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NOTES FROM THE BANNER APIARY. dry weather came, when postals began to arrivo

that read about as follows:No. 22.

Thoxe queens that you sent the 15th came to hand the 19th. and I am sorry to say that, in two of the cages, both the queen

and bees were dead. They looked to me as though they had WATER IN QUEEN-CAGES.

died of thirst. How do you expect bees to live without water such weather as this! Please send me two more queens as soon

as possible, as I have two queenless colonies." ULY 20.- How feasible some things look on pa- I could see no escape from my troubles unless I

per, and how useless they prove in practice! went back to the plan that I adopted the first sea

For instance, I told you some time ago I in- son that I shipped queens, - that of putting into the tended to put up soft candy, something about like cage a dram vial of water, and stopping its mouth thick molasses, in the bottom of my queen-cages, with a piece of sponge. I thrust a bit into the hole and then cover it with harder candy. I have not through which the queen is put into the cage, and yet made it a success. I filled some cages in this bored a hole to the depth of half an inch, inside the manner, and they looked all right until I began cage, in the direction of one corner of the cage. A throwing them across the shop to see how they bottle of water was set into this hole, and a wire would stand rough treatment, when the soft candy nail driven down in front of its mouth. The candy just "busted” out in every one of them. I filled was now poured in around the bottle until just its some more in the same manner, only I made the “nose” stuck out. To make sure that the bottle coating of hard candy considerable thicker. I did would not be broken in the mails, I began throwing not “throw" these cages, but put some queens in a cage across the shop. I threw it with all my them, and had them all ready to ship, when some might, and continued throwing it until I split the thing detained me an hour or two, and, by that time, cage in two, but the bottle remained uninjured. the soft candy was running from the cages. 'Twas You see, it is so imbedded into the candy that it can lucky that they were not in the mail-bags, wasn't not be broken. Come to think of it, friend Root, it? Well, before I could send the queens, I had to just to show you how it is all arranged, I will send go and fill cages in the old-fashioned way, making you a cage containing an untested Italian queen. the candy as soft as possible. I could not bear to Aug. 3.-How dry and dusty it is! not a drop of think of using those tin bottles that you furnished honey do the bees seem to get; if this weather conlast season, friend Root, because so many bees tinues much longer, I shall certainly have to feed. reached their destination daubed and dead. I was GLEANINGS came last evening, and I don't know glad to see your explanation of the matter, in the how many times Mrs. H. said, “Come, Will, don't last GLEANINGS, as the subject had puzzled me you know that it's after ten o'clock?" I declare, it somewhat. Well, the ordinary candy, made very sometimes seems as though GLEANINGS is as intersoft, sccmcd to answer every purpose until the hot esting as those old-time love-letters used to be. And



so other breeders have gone to using water in their bees I had. They are very prolific, and will breed up queen.cages, have they? How we all do sometimes early in the spring; they are not inclined to rob, and fall into the same groove, don't we, and at just will not let other bees rob them. They are great about the same time too? Postal cards are now honey-gatherers; work well on red clover, and at coming in thick and fast, and the best of it is, they this present time are filling their combs with redall read as follows:

clover honey and pollen; and, lastly, they are the - Queens came to hand last night in fine condition. Thanks best.natured bees I ever worked with. They will for promptness." Some of my customers object to the painted wire disturbed, mind their own business, and will not

never attack any one when their hive has not been cloth upon queen-cages ; and, as our bardware men

buzz around your head when you are working with keep no other, I burn off the paint.

another hive. I have hitched my horse under a Au. 6. --A splendid rain. Aug. 10.- Bees are bringing in their first buck- Cyprians, and I never knew a bee to touch her; but

sbade tree within 12 feet of a colony of full-blood wheat honey. Aug. 12.-The apiary is just roaring every fore if you kick over their bive, as friend Hayburst did,

I have just been up stairs, where I could they would be apt to pay you for it. The Cyprians have the woods across the road as a background, stay, and " don't you forget it."

have come to this country, and they have come to

NEIGHBOR U. and I was astonished to see the mazy "criss-cross

Medina, O., Aug. 2:4, 1881. network that the bees made as they went and came from that two-and-a-half-mile-away forty-acre buckwheat field.

NEIGHBOR R. ON FEEDING BEES. NUCLEI ON STILTS. The nuclei in the Banner apiary are all on "stilts,"

TILE "TIN-PAN and you have no idea how much easier and quicker they can be “tended." For the benefit of a lady

S September is the month when bees should be reader of GLEANINGS, who asks in a private letter

fed, if they need it, for winter, I will give my if I do not think that there is slanger that the nu

way, even if it is old, for winter feeding. I cleus hives may be blown off their stands, I will dissolve 3 or 4 lbs. of granulated sugar in 2 lbs. of say, that the hives are nailed fast.

water, and let it come to a boil; if there is any scum, EXTRA. PURE QUEENS.

take it off. Feed in the top of the bive, in a common Aug. 15.- Mr. M. B. Warner, of Cardiff, Onon. Co., milk-pan, covered with a piece of cheese cloth: N. Y., in a private letter to myself, says that friends

leave it loose enough so it will reach the bottom of Doolittle and Betsinger have, or have had, some

the pan when the bees take the syrup all out. Fix queens that were so pure that the queens reared

it so the bees can not get under the cloth, and you from their eggs would produce three-banded bees

will not drown a bee. If you boil your syrup, and whether they (the queens) had mated with Italian make it thick enough, the bees will seal it up the or black drones. Mr. Warner says that he visited same night they are fed; but if left thin, and disDoolittle a week or two ago, and friend D. told him solved in cold water, they will not seal it until the that he (Doolittle) had two queens that he was rear

water dries out in the hive. ing queens from that would do this. How is it, I have, within the past few days, had them empty friend D.? There is one thing about this matter

il pan in 5 hours. Tín pans cost only a dime, if you that puzzles me somewhat, and that is, how we are

do not happen to bave as many in the house as are to know how a queen has mated, only as we judge by needed, and you can hardly get a good feeder for her progeny.

any less.

NEIGHBOR H. Au. 16.-The water-bottle in the queen-cages is

Medina, (., Aug. 2, 1881. working finely. By using a two-dram vial, I have succeeded in sending queens to both Texas and Cal.

A REPORT FROM CANADA. ifornia. It seems that bees need to drink during

SOME HOPEFUL WORDS FROM A YOT' XG these bot days, just the same as other “ folks" do.

W. Z. HUTCHINSON. Rogersville, Geneser Co., Mich.

G DITOR GLEANINGS:-You have had no report Thanks, friend II.; the queen came to from this part of Canada, to my knowledge, hand in tine order. I am quite certain that and as we intend to figure somewhat promipainted wire cloth is just as good as any. nently in the "bee-keeping" future, I will try to put

together a hurried report, to give you an idea of A REVIEW OF HAYHURST'S TEA.

what we are doing. PARTY.

Last season was much the same here as in other

localities; "only about half an average;" there was AS REPORTED IN AUGUST GLEANINGS.

a good flow of honey in the latter part, however, and

bees went into winter-quarters in good condition, DEFORE brother Salisbury went to that party, and came through with little loss. Our original bee

he, it seems to me, had been reading the Dan- keeper in this immediate vicinity (who has kept bees

bury Neus man's wrestle with a stovepipe, or in a "sort" of way for about 20 years) wintered 30 the Detroit Free Press' report of the police court, colonies the past winter, and sold down to 20 in the and so he made himself merry at the expense of spring; has, made about 200 lbs., about one-third Cyprian bees.

comb honey, and the rest extracted honey, and inAs I have had two years' experience with Cyprian creased to 6) by natural swarming. Another neighbees, and now have 90 colonies of them, I would like bor commenced the season with 13; increased to 45, to “speak my little piece.”

and made 1500 lbs. extracted. My father wintered 11 The good points of the Cyprians are these: They out of 12; sold 2 in the spring; increased to 28, and are very hardy, and stood the winter the best of any i extracted 900 lbs.



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And now for my own report:

should be slow about investing beyond your In the spring of 1880, when my father's bees began means, or getting into debt. Gojust as fast to fly (he had bought a couple of colonies the au- as you can, by all means, if you have every tumn previous), I became entranced with the little thing all paid up, and your colonies are good fellows, and then and there became a bee-man. I and strong for winter. I do not believe it hardly knew a bee from a black fly. I knew nothing will spoil your brother if I say a word about of yourself and GLEANINGS, or any thing else in the him, to encourage other young men to go bee line; but, bees I would have. I bought a colony and do likewise. He is in the apiary, busily of blacks for $6.00; had two swarms; bought anoth- at work from daylight until dark, every day er first swarm, and made about 90 lbs. of honey in the week, and therefore has no time to from all. I took another colony from my brother to

go up town,” or lounge about anywhere. work on shares; wintered the five safely, and siart Of course, he neither drinks, smokes, swears, ed out in April, 1881, to “make a business” of it helps in the mission school at Abbeyville.

nor uses tobacco, and on the Sabbath he Bees were scarce, and very hard to get, and only His voice is also heard in our young people's blacks at that. I bought 9 mo`e stocks, mostly in prayer-meeting. It may be that, on account box and straw hives, some very weak, and some of his quiet ways and devotion to his bees queenless. I transferred the whole "business” in that many in our town do not know of him ; to new hives: bought a lot of foundation, and equal. but nobody knows anything bad of him. If ized them as well as possible, for clover bloom. 1 I am right, the world will know of all such have bought, besides, 17 first swarms (all blacks), young men in God's own time. and now for results: I bave extracted 1300 lbs. of I presume the 1400 per cent was made by first-class clover and basswood honey, and have to commencing with a small capital, and not day 5] colonies, - 18 Italian, 11 Cyprian, 8 Holy-Land; counting your time, friend C. the remainder will be was the others" before the season closes.

A NEW TOOL FOR BEE-KEEPERS. Clover and basswood bloom was splendid: but since the latter closed, we have had little or no SEND by this mail a sample press for perforathoney, partly on account of the hot, dry weather. ing separators, subject to your alterations. I My apiary has been so mixed all through the season can furnish them to you by the quantity for that it's hard to give any figures as to results per 750 per press, and I think every bee-keeper would colony; but I find, by a premature closing of my have one if he knew the value of it. I made my sepbooks, that they will show a not gain of 1400 per cent arators out of old tomato-cans, and perforated all of on net investment in the spring.

them; it will last a lifetime, if used rightly. I have Next season the business will probably be in the already furnished the bee-keepers around here with bands of my brother (who is at present in your own one of my presses, and they all want me to bave it apiary), while I go to prepare" myself for a posi- patented; but I tell them you would not handle it if tion in the social and apicultural world, which I I did. Now, friend Root, I want a good big order. I shall leave to yourself to picture.

know they will sell; and as well I would like to have Now, friend Root, I can hear you say, “Very good, I an order for more saw-mandrels. Wm. DE WORTH. friend C.; but, gy carefully; go slowly at first till Bordentown, N. J., Aug. 12, 1881. you get experience.” I promise you I will be care- The machine is at hand, and we give you ful, for I guess I know what care it has taken to put an engraving of it below: that little apiary in its present sbape; yes, to build it up from nothing in six months; but to go slowly, never! I have a great many faithful advisers on this point, and I would say to all such who may read these lines, that with all due respect for your good wishes and greater experience, "Please, before you say further, come right here and step into my shoes.” I have lived a quiet country life on my father's farm for twenty years; but that life is at an end now, and time is precious; time is money, edu. cation, influence, every tbing, and time is short.

I keep bees, firstly, for the money that is in them; secondly and mostly, from a profound love of the great, the grand, and beautiful in nature and science. I have said nothing on the thousand and one different points pertaining to the scientific culture of the honey-bee, but I fear this little report is already too long; and, wishing you every success in your noble calling, I close for the present.

A. E. CALVERT. Reaboro, Ont., Can., Aug. 16, 1881.

May God bless you, my young friend, in your enthusiasm ; but stili I can not but MACHINE FOR PERFORATING SEPARATORS. think it best for you to scrape up a stock of It is a splendid piece of work, and if friend energy for the coming winter, so that, even D. will make such tools at the prices he if you should lose every bee, you will keep mentions, he will build up one of the largest right on at work, all the same. By advising industries of our land. The machine cuts a to go slowly, I do not mean that you should circle of about 5-16, but it would easily perwaste any time, by any means, but that you forate a hole as large'as inch, in tin. It


Ladies' Department.

D sliding into the parsonage every month,

does the work rapidly and well. I presume MR. MERRYBANKS and his neighbor is crowded out extra dies for different-sized round holes this month by other matter. could be furnished cheaply. The postage on it will be about 256. This will make it $1.25, phones. Price p:r 15)., 45 cents.

OUR copper wire, No. 255, is exactly right for telepostpaid. Orders may be sent us, or to friend 1). I presume he ought to have an THE Burch matter has occupied too much space order for 100, to make them at this price; already. I hope you will excuse me for declining any but I can hardly afford to order so many un

more articles on the matter. til we know how many want them.

EVERY thing is drying up here, as it is with almost all of you, I suppose: but, strange to tell, the bees are still getting all they consume, and we get on with queen-rearing almost as well as we did at any time, although the queens are slower in becoming fertilized. I presume the honey comes from the

seed crop of the red clover. A THOUSAND TONS OF HONEY. EAR FRIEND ROOT:-Your journal comes


Has any one of you had good success in getting awakeping no little amount of interest. At these filled, and do they look nicely when filled? I first I was disposed to lay them upon the shelf until ask this because we sell a good many, but I can not They had accumulated in sufficient numbers to make remember that I ever had a reportin regard to them: a good fire some cold morning. That, however, was and if they do not please, I wish to take them out of anertal. I took up the first jouroal a few evenings our price list. after it had been received, and glanced over its

THE following is from the Cincinnati Bulletin:pages. I became interested, and now look for its

If a bee is pinched by you, and stings you on the hand. recoming as I would for a friend. May the Lord bless

move the sting with your thumb mail, and suck the place ben

tween the lips, and don't halloo " Ouch!'' like an idiot, or be so you in your efforts to sutisfy all the cravivgs of reckless as to thrust the same hand back among the bees im

mediately. your numerous readers! also to bear the burdens

I should give the same advice, with the exception which " Blasted Hopes" would place upon you from month to month. You are doing a noble work,

of omitting the sucking. It takes time, and does no and,

good that I can sce. ald judge, a self-sacrificing one, if I may judge from your liberality. I have just read the ac- It is a little amusing, nowadays, to have customcount of your visit to Detroit. Why did you not ers ask how soon we can send a queen. Why, my come to the northwestern part of Michigan? You friends, we have had queens by the hundred waiting have some very warm personal friends in this re- for customers, for the past six weeks. In fact, the vion. I have just returned from paying a visit to clerks are standing ready to grasp each letter almost one of your lady friends. On entering her home she the minute it is out of the envelope, pleased at the said, “ You must excuse the looks of things to-day, chance of sending you by next train almost any artifor I have been very busy, and could not attend to cle mentioned in our price list. Any one who is bemy housework. Come, see what I bave been do- hind on orders in August or September ought to be ing."

ashamed of himself. She led me into a room. On the table was a large wash-tub, containing 150 lbs. of extracted honey.

THE following from the Indiana Farmer is a little She then led me into another room, in which was

suggestive, and strikes at just about the real state

of the matter: honey in every kind of conceivable vessel. The crowning point to all surprise was a statement, made

That the best honey in the most marketable

shape will always bring the best price, has never by the good lady, as follows: "I have extracted a

been more fully exemplified than in a casc which thousand tons of honey this season, lacking half a was brought to our notice a few days since. While pound.” No wonder she had put honey in every Office, at a fancy grocer's, two lots of honey were

down street, within a stone's throw of the Farmer conceivable vessel, from a broken tea-pot to an im- brought in. As for the honey, it was all very wbite mense wash-tub. She meant to say a thousand and nice, but one lot was in a “skip" which held pounds. Place her in the column of “Bright something over 20 lbs., and must be cut out and sold

in chunks. The other 25 lbs. in 1!. Ib. sections, all Hopes," if you have such in your journal. She encased in a nice shipping-case. The latter brought commenced with five hives; now they number ff. 23 cents per pound, while the former lot brought teen, all healthy and strong. She proves to be one only 121 cepts, and the grocer could hardly be in

luced to take it at that price. of the most successful managers in bee culture in this part of Michigan, and a very warm friend of A. Our ingenions friend Scovell of Columbus, Kan., was I. Root.

JAMES DAVIES, the one alluded to in our last number, who invented Atwood, Antrim Co., Mich., Aug. 16, 1881.

the new way of grooving the Peet cages for the tins,

at the same time friend Foster did. It is, in reality, SOME one of you has sent us a beautiful sample of

tbe same thing as the cage I paid him $23.00 for a few thin fdn., folded in a thin piece of dark paper. On years ago. Friend S. also sends us a plan for wiring the paper is printed, with cheirograph,

* Thin mold frames, without the necessity of making any holes ed fdn. for comb honey, 50c per lb.” The sample for the wire. Take a thin board, say !4 or thick, has very nice side walls, on both sides. Who did it?

and saw grooves in it, as far apart as you want the

wires. These grooves are to go just half through J. B. LAMONTAGNE, of Montreal, sends us a bee tbe board. Now rip off strips from this board, and book in French. As we can only review it by look- you have places for the wires in each strip. The ing at the pictures, about all we can say is, that it strips are of such length that one may be tacked seems fully up to the times. The engravings are under the top-bar, and over the bottom-bar of the most of them from our modern bce-books, and the frame. It is ingenious, but I think rather more book has 188 pages and 100 engravings.

work for us than our usual way,


THE EXPERIENCE OF A NOVICE IN BEE passing a few remarks in regard to them, I asked CULTURE.

him if he would sell me a couple of swarms. He

said that he would. I asked him his price, and he CHAPTER I.,

replied that he had some that he would sell for $1.00 IX WHICH RE TELLS HOW HE FIRST CAME TO KEEP

a swarm, and some that he would not sell at all. I BEES, ETC.

asked him to show me some of his four-dollar EAR FRIEND NOVICE:-I have often thought

swarms. As the price through the country for

black bees in box hives was five dollars a swarm, I of writing you a letter, telling you of my suc

cess as a bee-keeper, and how I commenced thought perhaps here was a chance to get some bees I should bave done so before, but thought to give at a lower price. The old gentleman turned up bis the field to those more learned and experienced in hives, one after another, and I discovered at once the business. I was born and brought up upon a

that they were the culls of his yard; for so I learned small farm in the town of Berne, Albany Co., N. Y. afterward, that, in carrying them out of his cellar, My parents were poor, and, living some way from

when he came to one that was moldy, or a young a schoolhouse, I got but a very little education.

swarm that had not the combs built down even to When I was twelve years old I left the paternal the bottom, or was light in bees, he had carried them roof and went out into the world to do for myself. I all to this row. I told the old gentleman that the worked out by the month for a few years, and so my larger price and get better bees. His reply was,

bees did not suit me, and that I woul't rather pay a wages was not very high. I merely earned enough to supply myself with the necessaries of life. When that if those bees were not good enough for me, I I was 21 I got married, and worked a small place of might go without. So he finally left me, and went about 60 acres of land for one-third, the owner find about his work. After he had left me, I took the ing tools. This business I carried on for three years, privilege of examining some of his other colonies. and at the end I was no better off than at the com

I found them to be full of bees, and good bright mencement; but in reality I was money out of combs, and looked as if they might be first-class pocket. At the end of three years I engaged to stocks, although I know nothing about bees. I work a large farm in Schoharie Co. (whera I now re

looked at about all the rest of his colonies, and aft. side), belonging to a cousin; and after working hard,

er making a careful examination I marked my name myself and wife, at the end of the year we were

on two hives, then went where he was, and told him really money out of pocket. I concluded that there

what I had done, and that I would give him eleven was no show for a poor man in the farming line, so

dollars for these two stands of bees, providing ho concluded to try some thing else.

would trust me for that amount until I could sell In the spring of 1877, the same year that I com.

some farm produce. He said he thought that I did menced to work the last place above mentioned, I not want any bees, for they might sting me; so I saw an advertisement in some paper (I have forgot.

left him and went my way. ten the name of the paper now, but I think it was

In the course of a week or so the old gentleman in the American Agricul urist ;) the advertisement sent word to me, that if I wanted those bees I might read like the following:

have them, and that I must come and get them that Dear Friend: If you are interested in Bees or Honey, we will

very day, or I should not have them at all; and at with pleasure send you a sample cops of OLEANINGS IS BEE (ULTURE. Simply send your name, plainly written on a postal

the same time I must give him security for the card, to A.1 ROOT, Meclina, Ohio.

As I wanted the bees very much, I of Now, I had been interested in the little honey-becs course went and complied with the old man's reall my life. I used to watch them hour after hour quest. After getting them put up and into the wagas they came, loaded down with wax and honey, as I on, he gave me some instructions in regard to their termed it then, for my brother-in-law, who used to management. But, friend Novice, those instruckeep a few bees in box hives, informed me that it tions were never put in practice; for if they had, I was wax that they carried on their legs, and of never would have been the happy fellow I now am, course I thought the same; how should I know bet- for I found better instructions from a different ter then? but I know better now. Well, as I have source. It was from that little pamphlet that came said before, I was interested, and so sent my name from you – the one that I thought must be a humto you, and in a few days received a copy of GLEAN-bug. May God bless you, friend Root, for sending it INGS. But I was much surprised when I got it; of to me! course, my first thoughts were, after reading about Well, what was the result of my purchase, and frame hives and artificial combs, and machines to what did I do with the bees? Did I make bee-keepextract the boney out of the combs without injury ing a failure, and should I be put into Blasted to them, and about artificial swarming and queen- Hopes? I will leave it for you to judge. I got my rearing, and all of this and that, that it was a hum- bees safely home, and placed where they could be bug, and so I laid it aside; but every time I came seen by my wife while she was about her work, for into the house my mind was drawn to that "hum she had to do the watching of them while I was bugging book," as I termed it, and the more I read away in the field at work. The 28th day of May, one it the more uneasy I got; and at last I concluded to of the colonies cast a large swarm, and in a few purchase a colony of bees if I could. So in a few days the other followed suit, and the old man of days I had some business to attend to in the further whom I bought them did not have a gwarm until the part of the town, and in coming home I noticed an 6th of June; and in the fall I had 9 fine colonies in old man carrying bees out of his cellar. As he had good condition for winter, and eleven dollars' worth a good many swarms, I thought perhaps he might of honey. So you see that my bees had not only paid sell me one or two colonies; and so in a few days I for themselves, but I had for my work 9 good colobad occasion to pass that way again. The old man nies of bees. The old gentleman now began to be a was out among his bees. I drove my horses up near frequent visitor at my house. He told the story of the fence, and, after fastening them, I opened a con- my success to every one he met. He began to ask versation with him in regard to his bees. After me questions concerning bees, when, in fact, 1


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