1817 Rev. Samuel Davis. In the year 1769, a college was founded in Hanover, NewHampshire ---called Dartmouth College, from the earl of Dartmouth, who was one of its chief benefactors. It is under the direction of a president and three professors ---one of civil and ecclesiastical history; one of mathematics and natural philosophy; and one of languages. The number of students is about one hundred and seventy,---besides about sixty in the grammar school, and about the same number in the medical department. There is a good philosophical and chymical apparatus; and a library of about four thousand volumes. The funds of the institution consist in eighty thousand acres of land; yielding an annual revenue of nearly $1340; which, with the tuition money make an income of about $3000. It has had but two presidents---the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, accessus 1769, exitus 1779; and the honourable John Wheelock, accessus 1779, exitus 1816.
In 1791, a college was established in Burlington, Vermont. At first a donation of $6000 for the erection of buildings and for the establishment of funds, was all the aid it received; but since that period, the legislature have granted it lands to the amount of about thirty thousand acres,---which, as they daily increase in value, must, before long, be productive of a very considerable revenue. But whatever be its revenue, it will always be prevented from gaining any great celebrity, in consequence of the juxtaposition of Middlebury College; an institution which was founded in 1800; and which, though dependent for support upon private bounty alone, is in quite a flourishing condition, and has in general about one hundred and twenty students. The Rev. Dr. Austin, and the Rev. Dr. Jeremiah Atwater, have been the only presidents of Burlington and Middlebury Colleges respectively. Many years ago, the legislature of Vermont reserved thirty-three thousand acres of land for the support of an university; and they are now taking measures for its establishment at Montpelier ---the present seat of government. Academies in almost every county,--and grammar schools in every county, have been established by law, and are supported at the public charge.
The college established at Brunswick, in the District of Maine, in 1795, received its present name from the honourable James Bowdoin, who gave the institution $10,000, and bequeathed it his own library. The state has made it a donation of five townships; which will, in time, produce a considerable revenue. The presidents have been, the Rev. Mr. Brattle, and the Rev. Dr. Appleton; and the present number of students is not far from sixty. There are seven academies in the district ---all endowed with liberal grants of land.
King's (now Columbia) College, was founded in New York, in the year 1754.* It has at present two faculties ---one of the arts, and one of physic. The funds yield a revenue of $3850; and though the number of students is by no means great, the institution is said to be in a flourishing condition. Its presidents have been the Rev. Samuel Johnson, D. D.; the Rev. Benjamin Moore, D. D.; the Rev. William Harris, D. D.; and the Rev. John Mason, D.D. In 1794, the regents of the university, as they are called---a sort of committee, instituted since the revolution, for the management of literary matters ---incorporated Union College, in Schenectady. In 1796, its funds were upwards of $42,000, besides one thousand, six hundred and four acres of land; and the legislature have since granted it a lottery of $90,000. It is under the direction of a president, and three professors ---one of mathematics and natural philosophy, and one of each of the dead languages. The Rev. Dr. John Blair Smith, was its first president; the Rev. Jonathan Maxcy, the second; and the Rev. Dr. Eliphalet Nott, the third. Hamilton College was lately established in the western part the state; and had just begun to be flourishing ---when it received a severe blow in the death of its president, the Rev. Dr. Backus.
About the year 1738, John Hamilton, Esq. the president of the Council of New Jersey, granted the charter of Princeton College. It was nine years afterwards enlarged by Governor Belcher; and has since undergone no very material alterations. The
* This was a late beginning; and the historian of the state speaks in the following terms of her early literature: • Their schools (says he) were in the lowest order; the instructors wanted instruction, and through a long and shameful neglect of all the arts and sciences, their common speech was extremely corrupt, and the evidences of a bad taste, both as to thought and language, were visible in all their proceedings, both public and private.'
corporation is composed of twenty-four persons; of whom the
Exitus. 1746 Rev. Jonathan Dickenson,
1747. 1748 Rev. Aaron Burr,
1757. 1758 Rev. Jonathan Edwards,
1758. 1758 Rev. Samuel Davis,
1760. 1761 Rev. Samuel Fenley, D. D.
1766. 1767 Rev. John Witherspoon, D. D.
1794. 1794 Rev. Samuel Stanhope Smith, D. D. 1812.
1812 Rev. Ashbel Green, D. D. In the year 1770, the ministers of the Dutch church appropriated about $1200 to the establishment of a college at NewBrunswick; which as it has always been devoted to the interests of that denomination, was lately converted into a purely theological seminary. It has a board of twenty-nine trustees; a president; a vice-president; and one professor. The students are, for the most part, the children of Dutch emigrants. The library is small,---but well selected; and the whole machinery of the school (the Rev. Dr. Livingston now presides) is under very good regulation.
There are six colleges in Pennsylvania; ---Dickenson College, at Carlisle; the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia; Franklin College, at Lancaster; Jefferson College, at Cononsburg; Washington College, seven miles from the same place; and Alleghany College, at Meadville. Dickenson College has an excellent central position. It is under the direction of forty trustees; has a principal and five professors; a good philosophical apparatus; a library of about three thousand volumes; and a revenue of considerable amount, arising from ten thousand acres of land, and $10,666 in funded certificates. It has had three presidents ---the Rev. John Nesbit, D.D.; the Rev. Dr. Davidson; and the Rev. Jeremiah Atwater, D. D. The present University of Pennsylvania resulted from the incorporation (1791) of the old institution of that name, with the college, academy, and charitable schools of Philadelphia. It is die