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piety, or godliness: which are respectively called ethnonomia, politarchia, themistia, ecclesiarchia, ethosophia, ethnilatria, and eusebia. Ecclesiastical government we think as well entitled to a distinct place among the epistemia as civil government; and it may be subdivided into as many different orders, ending in logia; for thus we would denominate the first ramifications of a specific science.
The philosophical opinions which judge Woodward wishes to constitute the gregarious science of eleuthesia, will find their places, according to their character, under some of the epistemia which we have named. Those who think that man's soul is essentially like that of a brute, or that organized matter thinks, will inculcate their sentiments under the head of zoopsychia; those who think man has only one spiritual and, at the same time, animal soul, superior to the soul which is common to all mere animals, will express their opinions under the head of anthropsychia; while those who think that there are angels good and bad,—that the mind of man may subsist without the seat of animal life,—that some human spirits are disembodied, or on the other hand, that devils are passions and diseases,will publish their dissertations under the head of pneumatia. The philosophical reasonings, if they may enjoy so honourable a name, which are intended to prove, that there is no God, or that the universe is God, belong to the two first departments educed from pisteuica, or the generic science of things believed. The deist, the mohammedan, the modern Jews, and several denominations of christians, who say there is one God, but no trinity, will proclaim their religious opinions under the title of hentheotetia. Those who believe that God is indeed one essence, but subsisting in a tripersonal manner, and the opinions which are ascribed, by many, to the ancient Jews, will find a place for their science in the department of trihentheotetia. Those who believe that Jesus Christ is God and man, in one person,
will have exclusive possession of the department styled theanthropia; while every order of polytheism and idolatry will belong to ethnilatria, and every duty of piety of which any have knowledge will be inculcated under the title of eusebia, that is, piety, or our duty towards God.
In the new arrangement which has now been proposed, we have avoided the impropriety of introducing ethics before that knowledge which is essential to moral obligation, and to the discharge of moral duties. Our morals, so far as they can be reduced to any system, grow out of our opinions; and in every scheme of religion, some things are proposed, that they may be believed, before any good works are expected. It will be universally admitted, that good morals and true religion, what
ever they may be, are the most important and sublime subjects which employ the mind of man. We begin with the rudiments of science, with articulate sounds and letters and end in piety towards God. We bring out such a classification of the departments of knowledge as we believe includes the whole of science, and in such a subordination of the greater to the less as is required by common sense. We thank Mr. Woodward that we have been excited to attempt this; and we sincerely hope that the patronage of the literary world will be such as to enable him, in a future edition, to prune away the superfluous parts of his book, and to make improvements in the composition of the rest. We have freely suggested the alterations of which we think his plan is susceptible; and we shall be gratified if they meliorate in any measure his own ingenious classification. We recommend to him, a thorough examination of the works of Reid and Stewart; as a second, or, perhaps, a third perusal may wean him from some metaphysical inaccuracies, especially of diction, --which he must have imbibed, when he knew all the excellences of Locke, without perceiving any of his defects.
That the public may become well acquainted with Mr. Woodward's system, and that they may compare our improved classification with the original, we shall introduce, first, a copy of the table already published; secondly, the one which we propose; and thirdly, a translation, as nearly as it can be given on a single page, of the newly invented names which we have adopted. The English name, or phrase, will occupy the same place with that word of the new nomenclature which it is intended to explain.—The reader will observe, that we have enumerated sixty-five, instead of judge Woodward's sixty-four specific sciences; that we have arrived at them by two instead of three steps; and that we obtain our object by one table more perfectly than he has done by two. Besides, we follow the order in which man actually acquires his knowledge, instead of supposing some method in which a superior being might, from existing things, derive it for him.
1. Arithmia. Arithmetica. Analysia.
Aerusophia. Physiosophica. Photosophia.
(Magnetosophia. III. Uranica, Astronomia -iv. Chymica.
Grammatia. Grammatica. Anthropoglossia. II.
Zooncia Psychica. Anthroponcia. 11.
Universal Science. I
| The Epistemia.
Anthropoglossia. Lexiconia. fchroniotetia. Geocosmia. Hodeporia. Biotetia, Historia. Archæotetia Callitexia. Logiotetia. Rhetoria. Diacrisia. Geognosia. Oryeloguosia. Phytognosia. Zoognosia. Arithmia. Analysia. Geometria. Goniametria. Ancyloucuria. Astrometria. Stereosophia. Hydrosophia. Aerosopbia. Photosophia. Electrosophia. Magnetosophia. Chymisophia. LGeosophia. Anatomia. Zoonomia. Therapeutria. Anthropiatria Chirurgia. Mæeutria. Zootomia. Zoiatria. Chirotechnia. Callitechnia. Emporia. Pezotaxia. Hippotaxia. Barytotaxia. Sthenotaxia. Erismatotaxia. Stratotaxia. Polemitaxia. LNautotaxia. (Zoopsychia.
Anthropsychia. Pneumatia. Atheotetia. Pantheotetia. Hentheotetia. Trihentheotetia. Tbeanthropia Ethnonomia. Politarchia. Themistia. Ecclesiarchia. Echosophia. Ethnilatria. Eusebia.
Specific Departments of Science.
The Science of Grammar.
the Natural History of II.
Voyages, Travels, &c.
Logic. selection and arrange
the Natural History of the Department of the Science
Zoology. 1. Department of the Sci
Arithmetic. ences of Number.
the Mensuration of Angles. the Sci
the Mensuration of Curves. ences of Measure.
the Laws of Life.
the Healing of Man.
the Obstetrick Art.
the Healing of Brutes. III. Department of Sci
Handjworks. ences pertaining tos
the Fine Arts.
The Staff Department. pertaining to War.
the Divinity and Humanity
derived from our con-
dependent on our con-