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kas, had so often commerced with such visitants that he un. derstood enough of English to express himself intelligibly; and an intercourse was soon established between his own subjects and the crew of the Boston. On the 15th, the captain invited his Nootkian majesty to dine on board of the ship; and afterwards dismissed him with the present of an elegant twobarrelled gun. He dined with the captain again on the 19th; and two days afterwards reciprocated his present with nine pairs of wild ducks. Unfortunately, however, he had broken one of his locks,-and as he had never heard Sancho's aphorism about gifts, he declared in the simplicity of his Indian heart, that the gun was peshak-bad. The captain retorted with the lie direct; and, after adding a few nautical epithets of opprobrium, snatched the piece from Maquina and transferred it to John, our armourer. Under this lingual flagellation the king uttered nothing; but his countenance spoke daggers; and John frequently observed him rub down his wind-pipe,—in order (as he said afterwards) to suppress his heart, which kept rising and choking him. On the morning of the 22d, the natives visited the ship as usual;—in the afternoon Maquina himself was paddled along-side; and, after smiling about with unwonted affability, invited the captain to accompany him on a fishing expedition. You love salmon'-said he much in Friendly Cove:-why not go catch some?' The captain swallowed the bait.—He ordered his yawl and jolly-boat to be hoisted out; and while he was fishing in the Cove, the steward washing on shore, and our armourer at work in the steerage, Maquina gave the signal for a simultaneous insurrection. John heard an extraordinary bustle on deck; dropped his tools,and ran up to see what was the matter: but no sooner had his head emerged from the hatch, than it was seized by one of the savages, and would have been cleft in two with an axe, if the Indian could have obtained a firm hold of his short hair. He received, as it was, a severe cut in the forehead, and fell back senseless on the cabin-floor. When he had recovered his senses, the door of the hatchway was closed; and he naturally concluded that he was only reserved to the privilege of being the last destroyed. But Maquina had ordered it otherwise. He designed from the beginning to preserve the life of the armourer,—as he knew such a workman would be of great utility in fabricating the knives, tomahawks, fish-hooks, and other implements, for which his people might have occasion. John was accordingly summoned upon deck a few moments after his recovery; and Maquina briefly told him,-in the presence of six gigantic savages, who were covered with the recent blood of his comrades, and stood ready to dye their suspended dag

gers in his own,—that he must immediately consent to become slave for life, or share the fate of those, whose heads he saw dressed in a line upon the quarter-deck. John,' said he, I speak,--you no say, No:--you say, No--daggers come.' John did not long debate which of the two to choose. His new sovereign ordered him to kiss his royal hands and feet; and then to weigh anchor and run the Boston on shore. The poor

fellow was now landed amidst the shouts of 1500 savages. It was about eight o'clock in the afternoon:--torches were lighted up in the village; men, women, and children hooped and yelled,—drummed with sticks all over the roofs and sides of their houses and it seemed as if they could not possibly make noise enough to manifest their joy for the victory. The warriors, however, felt inclined to render the triumph complete by taking the life of the armourer; and were very urgent with Maquina to deliver him into their hands. But the king peremptorily refused; and, when they became too clamorous and importunate, he caught up a club and drove them all out of doors. The queen had compassion on our captive,--patted his head,--and told him to be of good cheer. The young prince, Sat-sat-so-kis, too, seemed to take an interest in his welfare,

-or rather in the metal buttons on his coat; and, as Jewitt thought he might secure the favour of the father by reciprocating the attentions of the son, he took the little fellow on his knee, --cut off his buttons, and tied them about his neck. Such conduct was not lost upon Maquina; and he ordered Sat-sat-so-kis to sleep by the side of Jewitt,--lest his warriors should come and knife him in the course of the night. About 12 o'clock he was roused by the king, and told that there was still a white man on board of the ship; who had knocked down one of the natives, and should die early in the morning. At first he could not divine who the person was; but after wracking his memory for some time, he had an indistinct remembrance that Thompson, the sail-maker, was below a little before the attack, and that his head was not among those which he had seen on the quarter-deck. Thompson was about forty years of age,--had an old look, and might be easily made to pass for his father. In the morning, accordingly, he took the young prince by the hand and accompanied the king to the shore. When the chiefs were about to ascend the ship in order to ferrit out the refractory survivor, Jewitt took occasion to ask Maquina if he loved his son,--and Sat-sat-so-kis if he loved his father? Both answered in the affirmative:--Jewitt then rejoined, that he also loved his father; and begged Maquina, on his knees, to spare the life of the person on board the ship, if he turned out to be his father. The king was moved by his intreaties; and, as very few of his own people seemed inclined to risk the contingency of being knocked down, he sent Jewitt himself to bring the prisoner on shore. His conjectures about the survivor were well-founded; and, after giving Thompson his cue, he led him ashore, and introduced him to Maquina as his father. The chiefs were clamorous for his destruction; but the practical argument of Jewitt had fixed the king in a determination to preserve his life; and both the captives were accordingly conducted to the palace, without suffering any other indignity than that of being exulted over by a set of cowardly savages.

During the 24th and 25th the natives were busied in stripping and emboweling the ship. The captain's writing-desk was of no importance to them; and accordingly Jewitt had no difficulty in appropriating that, together with a blank accomptbook, a Bible, a Common Prayer-Book, and a collection of drawings, which he had the good fortune to find on board. The tribes of all the country round about Nootka soon heard of the Boston's capture; and in a few days began to fock to the village with dried fish and other commodities to barter for a part of the spoil. We shall at present spare the jaws of our readers; and abstain from the transcription of the unpronounceable names by which these nations are distinguished. But we must not deny them the pleasure of reading Jewitt's account of the reception which the king gave his foreign visitants:-

• Maquina, who was very proud of his new acquisition, was desirous of welcoming these visitors in the European manner. He accordingly ordered his men, as the canoes approached, to assemble on the beach with loaded muskets and blunderbusses, placing Thompson at the cannon which had been brought from the ship, and laid upon two long sticks of timber in front of the village, then taking a speaking trumpet in his hand, he ascended with me, the roof of his house and began drumming or beating upon the boards with a stick most violently. Nothing could be more ludicrous than the appearance of this motely group of savages collected on the shore, dressed as they were, with their ill-gotten finery, in the most fantastic manner, some in women's smocks, taken from our cargo, others in Kotsacks, (or cloaks) of blue, red or yellow broad-cloth, with stockings drawn over their heads, and their necks hung round with numbers of powder-horns, shot-bags, and cartouch-boxes, some of them having no less than ten muskets a-piece on their shoulders, and five or six daggers in their girdles. Diverting indeed was it to see them all squatted upon the beach, holding their muskets perpendicularly with the butt pressed upon the sand instead of against their shoulders, and in this position awaiting the order to fire. Maquina, at last, called to

them with his trumpet to fire, which they did in the most awkward and timid manner, with their muskets hard pressed upon the ground as above mentioned. At the same moment the cannon were fired by Thompson, immediately on which they threw themselves back and began to roll and tumble over the sand as if they had been shot, when suddenly springing up they began a song of triumph, and running backward and forward upon the shore with the wildest gesticulations, boasted of their exploits, and exhibited as trophies what they had taken from us.'-Pp. 48-9.

As it will be impossible to sustain the thread of the narrative throughout the whole of the article, we shall here very briefly sketch the respective characters of our captives,—and then proceed to give some account of Nootkian politics, religion, and manners.—At the time of his capture Jewitt had attained his 25th year. He is one of those ingenious, tight, sagacious little fellows, who have minds,-capacious enough, to be sure, in the total,—but divided into small capacities for all sorts of employment. He could be habile and dexterous at almost any craft;—could be all things to all men;—and slip through society of any kind without difficulty or impediment. Thompson was nearly the reverse of all this; and Maquina himself had frequent occasion to observe, that Jewitt's mother must have been extremely pacific and good-natured, since his father was so full of gruffness and hostility. He was born in Philadelphia; eloped as a cabin-boy to London, when but eight years of age; got into difficulty and engaged as an apprentice to the captain of a collier; was impressed into a man of war; continued 27 years in the service, -during which he was in lord Howe's battles with the French; and had embarked on board the Boston in hopes of making a sailor's fortune in the fur trade. He was thus trained up in the school of adversity and of hard blows. His body of indurated clay was fired by a soul which seemed to have been stolen from the gods. He was strong and athletic,--an expert boxer,--and incapable of comprehending what ordinary mortals mean by fear or danger. Jewitt resolved to conciliate and to conquer his captors, by humouring and adopting their opinions; but Thompson acknowledged no ideas in common with the savages; he could not—and would not dissemble his feelings; and whenever the natives encroached upon his dignity, they generally experienced the weight of his fist. At first they indulged the insolence of victory by taunting and abusing their captives: Jewitt expostulated with Maquina; and Thompson knocked the offenders down. Jewitt was determined to acquire the Nootkian language,—and endeavoured to make Thompson perceive the advantages of following the example: but he felt VOL. IX.


scandalized by the proposal, and swore · he hated both the Indians and their d-d lingo,-and would have nothing to do with it.' He had been so much accustomed, however, to the keeping of a log-book, that, though utterly incapable of writing or reading, he was constantly vexing his comrade to commence a diary; and when Jewitt objected that there was no ink for the purpose, he offered to puncture one of his hands every night to furnish a succedaneum. Jewitt could not think of such a resort; and his ingenuity soon enabled him to manufacture a liquid more appropriate than the express juice of Thompson's fingers. This contrast of character has often afforded us amusement in the perusal of the narrative before us; and we shall have occasion to remark many instances of its appearance in the subsequent part of our review.

Before we proceed to a particular account of the government, religion, manners, and customs of the people who must occupy the greatest part of our canvass, we shall give a brief delineation of the other tribes that were in the habit of visiting Nootka. The Klaizzarts are a tribe of about 3000 souls, situated 300 miles to the southward of Nootka. They are fairer, stronger, more affable, and more ingenuous than any other. Their faces are very broad, their noses depressed, and their heads flattened, by means of pressure on the top before the skull has become completely ossified. They pluck out all their eyebrows,-are very skilful in painting and decorating themselves,--speak the Nootkian language, and are great hunters of the sea otter, and the metamleth, a species of the deer.—The Wickinninish are about 2,200. They reside at the distance of 200 miles; are less polished in all respects than the Klaizzarts; and instead of flatting the head by the imposition of a weight, they compress the sides so as to make it run up in the form of a sugar loaf. Maquina's arcomah, or queen-Yyatintlano—is a daughter of their phylarch; and the Wickinninish, accordingly, go a-cousining very frequently to Nootka.-The Klaooquates reșide next on the north. They consist of about 1200; are very fierce, bold, and enterprising;—the people whom_Maquina used to guard against with the most vigilance.-The Eshquates are next in order. They are about equally numerous with the Klaooquates; and are considered as tributary to Maquina.The Nootkians themselves consist of only 1500 souls. On the north the Artizzarts are the first tribe. They reside at the distance of 40 miles; consist of about 900 souls; and are in all respects the imitators, as they are the tributaries of the Nootkians.-Farther north are the Cayuquets;-a tribe more numerous, but less courageous, than the Nootkians.-Besides these there are many intervening tribes; but they all speak the

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